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(PRESIDENT U. S. L. T. A.. »M-U») 









• • - • - * •* ' • • • 

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• • .• • • • - 

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• • • 

34391 A 




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» ' • ♦ • • • , 

• • ; . -• 

• • • , • • • 

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Commanded 2nd Battalion, 31Uh Infantry, 78th Division, at Camp Dix. N. J., and in France 

in the St. Mihid operations and the Argonne Forest advance. 


In preparing this book^ the officers of the United States Lawn Tennis 
Association have been mindful of the fact that memory is short, and 
that, in the press of current events, those of great importance, at the 
time they happen, grow hazy and indistinct as they recede into the past. 
Furthermore, in the case of an organization like this Association, with 
ita hundreds of member Clubs scattered throughout the country, it be- 
comes increasingly difficult to present a picture of its activities as a 
whole, unless this be done by someone who has a general knowledge of 
tennis throughout the United States. 

This idea first took form in the mind of Edwin F. Torrey, whose 
years of experience as Secretary of the National Association gave him 
a particularly comprehensive understanding of the general situation. 
When it was presented to the annual meeting of 1919, his suggestion 
that a permanent record be made of the service rendered by tennis dur- 
ing the war, won immediate approval. Accordingly, the Association's 
office undertook to compile the data which would preserve for the future 
the salient facts in connection with the sport, under war-time conditions 
that had no precedent. 

In presenting this record, therefore, the Association has been moved 
by a sense of duty, an obligation which it felt was owed to the game. 
There is no intention to magnify the part that tennis took in the war, 
for the tennis public would be the first to resent any insinuation that 
they had done more than their share. The record, however, is honorable, 
and is one which in years to come may remind those who enjoy the 
sport, that it had the vitality and inherent worth to meet the demands 
of a great emergency. 

It shows that during times of stress and uncertainty the tennis 
clubs and players of the United States had only the desire to serve 
their country. That this was the feeling of all* citizens, goes without 
saying. Obviously, however, what the members of the Association did 
during the war is of particular interest to followers of the game and 
this book has been written to give them a detailed story of the events 
with which their friends were directly concerned. It does not pretend 
to be a history of the war, nor does it tell all that the tennis players 
accomplished. It is as complete and accurate as the Association could 
make it, and is presented in the belief that it will be an inspiration to 
all those of coming generations who may be identified with lawn tennis. 

George T. Adee. 



Influence of athletics in training for war — Development of 
sports in Great Britain and United States — College athletes make 
prompt response to call for men — ^Tennis players active in the war 
— Association placed at Government's disposal for war work. 


Association helps recruit New York State Militia to war 
strength — Field Secretary assists organization of "Four Minute 
Men" — Aids campaign to secure civilian employees for the Gov- 
ernment — Service rendered the Commission on Training Camp 

III.— SEASON OF 1917 12 

Association suspends championships in 1917, after consultation 
with War Department — Helps establish policy with reference to 
sports conforming to judgment of the Government — Maintains 
competition for juniors, boys and those not in military service. 

IV.— SEASON OF 1918 21 

Association restores championships in 1918 with approval of 
War Department — Tournament proceeds devoted to Commission 
on Training Camp Activities — ^Activity continued in behalf of 
junior events — Colleges requested to devote more attention to tennis. 


Exhibition matches for ambulance fund arouse much interest — 
Long schedule arranged, many players compete and public com- 
mends the undertaking — Series between Miss Bjowne and Miss 
Bjurstedt a feature — Proceeds finance two sections — Fund distrib- 
uted in co-operation with Red Cross and Government. 



Recruiting two ambulance sections — Changes in military regu- 
lations make the task difficult — Men come from all parts of the 
United States — Several make quick trip from Honolulu — Sections 
trained at Allentown, Pa. — Personnel of the two units as finally 
assigned to active service. 


Section 603 starts abroad in June, 1918 — Lands in Italy, is 
divided and part is transferred to France — ^Active in St. Mihiel and 
Argonne operations — ^Then goes into Germany — Company No. 8 
has important service in France and then enters Germany — Part 
of company sent to Belgium. 

VIII.— SECTION 603, U. S. A. A. S 55 

Overseas experiences of Ambulance Section 603, as recorded by 
men who served in that unit. 


Sergeant Whipple Jacobs' story of Evacuation Ambulance 
Company No. 8 in France, and other notes by Sergeant Homer L. 


Association co-operates with Red Cross in service of tennis 
players overseas — Magazines sent abroad — ^Tennis helps strength- 
en bonds between allied nations — Takes prominent place in games 
of the A. E. F. — ^Australians visit United States in 1919 and Davis 
Cup matches are resumed. 


Origin of lawn tennis and its relation to court tennis which 
dates from the Middle Ages — Development of Lawn Tennis in 
England — Its introduction into the United States — Organization 
of the National Association in 1881 — Influence of the Davis Cup 



Service Roll • . . . . 126 

Addendum .......... 212 


A comparative study of direct war cost .... 214 

War chronology ........ 218 

Loses sustained by industries in France . . 241 

Livestock losses in the devastated regions of France . . 241 
Agricultural implements needed in devastated regions in 

France to replace losses ...... 243 

Railroad losses in devastated France .... 243 

Highway losses in France ...... 243 

Losses in waterways, canals and seaports in France . . 245 

Losses sustained on farms in devastated France . . 245 
General information on losses sustained in devastated 

France . 245 

Duration of the Great War ....... 247 

Inter-Ally indebtedness ...... 249 

U. S. Navy statistics . . . . * . 249 

American Marine losses during the Great War . 251 

Navy's Honor Roll ....... 253 

Officers and enlisted men commended for courageous and 

heroic action ........ 253 

Figures of American participation in the Great War . 255 

War Cyclopedia . . . . . . . 256 

American Army Training Camps ..... 276 


Peace and War Year Tables 


Austria Hungary . . . . . 

. 280 

England ..... 

. 282 

France •••.... 

. 284 

Germany ....... 

. 286 

Italy . . 

. 288 

Kussia . ... 

. .290 

United States ...... 

. 292 



Major George Townsend Adee . 

Miss Bessie Holden ..... 

Harold A. Throckmorton and John R. Strachan 

Karl H. Behr 

Frederick B. Alexander 

Watching a Match 

Miss Molla Bjurstedt . . 

Miss Mary K. Browne . 

Sample of Donor's Plate as Attached to Ambulances 

Exhibition Match at the Crescent Athletic Club 

All in a Good Cause ...... 

Scenes in AUentown ...... 

Section 603 ....... 

Company No. 8 . 

Big Bertha's Resting Place ..... 

Bringing in the Wounded ..... 

At a Dressing Station . . . 

An "Old Dutch Cleanser" 

Gn Their Way ....... 

Sykes and Stratton of 603 .... 

On Top 6f the World 

Yanks in the Argonne ...... 

The Army's "Traffic Cop" 

"Lafavette, We Are Here" .... 

How Tennis "Came Back" .... 

Some of the United States Greatest Players . 
Direct Cost of the Great War .... 
A Comparison of Available and Mobilized Man Power 
Germans Captured by Each Division . 



. 13 

. 19 

. 25 

. 28 

. 30 

. 32 

. 35 

. 37 

. 40 

. 44 

. 51 

. 53 

. 60 

. 66 

. 71 

. 76 

. 79 

. 82 

. 86 

. 90 

. . 94 

. 102 

. 108 

. 110 

. 215 

. 238 

. 239 


Loss of Life Per Day in Warfare 
Soldiers Furnished by Each State 


. 240 
. 242 

Clothing Delivered to the U. S. Army from April 6, 1917, to May 31, 

X«/XO ••••••••••• 


Total Casualties Suffered by Each Division . 

A Comparison of U. S. War Cost .... 

Days Spent by Each Division in Quiet and Active Sectors 

. 246 

. 248 

. 250 

Per cent, of Drafted Men Passing Physical Examination by States 252 
Final Disposition of Cases of Men Reported Missing in Action . 254 

Total Deaths 

. 254 

Number of Kilometers Each Division Advanced Against the Enemy 259 

American Divisions in France Each Month . 

Battle Deaths in the Great War . 

American Battle and Disease Losses . 

Male Population Registered and Not Registered 

. 263 

. 267 

. 271 

. 275 

Peace and War Year Charts — 





Italy . 


United States 

. 281 

. 283 

. 285 

. 287 

. 289 

. 291 

. 293 



Influence of athletics in training for war — Development of sports in 
Great JSritain a/nd United States — College athletes make prompt 
response to call for men — Tennis players active in the war — Asso- 
ciation placed at Oovemmenfs disposal for war work. 

War has often been called a game. While it would be futile to argue 
that any such tremendous struggle as that in which the United States 
joined during 1917 is a game in its literal sense, there is, perhaps, some 
significance in this use of the word. Certainly the call to arms met no- 
where a more immediate response than among the followers of athletic 
sports, which are, after all, merely games, highly developed and spe- 

In the populations of Great Britain and the United States is a larger 
number of those who are familiar with some form of athletics than in any 
other countries in the world. The Englishman's devotion to cricket, box- 
ing and similar sports has long been traditional, and much of the gritty 
perseverance of the race goes back to the characteristics developed by 
these contests. Certainly the English boy who learns to play hard, to take 
the bumps and bruises as part of the game and to be a good sport whether 
he wins or loses, merely for the sake of a school or club, is not likely to 
be a "quitter'' when his country calls for men. 

What is true of Great Britain is also true of the United States, to a 
greater degree. The development of baseball, football, track athletics, 
tennis, golf and similar sports in this country, has won for the United 
States a unique position among the nations. Ours is known as an out- 
door people and every year stresigthens that tendency toward increased 
activity in the open air. While the trend toward specialization in sports 
has been criticized by those who believe that over-emphasis takes the fun 
out of the games, the fact remains that even under these conditions they 
continue to increase their popularity. Any doubter can read the proof 
on the sporting pages of his daily paper. It follows as a matter of course 
that the hardy instincts have not been dormant in the youth of the 
United States, but during the years of -pesuce have found expression in 
the sports which require of their successful participants skill, strength, 
daring, and the will to win. 

Quite naturally, therefore, the declaration of war by the United 
States found its most immediate response among the young Americans 
who were interested in sports. College football teams enlisted almost 
en masse; not only that, there was such a general exodus from the col- 
leges as to threaten seriously the successful conduct of the war if it 




should prove to be long. While the colleges furnished one of the most 
spectacular examples of the instant response, in fairness to other groups, 
the obvious comment can be made that in college could be found the 
largest numbers of those within the military age. Men ten years out 
of college, with families and other responsibilities, had to think twice 
before enlisting, no matter how keen they might have been to "get into 
the game." 

There was no disposition, however, on the part of the undergraduates to 
monopolize attention over all others; from all parts of the country, 
and from all classes of its population, the recruits came by thousands, 
in the officers' training camps, and in the divisional cantonments, it 
was significant that the men who had been in athletics made good sol- 
diers. They took discipline readily and knew" the value of training — 
(he main requisites of military- life. More than one competent observer 
i& prepared to state his belief that the national aptitude in sport was 
one of the prime factors in assembling a formidable fighting force with 
a celerity which was the wonder of the world. 

Any attempt to classify the sports to show that one made a better 
record than another would be very difficult and lead to gratuitous in- 
justice. There is no doubt that all did their share, and in that con- 
nection, followers of tennis have no reason to feel ashamed. Even a 
year after the signing of the armistice it has been impossible to record 
all the tennis players who had a part in the Great War. They would 
be the last to seek such a record. Their own conviction that they did 
their best is sufficient. 

It is not in an attempt to glorify the individuals therefore, but merely 
to show what happened, that the named of the men who were first on 
the ranking list in 1917, are mentioned. Of the first ten that year, 
Ichiya Kumagae, a Japanese, met the obligations of his citizenship. 
Richard N. Williams, 2d, was commissioned a lieutenant in artillery 
and later became a captain. William M. Johnston was an ensign in the 
navy. George M. Church was a captain in aviation. R. Lindley Mur- 
ray was a chemist whose duties in producing explosives were so impor- 
tant that he had to remain a civilian. Clarence J. Griffin was a lieu- 
tenant in artillery, transferring later to aviation. Watson M. Wash- 
burn was a captain in artillery. Willis E. Davis was a lieutenant in 
aviation. Joseph J. Armstrong was an ensign and Dean Mathey was a 
lieutenant in artillery. 

This showing was typical of tennis players of lesser prominence who 
make up the vast majority of it« devotees. The real importance of a 
sport is hardly to be measured by the number who find their names in 


the headlines. Of the million tennis players in the United States, only 
one in ten thousand is likely ever to see his name on the ranking list 
Consequently in estimating the part that tennis had in the war, this 
great company of "unknowns" must never be forgotten. They make the 
game great in peace, and in war they gave it an Honor Roll that will 
long be a shining mark in the history of the sport. 

In a sense never before realized, this was a war of nations, not of 
armies. Therefore any record which recited only the deeds of those in 
uniform would be fragmentary and unjust. It is impossible to set 
down everything that was done during the war by those who talk tennis 
in their happier hours of recreation, but some idea of the scope of their 
activities mav be had from a mere outline. 

Before the beginning of hostilities the delegates at the annual meet- 
ing of the United States Lawn Tennis Association placed their organiza- 
tion at the disposal of the Government. Its ability to render service 
depended upon the thousands of individuals connected with its member- 
clubs and their service, which in turn radiated in so many directions 
through their home communities that no single part could be fairly set 
oflf with the label "Tennis did this." 

The office of the Association, however, possessed an immediate value 
which was utilized in recruiting campaigns for the army in general, for 
the Ordnance Department, in raising money for the Red Cross, in help- 
ing to sell Liberty Bonds, in helping to organize the Four Minute Men, 
and in putting into effect the plans of the War Department Commis- 
sion on Training Camp Activities. These are only some of the more 
important tasks with which it was engaged during 1917 and 1918. 

Such aspects of this work as had national application were passed on 
to the clubs and through them to their members, so that it is fair to 
say its influence was far-reaching. Without the clubs' and their mem- 
bers' cordial co-operation, for example, the Association would have been 
unable to conduct the campaign to finance and man two ambulance sec- 
tions — one of the notable achievements in the annals of the sport. 
In everything that it undertook the aim was always to conform to the 
wishes of the Government, and nothing that could possibly conflict with . 
those plans was attempted. Consequently the Association enjoyed, to a 
remarkable degree, the confidence of those with whom it was thrown 
into official contact. 

As a result of these efforts and others of a similar nature which 
were being put forth everywhere in the United States, tennis became 
something of a sideline, and working for the Government was the main 
activity in many clubs. A group of women in New York started a serit*s 



of tournaments on the "endless chain" plan to raise money for the Red 
Cross. Some clubs organized chapters of the Red Cross and others 
turned over their clubhouses for the work of that organization. Some 
members went to farming ; others became heads of draft boards, or chair- 
men of Liberty Loan organizations. Wherever there was a job to do, 
one was likely to find some follower of the game, and if the sum total 
of their efforts could be reduced to figures, it would be impressive 

While it is impossible to summarize in definite terms their widespread 
and diverse activities, it is not an overstatement to say that the clubs 
and individuals connected with the United States Lawn Tennis Asso- 
ciation contributed in substantial degree toward winning the war. To 
give future generations some idea of what a sport could do in such try- 
ing times, this record is published. 

In compiling the book, the Association has not been moved by any 
spirit of self-praise, but by a desire, in fairness to its members, to accord 
honor where honor is due. It has undertaken the task as a part of its 
obligation to the game. Because their positions put them in touch with 
tennis affairs throughout the country, its oflScers were enabled to esti- 
mate more clearly than others, the real part the tennis public played in 
the activities of a nation at war. Essentially, therefore, this book is an 
attempt to give permanent form to an honorable record, and as such it 
should be its own justification. 



Association helps recruit New York IState Militia to tear strength-^Field 
Secretary assists organization of ^*Four Minute Mev/' — Aids cam- 
paign to secure civilian employees for the Government — Service ren^ 
dered the Com7nission on Training Camp Actimties. 

While the activities of the United States Lawn Tennis Association had 
to do mainly with the conduct of the game during 1917 and 1918, there 
was much work directly related to the war in which the organization 
could assist. In voting to place its resources at the disposal of the Gov- 
ernment, the most practical offering was that which made its oflSce im- 
mediately available for war service. 

The first effort of this sort was undertaken at the request of General 
('harles H. Sherrill who sought its support in the attempt to recruit the 
National Guard of the State of New York to war strength. This activ- 
ity was conducted through committees representing various trades or 
other professional or business groups. One composed of college men 
managed a recruiting booth in the Grand Central Terminal, New York 
City, for several weeks, a large number of recruits being secured. The 
direction of this committee's work was in the hands of the President, 
George T. Adee, and the Field Secretary, Paul B. Williams. 

Early in 1917 the Field Secretary also undertook another "war job" 
in Jielping to organize the Four Minute Men in New York City and State. 
This was a group of volunteer spokesmen for the Government, who talked 
in motion picture theatres, under direction of the Committee on Public 
Information. The idea came from Donald M. Ryerson of Chicago, who 
started it so successfully there, that it became one of the most important 
of the Government's wartime activities, some 40,000 speakers being en- 
rolled when the Armistice was signed. 

The Field Secretary devoted half of his time to organizing the Four 
Minute Men in cities throughout the State and by Fall this had reached 
the point where it could be carried on without his assistance. Conform- 
ing to the Association's policy of devoting all possible effort to war work, 
he then joined the staff of the National Civil Service Reform League, on 
a part-time basis, to help recruit thousands of employees needed in the 
federal departments at Washington. 

For months there had been an increasing shortage of civilian em- 
ployees. The enormous expansion of the various branches of the War 
Department, to say nothing of such emergency developments as the Food 
Administration, the Fuel Administration, the Shipping Board, etc., cre- 
ated a demand for thousands of men and women. At one time the short- 



age of stenographers alone w as put at 5,000, while the number of cleri- 
cal and other employees needed often was set as high as 50,000. 

During the winter of 1917-1918 most attention was devoted to secur- 
ing stenographers, clerks, draftsmen, accountants and all sorts of tech- 
nical men, for the Ordnance Department. Much red tape had to be un- 
wound before the League could make headway, but its knowledge of the 
governmental routine proved invaluable and by spring a marked improve- 
ment was noted. More than 8,000 stenographers were examined in New 
York and while the official responsibility for this activity rested with the 
local representatives of the Civil Service Commission, the League worked 
with them and was accorded due credit for its part in the successful ef- 
fort to fill the vacancies which were delaying much official business at 

In the spring of 1918 the restoration of championships made it neces- 
sary for the Field Secretary to devote more time to the work of the tennis 
office, making the schedule and then seeing that it was carried out. The 
activity was more general than had been anticipated and even under ad- 
verse circumstances the season was reasonably successful. Measured by 
the standard of play, size of galleries or receipts from tournaments in 
normal years, it was not a distinguished success, but in its more funda- 
mental aspects it justified all the attention it received. 

By keeping the older players and youngsters interested, the Association 
was following a policy which maintained the sport on a sound basis. Con- 
sequently when the restrictions of war were removed, the game "came 
back" with a resiliency that surprised even its most devoted followers. 
Furthermore, in managing or playing in tournaments, the "stay-at- 
homes'' felt, quite properly, they were making some tangible contribu- 
tion to the welfare of men in the service, for the proceeds of all events 
were used to buy athletic supplies for the soldiers. 

Through the Commission on Training Camp Activities a large amount 
of tennis equipment went into the camps here and abroad, so it is safe 
to say, men in uniform played tennis under circumstances that may 
never be duplicated. Through its relation to the Commission, the Asso- 
ciation was able to secure the entry for the championship of many play- 
ers whose military status might otherwise have prevented their appear- 
ance. As it was, the Commission had them granted leave to play and the 
fact that this was possible of achievement, shows the approving attitude 
the (lovernment had adopted toward si^rt. 

When the championship ended the Commission asked to have the Field 
Secretary "loaned" to its Washington office. Dr. Norman R. Tooker, who 
had been buying athletic equipment for the army, had been detailed to 


important work with the newly organized Student Army Training Corps. 
The Field Secretary, therefore, went to Washington as an assistant to 
Dr. Joseph E. Raycrof t, head of the Athletic Division, and had charge of 
the contracts for athletic material when the Armistice was signed. De- 
tails related to closing these contracts kept him there most of the time 
nntil the spring of 1919. 

Such a r^sumd as the foregoing can do little more than suggest the vari- 
ety of the governmental demands made upon all civilians and the ready 
adaptability with which everyone responded. Many lovely June evenings, 
for instance, were devoted to a study of a street map of New York on 
which were stuck red pins representing the hundreds of "movie^^ houses 
in New York, and the other pins, one for each Four Minute Man. Brook- 
lyn proved a trial of patience for its street system (?) and street car 
routes seemed to be a maze never to be understood by anyone born out- 
side the borough. Endless work of this sort had to be done so that speak- 
ers could be assigned to theatres near their homes, for after a few hec- 
tic mornings when speakers from Brooklyn told of their troubles in try- 
ing to find their Bronx assignments, it was clear that running even a 
speakers^ bureau was no simple task. 

Other recollections flash and fade like the swift scenes of a "movie." 
It was hard to persuade eloquent lawyers and others somewhat inclined 
to "spell-bind" that four minutes included only 240 . seconds. They 
thought the name — Foui* Minute Men — was merely a bright idea and 
that a speaker was free to go as he pleased, or until his hearers objected. 
Then there were gentlemen who wanted to tell how Secretary Baker 
should run the war, others who had wonderful songs to sell, or badges, or 
plans for raising money and, of course, the objections to be removed from 
the minds of some theatre managers who were not in favor of this speak- 
ing anyhow, but who hesitated to take an out and out position against 
the Government. 

The memories of recruiting for ordnance are even more varied. Hun- 
dreds of stenographers, each of whom wanted to help win the war, but 
I)referred to stay in New York rather than go to crowded Washington 
where the work had to be done; the difficulty of convincing officialdom 
that the first requisite for securing workers was to provid(3 them with a 
place to live; a wind-swept stretch of Jersey meadow that on a zero day 
bore little resemblance to a great ordnance depot it was destined to be- 
come; the troubles of applicants who failed to see why they should fill 
out an application blank, two yards long, containing a hundred ques- 
tions more or less, when they were ready to go to work for the Govern- 
ment right away; the endless explanations that had to be given these 
same applicants during the weeks that these forms were being canvassed 


Originator o£ "Chain" ot Tournaments for Association's Ambulance Fund and Active 


in Washington, — all these perplexities would have been more exasperat- 
ing had not everyone realized that officials were doing the best they could. 

Then came the task of distributing half a million dollars' worth of 
athletic supplies so that the cantonments would have enough bats and 
balls to take care of whole divisions, and still not leave the little posts 
along the Mexican border unsupplied. Few persons realize the detail 
involved in this phase of the Commission's activity. There were no 
specifications for athletic equipment when it undertook the tremendous 
task of providing supplies for three million men. It takes seven square 
feet of horsehide to cover a dozen baseballs, for instance; 180 feet of 
sheepskin for a dozen sets of boxing gloves, 30 feet of cowhide for a dozen 
rugby footballs and so on. From these figures can be gained an idea of 
the immense quantities of material required when armies were being 

The "company box" which provided equipment for use the year round, 
contained four baseball bats, twelve baseballs, chest protector, mask, 
catcher's mitt, first baseman's mitt, four association footballs with extra 
bladders and laces, two rugby footballs with bladders and laces, a pump 
and patching outfit, six playground balls and two indoor baseball bats, 
medicine ball, ten sets of boxing gloves, two volley balls, basket ball and 
rules for several games. The first order was for 300 of these boxes. The 
next for 1,800 and the third, 3,000 boxes. Even these quantities did 
not meet the soldiers' needs and many organizations interested in sport 
raised money for equipment, much of it being distributed through the 

When the manufacturers began to make the goods called for in these 
contracts they ran foul of the Hide and Leather Control Board and 
similar agencies set up to regulate the distribution of raw material. 
Recognizing the importance of bats and balls and boxing gloves in train- 
ing recruits, the Government authorized the release of necessary supplies, 
so that the Commission was the clearing house for these orders in Novem- 
ber of 1918 and if the war had' continued, practically no goods of this 
kind could have been produced without its O. K. 

In the face of such overwhelming demand the Association could play 
only a minor part, in providing equipment. It was oif material assis- 
tance to the Commission, however, in establishing its program and help- 
ing to win for that program the popular and official support essential 
for its success. That this contribution was appreciated at Washington 
was made plain in a letter to Julian S. Myrick, from Dr. Raycroft, 
reading : 



''Since the Armistice has been signed and the process of demobilizing our 
armies is progressing so rapidly, we have an opportunit>' to look back over 
the work of the past twenty months and to estimate its value. 

"The program which this Commission has developed and put into opera- 
tion, both inside and outside of the camps, represents a new and very radical 
departure from the previously accepted methods of raising and training 
armies. The provisions which have been made for facilities and encourage- 
ments to the soldiers to spend their leisure time in wholesome ways, instead 
of condemning them to monotonous living or unwholesome amusements, 
have proved to be wonderfully effective in developing and maintaining a high 
morale among our troops, together with a physical efficiency and a spirit 
of 'pep' and readiness which have made our armies remarkable among the 
armies with w^hom they have fought on the other side. 

"One of the important factors in bringing about this result was the develop- 
ment of physical training, and athletic activities as a part of the formal 
training, and the provision and encouragement given the men to participate 
in wholesome forms of athletic games and contests during their leisure time. 

"The Government during the latter months of the war supported this 
work with very generous appropriations. In the beginning, however, we 
were forced to appeal to men like yourself to come to the assistance of the 
Commission with money raised in various ways, and from various sources, for 
the purchase of athletic equipment to make it possible to carry out the pro- 
gram in the camps which the Commission had. planned. Your assistance 
in this work had a double value. We used your money and we were very 
greatly encouraged by your backing and support. 

"I have felt that it was due myself, no less than to you and the organiza- 
tion which you represent, that I should at this time write you some simple 
words of appreciation of the support and encouragement which you have 
given the Commission in its efforts to surmount some of the difficulties 
which confronted it during the early days of its activities. In this matter 
I am speaking officially for the Commission, as well as for myself." 

Sufficient time has elapsed to permit an estimate of the worth of such 
activities as those conducted bv the National Association — in tcartime. 
Under the stress and excitement of organizing a nation for -war, details 
may be magnified and sense of proportion lost. It now becomes in- 
creasingly apparent that even in war there is a place for athletics and, 
therefore, a duty resting upon those guiding such bodies as the United 
States Lawn Tennis Association. The first impulse to discard every- 
thing that was not essentially military later gave way to a realization 
that, after all, only a part of America's hundred million people could be 
in uniform. The others had to support the army and navy by co-operating 
to make them efficient fighting forces. Munitions, provisions and sup- 
plies of every sort had to be turned out in unprecedented quantities. 
This volume entailed sacrifice of those things not essential to the conduct 
of war, but it soon was proven that sport could not be classified as 



In the army itself there was no question as to the value of physical 
training. Though not commonly regarded hitherto as a strenuous sport, 
tennis took its place with the other games that helped to build up the 
fighting men. What was not so immediately apparent was that sport 
could serve the great public which must stay at home. By realizing this 
early in the war and helping to bring about that understanding through- 
out the country, the Association made a contribution that was in many 
respects unique. 

Neither its officers nor its members were disposed at any time, to place 
undue importance upon the influence of tennis. If the game interfered 
with a more pressing activity, the decision always was to "Give up 
tennis." Conferences with the War Department were held frequently 
tc make certain that the Association's plans conformed in every respect 
to the Government's policy, for in placing the organization at the Govern- 
ment's disposal the idea had been to make it an effective agency in what- 
ever capacity it could be utilized. 

Apparent contradictions thus explain themselves. In 1917 it was a 
logical act to eliminate championships and ranking. By 1918 the condi- 
tions which made this the proper course to follow, had disappeared, so 
that is was then wise to restore these traditional features of the tennis 
season. The game's progress since the war has shown, furthermore, that 
these decisions not only were sound at the times when made, but that 
they have been justified by later events. 

There has been no undertaking in tennis, more helpful to the game as 
a whole, than the money-raising trip of famous players, in behalf of the 
ambulance fund, to cite only one illustration. As in this case, so in 
others. The sight of a national organization, utilizing the common inter- 
est of its members in a sport, not only to further worthy causes, but to 
establish a sane outlook and a sense of poise, in a crisis, was reassuring. 
The Association did not by any means attempt to do "Business as usual." 
But it did not rush to the other extreme. Its members came to realize 
that the extra demands of war meant that they should take additional 
precautions to preserve their own efficiency, and as a means to that end, 
tennis found its use. 

The game did not pass through the war unscathed. Many a club put 
gold stars on its service flag. Enlistments, increased cost of living, 
taxes on dues and pressure of other activities doubtless removed thous- 
ands of names from the rosters of the member-clubs, and in turn, many 
of those clubs were obliged to resign their membership in the National 
Association. The schedule of sanctioned tournaments did not reach its 
pre-war proportions until two years after the Armistice. These things 
were int\ liable. That they were not more serious is ample justification 
of the Awsociation's policy in 1917 and 1918. 




Association suspends championships in 1917 with approval of War De- 
partment — Helps establish policy ivith reference to sports conform- 
ing to judgment of the Government — Maintains competition for 
juniorSy boys and those not in military service. 
Hindsight is concededly better than foresight but if the delegates at- 
tending the annual meeting of the United States Lawn Tennis Associa- 
tion in New York City, February 9, 1917, had been able to forecast com- 
ing events, they could hardly have taken wiser action than when they 
passed the following resolution : 

Whereas, our country is facing grave international difficulties, and 
'Whereas, we, the assembled delegates of the United States Lawn Tennis 
Association, represent directly or indirectly more than a million tennis players 
throughout the United States, 

"Be It Resolved, That we hereby heartily endorse the action of President 
Wilson in severing diplomatic relations with the German Empire; that wc 
pledge to the President and the Congress of the United States our utmost 
support in whatever further steps they deem necessary to maintain American 
rights against lawless aggression, and that to that end we place the services 
of the Association and the national organization absolutely at their disposal. 

"Be It Resolved, That the Secretary be directed to transmit a copy of this 
resolution to the President and Congress." 

In order to appreciate their state of mind at the time one must recall 
that the season of 1916 had been unusually successful. Notable events, 
new records and increased general interest in the game helped to mark 
that season as the beginning of a new era in the popular development of 
tennis. Furthermore, the outlook for 1917 was still more favorable. The 
growing number of applications for sanctioned tournaments — to cite only 
one illustration — was a definite sign of the increasing activity through- 
out the country. This is partly explained by the fact that while 
the war in Europe, had, to a certain extent, exerted some influence 
on sport in the United States, it was still so much of a far away af- 
fair that most of the tennis players — ^as well as the followers of other 
sports — were going about their accustomed activities in the usual man- 

In February, 1917, however, it was impossible to believe that the 
United States could choose any other course than to enter the war. There 
was a great deal of talk that this development might not come about, 
events might turn out otherwise, but most opinion seemed to be "It's 
cmly a question of time before we get into it." Under such circum- 
stances those guiding such a sport as tennis faced decisions which were 
perplexing, to say the least. 



Harold A. Throckmorton and John R. Strachan Helped Raise Money for Ambu- 
lances by Playing in Many Exhibitions. 

uxrr:p:D states lawn tenxis association 


Once war was declared, the keenest judges of public opinion antici- 
pated just what happened, viz., the people supported the Government to 
the utmost. In the first outbursts of patriotic enthusiasm, however, 
there was danger of overshooting the mark. No one could forecast the 
length of the war. It promised to be longer than it was, and the best 
plans were those which measured the United States^ participation in 
years rather than months. 

Realizing the fact that it might be a long struggle that would tax the 
country's resources in men and material to a high percentage it seemed 
wise to plan for the continuance of iactivities that worked for the physi- 
cal betterment of the people. Other nations, earlier in the war than this 
(country, who had been forced to discard everything but the war essen- 
tials learned the sad effects of such action. To avoid their mistake, if 
possible, was the desire of those most familiar with the problem. 

Following the declaration of war many organizations interested in 
athletics, made definite decisions, some of which were of doubtful expedi- 
ency. College sports, for instance, were discarded almost entirely. Later 
developments laid this course open to question. The prevailing spirit 
was to throw all incidental enterprises on the scrapheap. But the na- 
tion, up to that time, had not learned that in making war everyone can- 
not carry a gun. This spirit ran away with college athletics to such an 
extent that on May 15 President Wilson thought it wise to write the fol- 
lowing letter in response to an inquiry as to the Government's attitude 
toward sport: 

"I entirely agree with the conclusions contained in your letter of May fif- 
teenth. I would be sincerely sorry to see the men and boys in our colleges 
and schools give up their athletic sports and I hope most sincerely that the 
normal course of college sports will be continued so far as possible, not to 
afford a diversion to the American people in the days to come when we shall 
no doubt have our share of mental depression, but as a real contribution to 
the national defense, for our young men must be made physically fit in order 
that later they may take the place of those who are now of military age and 
exhibit the vigor and alertness which we are proud to believe to be charac- 
teristic of our young men." 

ifeanwhile the officers of the TJ. S. L. T. A. had been doing their best 
to meet the Government's wishes. On April 17, 1917, at the request of the 
executive committee, Ward C Burton, sectional delegate from the North- 
west Section, obtained, through a personal interview with the Secretary 
of War in Washington, a statement on the wishes of the Department, as 
to the action of the Association. Mr. Burton presented a letter to the 
Secretary, who after rejecting the alternative proposal contained therein, 
recommended the adoption of the following plan : 



"We, the undersigned members of the Executive Committee of the United 
States Lawn Tennis Association, believe athletics are a great force in devel- 
oping healthy men and women and for that reason they should not be aban- 
doned in this crisis. 

"We believe the United States Lawn Tennis Association, through its in- 
fluence with the tennis players of the country, who are of necessity young, 
strong and active, can be of invaluable service to the Government by urging 
those players to respond to the call of Congress ; by furnishing means and in- 
centive to those not called, to take outdoor exercise, thus keeping themselves 
in good physical condition; by impressing upon all the necessity of giving up 
luxuries and living only in the simplest manner ; by raising money for the 
Red Cross, as described below ; and by spreading through the clubs of the 
Association, located in all cities of the United States, the idea of their re- 
sponsibility to the Government and their duty to arouse the patriotism, the 
loyalty and the spirit of sacrifice among their members, calling upon each to 
do something, no matter how small, for his country. 

"To carry out these ideas, we have drawn up the following plan and sub- 
mit it to the Department of War for approval or disapproval in whole or in 

"1. Do not cancel the schedule of tennis tournaments for 1917. Have the 
220 tournaments awarded to the clubs of the Association, located in the vari- 
ous cities of the country from Maine to California, nd afrom the Mexican 
to the Canadian border lines, played as planned. 

"2. Instruct thp clubs holding tournaments not to put up prizes and not 
to have competition for challenge cups. Charge entrance fees to the players, 
gate receipts wherever possible and turn over the net receipts to the American 
Red Cross, either as one large fund or as contributions to the local Chapters 
of the Red Cross. The latter would probblay raise more money in most 

"3. Do not make any ranking of players for 1917. 

"4. Do not hold any national championship tournaments. In their place 
hold national patriotic tournaments. By not holding the championships, by 
not giving prizes and by not having any ranking of players for 1917, the in- 
centive to any player to give up everything else for the sake of tennis fame 
is taken away. 

"5. Instruct clubs to make no effort to get players from other parts of 
the country to play in club tournaments, as this makes it necessary for the 
player to devote a week or more away from his work simply to play tennis 
and encourages idleness. Instruct clubs to aim rather for quantity than qual- 
ity, for a large entry from men in their immediate neighborhood, playing 
practically all matches after 3 :30 in the afternoon. This will permit men 
to do their day's work and in addition will give them the chance and stimu- 
lus for outdoor exercise. 

"6. Urge the tennis players of the country to respond to the call of Con- 
gress in raising an army and increasing the personnel of the navy in accord- 
ance with the bills to be passed by Congress for these purposes. Urge play- 
ers who are too young or too old, or who are not called by selective conscrip- 
tion, to take courses in military training, learn all they can about military 




affairs and keep in good physical condition in order to fit themselves for mili- 
tary duty in case of necessity, and urge all players to give up luxuries, save 
in every way possible, and lead a simple life. 

"Urge clubs to make their tournaments into patriotic gatherings; to have 
formal patriotic ceremonies and to do their utmost through entrance fees, 
gate receipts and any other means in their power to raise money for the Red 

"7. Play the entire schedule for juniors and boys (no one over 19 eli- 
gible to play) as planned, including the national championships, and encourage 
public park tournaments. 

— OR— 

"Should the Association cancel the schedule of tournaments and urge clubs 
in each district to give informal tournaments for benefit of the Red Cross? 

"We believe this latter method would not create as much incentive for 
outdoor exercise as the former; would raise less money for the Red Cross 
and would in general kill the interest in tennis and result in a lower stan- 
dard of physical condition among the tennis players of the country, who now 
number probably 1,500,000 persons. 

"The Association desires to act not for the good of tennis, but for the best 
interests of the country. We have set down our ideas on the subject, but 
wish to be governed entirely by the decision of the Department of War." 

The Secretary of War not only approved the playing of the tourna- 
ments but he urgently requested the co-operation of members who entered 
the service to help in the development of keener interest in athletics 
among the men. His statement in reply was as follows : 

"The foregoing recommendations seem to me admirable and I am glad to 
recommend their adoption. In addition I would be glad if the members of 
the Association who do go into military forces could be requested to co-oper- 
ate in all efforts to establish athletics in the training camps and so create 
wholesome recreations for the leisure hours of soldiers and officers." 

After the Secretary made that statement the Association sent certain 
regulations to all its members, with the approval of the War Department 
These suspended championships, prizes, and the award of "wins" on all 
challenge trophies, and did away with the ranking. At that time the 
military policy of the Government had not been determined, and no one 
knew whether there would be a volunteer army, or one raised by con- 
scription. In any event, the National Association did not wish the 
chance to win tennis honors to deter any player, even in the slightest de- 
gree, from doing what his country expected of him. With that- in mind, 
these resolutions were adopted, to apply to all sanctioned tournaments. 

"1. Prizes shall not be given for any tournament nor shall wins on chal- 
lenge cups be awarded. 

"2. Championship tournaments shall not be played as such. In all cham- 
pionship tournaments the word "Patriotic" shall be used in place of **Cham-- 
pionship" and no championship of any kind shall be awarded in 1917. Ex- 



ample: The National Singles Championship shall not be played but the 
National Singles Patriotic Tournament will be held at the West Side Tennis 
Club, beginning August 30. The Northwestern Championship will not be 
played but the Northwestern Patriotic Tournament will be held at the Deep- 
haven Tennis Club on July 21, 1917. Invitation and open tournaments may be 
played under their present titles. Clubs holding these events may add the 
word "Patriotic'* to the title if they so wish. 

"3. Clubs are urged to charge entrance fees and gate receipts for all 
tournaments' and to turn o^^er the net profits to the American Jled Cross ; 
seventy-five per cent, to the local chapter and twenty-five per cent, to a gen- 
eral fund, to which all branches of sport in the country will be asked to con- 
tribute, all of this fund to be given to the national organization of the Amer* 
ican Red Cross in Washington, or to be used to furnish athletic facilities for 
soldiers in training at military camps, or both. (The details of this fund 
will be sent to the clubs in the near future.) 

"4. Clubs are asked not to make special effort to get players from other 
sections of the country to enter their tournaments, but to strive rather for a 
large entry from their immediate locality in order to encourage as many men 
as possible to take outdoor exercise and keep in good condition; to play all 
matches if possible after 3:30 p. m., thus permitting men to play in tourna- 
ments without interfering with their day's work. 

"5. Clubs are urged to make their tournaments patriotic gatherings; to 
have formal patriotic ceremonies and ask the local chapters of the American 
Red Cross to co-operate with them. 

"6. The Association will not make any ranking of players in 1917. 

"The above regulations apply to the schedule of women's events as well 
as to the men's, but not to the junior and boys'. The junior and boys' sched- 
ule (no one 19 years old before October 1, 1917, is eligible to compete) will be 
played exactly as planned, including all championship events. 

"The Executive Committee relies upon the patriotism of the clubs of the 
Association to carry out this plan loyally. It is based upon three ideas : First, 
to take away the incentive to give up everything else for the sake of tennis 
fame ; second, to keep the tennis players of the country in good physical condi- 
tion, and third, to raise money for the American Red Cross. 

"7. In case of the cessation of hostilities, all championships scheduled af- 
ter that date will be played." 

The work of making athletics a genuine asset to the country did not 
stop with the sending out of these resolutions. The Association was 
busy along another line also. A meeting of representatives of bodies 
governing amateur sport was arranged by the Association to be held at 
the Racquet Club in New York, April 18. The purpose of the gathering 
was to discuss the policy to be followed by these organizations during 
the war, in an effort to make all amateur sports of the utmost service to 
the Government in the national emergency then prevailing. The 
United States Golf 'Association, the Amateur Athletic Union, the Inter- 
collegiate Association of Amateur Athletes of America and the United 
States Lawn Tennis Association joined in the following resolution : 




''Resolved, That it is the sense of this meeting that the youth of the na- 
tion should be encouraged to become physically fit and mentally alert, through 
the stimulus of athletic competition, and that every efiEort should be made to 
interest all citizens in the improvement of their phsrsical condition by sys- 
tematic exercise and participation in sport, but that by reason of the state of 
war now existing it is not advisable to hold championship events at any date 
subsequent to a call of the Government for volunteers or the enactment and 
operation of a bill for compulsory service, and that in place of championship 
events, competitions should be held in which certificates instead of the usual 
prizes or medals should be the only awards made to the winners, such cer- 
tificates to state that by reason of the existing conditions the winners shall 
not be recognized as the champion for the year, in the sport for which the 
competition is held. 

"And it is the further sense of this meeting that so long as the existing 
state of war continues all athletic meetings should be conducted as patriotic 
demonstrations and should be held for the purpose of raising funds for the 
American Red Cross, seventy-five per cent, to be contributed to the local 
chapter thereof, and twenty-five per cent, to the national organization. 

"And further, that it is the sense of this meeting that all athletes in the 
Government service be urged to co-operate in encouraging athletics, thus help- 
ing to provide wholesome recreation for the leisure hours of soldiers and 
officers in all arms of the service." 

While these developments were under way, the affairs of the Associa- 
tion had been progressing, as nearly as possible, on a normal basis. The 
schedule included 225 events which was an increase of 37% over 1916. 
This was the largest schedule in the Association's history. In addition 
to the senior schedule, a list of 91 dates of junior tournaments was pre- 
pared, this being an increase of 49% over the preceding year. The Asso- 
ciation started the tennis center plan of competition in 1917 and the new 
arrangement for juniors and boys worked remarkably well. About 750 
players took part in 70 tournaments, these being held in half the cities 
designated as tennis centers. As a result the national championship in- 
cluded entries from Baltimore, Binghamton, Birmingham, Buffalo, 
Chicago, Cincinnati, Indianapolis, New York, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, 
Providence, St. Louis, Seattle and Washington for the juniors, and from 
Baltimore, Binghamton, Cincinnati, New York, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, 
Portland, Providence, St. Louis and Washington for the boys. It was, 
therefore, the most representative tournament of the kind that had ever 
been played in the United States. And it demonstrated that the Asso- 
ciation was on the right track in its plans for developing competition 
among the youngsters. 

With the senior schedule, however, it was apparent, quite early in the 
season, that the elimination of championships tended to lessen public in- 




Davis Cup Star, Who Originated the Plan of Raising Money for Ambulances by Tennis 




terest in these events. Furthermore, the increasing pressure of war ac- 
tivities began to be felt and by mid-summer the officials were convinced 
that no large sum would be realized from the proceeds of these events. To 
overcome this difficulty, they decided to schedule a series of exhibition 
matches by some of the most prominent players in the country, in an en- 
deavor to raise $100,000, to finance two ambulance sections for the Red 
Cross. With this in mind, a schedule was prepared which continued from 
July until October, 1917. The details of what proved to be one of the 
most remarkable achievements in the history of tennis in this country, 
are set forth in a later chapter. 

The general approval which greeted this activity w^as sununarized by 
the vice-president, Julian S. Myrick, in a report to the annual meeting of 
1918 as follows : ''Never in the historj' of the game has the public or the 
players who were left at home, responded more cordially to the support 
of any undertaking. The players who toured the country for exhibition 
matches performed one of the greatest services ever rendered to the game 
and in this connection let us not overlook the wonderful work done by 
Miss Bjurstedt and Miss Browne. They outdid and outplayed and out- 
lasted the men in this most arduous trip. The man who managed it and 
brought the trip to a successful completion was Frederick B. Alexander. 
He has won many championships but I doubt if there is anything he baa 
done for tennis which will give him more satisfaction as the years go 
by, than this accomplishment." 




Association restores cluimpionships in WIS icith approval of ^Yar De- 
partvient — Toiirtiament proceeds devoted to Commission on Train- 
ing Camp Activities — Activity continued in hchalf of junior events 
— Colleges requested to devote more attention to tennis. 

When the time to formulate the plans and policy of the Associa- 
tion for 1918 arrived the officials of the organization found they were 
facing conditions which were notably different from those of the pre- 
rious year. In 1917 when the Government's military policy was undeter- 
mined, the Association had eliminated championships and the ranking to 
avoid any possibility of having tennis interfere in the slightest degree 
with the nation's wa<r program. By 1918, however, conditions had 
changed to such an extent, that the War Department advised the restora- 
tion of these traditional features of the tennis season. To win the war 
was the universal aim and everyone was united in an effort toward that 
great end. 

As the realization of this condition grew upon the people there was 
bom in their minds a conviction that even military necessity might not 
justify the wholesale lopping off of an activity, such as athletics. With 
the growth of this conviction, the idea that athletics seemed incidental 
and out of place in a nation at war was lost. It is very evident that 
these circumstances affected the report of Julian S. Myrick, acting pres- 
ident of the Association, made to the Executive Committee in December, 
1918. His report advised the restoration of championships and was as 

follows : 


"1. When the Executive Committee recommended at the beginning of 
the 1917 season that championships and ranking should be eliminated, one 
reason controlling their decision was that at that time the military^ plans of 
the Government had not been determined. There was some possibility that 
the army to be raised might be composed of volunteers, and tennis titles were 
eliminated so that no player might have an excuse for neglecting his obliga- 
tions to the Government in order to win tennis honors. In view of the fact 
that the Government has decided upon conscription, that consideration no 
longer holds good. 

"2. Since war was declared the attitude of the National Association and 
the tennis players throughout the country has been demonstrated to be com- 
pletely in accord with anything that the Government may require. Not only 
have the first ten ranking players entered the service, but hundreds of others 
have joined the colors. The National Association has officially placed its or- 
ganization at the disposal of the Government, and by its action in recruiting 
ambulance sections and raising money for that purpose it has taken a position 
that cannot be misunderstood. 




"3. The best information available shows that the President and the Secre- 
tary of War are in favor of such activities as will tend to improve the ph^'sicai 
condition of men and women throughout the country. It is plain, that if the 
war is to continue, there will be tremendous demands made upon all citizens. 
Not only will an increasing number of men be required for military service 
but the burdens placed upon those remaining at home will be heavier because 
of the extra work they must do to make up for those who have gone to the 
front. Therefore, it is reasonable to say that any sport which tends to pro- 
mote the physical well being of men and women is extremely desirable. Ten- 
nis does this and those in a position to judge say that the alert mental atti- 
tude and fine standards of the sportsmanship it develops are almost as useful 
as the improvement in the physical condition resulting from the outdoor exer- 
cise. In this connection it should be stated further that the plan developed 
by the National Association for juniors and boys should be enlarged and con- 
ducted in such a way as to interest the greatest possible number of young 
players. By doing this the National Association will be building up the phy- 
players. By doing this the National Association wlil be building up the ph>'si- 
cal stamina of the men and women of tomorrow on whom will fall increas- 

**4. It is not generally realized that a large property is represented by the 
National Association, but brief consideration of the fact that five hundred 
clubs are identified with the Association, and that each of them has invested 
money for courts, club houses and other equipment, shows that the total is 
a considerable amount. If tennis clubs permit their members to dwindle 
away, their officers will be neglecting their duty as trustees of this property 
interest. Loss will thus be incurred which cannot be corrected for many 
years. Therefore it seems imperative that club officers should make every ef- 
fort to maintain the personnel of their clubs by securing junior members, and 
urging older players now in such organizations to continue their membership. 
It would be false economy to allow membership to decrease on account of 
the war, and the resulting damage would be felt for years to come. For this 
■ reason the junior program outlined by the National Association should be 

recommended at once to the tennis public. 

"5. In view of the foregoing, the following resolution is proposed^ 

Resolved: That for the season of 1918 all championships shall be restored, 
players shall be ranked and tournaments sanctioned by the United States 
Lawn Tennis Association shall be conducted as before the war. 

Be It Further Resolved: That the net proceeds of such tournaments shall 
be given to the War Department Commission on Training Camp Activities, 
to provide athletic facilities for men in the military service of the United 

These recommendations were baseil on a conference Edwin F. Torrev, 

secretary, held with oflflcials of the War Department. At that time he 

obtained from Raymond B. Fosdick, chairman of the Commission on 

Training Camp Activities, the following statement : 

"Secretary Baker has asked me to consider the preamble and resolutions en- 
closed, and to answer your letter for him. 

**The value of participation in wholesome athletics as a factor in promot- 
ing physical fitness and mental alertness can not be overestimated. 



"The plan of re-establishing championships, tournaments and rankings as 
a means of stimulating jgeneral interest in tennis is desirable. 

"Your suggestion that the net proceeds be turned over to the War Depart- 
ment Commission on Training Camp Activities for use in providing athletic 
facilities for soldiers in training camps is hereby approved." 

By giving the proceeds of tournaments to the Commission on Train- 
ing Camp Activities the Association followed the policy which had been 
tentatively outlined the year before when it sought to raise money for 
athletic facilities for men in the training camps. Because the War 
Department was so over-taxed with far more important w^ork the Commis- 
sion on Training Camp Activities in its early stages lacked funds to 
meet the needs of the men in training. Therefore, the Association ad- 
vanced money for the Commission to buy tennis equipment. 

The first effort after the annual meeting was to arrange a schedule and 
in this respect the war was not such a depressing factor as might have 
been anticipated. Whereas the 1917 schedule had 225 dates, that for 
1918 contained 165. Under the circumstances, this was a remarkably 
good showing because in many instances almost the entire personnel of 
tennis clubs had gone into military service. Only about 50 of these 
dates were cancelled. The championship in August had an entry of 87 
players, 21 of whom were in the army or navy. Public interest in this 
championship was apparent. The proceeds amounted to $5,591.72. 
Under the conditions, this was deemed very satisfactory. 

Possibly the most effective action taken during 1918 for the develop- 
ment of tennis was the formal endorsement of the game by the National 
Collegiate Athletic Association. During their annual meeting that 
year they decided that tennis deserved to be regarded as a major 
sport in colleges. The meeting voted : 

"To recommend to its members: First, that they provide sufficient tennis 
equipment to care for the needs of the student body; and second, that the 
same recognition be accorded the institution's representatives in tennis as it 
granted the teams in other sports." 

This brought to a head much casual discussion that had been in pro- 
gress for months as to the desirability of making tennis a major sport. 
In its effort to determine the facts the Association wrote to the presi- 
dents of the 500 universities and colleges in the United Stales as fol- 
lows : 

"The United States Lawn. Tennis Association is exceedingly desirous that 
your institution consider the advisability of making tennis a major sport. 
^ The two outstanding reasons are, first, that it is one of the few games of use 
to a man after he is twenty-five years old ; and second, that the sooner the 
game is taught, the more pleasure the individual gets out of it as he grows 
older. By making tennis a major sport in your institution, many more boys 




will begin to learn the game in the schools, with the idea of continuing it 
through college and later life. 

"With regard to the first point: We recognize that sports such as football, 
baseball and rowing are great body-builders. It very often happens, however, 
that men who participate in these sports in college do not continue their exer- 
cise after graduating, and the reaction, therefore, is distinctly harmful to 
their physical condition. The second point is so obvious as to require no elab- 

"Your institution develops a man's mind and gives him information upon 
which he may continue to develop mentally, so long as he retains his facul- 
ties. Is it not worth while also to emphasize the necessity for physical exer- 
cise to keep one's body fit after leaving college, as a most important adjunct 
to proper mental functions? Our Association has undertaken to develop ten- 
nis among boys and girls ; if the colleges for which they are preparing would 
recognize its benefit upon their lives by making it a major sport, the effect 
upon future generations would be remarkable. 

"I would appreciate it greatly if you would inform me of the disposition 
you make of this request. The Association will gladly co-operate in provid- 
ing any data concerning tennis that you may need." 

The response to. this appeal was very encouraging and many practi- 
cal suggestions were received so that the Association's officials were in 
a position to convince the National Collegiate Athletic Association of 
the real interest in tennis throughout the country. 

The favor which tennis had gained that season with men in the ser- 
vice was well reflected in the number of requests received for balls, nets 
and rackets. The game and the newly developed interest in it was a nov- 
elty to the older men of the sen ice. They, too, soon felt the fascination 
for it and in a short time also became enthusiasts. This was especially 
so in the training camps for the men of the air service. The game seemed 
particularly adapted as a part of their physical training. It was not 
long before numerous courts were laid out in the air service camps 
throughout the South. 

It would be hard to figure exactly how much the interest in the sport 
was stimulattnl as a result of the attention it received at the various 
camps. During tlie summer of that year the Association had collected 
from its members considerable quantiti(*s of used supplies. These were 
distributed by the Commission on Training Camp Activities. Though 
the amount collected was by no means a meagre one, it was hardly suffi- 
cient for the heavy demand from the men in the camps. 

New material was also purchased and this combined with what had 
been gathered from members provided equipment for 475 courts. The 
total expenditures provided 575 dozen balls, 1,800 rackets and 475 nets. 
Part of this material went to equip 80 courts in France, at the urgent re- 
quest of the Y. ^r. C. A. This organization was in a position to handle 



Famous Internationalist, WTiose Play for the Ambulance Fund Wa 
Sensation in 1917. 



the shipment of the goods, which was at the time a matter of real im- 
portance because of the demands for ocean tonnage. For months this 
material was in use overseas. 

Late in the season a request was received from the Bed 
Cross asking the aid of the Association in arranging a series of athletic 
events throughout the country. A general appeal was made to the mem- 
bers of the Association throughout the country ^to hold tournaments for 
the benefit of the Red Cross with the result that about 40 were played in 
September. The proceeds of matches were given for the most part to the 
respective local Red Cross chapters. 

Further proof that tennis was still very much alive was found in the 
addition of two new events to the National Championships. These were 
called the "Father & Son" and the "Veterans" Championships. Although 
they were started during the war, they aroused much interest throughout 
the country, due doubtless to the fact that they appealed primarily to 
those who were not in active military service. Intercollegiate tennis was 
practically at a standstill during 1918 as were the other branches of col- 
lege sports. 

During that season the Association's policy was that tennis, after all, 
was incidental and it should not be allowed to interfere with any war ac- 
tivity. This was particularly true in the case of the junior and boys' 
tournaments. In many cities of the Middle West for instance, it was 
found that the youngsters who would normally be interested in these 
competitions were working on farms or were holding war jobs in factor- 
ies. Therefore, the Association advised the local committees in such cases 
not to hold tournaments for young players as it did not wish to sponsor 
any program that would distract their attention from their obligations 
to the countrv'. 

During 1918, also, the ambulance sections which had been enlisted that 
winter went over seas and the first reports of their experiences began 
coming back to their friends at home. Indications of what war might 
mean to the clubs also became more and more apparent as reports of de- 
creasing membership were received by the National Association. Not 
only did a great many players enter military senice, but others went 
into the various auxiliary activities of the Government so that clubs' per- 
sonnel quite frequently was "shot to pieces." The taxes imposed upon 
dues by the war revenue bill and the increasing cost of living furnished 
other factors that worked to the disadvantage of the clubs. Even under 
those circumstances the Association maintained its membership without 
serious loss and was able to proceed in reorganizing without delay when 
the return to peace conditions gave tennis players a chance to think of 
their favorite sport. 



Exhibition matches for ambulance fund arouse much interest — Long 
schedule arranged^ many players compete and public commends the 
undertaking — Series between Miss Browne and Miss Bjurstedt a 
feature — Proceeds finance two sections — Fund distributed in co- 
operation with Red Cross and Government. 

Never in the history of tennis has there been played a more interest- 
ing series of matches than those staged by the United States Lawn Ten- 
nis Association during the summer of 1917. Never in the history of the 
sport have the proceeds of any event been devoted to a more worthy 
cause. And it may be added that never in the history of the game have 
the leaders in it responded more nobly than did those who helped raise 
the ambulance fund. 

To Mrs. Franklin I. Mallory, who was then Miss Molla Bjurstedt, and 
to Miss Mary K. Browne is accorded most of the credit for its success. 
In all the 6,000 miles of travel that the schedule lasting from July to 
October entailed, they never failed to meet every request made of them. 
And to the honor of their sex be it recorded, that under the most trying 
circumstances they never displayed temper or "temi>erament" — and they 
were never late ! 

From that blistering day in July when Miss Browne stepped off a 
transcontinental train at Utica, N. Y., to be soundly beaten by Miss 
Bjurstedt, to that day many weeks later when she had to leaTC St. Louis 
to hurry home on account of her mother's illness, she was the marvel of 
all who saw her play. Miss Bjurstedt, being the champion, was natur- 
ally the favorite, and in the earlier part of the series, the matches went 
to her. Later Miss Browne pulled up but it was a nip-and-tuck contest 
all the time, as the following summary of their play, shows : 

Utica, Miss Bjurstedt won. 

Plainfield, Miss Bjurstedt won. 

Westficld, Miss Bjurstedt won. 

Greenwich, Miss Browne won. 

Glen Ridge, Miss Browne won. 

Brooklyn, the sets were divided. 

Seabright, Miss Browne won. 

Glen Cove, Miss Bjurstedt won. 

Southampton, Miss Browne won. 

Bay Ridge, Miss Browne won 

Longwood, Miss Browne won. 

Gedney Farms, Miss Bjurstedt won. 

West Side, Miss Browne won 2; Miss Bjurstedt won 1. 

Montclair, Miss Bjurstedt won. 



i Mary K. Browne and Miss Molla Bjurstedt Whose Series of Matches Was 
ihe Tennis Feature of 1917. 


Rochester, Miss Browne won. 

Cleveland, Miss Browne won. 

Buffalo, Miss Browne won. 

Niagara Falls, Miss Browne won. 

Rochester, Miss Browne won. 

Scranton, Miss Browne won. 

Philadelphia Cricket Club, Miss Browne won. 

Germantown Cricket Club, Miss Bjurstedt won. 

Cincinnati, Miss Bjurstedt won. 

Detroit, Miss Bjurstedt won. 

Chicago, Miss Browne won. 

The public was cordial in its praise of the splendid sendee of these 
two girls and wherever they went, they were cheerfully accorded full 
credit for a remarkable display of grit and sportsmanship. The same 
is true of the men who helped make the matches a success, particular 
mention being due Frederick B. Alexander. Although he is the hero of 
many a famous international contest, it is safe to sav that no tennis hon- 
ors were better deserved or more modestly worn, than those won in 
matches for the ambulance fund. 

Every such enterprise starts merely as a good idea and in this case, the 
thought of a series of exhibition matches occurred to Karl H. Behr, who 
saw in the need for ambulances overseas, an opportunity for the tennis 
clubs of the country to be of senice. He submitted the plan to President 
Adee, who immediately recognized its merit, and began negotiations with 
the Red Cross. His careful arrangements later proved of great value for 
they formed the basis of negotiations with the Government when it took 
over the ambulance service and enabled the Association to carry out the 
plan successfully. Anyone who has tried to give something to the United 
States will appreciate the diflficulies involved, although there is no point 
in setting forth the details here. 

The first move to acquaint the clubs with the plan was to send out the 
following circular: 

"The United States Lawn Tennis Association proposes that the tennis play- 
ers of the country give to the army of the United States, through the Ameri- 
can Red Cross, three ambulance sections, fully equipped and manned by tennis 

"Total cost will be $100,000. 

"Financing — To raise this sum the Association asks every club, belonging 
directly or indirectly to the Association, to donate the largest possible amount ; 
a club, donating $1,000 can give one ambulance, marked with the club's 
name. Two or more clubs can combine to give one car marked with the 
names of the contributing clubs. The Country Club of Westchester, the 
Field Club of Greenwich, and the West Side Tennis Club have each pledged 
one or more ambulances. 




As Miss Molla Bjursiedt. she Shared wilh Miss Mary K. Browne the Honors for Devoted 
Service in Behalf of the Anil)ulance Fund. 


"Many tennis players are already in service, but, everyone cannot under- 
take active duty. These ambulance sections offer you and your club the 
chance to help those who can go to France. Send contributions to George T. 
Adee, 38 Broad Street, New York. 

"Recruiting — Details of enlistment appear on the following page. 

"Exhibition Match^g — As an additional means of raising money for this 
fund, a series of exhibition matches beginning about July 20th and continu- 
ing for six weeks will be held at clubs in the large cities throughout the coun- 
try. The schedule as far as possible will conform to the dates and places of 
sanctioned tournaments. The following players have agreed to give up their 
time to these matches: W. M. Johnston and Miss Mary iK. Browne of Cal- 
ifornia; F. B. Alexander, Harold Throckmorton, K. H. Behr, Miss MoUa 
Bjurstedt, R. L. Murray, N. W. Niles, and S. H. Voshell can probably take 
part in a few, and, in addition, possibly some of the players now at the offi- 
cers' training camps, after August 12th. 

"Applications for Dates — If your club desires to hold one of the exhibi- 
tions, apply to George T. Adee, 38 Broad Street, New York, stating your 
preference as to date and whether or not your club will agree to guarantee 
$1,000 or more from gate receipts. It is imperative that you apply for a date at 
once as the time in which to arrange and play these exhibitions is limited. 

"Conditions — ^The ambulance sections given by the United States Lawn 
Tennis Association may be changed to ambulance companies, or some similar 
unit, to conform to future rulings of the Government. All contributions are 
to be given with this understanding.*' 

Then came the work of securing subscriptions and scheduling the ex- 
hibition matches. For the most part the club subscriptions were in large 
amounts, although no gift was too small for the purpose in view. From 
all parts of the country came money and men, the response being an il- 
luminating proof of the widespread interest in tennis. There were 115 
contributions amounting to |57,689.90, and they came from points as 
widely separated as Boston and Manila. 

Arranging the schedule presented difficulties. More clubs wanted to 
put on the exhibition matches than it was possible to arrange for. How- 
ever, the following schedule was compiled, and played : 

July 20, 21. Utica, N. Y., Yahnundasis G. C. 
July 22, Plainfield, N. J., Plainfield C. C. 
July 25. Westfield, N. J., Westfield G. C. 
July 29. Greenwich, Conn., Greenwich F. C. 
July 30. Glen Ridge, N. J., Oxford T. C. 
Aug. 1. Brooklyn, N. Y., Knickerbocker F. C. 
Aug. 2, 3, 4. Seabright, N. J., Seabright L. T. & C. C. 
Aug. 5. Glen Cove, L. I., N. Y., Nassau C. C. C. 
^ Aug. 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. Southampton, L. I., N. Y., Meadow Club. 

Aug. 11, 12. Brooklyn, N. Y., Crescent A. C. 
Aug. 15, 16, 17, 18. Boston, Mass., Longwood C. C. 
Aug. 19. White Plains, N. Y., Gedney Farms C. C. 
Aug. 20, 22, 25. Forest Hills, L. I., N. Y., West Side T. C. 
Aug. 26. Montclair, N. J., Montclair A. C. 



s s 



Aug. 27, 28. Rochester, N. Y., Rochester T. C. 

Aug. 29, 30. Cleveland, O., East End T. C. 

Sept. 1, 2. Buffalo, N. Y., Park Club. 

Sept. 3. Niagara Falls, N. Y., Niagara Falls T. C. 

Sept. 4. Rochester, N. Y., Rochester T. C. 

Sept. 5, 6. Scranton, Pa., Scranton C. C. 

Sept. 7. Philadelphia, Pa., Merion Cricket Club. 

Sept. 8, Philadelphia, Pa., Huntingdon Valley C. C. 

Sept. 9. Philadelphia, Pa., Germantown Cricket Club. 

Sept. 10. Philadelphia, Pa., Philadelphia Cricket Club. 

Sept. 11, 12. Cincinnati, C, Cincinnati T. C. 

Sept. 13, 14. Detroit, Mich., Detroit T. C. 

Sept. 15, 16. Chicago, 111., Edgewater Beach T. C. * 

Sept. 18, 19. St. Louis, Mo., St. Louis A. A. 

Sept. 26. Louisville, Ky., Audubon C. C. 

Sept. 28, 29. Pittsburgh, Pa., Pittsburgh A. A. 


To complete such an array of matches required the co-oi)eration of 
many players. In this particular, the Association was handicapped be- 
cause most of the ranking men were in the service. However, the stars of 
earlier seasons came to the rescue. With their assistance, and the help ' 
of several youngsters, good exhibitions were made possible. The players 
to whom official certificates were awarded for their part in the undertak- 
ing are as follows: 



Miss Molla Bjurstedt 
Miss Mary K. Browne . 
Mrs. R. H. Williams . 
Miss Marion Vanderhoef 
Mrs. B. E. Cole, 2nd, . 
Miss Eleanora R. Sears 
Mrs. George W. Wightman 
Mrs. Rawson Wood 
Mrs. F. B. Snowden 
Mrs. C. V. Hitchins 
Miss Marie Wagner 
Miss Carrie B. Neely 
Miss Marion Zinderstein 

Number of Matches 









Frederick B. Alexander 
Harold A. Throckmorton 
John R. Strachan 
S. Howard Voshell 
Charles S. Garland 
Karl H. Rehr . 
R. Lindlev Murray 





William M. Johnston . . . . . . 13 

Samuel Hardy ........ 11 

Frederick C. Inman ....... 9 

Nathaniel W. Niles 9 

Lyle E. Mahan 8 

George M. Church ....... 8 

William T. Tilden, Jr 8 

Theodore R. Pell 7 

Frederick C. Baggs ....... 5 

Elliott H. Binzen ....... 5 

Dr. William Rosenbaum ...... 5 

Wallace F. Johnson ....... 4 

Ralph H. Burdick 3 

Walter T. Hayes 3 

H. A. Plummer ........ 3 

Bemon S. Prentice ....... 3 

Holcombe Ward ....... 3 

George W. Wightman ....... 3 

Richard N. Williams, 2nd. ...... 3 

Watson M. Washburn ....... 3 

Irving C. Wright ....... 3 

Marshall Allen 2 

Clarence J. Griffin ....... 2 

W. M. Hall 2 

George Throckmorton ...... 2 

Dean Mathey ........ 2 

Henry O'Boyle 

Leonard Beekman ....... 

Joseph J. Armstrong ....... 

C. D. Jones 

Roland Hoerr ........ 

F. O. Jostles ........ 

Theodore Drewes ....... 

As each gift of f 1,000 was sufficient to buy and equip an ambulance, 
brass plates were prepared bearing the donors' names. These plates were 
attached to the machines as they were put into service. The clubs and 
individuals thus represented were as follows : 

California Lawn Tennis Association. 

Chicago Tennis Association. 

Crescent Athletic Club. 

Detroit Tennis Club. 

Germantown Cricket Club. 

Greenwich Field Club. 

Hawaiian Tennis Association. 

Huntingdon Valley Country Club. 

.Knickerbocker Field Club, King's County Tennis Club and Terrace Club. 

Longwood Cricket Club. 

Montclair Athletic Club 



Brass Plates, Bearing the Dimors' Natnes, Were Attached to Forty 
Amhulanees Given by Clubs Belonging to U. S. L. T. A. 



Merion Cricket Club, 

Manila Tennis Club. 

Nassau Country Club. 

Neidlinger, In memory of Sarah EUena, 

Newport Lawn Tennis Club. 

New York Tennis Club and Hamilton Grange Tennis Club. 

Northwestern Lawn Tennis Association. 

Ohio Lawn Tennis Association. 

Pacific Northwest Tennis Association. 

Park Club of Buffalo. 

Pittsburgh Athletic Association. 

Rochester Tennis Club. 

Scran ton Country Club. 

Seabright Lawn Tennis and Cricket Club. 

Southampton, Meadow Club. 

Spaulding, Albert T. 

Westchester Country Club. 

West Side Tennis Club. 

Western Lawn Tennis Association. 

Western Pennsylvania Tennis Association. 

Women Players of the Metropolitan District. 

In the early winter of 1918 enough money had been received so that 
the Association could undertake the financing of the two sections, No. 
603 and Company No. 8, which were undergoing their preliminary train- 
ing at AUentown. After money had been set aside to furnish the ambu- 
lances for these units there was still a balance in the fund. Under an 
arrangement then followed by organizations which were interested in a 
particular section, the Association created a section fund of f 2,0.00 for 
No. 603. Later a similar fund of $1,644.44 was established for No. 8, 
this being 37/45 of the amount assigned to No. 603, on account of No 8^8 
smaller personnel. These funds were administered under regulations 
which provided for proper procedure and were used to purchase extra 
food or other items not furnished by the Government. WTien these funds 
were established, the Association also spent |1,000 to buy special boots 
and coats for No. 603 and made a similar pro rata allotment to No. 8, 
their fund being |822.22. 

When it developed, in negotiations with the Government, that there 
was a surplus of ambulances in France, the executive committee on De- 
cember 7, 1917, adopted the following: 

"Whereas: There is a surplus now of ambulances in France and shipping 
conditions involve considerable delays in forwarding freight, and 

"IVhereas: Military authority will be granted the commanding officer of 
each section recruited by the U. S. L. T. A., to place brass plates 4x6 inches 
bearing the names of member clubs designated by the Association on ambu- 
lances driven by these sections, upon their arrival in France, now, therefore, 



h J 



"Be It Resolved: That the executive committee of the United States 
Lawn Tennis Association instruct its officers to release to Col. E. E. Per- 
sons, commanding officer, U. S. Army Ambulance Camp, Allentown, Pa., 
through the New York Office of the American Red Cross $800 for each 
and every ambulance so designated, and that each expenditure be hereby ap- 
proved, when made from the fund known as the Tennis Ambulance Fund." 

In the spring of 1918 both ambulance sections were ordered abroad, — 
No. 603 to Italy and No. 8 to France. Col. Persons, fortunately for the 
National Association, was in command of the Ambulance Service in 
Italy. He personally attended to the completion of the arrangements for 
the transfer of |32,000, which had been agreed to by officers of the Asso- 
ciation. Under the resolution of the executive committee, previously 
quoted, and with the approval of the Red Cross, he tendered the money to 
the Italian Ministry of War. His letter of transmittal follows : — 

"1. I hand you herewith my check for 203,200 lire on the Genova 
Branch, National City Bank of New York, which was transmitted to me by 
the United States Lawn Tennis Association. This Association is comprised 
of a large number of sections or chapters scattered throughout the United 
States. The Association decided to equip two sections of the United States 
Army Ambulance Service, and supply each section with 20 Ford ambulances, 
which it was estimated would cost not to exceed $800.00 each. The Asso- 
ciation, therefore, arranged to place in my hands funds for the purchase of 
40 Ford ambulances at $800.00 each, amounting to $32,000.00, which trans- 
ferred into lire amounts to 203,200 lire. It was the desire of the Associa- 
tion that each one of these ambulances carry a small brass name plate bear- 
ing the name of the chapter of tfic^ Association which had contributed for the 
purchase of ambulances, and the officers of the Association furnished me with 
40 of these plates suitably engraved before we left America. Just before our 
departure for Italy, however, it was decided that each of our sections should 
t'*^^ be equipped with 12 G. M. C. ambulances, the cost of which I think is be- 
tween $3,000.00 and $4,009.00 each. The funds provided by the Tennis 
Sections were, therefore, not sufficient to purchase this equipment. Neverthe- 
less, in view of the arrangement which had been previously made, I placed 
the 40 brass name plates of the Tennis Association on 40 G. M. C. ambu- 
• lances brought over by us, and they have borne these plates during the work 
at the front, as desired by the contributors. In order that the money may 
be expended as desired by the donors, I beg to offer to you the amount men- 
tioned above for the purchase of such number of ambulances as it will buy, 
suggesting that very probably it would meet the wishes of the contributors 
if these ambulances were used in the service of the Italian and American 
troops occupying Gattero and Fiume. If, however, these troops are supplied 
with ambulances, or if >^ur stock of ambulances on hand is all that is re- 
quired, I feel justified in assuming the responsibility of saying on behalf of 
the contributors that the money is available for the purchase of such other 
medical supplies as you mav deem necessary at this time. I feel sure that 
the donors, though originally intending that the money be used for the pur- 



chase of ambulances, would now desire that it be expended where it will do 
the most good in caring for the sick and wounded. 

"2. I beg to take this occasion to renew assurances of appreciation of the 
many courtesies which have been extended to this Service by your office." 

In response to this letter Lieutenant General Zupelli on January 3, 
1919, wrote to Colonel Persons as follows : 


"This War Department, in acknowledging receipt of the check for L.203,- 
200 (two-hundred and three-thousand, two-hundred) of the National City 
Bank of New York (branch of Genova), begs of you to be the interpretei 
with the United States Tennis Association of the sentiments of the heartiest 
and sincerest gratitude for their generous gift, which, by the noble motives 
that have inspired it, shows once more what- a great spirit of sincere friend- 
ship and solidarity animates the generous American people towards Italy. 

"In accordance with the wish expressed by the above mentioned Tennis 
Association, I take pleasure in assuring you that the sum will be used for 
purchases of or repairs to ambulances that perform their duties in. the re- 
claimed territories, or, should, it be deemed necessary, it will be employed for 
the purchase of those medical supplies that would respond better and more 
efficaciously to the hygienic-sanitary needs of the same sections of country. 

"I avail myself of this opportunity to express to you also my personal heart- 
felt thanks. 

"With the assurance of my highest esteem and consideration." ' 

When Colonel Persons forwarded this letter to the Association, he 
made the following comment: "I feel sure that the United States Lawn 
Tennis Association has not only provided ambulances for use in the war 
zone, but has rendered a service to our Government by helping to cement 
the friendship already existing between Italy and the United States." 

Subsequently he forwarded the following additional acknowledgment 
of the gift by the Adjutant General of the Royal Italian Army : 

"This Command acknowledges* receipt of folio 12646, dated December 21, 
1918, of this Delegazione, in regard to the generous gift of the United States 
Tennis Association. 

"This is a new and considerable contribution that is added to the many 
others, both material and moral, which the United States has so freely given 
us during the war; it is, furthennore, a new proof of the ties of sympathy 
which bind and unite us intimatdy to the great American nation. 

"This Command kindly asks this Delegazione to convey to the above men- 
tioned Association our most cordial thanks, and to tell them how thankfully 
we accept and how much we appreciate their generous gift." 

After this payment had been made and all other charges against the 
fund were met, there was a balance of about $9,000 which was returned 
pro rata to the donors, after having been released both by the Govern- 
ment and the Red Cross. 





The Century Audit Corporation's statement of the fund on January 31, 
1919, was as follows: 


Tournaments — 

Subscriptions, Gifts, etc. 

Women 5 Ambulance Fund — 
American Red Cross 

Interest on Bank Deposits 

Miscellaneous Income 



Ambulances Forwarded Through — 

N. Y. Co. Chapter American Red Cross 

Y. M. C. A. 

For Equipment in France 

Expenditures, Account Section 6oj — 
Evac. Co. No. 8 . 

Players' Expenses — 

Traveling and Hotels 

Office Expenses — 

Printing ..... 
Telegraph and Cable 
Brass Sign Co., Plates . 
Traveling ..... 
Photographs .... 

Postage ..... 

Exchange on Checks 
Sundries ..... 







• • 


• • 


« ■ 












Being the unexpended portion of Receipts over Disburse- 
ments, on deposit at the New York Trust Co. at this date 

Total ....... 





Recruiting two ambulance sections — Changes in military regulations 
make the task difficult — Men come from all parts of the United 
States — Several make quick trip from Honolulu — Sections trained 
at Allentowny Pa. — Personnel of the tico units as fin<illy assigned to 
active service. 

>Vhile raising money to finance ambulance sections the Association 
was faced with the additional task of recruiting the personnel. For the 
most part the men recruited were tennis players. This however was not 
an essential for enlistment. The main difficulty which the As»>ciation^s 
officers had to contend with was the uncertainty in enlistment procedure. 
One week there would be an announcement that recruiting officers could 
(enlist men for the ambulance service and the next week a newly issued 
order would revoke the previous one. 

So far as the status of the Association's sections was concerned, these 
varying orders, changing almost from day to day to conform to the mili- 
tary conditions, made no ultimate difference. The War Department was 
cognizant of the plan, and the Association was assured that all would 
come out well, as it eventually did. However, the commanding officers of 
the various headquarters, where some men had to be enlisted, were ob- 
ligated to follow their official instructions. As a result, the recruits des- 
tined for AUentown were sidetracked to Fort Slocum, Jefferson Barracks 
and other posts which they described as "way stations" and "tank 
towns" in the fervent telegrams they sent the National Association, ap- 
pealing for assistance in reaching their objective. 

The plan finally adopted by the Association was to enroll suitable ap 
plicants, whose names and addresses were submitted to Col. E. E. Per- 
sons, (^ommander of the Mobilization Camp for the United States Army 
Ambulance Service at AUentown, Pa, He secured orders, through the Ad- 
jutant General, for these men instructing them to report to the local 
headquarters of this branch of service. There they were enlisted and for- 
warded to AUentown, where they received a training w^hich last^ 
through the late fall and winter of 1917-1918 

From the clubs and sectional associations the national bodv received 
wonderful assistance in securing the personnel for these sections. A 
striking illustration of the widespread interest in the project will be 
found in the following extract taken from the October 15, 1917, issue of 
"American Lawn Tennis:" 



"Besides the foregoing there are five men already at Allen town whose 
presence is due to the activity of the National Association. They are Fran- 
cis Brown, William Wells, Fred Biven, Ernest Podmore and William Noble, 
from Honolulu. The story of their coming reads like Paul Revere's ride, 
for they came through from Honolulu to New York in the same time that 
is required for the mail. Biven and Podmore left Honolulu August 28 on 
the Wilhclmina. They left San Francisco on the 9th and were in New York 
on the 14th, having made the trip from Honolulu in eleven days. 

"Arrangements for their coming had been made by cable at a time when 
it was supposed that the examinations for the first section would be held 
September 15th. There had been delay, however, in arranging the prelim- 
inaries and when they reached New York there was no section for ^hem to 
join. Lieutenant James Boyd of the New York Chapter of the American 
Red Cross, through which the National Association had been working, 
brought the matter to the attention of the Allentown authorities and be- 
cause of their remarkable trip, the men were instructed to report at Allen- 
town, where they were examined and enlisted. No argument in their favor 
was needed when it became known that some of. them closed their business 
affairs and started for New York on three days' notice. The military author- 
ities took the position that men who wanted to join as badly as all that cer- 
tainly ought to be accommodated. 

"Since that time Alfred L. Castle of Honolulu has cabled for permission 
to send a couple more recruits. Chicago wants to. raise a section all by it- 
self. Pittsburgh has 15 men ready to join, and other cities are interested. 
The response from New York City has been rather small thus far, but it is 
felt that as soon as men understand that there is a chance to enlist at once, 
there will be plenty of applications." 

One by one these recruits eventually found their way to the training 
camp at Allentown. That camp, by the way, was a splendid example of 
the governmental use made of existing facilities when an army had to be 
raised. Under its ofllcial designation of Camp Crane, it peace-time use 
as a fairground would hardly have been recognized. Such, however, was 
its purpose and to that use it reverted after the war. 

Anyone acquainted with the fairground as it was during 1917 and the 
years preceding, upon visiting it that year and during the war, would 
have found himself in strange surroundings. The entire aspect of the 
place was transformed within a short time. Instead of holiday crowds, 
sleek race horses, busy judges and fair officials, proud farmers with 
their prize live stock and produce, there were visible only the men and 
implements of warfare. Sentries walked their beats before the gates to 
the grounds and within those gates, men in khaki swarmed everywhere. 
A Y. M. C. A. hut replaced the side-show tents, bugle calls were heard in- 
stead of the barkers' shouts and only the buildings stood as a silent re- 
minder of the fair ground's peace-time purpose. 

Even they had been greatly changed. The poultry house became a rec- 
reation hall. The seats were removed from the big grand stand and re- 





placed with hundreds of buuks for the soldiers to use while barracks were 
being erected. The lower part of the stand, under the section originally 
devoted to seats, became a mess hall, said to be the largest under one roof 
in the whole country. One of the small buildings was turned into a 
post exchange where the men could buy everything from sweet chocolate 
to shaving cream, ^nd the former headquarters of the fairground's offi- 
cials found a new use as the military administration building. 

These were not the only changes for every foot of space that was under 
a roof, was utilized. Men were housed in cattle sheds, sheep pens, sta- 
bles — anywhere they could find protection against the weather — ^and thus 
they got their first taste of the "40 men or 8 horses" that later was to be- 
come a by-word in France. A central heating station and additional bar- 
racks were put up as rapidly as possible but even under the pressure of 
war necessity there was delay, and for weeks at a time all the recruits 
who had been assigned to Camp Crane could not find shelter there. 

At one time the congestion was so great that all the men could not be 
accommodated in camp. As a result hundreds lived in dugouts, or tents, 
in the country where they became accustomed to open-air living. When 
such an "outfit" returned from its practice, another departed for a period 
of training and by such shifting about, the camp was made to serve. Ath- 
letics and entertainments of various sorts helped to keep the men good- 
natured, despite the fact that they chafed at the delay in getting into ac- 
tion. Many had enlisted at the earliest possible moment in the belief 
that the ambulance service offered the quickest means of getting into ac- 
tion and, therefore, fretted at the time consumed in what they regarded as 
almost unnecessary preparation. 

The delay caused by the training discouraged many of the recruits 
who had hoped to be overseas by Christmas, 1917. However, when it is 
considered that other men had been in the camp all the previous summer 
the men of these two sections did not fare so badly. The delay in start- 
ing overseas was soon forgotten because both sections had remarkable ex- 
I»eriences when they finally arrived in the war zone. 

The first section recruited by the National Association was formed as 
No. 603, United States Army Ambulance Service, with Lt. Richard H. 
Fitzgerald as commanding officer. It numbered 45 men. Among the 
first recruits for section No. 603 one came from Los Angeles, six from 
St. liOuis, twelve from Cliicago, while the remaining 26 came from points 
scattered throughout the Ignited States. 

The second was formed as No. 572 under Lt. Alfred L. ililler. Sub- 
sequently, under new orders, it was reduced to 37 men and designated as 
Evacuation Ambulance Company No. 8. Lt. ^Miller having been taken 




seriously ill at Allentown, the command of the reorganized company was 
assigned to Lt James B. Qarvey, who continued at its head up to the dis- 
charge of the men. The personnel of these units which were known as 
"the tennis sections" is as follows : 

Section 603 

1st, Lieut, 
♦Richard H. Fitzgerald, South Pittsburgh, 

Sergeant ist. Class. 
*William W. Harlan, Roxborough, Phila., 

*Morris J. Erwin, St. Louis, Mo. 
*Clyde H. Hunter, Chicago, 111. 


* Robert C. Williams, Chicago, 111. 


* William C. Cunningham, Quakertown, 

♦Edward W. Pedrick, Phila., Pa. 

♦Sidney L. Bishop, Everett, Mass. 
♦George F. Harlan, Manayunk, Phila., 
Eugene F. Lukens, Chicago, III. 
♦Anson M. Lyman, Brookline, Mass. 
George F. Trimble, Wakefield, Rhode 

Lawrence A. Twomey, Bloomington, 111. 
James M. Vaughan, Mt. Vernon, N. Y. 

Emor>' S. Avant, Birmingham, Ala. 
♦Kenneth G. Barstow, Cleveland, Ohio. 
♦Lawrence W. Bergstresser, Chicago, 111. 

Howard J. Burgwin, Pittsburgh, Pa. 
♦Albert S. Bush, Honolulu, T. H. 
♦Harold J. Carr, Williamson, N. Y. 
Overton S. Chambers, Chicago, 111. 
Harvey M. Doremus, Paterson, N. J. 
Erhard W. Frederiksen, Little Falls, 

N. Y. 
Victor H. Friend, S. W. Roanoke, Va. 
♦Harold I. Fry, Oil City, Pa. 
♦Clarence H. Hill, Chicago, 111. 
♦Lawrence L. Hunter, Phila., Pa. 

Thaddeus Jarzembski, Chicago, 111. 
♦James L. Karrick, Jr., Washington, D. C. 

♦Edward C. Kemp, East Boston, Mass. 




*Leo Marks, New York City, N. Y. 
♦Frank J. Maxwell, Clarksburg, W. Va. 
*Louis Mohn, Pittsburgh, Pa. 
♦Worth M. McCown, HuntsviUe, Ala. 
♦Harry A. Prizer, Merion, Pa. 
♦Paul Reed, Bedford, Pa. . 
♦Wilmer I. Rehr, Jr., Oil City, Pa. 
♦Leonard W. Stratton, Chicago, 111. 
♦Robert J, Sykcs, New York City, N. Y. 
♦Robertson K. Taylor, Norfolk, Va. 
♦Chauncey S. Truax, New York, N. Y. 
♦Ravaud H. Truax, New York, N. Y. 
♦Clayton C. Warner, West Haven, Conn. 

Frank O. Wilson, Sewicklcy, Pa. 

William B. Wolfe, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

♦Harold Wright, Pittsburgh, Pa. 


•Men of the Section who were sent to 
France and served with the American Army 
in the St. Mihiel and Argronne-Meuse Offen- 
sives and In Germany with the Army of Oc- 

Evacuation Ambulance Co. No. 8 

First Lieutenant, 
John B. Garvey, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Sergeant, First Class. 
James C. Woodside, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Whipple Jacobs, Glencoc, 111. 
Homer L. Swainey, Allston, Mass. 

I^oland S. Garrett, Blackstone-Nottaway 
^ Co., Va. 

Robert M. Riley, Turlock, Calif. 

Austin M. Barber, Kingston, N. Y. 
Frank K. Frankenfield, R. F. D. No. 1, 

Coopersburg, Pa. 
Bernard MuUedy, Huntington, L. I. 

Robert W. Allison, West Medford, Mass. 
Earl A. Brooks, Visalia, Calif. 
Pcrrj- W. Clark, Claremont, Calif. 
William W. Coleman, Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Paul W. Davis, East Orange, N. J. 
Stephen Von Glahn Dombrousky, Roslyn, 

L. I., N. Y. 
John R. Dower, St. Louis, Mo. 
George B. Felton, Kane, Pa. 
Clarence A. Geldert, Fresno, Cal. 
Axel R. Johnson, Galesburg, 111. 
Peter H. Lutzen, San Francisco, Cal. 




James E. McGarvey, Orange, N. J. 
James W. McGuirk, Shamokin, Pa. 
James C. McBride, Catasauqua, Pa. 
John J. Mclntyre, Long Island City, N. Y. 
James E. Monroe, Chicago, 111. 
Harry W. Moore, Oakland, Calif., or 

Apia, Samoa. 
John Morris, Glens Falls, N. Y. 
Franklin D. Pearce, Oak Park, 111. 
William F. Taylor, St. Louis, Mo. 
Edward M. Vilcek, St. Louis, Mo. 
George E. Winship, Orange, N. J. 
Allan K. Wylie, Chicago, III. 

Privates, First Class. 
Fred B. Cheney, Chicago, 111. 
Wallace F. Elliott, San Francisco, Cal. 
Sidney E. Marks, Philadelphia, Pa. 
John F. Mellen, Allston, Mass. 
Franklin J. Poucher, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 
Daniel J. O'Brien, Winthrop, Mass. 




Section 60S starts abroad in June, 1918 — Lands in Italy, is divided and 
part is transferred to France — Active in St. Mihiel and Argonne op- 
erations — Then goes into Germany — Company No. 8 has important 
service in France and then enters Germany — Part of company sent 
to Belgium. 

When the Association had raised sufficient money to equip two ambu- 
lance sections and had completed the task of enrolling their personnel, 
control of both sections passed into the hands of the United States Gov- 
ernment for all ambulance services previously conducted by the Bed 
Cross had by this time been placed under the direct supervision of the 
War Depai^tment. 

The details of the activities of these two units are fairly aglow with 
interesting and thrilling incidents. Men of both sections have recorded 
them in diary form and they are to be found in another chapter of this 
book. But to give the reader an idea of the splendid record achieved by 
these men, a brief summary of both companies will be submitted. 

Section 603 which was organized in the early part of the winter of 
1917, was in command of Lieutenant Bichard H. Fitzgerald. On June 
13, 1918, following their period of training in this country they sailed 
aboard the "Giuseppe Verdi," formerly an Italian steamer. They were 
landed at Genoa, Italy, June 27 and the men concluded they were headed 
for service on the Italo-Austrian front. Preparations for this assign- 
ment were practically completed when the personnel of the unit was re- 
duced to 33 men. The larger part left Genoa, August 13, 1918, for France 
and the remainder was reorganized with parts of other sections into Pro- 
visional Company "A." This company took part in the last big Italian 
drive against the Austrians and in other important engagements along 
the Piave. They were returned to the United States before the others, 
reaching New York, April 28, 1919. 

The reorganized Section 603 saw their first bit of service ^w^hen they 
entered the St. Mihiel drive, September 12, 1918, with the Fifth Division 
of the United States Begulars. For six days after their entrance they 
carried out the casualties of that division. This work especially fitted 
rhem for their next assignment which was in the Argonne. 

The section was sent into the Argonne, September 26, 1918, with the 
89th Division and continued throughout the entire Argonne-Meuse oper- 
ations with that division. There thev rendered the service which won for 
them a citation in general orders, reading: 




"Section 603, U. S. A. A. S,, 1st. Lt. R. H, Fitzgerald, commanding, for 
faithful and conscientious performance of arduous duties in the evacuation 
of sick and wounded while attached to the 5th Q>rps from September 23rd 
to November 15th, 1918, during the Meuse-Argonne operations." 

They were at Lagrange au Bois Farm when the Armistice was signed, 
November 11, 1918, and left there a week later to go through Longwy, 
Luxemburg, Treves and Prum. They were relieved at Prum on March 
17, 1919, and started for Brest. There they remained until the day of 
their sailing, April 19, 1919, on the "Koenig der Nederlander" for home. 
It was not until May 1, that the men were landed finally at Newport 
News and because of the duration of the voyage, the troops facetiously re- 
ferred to the ship as the "Neverland." Upon landing they were immedi- 
ately sent from Newport News to Camp Lee, Virginia, where 21 men 
were discharged. Six of the men who had originally come from Chicago 
were sent to Camp Grant, Illinois, for discharge and two others were sent 
to Camp Devens, Massachusetts. 

Three members of Section 603 who did not return with the unit from 
France were Anson Lyman, Lawrence W. Bergstresser and Edward W. 
Pedrick. Lyman, who was taken ill, had been left in a hospital ; Berg- 
stresser had broken his collar bone in October, 1918, and Pedrick 
wrenched his knee when a, car had turned over in Brest. 

Of the twelve ambulances with which the section started, eight lasted 
to the finish. The maximum mileage for one car was 11,000 miles. So 
heavy was the pressure under which the men worked that it was impos- 
sible to keep a record of the number of wounded men handled by them. 
From September 26, 1918, until the signing of the armistice the cars were 
in continuous operation, running 24 hours a day — the drivers working in 

Each member of Section 603 is, entitled to wear a star with his victory 
medal because of the citation won in the Argonne. They are also privi- 
leged to wear the battle clasps for the St. Mihiel and the Argonne- 
Meuse campaigns, the campaign clasp for Italy and France, the decora- 
tion for the Army of Occupation in Germany and the Italian war ser- 
vice ribboji by special decree of the Italian Government. 

The history of the other section, Evacuation Ambulance Company No. 
8 is equally interesting, for they too saw real service. This company was 
formed as Section 572 of the TJ. S. Army Ambulance Service and under 
orders of the Adjutant General was reorganized March 19, 1918, with 
Lieutenant John B. Garvev in command. 

The company sailed from Hoboken on the "Orizaba," July 9, 1918, and 
landed eight days later at Brest. The trip across was a quiet one with 
no interruptions from the "U" boats or any other enemy craft. They 






were encamped at Brest until July 23 when they were ordered to La Pal- 
lice. Several days were then spent at one of the Base Ports, No. 7, that 
had been taken over by the A. E. F. The journey to the Front was made 
slowly. They had received their motor equipment consisting of 12 G. M. 
C. ambulances which were issued August 3, 1918. On August 5 and 6 
they were in Paris and it wa^ during their rest there that Big Bertha, 
the German long-range gun, bombarded the city. 

From Paris the company was ordered to join Mobile Hospital No. 2 
and after a short period with them the section was nearer the Front. They 
were in the vicinity of St. Mihiel just before the opening of the big oper- 
ations in September. Though by this time they had often been within 
sound of the big guns, yet thus far they had never been actively en- 
gaged in service under fire. Their first taste of this experience was 
with the First Army artillery units at Dieulouard. They worked at this 
station throughout the entire St. Mihiel drive. 

Every night the company ran its ambulances from dressing stations to 
field hospitals, and then back to the big hospital centers at Toul and 
Nancy. It was during this kind of work that the men showed them- 
selves at their best. Bough, dark and shell-torn roads held no terrors for 
them. Often they had no light to guide them but the stars and an occa- 
sional flare from overhead fire. 

They also served in the Argonne-Meuse offensive, having been assigned 
to Red Cross Military Hospital No. 114 at Fleury s Aire, September 22, 
1 918. When the Argonne operation began, a few days later, they found 
plenty of work. During the first thirty days of this operation they hauled 
6,300 patients. Frequently the cars worked 36 and 48 hours at a stretch. 

After Armistice Day, November 11, the company had a short rest. 
Then, about the last of November it was ordered to join the Army of 
Occupation at Dun s Meuse. Through Verdun and part of Belgium they 
advanced into Germany, reaching Wittlich December 16, 1918, where 
they stayed until the end of the year. 

In February they returned to France for duty with the advance S. O. 
S. section. This assignment lasted until March, 1919^ when they were 
put on the priority list for return to the United States. However, before 
sailing new orders were received. The personnel of the "outfit" was divided 
and Lieutenant Garvey with 12 men were sent to Antwerp, Belgium. 
Duty detained this detachment in Belgium until July 20, 1919, on which 
date they sailed for America on the "Princess Matoika," landing at 
IToboken August 1, 1919. The men were discharged at Camp Dix, N. J., 
August 5. 





That part of Company No. 8 which did not go to Belgium with Lieu- 
tenant Garvey was ordered to Le Mans and May 14 it joined the 306th 
Sanitary Train of the 81st Division at Beaumont for passage home. They 
sailed for home on the "Manchuria" June 9, 1919, and landed at Newport 
News, Va., June 20. From here the men were assigned to various camps 
for discharge. 

From the foregoing it is evident that this company, as well as Section 
G03, is entitled to the principal decorations for overseas service. Only the 
most important details of their remarkable experiences have been out- 
lined. Later chapters, extracts from the records kept by its members, give 
vivid impressions of the life of Section 603, while Sergeant Whipple 
Jacobs and Homer Swainey of Company No. 8 give a detailed record of 
their company's activities. : 



SECTION 603, U. S. A. A. S. 

Overseas experiences of Ambulance Section 603, as recorded by men who 
served in that unit. 

On Board Teansport. 

At last!. . . At five this morning the trains bringing the Italian 
contingent from AUentown pulled into Jersey City, and by ferry boat 
we were put aboard this Italian liner at its dock beneath the great dial 
of the famous Colgate clock. The inscrutable face, overlooking our de- 
parture, one scans in vain for any intimation of what the future has in 
store for our expedition.. If this Sphinx of sailing transports has any 
message for us, it is — ^judging from what one hears of Europe, and es- 
pecially Italy, in wartime, and applying the pronouncement of Dante to 
this first step into war's inferno : Who enters here leaves soap behind. 
Wherefore, from all reports, the men have equipped themselves with sup- 
plies of soap sufficient, if it all be ivory, to float a ship. Such a fact 
would account for the general indifference to the U-boat sinkings, with 
which the papers have been preoccupied for the last few days. Or per- 
haps it is because we are too busy stowing ourselves away to think of 
mere possibilities. 

We are comfortably quartered — more so than could have been ex- 
pected of steerage. The ship — the "Giuseppe Verdi" — is said to be one of 
the best and largest of the Italian Transatlantic Line, and being specially 
designed, presumably, for steerage transportation, comparatively little 
of her space is devoted to first and second class, so that the steerage is 
not all in the bow and stem but occupies the entire hull. Of this. Sec- 
tion 603 is located in about the best : below the second hatchway from 
the bow. The kitchens are situated, seemingly, in the bowels of the 
ship — ^judging from the hour or so it takes one in the mess line to arrive 
there, and from the odors. Let us hoi)e that nothing will prevent our 
being able to carry our food up on deck, to eat it there. 

On Board A Week. 
The w^eather has been almost perfect. We might still be on the Jer- 
sey City ferry boat, for any motion that we have felt. And the calm seas 
make it possible to have the hatchways and the portholes always open, 
making our steerage quarters as comfortable as one's own home. From 
tattoo until reveille we must be below, but the other fifteen hours of the 
day practically all of the contingent are on the decks, beneath beautiful 
June skies. Every morning the "abandon ship" call is sounded, requir- 
ing all hands to assemble at the designated life boats and rafts. This 




would be a terrible inconvenience to reading and card-playing, did it not 
occur always at the same hour. As it is, the hour finds us within easy 
reach of our proper posts, and the affair is expeditiously over with, to 
the relief of all concerned. We must trust that the U-boats have been 
advised of our schedule so that, should they attack, they will not take 
us unawares. Other routine duties are Italian class, and setting-up ex- 
orcises. Of the latter, the one that involves lying on the back and pump- 
ing the legs seems to be a favorite with the instructors. "Why aren't you 
treading water?" asked one, of a man who was lying blissfully quiescent 
upon the gently rolling deck. "I'm floating," was the bland reply. 

Despite all the ivo^, life-belts must be our constant companions. To 
be— or,, better, to be found without one's belt, is a serious offense. So 
that every one clings to his life-belt with morbid tenacity. To see the 
fellows walking about with the belts slung over the shoulder, or, getting 
up from reading, reach for and hang them across the arm, suggests noth- 
ing so much as the constant companionship of the feminine knitting bag. 

The "Giuseppe Verdi" — or "Joe Green," as the ship is now commonly 
called — must be pretty well camouflaged by now, by all the spaghetti 
which has been banged from mess-kits over the ship's side after a score 
of meals. "Camouflage," and not very good camouflage at that, is about 
all that can be said of the food. But it is good practice for the going 
without which must be expected before long. 



When we turned out yesterday morning no land was as yet visible. 
Shortly, five Italian destroyers put in an abrupt appearance, and joining 
the two that convoyed us from Gibraltar made a remarkably pretty es- 
cort into the port of Genova. Lowering clouds obscured the many moun- 
tains which hedge about the city to the very edge of the sea, so that 
almost without notice we found ourselves within the great breakwater 
and laid alongside the pier. Some of the men who preceded us 
with the staff, via the "Leviathan" and France, were on the pier to yell 
their greetings, and to answer the immediate questions as to the country 
we had come to — climate, liquor, etc. A freighter was discharging 
United States Army Ambulance Service crates and boxes — discharging, 
that is, by the labor of the U. S. A. A. S. brawn and muscle, the best evi- 
dence that whatever we are to accomplish from now on will be achieved 
by our own efforts, enterprise and ingenuity — and made a scene that, to 
the credit of America, is presumably typical of many European ports 
today. . . . After evening mess, with all our goods and chattels 
on our backs — all that had been proof against hunger, that is, — ^we filed 


SECTIOX 603, U. S. A. A. S. 

oflf the ship and were manoeuvered into line of march on the pier. For 
some time, crowds of people had been accumulating upon roofs and adja- 
cent terraces. When we set off, preceded by the band, triumphantly 
putting the "here" in "Over There," it was to march along water-front 
streets where the welcoming crowds left little more than a lane for the 
passage of our column of fours ; and when we had turned from the water- 
front into the succession of thoroughfares, little wider than alleys but 
lined with the venerable palaces for which Genova is famous, even denser 
throngs and continuous cheering and hand clapping, radiant faces and 
occasional showers of flowers, lightened our pack and exhilarated our 
step, despite the blistering heat. No one minded, however, ending up at 
length at the parade grounds of this military barracks, or casermo, 
where we are at present quartered, overlooking the seas. Here, in hol- 
low square, we were addressed in excellent EInglish by a representative of 
the government from Bome, by the Italian general of this district in a 
few words, and by the United States consul here. The two national an- 
thems were played, and we were marched up to the top floor of the cas- 
ermo, where upon the wooden army bunks the thoughtful ladies of 
Genova had provided blankets, and sheets ! — ^and microscopic pillows. . . . 


A canteen has been discovered, tucked away upon the ground floor 
below us. The burning question of the voyage, which left no thought for 
submarines, of whether we would be allowed liquor in Italy, the contin- 
gent as one man lost no time in putting to the test When it was an- 
nounced that we were at liberty to "drink" but would be held to strict 
accountability for any abuse of the privilege, some two thousand Ameri- 
cans made themselves at home in the two-by-four barroom. Out of full 
purses for the most part and with the greatest of good will for the eld- 
erly Hebes behind the bar, they proceeded to avenge the drought of the 
long months in the States — a tantalizing task on the beer and light wines 
that the place afforded. As for the Italians seated there, in the decorum 
of habit, discipline, and, chiefly, 10 centesimi of daily pay, those who 
did not remain to partake of the American prodigality were simply ex- 
uded through the doorways and windows by the press. Little as may 
have been learned of Italian in classes on the ship, "birra" and "vino" 
are now upon everybody's lips and breath. "Quanta costa?" will come 
only when diminishing funds create an interest in receiving change. 
•Just now, we have no time for it. . . . 

Our mess is prepared in kitchens, in the casermo courtyard — entirely 
of supplies that have come with us from America : canned stuff, of course, 
and the army meats — bully beef, pink horse, monkey meat — of which we 




shall hare our full, of course, before we get through, and sometimes not 
that, no doubt. Our white bread irresistibly fascinates the Italian sol- 
diers, who seemingly get food almost as meager as their pay and are 
humbly grateful for our leavings — save the leavings of bully beef. And 
we grumbled at our fare on ship I . . . . 

The courtyard is full of fine-looking Italian armored cars, being pre- 
pared for departure to the Front. A revolving turret carries two machine 
guns and a third is trained from the rear. 

In Camp. 

In an encampment of tents, in a fold of the up-hill and down-dale sea- 
coast to the south of Genova, we are by now pretty well established and 
feeling like old residents. Oil higher ground about us are variegated vil- 
las, amid their little parks of trees. A little street of small Italian tene- 
ments below us runs down to the shore and what we know as "fisher- 
to^-n." From the bells one is always hearing, there must be a number of 
inconspicuous churches in the vicinity — only two of which are visible 
from here. To the north of us lies an extensive convalescent camp of the 
British troops in Italy. The day we marched by it on our way from Gen- 
ova, the road was lined with grinning Tommies, observing our profuse 
perspiration under the noon sun with the occasional sally : "It's the 'or- 
rible beer, Sammy — It's bound to come out." A fine lot of fellows they 
looked, and we have already seen a good deal of them. Some of their 
guard posts coincide with ours. While on guard, in the daytime, one 
has an opportunity to hear their tales of the war in France, whence most 
of them came to Italy, and of the Italian front. They seemed glad that 
the Americans — "Sammies" they call us here — are arriving in Europe, and 
are almost pathetically eager to be told that the war will be over before 
the end of this year. How can one encourage any counting on an end be- 
fore next year? 

Beyond this British "Con. Camp," our own field garage where all of 
our cars will be assembled is already showing signs of establishment. It 
IK alive with the men who are creating it, and with those who are already 
at work upon the great crates which the fleet of Pierce Arrow trucks 
Ih couHtantly bringing from the docks of Genova. On the docks, crews of 
rnr-n are disinterring the crates from the hatchways and swinging them 
on to the trucks. The truck department has already organized its corps 
of drlvern, and has its organization of mechanics to keep the trucks in 
rondiiion. Ar the field ganige is a gang that is rapidly becoming as ex- 
jM-rf UH |irof^->-Hjonal mrjving men, removing crates from the trucks over 


SECTION 603, U. S. A. A. S. 

an acre of ground. Other gangs are continually uncrating. The chassis 
and engines and otfier parts fall into the tender mercies of bands of me- 
chanics — one doing nothing but putting on the wheels, another engine 
parts, and so forth. The elements of the ambulance bodies go to a great 
shed, where body-builders build them into the finished body. This, in 
turn, is trucked by a special crew to the paint-shed, several hundred feet 
long (perhaps it seems so, because I was one of the "common labor" that 
built it) where it is painted, varnished, blessed with red crosses on the 
sides and with another (as an invitation to enemy airmen) on its top 
and lettered with its stamp of prospective service: — "Esercito Ameri- 

Meanwhile, the best mechanics are testing the assembled chassis. By 
scores they are lined up in the inanimate orderliness of the army along 
adjacent roads — as interesting, apparently, as Fifth Avenue shop-win- 
dows, to the hosts of Italian visitors. And finally, the chassis, tested-^^nd 
re-tested, is mated with the next in line of the bodies which are drying on 
the skids in the paint-shed, and after a last tightening of the connec- 
tions, the completed ambulance is ready for the happy hands whose work 
it is to pump the tires, under a tireless Italian sun. 

Along with all of this, the construction of the sheds, the putting up of 
the great tents, and all of the other work incident to a field garage that 
will assemble, and test, and otherwise handle nearly a thousand ma- 
chines, are in progress. And over in camp, its work must at the same 
time be done: ever more and more tents are erected, company streets 
made, the routine requirements of camp life such as the eternal policing 
to be attended to daily, and always, the almost daily demand of an insa- 
tiable soil for the digging of a new latrine. Besides that, the mounting of 
guards both in camp and in the field garage employs a considerable num- 
ber of men. 

Our life is not all work, nor is the work unrelieved by distractions. 
Laborers — in army as in civilian life — can be trusted to relieve them- 
selves. Theoretically, the men are not allowed to leave the camp save on 
pass (which comes to each man in turn about every ten days) or to go in 
detail squads to the field garage. Four times a day streams the flow of 
blue denims between the camp and work at the garage. The guards at 
each place prevent any great amount of straying, but he who is a guard 
today will probably be a laborer tomorrow and can shut his eyes. And 
there are always the tricks of the trade. Men on detail to the garage are 
supposed to be passed in and out of camp only on a squad pass in charge 
of a non-com ; but one's squad can always be "just ahead" or "just be- 



SECTION 603, U. S. A. A. S. 

hind/' or one has been put on an individual detail and his pass has not 
come through yet. And anyway, few are the guards who will hold up a 
man on his '^way to work" though he is leaving camp alone and his pass 
is in his "other shirt," or keep him out of camp and deprived of mess 
when returning from "a hard morning" or "hard afternoon" of work. 
Drivers are on permanent pass which, if they happen to wear goggles on 
their hats, they are almost never asked to show — so that any one who can 
&port a pair of goggles can come and go almost at will. Blue denims be- 
ing a pass in general, and, if one does not care to change into them from 
O. D.'s, goggles — ^who is so poor, in purse or spirit, that he can not get 
out? Also, any baseball article is an open sesame — the implication being 
Ihat one is overtaking a squad that is on its way to the British recreation 
field, which has been generously placed at our disposal even at the ex- 
pense, sometimes, of cricket. A baseball, freely displayed while going 
through the gate, is not such a great nuisance at the bathing beach a lit- 
tle later, or in Genova. 

In Genova, we have of course a good supply of M. P.^s. But as one of 
them remarked, what with the piling up of errands to be done for friends, 
an M. P. has no time left to call his own. They are supposed to walk 
their beats in pairs ; they cannot even have the pleasure of each other's 
company, for, separating, it is all they can do to keep up with their com- 

We are messing by battalions ; our mess is all that could be asked — 
especially since the mess officers have been buying fresh vegetables from 
neighboring markets, and the canned stuff upon which we at first sub- 
sisted has largely given way to them and to beef from America. The Ital- 
ians, in this part of Italy, at least, seem to have food enough, with the 
exception of meats, sugar, and milk, and prices are not high in terms of 
the American scale. The people are used to seeing us about now, but are 
none the less affable. Things on the Front (Italian) are apparently in 
tttatu quo. Our constant interest, of course, is as to when we will get 
there. Two sections of one battalion have left with their ambulances ; 
two more are to go tomorrow. Of the Front in France we get almost no 

» • » » » •• » » 

When on pass the other day, in a beautiful little town down the coast, 
some of us bumped into a TJ. S. infantryman — ^an Italian. He said he 
was visiting his home on a two day pass from Verona where his regi- 
ment, the 332nd from Camp Sherman, is located, having arrived from 
the States a few days ago. Verona is within 25 miles from the Front. 





Our battalion is in process of departure for the Front, Section 532 
having left this morning. The delay has been due to the belated arrival of 
the freighter, the ^'Susquehanna," which sailed from New York some days 
before we did, loaded with supplies and accessories for the cars. Those 
responsible for getting the cars ready for service have been put to the 
task of improvising a great deal out of nothing, but have done it with 
characteristic American enterprise. We have formed the habit of attri- 
buting to the non-appearing freighter all of the things that we lack ; the 
salt with which the mess is not seasoned, our bunks, our "overseas caps," 
our side-arms and our commissions ( !). But the "Susquehanna'' is in at 
last, and we expect to be headed for the Front in a few days. All of our 
details have been called off and the army does not relieve one from work 

until the eleventh hour. 

***** « 


Trust the army to spring surprises. Section 603 is not to go to the Ital- 
ian Front after all. After all the months since enlistment, when this 
morning we marched over to the field garage to receive our cars we felt 
almost entitled to consider ourselves on our way. BUT — a hundred feet 
short of the cars we ^^rc met by the Battalion officers, upon their faces 
the old familiar smile of disillusionment, and not knowing the reason we 
were marched back to camp. Since then w^e have been told that a requisi- 
tion has come from G. H. Q. in France for some 180 cars to be sent up 
-there to serve wath the American Army. Fifteen sections, 603 among 
Ihem, are to be reduced to a personnel of thirty-two men each (leaving 
thirteen men behind in Italy), to man them. Therefore, despite the 4ong 

way round,' some of us at least will get to France. 


En Koutb. 
September 1. Sunday. Section 603's train of 12 ambulances, a Dodge 
touring car, a Dodge truck, a Pierce- Arrow truck, and a motorcycle side- 
car, is parked, for a noonday halt, on the shady side of a square in Tur- 
ino. We are really on our way to France. Leaving Genova yesterday, 
and climbing over the sea-coast mountain range, we have come through 
the plateau of Pi(;dmont, a beautiful, fertile country for the most part, 
with hillsides and vales given over to vineyards. The route has been cir- 
cuitous — instead of following valleys as in America, meandering from 
hill-top to hill-top to link the tiny towns, established there for better se- 
curity and outlook so many centuries ago. From a hill-top, late yester- 
day afternoon, we saw a white cloud bank, far ahead, — the snow-clad Alps, 
that tonight will be our stepping-stones from Italy, (which for us has 

been sunny peacefulness), into France and the War. 



SECTION 603, U. S. A, A. S. 

We have parked for the night by the evening waters of Lac Bourget. 
Last night we rested along the road-side not far below the summit of 
the mountain pass of Mont Cenis. Mounting thence amid the fields of 
snow, and from above the clouds descending with the rain that fell from 
them into the valleys of France, we have come through the loveliest coun- 
try imaginable to this lakeside beyond the famous watering place of 
Aix-les-Bains. The white casino and hotels and tree-lined streets are to- 
day alive with the khaki of members of the A. E. F. sent down here to en- 
joy, in the beautiful south of France, a brief breathing spell from the 
Front. And surely even the least susceptible of them must be sen- 
sible to the loveliness. If any, in all our army, were reluctant to 
make sacrifices for France he should be led through" these coun- 
trysides as we have come. As we pass through the villages the girls 
throw hastily gathered flowers into our cars. Always, the child- 
ren are on hand — waving, crying "Vive Les Americans," "Vive PAm^r- 
ique!" And young and old alike smile — smile, with a community of un- 
derstanding that is as simple and fundamental as it is indescribable. We 
should be happy if the sight of American uniforms brings a ray of hope 
into the war-wearied and saddened life of tliese little towns, so remote 
from the regions where Americans are now arriving by the hundreds of 
thousands. Of the war there has been thus far almost no obvious evi- 
dence, save in such incidentals as the scarcity of milk , which is hus- 
banded for the children and the hospitals, and in the absence of youthful 
men whom one might imagine to be at work off in the fields were not 
women alone to be seen in them — following the plow, or tending the cows 
and sheep, hands busy with wartime knitting. Yesterday, while par- 
alleling a railroad w^e travelled beside a troop train of Italians. Later, 
we met a train of British, moving northward as are we, headed for the 
Front. But though committed irrevocably to the descent which will 
pitch us into it, so to speak, around the next corner, one can as little 
sense the battle line that has been absorbing the thought, the business, 
and the blood of the world, as one could back in AUentown, or Genova. 
Thus far it has always been "over the next hill," with hardly a hint of 
its reality. 

Yesterday, toward evening, we saw for the first time a body of Ger- 
man prisoners being marched back from work. Today, as I write, we 
are halted in the little town of Champlette, and here are American 
troops — the 313th Infantry from Camp Meade. They have been here 
for the past six w^eeks. A moment ago, a body of them in full marching 
order marched away for the morning hike — in a pelting thunderstorm. 




Later in the day, on hillsides beyond, we came upon them again as they 
were scattered about in manceuvers. 

We are halted outside the walls of Toul — ^which the lieutenant has en- 
tered to get our further orders, I believe. Yesterday, we came through 
the walled and moated town of Langres, finding it entirely given over to 
Americans — no troops, but a number of army schools. Later, we came 
to Chaumont, the switchboard of the A. E. F. in the field — ^f or here, in a 
handsome chateau, is G. H. Q. and in the streets the come and go of the 
American Army. As we waited in convoy column for orders, (we have 
come up from Italy on an order to report here), the streets became 
thronged with people awaiting the x>assage of a military funeral — the 
funeral of an American officer who had recently married a girl of the 
town. Presently, the beat of the "Dead March" heralded the cortege. 
P'rom Chaumont to Toul there has been nothing but military traffic on 
the roads, American trucks and great lorries of the British Flying Corps. 
The sun shines warmly this afternoon. Yesterday and this morning, it 
was cloudy and rained. A farmer is ploughing a rich brown field with 
a yoke of horses and a yoke. of cows. Still we seem as short of war as 
ever. But Toul cannot be far back of the Front. 

With the cars of our section convoy scattered under the foliage of 
roadside trees that shield us not only from possible aeroplane observa- 
tion but from the noon heat of a brilliant September day, we are halted 
along a road within hearing of muttering guns. A constant passage of 
motorcycles and staff-cars indicates the proximity of the army-corps 
headquarters, to which the lieutenant has gone for our further orders. 
The rumor is that we are attached to the 1st Corps. Yesterday, without 
entering Toul, we came on to Nancy, an attractive looking city despite 
the rain in which 'we traversed it, continuing on our way northward. 
The ruins of many of its houses are an evidence of bombing. 

In the darkness of falling night we overtook a long train of artillerj', 
going up, and when we came to a halt for a bite to eat and a few hours 
^leep in our cars it filed by us again — the first grimness of war. One of 
the fellows, dreaming in his sleep that he was being run over by guns, 
dove from the rear of his ambulance to avoid them and awakened in the 
pitch-darkness to find himself under the horses' hoofs. Our gaMnasks 
and tin-helmets have been ordered on us constantlv. 


SECTION 603, U. S. A, A, S- 

Our life is still peaceful enough, though there is no doubt about our 
being in the immediate rear of the Front. With at least one ridge of 
hills between us and it to the north of us, we are located in a deep val- 
ley, like the imprint of an elbow for the bend of the Moselle River at this 
point. To the southeast of us, where it semi-circles beneath lofty cliffs, 
are the walls, and gates, and huddled roofs and towers of the small town 
of Liverdun. Southward is a stretch of green meadows to the river- 
banks, beyond which the ground slopes gently up to wooded hills. We 
are billeted in one of the few houses in this valley bottom. Before our 
very door flows a canal. Along the canal boats are continually passing 
at their snail's pace, towed sometimes by horses but more often by the 
men and women and children of the families that inhabit them. Along 
the highway, on the other side of the canal from us, camions and touring 
cars are continually x)assing to and fro, and, after darkness falls, truck 
trains of munitions, guns, and the transporting of troops are to be heard 
at all hours of the night. The atmosphere of this place is as leisurely as 
the flow of the canal — save for the come and go on the highway. 

Orders are strict against our gathering in groups that could be seen 
from planes — although the traffic of the army has to go on, for a great 
part, in plain sight of whoever flies to read. No kitchen fires or smoke, 
no lighting of matches or burning cigarettes, etc., are allowed after dark. 
In the cellar of this stone farmhouse in which I am writing, our kitchen 
has been fairly decently established ; and in a lean-to we have found 
places for our blankets upon straw that smells as if it were as old as 
the war. But it may be the aroma of the French chicken roosts 
below us. As every tree in our vicinity has its ambulance, (of oth- 
er organizations), or truck beneath it, for "camouflage" we have 
had to park our cars in an orchard on the lofty ridge above us. Two 
rumors — among many — are at present rife in the Section. One, that we 
are not to go to the Front but are to be employed at a gasolene depot. 
The other, that one of the Sections that came up from Italy has 
had its cars taken away from it and that mule-drawn ambulances 
replaced them. A similar fate is to be ours, it is feared. Of course, we 
can extract some humor from even such a prospect. Where our cars are 
parked we call the corral. Any deficiency in our uniforms, buttons lack- 
ing, or a rip, is laid at the door of one's mules. Fatalities will be given 
a "mulctary" funeral, at which the others will shed "mule tears." And at 
last a use has been found for the lieutenant's spurs, in the role of an am- 
bulance despatcher. 

The man and woman of this farmhouse are the kindly sort one likes to 
meet. For the past four years they have probably never been free from 



SECTION 603, U. S. A. A. S. 

billeted soldiers until now it is such a matter of course that th^y can 
even make allowance for "the ways of the Americans." But they are 
quick to protest against the slightest injury to their property however 
unintentional. No doubt, were they less strict, the little that they have 
would have disappeared or been rendered useless long ago. 

In the hill-side town of Liverdun, the narrow and miserable streets 
— or, rather, alleys — are littered with the billeting and mess-kitchens 
of the soldiers, French and Americans; and many a turn and corner 
is like a painting of Detaille. While waiting this morning, in the tiny 
square where a signal-corps outfit has its paraphernalia of mess, be- 
fore a venerable little church, the doors were thrown open by a 
scarlet clad beadle, and out straggled the scanty congregation of folk 
as humble as those of Thrums. French soldiers in their faded blue, 
several khaki-clad Americans, and the villagers in more or less 
rusty black — worn for Sunday best, or for soldiers dead, one did not 
know; with here and there the derby and tailed coat of a more impor- 
tant citizen. In this village of little better than hovels, one wondered 
where was the house substantial enough for such apparel — or does it 
come from a clothes press that no hovel is so wretched as to be without? 
With streets or alleys hardly ten feet wide, and doing service as 
sewers, the odors are left to the imagination. In such a street, 
where a number of us went into a grog shop for fairly good beer last eve- 
ning a bearded French soldier of middle age was leading a group of chil- 
dren through the pantomime and verses of "Sur le pont d' Avignon" with 
the simple vivacity that accounts for the way in which the French have 
weathered so much. There has been little hint of war at all — let alone 
an "Armageddon" — and, even here, little of the discouragement of one. 

Last night, heavy gun-fire broke in upon sleep — the first crash that 
we heard, ripping through its coverlet at a great rate. No doubt the 
shells were all traveling the other way, but this morning it is rumored 
that the shattering report was from an ammunition truck blowing up in 
the vicinity. We have been here four days. Yesterday, at gas-headquar- 
ters we received a mask inspection and a taste of tear-gas — nothing to 
what we had in Allen town. It is in the air that we shall not be here 
much longer. Every day it seems to rain with great determination. 

Shortly after midnight of September 11th the cannonading to the 
north became tremendouslv heavv, and over a wide front to east and 
west. The continuous flashing, like sheet lightning — the continuous 




rumbling, made it au electric storm upon the horizon. By four o'clock 
the Section had received five days' supply of "iron rations," and were 
on our way up the long hill to the cars, toting the paraphernalia which 
seemed indispensable. On the hill-top, as w^e got our engines to running 
in the darkness of the orchard, the "electrical storm" was even more vivid 
than before — the thunder incessantly rolling. Before dawn our cars 
were en route toward the trenches, and as we topped high ground and 
daylight spread, details of our bombardment were visible. Sharp breaths 
of Are from the woods below us ; and before us, everywhere buoyant sau- 
sage observation balloons we could see as they shifted from point to point. 

The twelve ambulances of the Section set out together. Down several 
cross-roads, we saw in passing long lines of waiting ambulances, but for 
us, apparently, there was no order that prescribed a halt. Prom one 
cause or another our cars were becoming scattered. Though there was 
as yet little traffic on the roads, M. P.'s were forever re-directing us, or 
turning us back (or turning their back — ^whereupon we would promptly 
sneak by). Or they would let some of us through and hold up the rest. 
On all sides heavy woodland, primevally green from the many rains, rose 
and fell in hillocks and ravines. Through one of these a number of us, 
despatched by a chance colonel at a cross-road were soon traveling, 
amid a concentrated din that drowned the general uproar of the guns. 
All along the woods-roadway the bank was hollowed into pits for great 
naval guns, at intervals of a little more than a hundred feet. The blasts 
of their continuous firing dropped in a deluge of pandemonium upon the 
passing path ; and the bottom of the ravine, which led to and through the 
trench lines now deserted, held a close succession of heavy field guns 
roaring even more incessantly. The northerly end of the ravine de- 
bouched into fields, which for four years have been "No Man's Land" 
and German territory. Here the lighter field pieces were blazing away, 
in recently assumed positions with little cover. Beyond these, by the 
road-side, Section 603 for the first time came upon the casualties of action 
— Marines, of the 2nd Division — and face to face with its work at last. 
Here the Section set its hands to the work of transporting wounded to 
dressing-station and field hospital which has been absorbing us night and 
day for the past three days. Now, there is a let-up, and we take it that 
the drive, for the moment at least, is over. 

It is impossible to pick up with any assurance how successful our ad- 
lance has been — ^very successful it certainly was, to judge only from the 
columns of prisoners that began to appear down the winding woodland 
roads within an hour or so of the "zero hour" of the drive, and from the 
distances forward we have gone in our cars, with the advance lines of 
infantry more or less ahead of that. The reports are that the drive was 


SECTION 603, U. S. A. A. S. 

made on a 50 mile front and that everywhere the objective was attained, 
and in our immediate front was exceeded. It is rumored that we are 
not far from Metz, and that last night flames were visible there. We 
can only hope that they are receiving there, and upon a proportionately 
larger scale, the medicine that they have been visiting upon the little 
town of Thiaucourt, which our advance has captured, and where the Sec- 
tion has been working. The ruins, in which it already lay, continued to 
crumble beneath the invisible blows of the German fire. At first 
it was only practicable to get there under cover of darkness, and over a 
road that, pitted with shell-holes, was totally unknown to us. The com- 
plete opaqueness of the storm-obscured sky and continuous down-pour 
was lightened in a measure by the constant flashing of the guns. Our 
return trips to the field hospitals in early daylight revealed the canopy 
of strung camouflage that had shielded the road when in German 
hands now hanging in tatters from American shell-fire. The only 
scars the Section received were made by machine-gun bullets through the 
sides of certain cars the first morning in the fields. 

Before our dressing-station, where a road running east and west cross- 
es by bridge a road running northerly, we have had the spectacle of a 
vast army moving up, and being supported, and victualled, and supplied, 
as it moves. The roads, comparatively clear when we first came up, be- 
came almost immediately alive and dense with traffic. Everything imagi- 
nable was forward bound ; while ambulances and staff -cars were going 
back. On every road for three days, a continuous procession of traffic 
moved to its destinations. On the afternoon of the first day, the val- 
ley-bottoms, in order not to complicate further the congestion of the 
roads, were invaded by tractors hauling the great naval guns. Each gun 
bore the lettering of a nickname such as "Old Dutch Cleanser." One, 
named the "Crusader," was being laboriously mancBuvered into the val- 
ley-bottom to cries, appropriate enough, of "For Christ's sake, come 
on!" When one saw them sinking in the mud, the centers of their toil- 
ing crews, progress seemed hopeless — but the next day they were no- 
where to be seen. Never-despairing labor and enterprise, and the tire- 
less pull of the inadequate looking tractors, had got them into new 
I)Ositions, where the reverberations of their renewed blasting are shaking 
the bodies of our cars again, and rocking us into snatches of sleep. 

In the woods around about the smoke from kitchens can be seen. One 
of them is feeding a column of infantry that is marching up, whose offi- 
cers are permitting a detour that takes them by the stoves. The beef they 
are getting there is very good — I have just had some. It is amazing how 





quickly the kitchens came up in the first few hours of the drive, and were 
to be found everywhere and ready to give of what they had to any comer. 
Coming along the ridge opposite and crossing over the bridge are other 
infantry columns going up. In another direction against a fine, evening 
sky, is silhouetted a train of artillery. Through the sea of mud beneath 
the bridge toils the never-ending succession of trucks, interspersed with 
pack-animals and mule-drawn wagon trains — the "bete-noire*^ of the M. 
P.'s stationed at this point. When one is trying to manoeuver a car in 
a totally unknown spot which is as black as a pocket in the darkness of 
a rainy night, but jammed with traffic, to be "bawled out" by the sud- 
den bellow of an M. P. makes one see red in the place of blackness. But 
later on, when the scene has become visible to one's own eyes, one under- 
stands how the M. P. regularly stationed there, thoroughly familiar with 
the spot and seeing everything in the darkness, can get "impatient" with 
the seeming stupidity of others. To the M. P.'s here I am also indebted 
for some of the sleep I have had. They very kindly yank my feet to wake 
me for the gas-alarms which seem to have some basis, and let me sleep 
through all the others. I never wake of my own accord. Who can go to 
sleep despite the crashing of 10-inch guns and yet wake up for a jwp- 
gun or motor-horn? 

The slackening of the casualties to be brought in from the Front has 
put most of our cars to evacuation work from the field-hospitals back to 
Toul, where are extensive evacuation hospitals, from which the subse- 
quent transportation to the base hospitals is handled by railroad. To 
make the run from the recent battle front to peaceful countryside and 
towns is a remarkable experience. For some miles back there is nothing 
but the military occupation : the roads over which everything has moved 
and is still moving; great pits in the hill-sides frcmi which the naval guns 
have been moved forward, with their ammunition tracks running back 
for miles; shacks that have housed men and animals, now deserted; vil- 
lages with not a civilian to be seen — only the khaki of the Q. M. corps, 
signal corps, transport corps, motor repair shops, and the reserves. 
Then — one is bowling along through a peaceful countryside where 
cows are more frequent in the fields than are army vehicles upon 
the roads that pass them, as if one's ears had never heard the sound of 
guns. It seems as if one or the other must be a dream. . . . 

The prettiest sight in the air that I have seen thus fjir has just inter- 
rupteii these notes. For some time, three observation balloons have been 
strung up the valley to this point, the one farthest advanced being al- 
most overhead. A plane — the only one to be seen in the sky for the mo- 
ment — had been meandering rearward when suddenly it swooped down 


SECTION 603, U. S. A. A. S. 



upon the rearmost of the three balloons. An instantaneous white speck 
appearing beside the balloon marked the leap of the obsen'er with his 
parachute, as the balloon began to descend, being drawTi down by the 
alert crew on the ground. Making no further effort after this prey, the 
plane came straight as an arrow for the next balloon which broke into 
flames beneath its swift passage, and in a second more it had raked the 
third balloon overhead which came down in flames and smoke as the 
plane continued its unswerving course until hid from our outraged sight 
by woods in the quarter of the enemy lines. 

The drive started Thursday. This is Sunday — a beautiful September 
morning after daj's and nights of rain — only three, but one could believe 
that a m(mth had elapsed since midnight Wednesday. And with the 
guns only distantly muttering, battle seems very remote from this field 
hospital. But a few moments ago, a couple of cars that had gone for 
water at a cross-roads some two miles back pulled in with loads of casual- 
ties instead of water. A French artillery train, being withdrawn and 
halted for a moment at the cross-roads, had been badly handled by shells 
even as our cars drew up at the water-hole. And the peculiar pity of it — 
on this compartively peaceful Sunday morning — is that the train had 
probably started back from the Front last evening and by now had for- 
gotten that a war is on. 


After several days in the vicinity of Toul, amid signs of a general army 
movement in a northwesterly direction, our Section joined the movement 
yesterday evening. Travelling all night, and running en route the whole 
gamut of an army on the march — columns of infantrj^ of artillery and 
the rest, all plodding doggedly along in the darkness kilometer after 
weary kilometer. We are now located on a hillside in as desolate coun- 
try as I have ever seen, somewhat to the west, I believe, of Verdun. The 
countrv is naturallv desolate, of drab and drearily wooded hills. In the 
one-street village of Souilly, some distance in our rear, we found 
a bustling American army center; a web of roads alive with motor 
traffic; American engineers at work constructing the sidings of a rail- 
road terminal; innumerable hospital buildings, inherited from the 
r>ehch, with any number of our ambulances from Italy in evidence ; and 
drawn up along the hospital's platform was an army hospital train, of 
cars superb in appearance as Pullmans, and a magnificent Ameri<*an 

Truly, the business of this American Front is most impressive, as well 
as the length of the line upon which it is now established, and not only 
holding but carrying forward. It is a joh the Americans are over here 


SECTION 608, U. S. A. A. S. 

for, aud which they are putting through like the building of a gigantic 
railroad in Alaska, for instance. Unlike the French or English who may 
be thought of as having marshalled their populations and settled down 
to the defense of their homes, before their very doors, so to speak, with 
a feeling of home behind them to which they have frequent recourse on 
war-business, furlough and convalescence, the Americans are "out on a 
job" which must be finished before they can even think of going home. 
At the Front, and in most of the territory immediately behind, they are 
in a wilderness, save for the remnants of a native population. The very 
shacks or larger wooden buildings, of French or American construction, 
which are scattered through all the depressions of this desolate territory 
only substantiate the. suggestion of an interminable logging operation. 
If yesterday America and home seemed far away, today, before this 
dreary landscape, eternally steeped in rain,, is it any wonder that home 
and America seem never to have been at all? And if it seems so to us 
who have our cars to protect us from the rain and provide us with sleep- 
ing room, what must it seem like to those in the trenches, and in the mud 
in the nearby woods, up ahead? 

A great drive is on — how extensive and how successful no one in this 
little section of it can tell. Since early Thursday morning (Sept. 26th) 
the cannonading, and the advance over wooded and over barren hill-tops, 
has been on. Working at first in the little village of Brabant, safely in 
the rear, our Section on the second day was ordered up to dressing-sta- 
tions almost impossible to locate in the welter of unidentifiable troops 
unceasingly forcing an advance through a totally unknown territory of 
hills and valleys. Where the broad highway (which brings the staff 
cars up from Army Headquarters at Souilly, and the legion of supply 
(rucks and marching men from the railheads in the rear) traverses what 
was No Man's Land a day or so ago, now are great craters, large as lakes. 
Laborious efforts to bridge them permitted at most a driblet of cars to 
cross and proceed on their way. Northward from Varennes, (ruins on a 
hillside — until this drive, within the German lines), cross-country roads 
brought our cars, via a confusion of valleys, abreast of the advance that 
had left its trenches the day before. 

But in the turmoil of troops and transportation that were supporting 
the fighting lines a little way ahead, it was hard enough to learn what di- 
vision one was in in the midst of it all. And it was impossible to ascertain 
the location of one's own destination from men who naturally did not 
even know their own. If the village of Very were one's destination, one 
could not be blamed for passing the few piles of stones that remained of 
it without recognizing a village in them. We thoughtlessly cursed the 
almost impassable corduroy road that led on from Very to Epinonville, 




but when the shells that accounted for at least the worst of its condition 
began to fall again fairly thickly in its vicinity, and ours, we lost all ana- 
lytical interest in the road. They even decreased our interest in the sight 
of lines of German troops, counter-attacking towards us down the slopes 
from Epinonville. Our cars were badly needed then and there — at a 
dressing station that was receiving almost as many casualties from the 
immediate vicinity as from the lines ahead, and with full cars we were 
soon on our rearward way. 

Above our heads, six enemy planes, suddenly appearing, became the 
targets for all the anti-aircraft guns, rifles, and revolvers that by any 
stretch of the imagination could reach them, but only one was brought 
down, in a field nearby. All afternoon, all evening, and far into the night, 
we crawled against the tide of traffic coming up the narrow and shell-de- 
molished roads. Beside us, until we at length left them behind, after tak- 
ing as many as we could on fenders and running boards, we came upon 
a long column of men, wounded and gassed. After fall of darkness, in 
a traffic jam that promised to last until daybreak, a voice sang out from 
(he roadside: "Some guns are just about to start firing right along here. 
So don't be surprised." But it takes more than that to spoil the effect 
of a battery of sixes, letting loose in the pitch blackness a few feet 
away. And it is only after several rounds that a rank outsider can be- 
gin to enjoy the staccato commands and sharp flashes in the darkness 
that seem to run from gun to gun, as a card topples over card in a series. 

Last night, driving back toward the Front, rare moonlight lit the road. 
For a mile or more, infantry coming up and given a few minutes' halt lay 
in swathes upon the road, fallen in their tracks in a sleep of exhaustion, 
regardless of the traffic. The dark rows of motionless figures left but 
the narrowest lane of dimly moonlit road through which to drive, graz- 
ing an alignment of heads on both sides. One could only trust that 
none of them projected from the swathes, for Gabriel would need a louder 
klaxon than ours to arouse them. When a few feet from our destination, 
a sharp crack reverberated from a little ahead of us. So peaceful had 
seemed our drive up in the moonlight, that it took a second crack to make 
us think of shells. But before a third one we were off the car and, animal 
like, in the questionable shelter of a road-side ruin, whose few remaining 
beams a good wind would have brought down upon our heads. In a 
second all the klaxons in the vicinity were honking a gas alarm. Fortu- 
nately for me it was false, like moat of them, for when I had cast my tin 
hat aside, and got my gas mask out and on, I found that the mouthpiece 
conflicted with the pipe which I had lit at the beginning of the drive up 
and long forgotten. 


SECTION 608, U. S. A. A. S. 

. Our car has been working between a slope of Montfaucon, and the hill- 
side ruins of Varennes, via the few stones that mark Very and the Pom- 
peii-like vestiges of Cheppy. Last night, having drawn to the side of the 
road to deliver in passing a message at a field hospital near Very the car 
refused to show signs of life again. In the darkness, with no tools but 
fingers, it was impossible to get it going. A couple of passing cars took 
the load, and left their only tool which looks like a horse-dentist's for- 
ceps. So, presented with this unexpected vacation, we lit cigars from 
our meagre stock and settled down to watch the gun-fire that was start- 
ing in all around us. To the rear, in the valley bottom, were crashing 
several batteries of heavies. The opposite hill-side, from Very to 
Epinonville, was continually shot with flashes of American 75's. But 
what we were really enjoying was the prospect of much needed sleep — 
when, to complete our peace of mind, a major of the nearby hospital put 
in an appearance, somewhat troubled as to how a gas alarm could be ar- 
ranged for during the night. We made the helpful suggestion that an 
M. P. who happened to be on station within a few feet ahead of us should 
be ordered to give the alarm, if necessary, by sounding the horn on our own 
car. With this little attention arranged for, we hastened to get to sleep 
before we should have to decide how many of the shells which were be- 
ginning to arrive from the German guns were passing happily over us 
and how many were stopping in the neighborhood. Waking during the 
night I looked out to see our guardian angel M. P. and to enjoy the com- 
panionship of the field hospital. Nothing Avas in sight. Hospital and M. 
P. had folded their tents and departed. 

Before dawn the heavy cannonading was on again. And when we 
awoke we discovered that our car was cheerily berthed between two enor- 
mous piles of high explosives, a reserve for the batteries below us, and 
with plenty of shells falling in the vicinity. As we worked on the car 
from beneath it, the M. P. who had made his re-appearance, kept us ad- 
vised as to the bursting shells' proximity. Crash ! "That was a hundred 
yards away." Crash ! "Hmph — ^all er fifty." Then — that briefest rending 
of the air that means a close arrival . . Silence . . "That — Avas — 
a — dud." Were we sincere in our muttered wish that a shell would re- 
move this "Blanketty, blank, blank, car" from our unsuccessful and 
freezing fingers? Any motorist knows the feeling. At last, however, we 
got the engine running. And when we saw the smoking field kitchens 
which had magically materialized in adjacent woods all vindictiveness was 
driven from our minds. Perhaps we would be still sampling the coffee 
and flap-jacks they were cooking for all-comers, had not the voice of the M. 
P. sung out facetiously "If you fellows want a car to ride away in, you'd 



SECTION 608, U. S. A. A. S. 

better get a move on." As we cranked up, a couple of wounded came 
walking up the road, and asked to be taken to the nearest field hospital, 
a little way to the rear, in the ruins of Cheppy. When we drew near to 
the hospital, the M. P. on station there would not allow us to stop . . . 
only to slow down enough to let the two wounded jump "out, because 

**They are shelling the out of this place" — ^an exaggeration, for a few 

rods out of Cheppy we were stalled at the tail of a traffic block that 
stretched away out of sight toward thfe Front, and in the half-hour we 
have been here only two shells have passed over us, bound for that M. P.'s 
vicinity judging from the sound. Overhead, in a fine blue October sky, 
the puffs from our anti-aircraft guns, white powder puffs of shrapnel and 
black bursts of high-explosives, fall short of a careening flock of German 
planes. One wonders what becomes of all the spent shrapnel. 

What sounded like another barrage was going heavily early this morn- 
ing. With that of yesterday, our lines must be considerably beyond this 
height of Montfaucon, though the salient which the Germans still man- 
age to hold to the west of us keeps their lines pretty close to Very and 
Epinonville. For two days this field hospital has not been receiving and 
we have been lying in the woods, doing nothing but sleep, eat, and give 
an occasional look to air activities. Yesterday, three German planes 
swooped down upon a battery on the other side of a little glade from us. 
They did considerable damage before one was brought down and the 
others driven away. The casualties among horses seem to have been 
heavy in this region. The roads are cumbered with them. One grows 
tired of driving over the same old carcasses. At night, traversing the 
places where they lie, one just about decides, "Well, they've taken that 
one away, anyhow," when Bump !, one is disillusioned. Several flocks of 
German planes have passed overhead, above the reach of the birdshot of 
anti-aircraft "fowling pieces" — for it looks exactly like gunning after 

The other day, they started a truck back with the plane that was 
brought down in the woods near-by. One of the fellows passed the truck 
half-way back to the railroad, and saw that it was practically empty, so 
much of the plane having been abstracted en route for souvenirs. 

It is not often that a letter makes its \yay to us up here, though the 
service to our address with corps headquarters in the rear is good. A let- 
ter is not only all that those at home imagine it to be to us, but when re- 
ceived in these seemingly Patagonian woods and wastes of natural desola- 




tion and war's destruction it is a miracle — and each letter a new miracle. 

It is like a flower blooming in a desert. 


Back at Varennes — (which is the place, by the way, where the flight of 
Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette was arrested) — the Red Cross and Y. 
M. C. A. have started to distribute newspapers to the passing traffic, so 
that we are now getting some of the news. We have seen the "peace 
note" of Germany and President Wilson's reply. A day or so ago, there 
passed overhead on the way to the German lines score upon score of our 
planes — in effect, an innumerably host that filled the entire middle sky 
like a swarm of locusts, whose droning drowned out all other sounds. We 
imagined that they were on their way to drop propaganda. Let us hope 
it was bombs. At any rate, such an array could not fail to impress, and 

depress, the enemy. Within half an hour they came swarming back again. 

# # # * # # . 

We have been left pretty far to the rear, in the timeless routine of work 
that continues through night and day. Not daylight and darkness, but 
whether it is raining or not, makes the difference. Our car has been our 
"castle" since the mind of man runneth not to the contrary. It is odd 
how wheu one is transporting wounded and dying, and sometimes dead, 
there is no thought of the car as sleeping quarters, and yet when one is 
so using it, there is no thought of casualties. One use follows immedi- 
ately upon the other. We sleep when we can. We have discovered that, 
seemingly, in army theory, ambulance drivers do not need sleep, for our 
cars are supposed to be and often are, in motion twenty-four hours out 
of the twenty-four — and certainly no excuse would be accepted from a 
man found driving his car in his sleep. To sleep at the dressing station 
or field hospital end of a run is almost impossible, because one arrives 
only to be sent out again. But sleep we must have, therefore we steal it 
by "lying up" for two or three hours in some evacuation hospital, when- 
ever we get back to one in the night time. Yet I understand "checkers^' 
are being stationed at all the evacuation hospitals to see that the cars 
start right out again. God knows, there is need for all the transporta- 
tion possible. It is said that since this thing started on the 26th, over 
70,000 cases have passed through one evacuation hospital alone, and how 
many are the dead? Wherever a dressing station or field hospital is, or 
has been, is to be seen (and I write in all reverence) its kitchen garden of 
unpainted wooden crosses. 

Save for the incessant booming of the guns, we are only occasionally 
reminded that there is such a thing as a Front of battle, murder, and sud- 
den death. Almost every night is to be heard, at some time, the intermit- 


SECTION 608, U. S. A. A. S. 



tent droning of a German plane, and the dull explosions in the vicinity 
that follow the letting down of its tail gate. Last night was moonlit, 
and in the misty light the German planes were invisible — and the faint 
rays of the searchlights fingered, in vain, the heavens for their all-pervad- 
ing dronings. One fine day, our car was standing in the usual block of 
traffic at Varennes that has come to wear the hum-drum peacef ulness of a 
market-day. The world blew up within our heads and when we came to, 
only wreckage remained of the truck in front of ours. And that shell, 
and the ones that followed it, came from an entirely impersonal point 
perhaps some fifteen miles away. 

We have moved up, to work between a dressing station on the road to 
Romagne, and field hospitals that stand on a bare hill north of Charpen- 
try, marked today only by stones, whatever its pre-war signs. The mess 
of the divisional ambulance company with which we are working is won- 
derfully good, a few spare tires have come to us, and, though we have no 
tools and the cars are beginning to show signs of giving away in spots, 
we ought to be happy. 

« « « ' # # ' # 

For reasons known only to themselves, at least not known to us, the 
Germans have apparently picked on this harmless hill-top of ours as a 
destination for shells which they might better carry back to Germany 
with them. As we neared it yesterday, shells were falling in the narrow 
valley at its base, where there is a large horse corral, and not far away a 
rapidly growing ammunition dump. The latter is perhaps the Germans' 
objective. Everybody in sight had taken to cover in the German-made 
dugouts that pit these hill-sides, and we came up, on our side of the 
valley, past faces peering out, and among wounded horses which had 
broken from the corral. The shells continued to fall until dark, usually 
in pairs, one landing in the valley below, the other on our hill-top, in and 
about the hospitals. Several men were wounded. One of our cars was 
awaiting a load in front of the dispatching tent, when a shell covered it 
with dirt and discouraged for the time being the intention to load it. 
From across the road, we saw tents being forsaken by Indian-like, blan- 
keted figures, and when we drove over to load for a trip to the rear, we 
were told that all the men who were in a condition to be moved had 
moved themselves — to ditches and other shelter that seemed more of 
a protection than tents. When shells are dropping about, with no writ- 
ten guarantee of immunity for oneself and a ditch is within a few feet of 
where one is trying to concentrate on a week-old Paris Edition of the 
New York Herald, it seems snobbish not to join the fine lot of fellows to 
be found in it. I, for one, am no snob, and I finished reading my New 


SECTION 608, U. S. A. A. S. 

York Herald there. Last night, the field hospitals vacated to parts less 
popular with the enemy.* The ambulance company is staying on here, 
which includes us. We'll teach them to keep us in danger by devouring 
each of their good meals as if it was going to be our last. 

There was the usual afternoon shelling today. Speaking of the ambu- 
lance company's kitchen, some of their cooks refused to leave the prepara- 
tion of evening mess for slightly better protection in a shallow ditch dur- 
ing the heaviest of yesterday's shelling. So, from the ditch we exhorted 
them not to leave the omelets for a minute, and to keep turning the toast, 
or we would give them hell when the shelling let up and we could leave 
the ditch for supper. 

They are carrying this business of shelling on into the night. Work hav- 
ing slackened a little, some of us turned in at eight last night, and were 
just dozing off when along came three pairs of high explosives — the first 
five landing at hand, the last singing on. Against the possibility of six 
more after the lapse of a quarter of an hour ( which is the program they 
have been following) the ditch party or a fairly good representation, held 
another meeting without waiting for the call of the president or any other 
officer. No shells arriving at 8 :15 or at 8 :30 the meeting adjourned. At 
ten I was awake in time, and long enough, to count six shells sing safely 
overhead (I wonder who started that "sing" idea). At two-thirty I hap- 
pened to stir, and was asked drowsily, "Is it shells again?" — "Hell, no." 
When, at the moment, three burst near enough to take the words out of 
ray mouth — and bring my heart there. I made no undignified haste, but 
I found shoes and tin hat and overcoat in the dark and most of the mem- 
bers of the Early Risers Club in. the ditch. 

Our hill-top is fairly high and its nakedness of trees gives it a singu- 
larly exposed appearance. The floor of an ambulance is about three 
feet above the ground — just the height to be best swept by shell frag- 
ments, from the greatest possible circumference ; and its body is of card- 
board, protected by several coats of varnish. In the ditch, shallow 
though it is, the shell that hit would have to have my name on it ; in the 
car it could easilv be a shell not intended for me at all. Once one has 
been awakened, it seems foolish to take unnecessary chances rather than 
walk a few feet. 

••During: the night. . . the field hospitals of the Eighty-ninth Division which 
were grouped together on the same road a kilometer to the north of us, were shelled 
out and forced to move back. They took up a new position just across the road from 
us. The combined group of tentage, comprising seven field hospitals, gave a circus 
effect to the otherwise uninhabited ridges. The "big show" was expected from day 
to day.' Wade in Sanitary— ^Y Richard Derby, Division Surgeon, Second Division. — p. 161 




SECTION 608, U. S. A. A. S. 

It looks as if the big drive that ha3 been in the air for some time now 
will come off shortly. We have been busy getting all casualties out of 
the dressing stations, and since there has been a partial lull we have been 
getting them out of the field hospitals to the evacuation hospitals. It is 
a long and bitter cold drive these late October nights. Dense fogs pre- 
vent one from seeing beyond the radiator, whereas the pitch-blackness 
of even rainy nights is really no bar to sight. 

The drive, starting early November Ist has been on three days. The 
night of October 31st we were at the Fleury hospital at 4 a. m. We 
started on our return to "ambulance hill-top," in order to be up for the 
beginning. Through darkness and dawn and early daylight we drove 
nearer and nearer to the heavy bombardment which had been audible as 
far back as Fleury (where, by the way, a Halloween Dance was just 
breaking up, when w,e pulled in with our load). It was like taking the 
Lincoln Highway back to war. The woods for some miles in the rear of 
(he dressing station had been filled, prior to the first, with the batteries 
of heavies, and they let loose with a racket such as we had not heard 
since St. Mihiel. The drive has been a stupendous success. We have 
gone, I don't know how many kilometers and this particular spot is left 
very much in the rear again. Pretty bad the first day, there are now 
few wounded here, and few coming in. After the first day most of the 
wounded were (iermans, and practically all of these, when questioned, 
stated that this is the end, or at least the beginning of it. We know so 
little here as to how things are going on the other fronts, little enough 
as to this one, that one doesn't dare to have an idea. 

Last night, we were caught in a traffic jam on the road, which is in a 
terrible condition because of the heavy rains that seem to attend every 
drive and shoot cars off into the ditches continually. As we waited, an 
extensive firing of small arms into the air broke out on all sides and 
many variegated flares lit the sky. No one in the jam kneiv^ anything of 
course; but it was obvious that rumors of peace, or perhaps of an armis- 
tice were rife. The driver of a car behind me said that when he left Bar- 
le-Duc in the afternoon, it was being rumored that a conference between 
(xerman emissaries and the Allied Council was in session at 3 P, M. 
French officers in a tinv grev car immediatelv behind me, knew as little 
as any of us but allowed themselves some sparks of hope and relief. It 
is not surprising that after four years they can not make response to the 
possibility that a suspension of hostilities spelling peace, is at length a 
fact, especially since all the routine of war is going on as usual, and it may 




be peace that is the dream. They seemed more alive to the possibility 
of being hit by a bullet from the indiscriminate firing that was going on. 
As one of them said : "It would be a pity to have survived four years and 
more of war only to be killed in the celebration of peace." Altogether, 
it was quite gay for a traffic jam in the middle of the night. 

« « . # « # # 

Tuesday, Nov. 12. Whatever rumors started the celebrations of last 
Thursday night, the coming of the German emissaries to Marshal Foch 
(of which we learned with certainty Saturday) might well have been a 
sufficient occasion for them. We learned, also, that .our troops have 
reached Sedan. Sunday, we were up before dawn to make a run back to 
Fleury — a beautiful run through the darkness before dawn, dawn and 
early daylight — ^and found when we reached Fleury that the terms of the 
Armistice had been taken back to Germany for action. On the wall of 
the receiving ward in the hospital was the Herald/s account of the Kai- 
ser's abdication ! Yesterday, came rumors that the Armistice had been 
signed Sunday evening, hostilities to be suspended yesterday morning at 
eleven. Since that time we have not heard the sound of guns. But no 
one, in this particular spot, has heard anything official, or that purports 
to be official. We are far away from any sources of information. We 
were left behind by the advance where of course the latest orders are noW 
generally known. But we are on one of the main arteries of the army's 
traffic, and yet no one going up or coming down knows anything. It 
seems odd to us to know nothing on such an occasion, when the rest of 
the world must know not only the fact but the details. 

November 23. — For almost two weeks we have been living since the 
signing of the Armistice, in a world no longer at war. We have been 
living in the remnants of a group of stone farm buildings — where there 
was a dressing station the last part of October, and at the beginning of 
the last drive. "The last drive !" — ^and I can write it so and not the "lat^ 
est." "Living," also, is not an improper word, for we bunk in rooms 
which, though windowless, and on the second floor roofless, are at least a 
change from our cars. The division with which we were last working 
went the way of all good divisions — over the hills and far away — and we 
seemed to have been left high and dry by the tide of wa^* upon this Ararat, 
with not much to do except think and talk of going home. Then, today 
came the order directing us to report to the Third Army, which is to be 
the Army of Occupation in Germany. It is fair to assume that this is to 
some extent a mark of distinction. Section 603 was chosen, presumably, 
because the powers that be are agreed that we did not fall down in our 


SECTION 608, U, S. A. A. S. 

work in the past. It is senseless to speculate as to when we will be re- 
turned to the States, and whether this new service will mean an earlier 
or later date. The war is over so much sooner than any one figured that 
no one can complain in any event. And who of us dared even dream 
that we would not have to go through at least this winter of war? 

Several days ago some of us heard of a former German army bath 
house not far from here that was functioning — and had a bath. Yes ! — 
And had our clothes oflf too — for. the first time in — well, it is inadvisable 
to mention how many weeks. As for cooties — ^now that one isn^t being 
continually interrupted by a world war, one can really begin to handle 
the situation, ( handle is the right word ) and feel that he is making some 
headway. I for one intend to fight it out on this line if it takes all win- 

The paragraph above marks the end of the extracts taken from the 
records in which were quoted the most significant experiences of 
Section 603 during the two major operations in which it was en- 
gaged. It was one of the four sections designated to go into Germany 
with the Third Army, and on November 24th started to report to its 
headquarters. The Section remained at Longwy for twenty-three weeks 
when it was ordered to report at Trier. From Trier it went to Prum on 
December 17th where it remained throughout the winter. On March 
17th, 1919, it was sent back through Trier to Toul where by a strange 
coincidence it had been exactly six months before. On March 18th, by 
way of Chaumont, it went to Joinville, which place it left on April 1st 
under orders to proceed to Romorantin, to turn in its cars. It arrived 
there on April 3rd, and left there for Brest on Friday, the 4th, in box 
cars. From Brest the Section sailed on April 19th on board the U. S. S. 
"Koenig der Nederlander" which landed it safely at Newport News the 
first of May. From here the Section was ordered to Camp Lee for dis- 




Looking Across the Moselle Valley from Headquarters of the Fourth Army Corps, Army of 




f^ergcafit Whipple Jacobs* story of Evucuation Ambulance Company 
Xo. 8 in France, and other notes by Sergeant Homer L. Huainey^ 

The formation of Evacuation Ambulance Company No. 8 was author- 
ized by a letter from the Adjutant General of the Army, dated March 6, 
1918, and it was on March 18, 1918, it was organized at Camp Crane, 
Allentown, Pa. First Lieut. John B. Garvey, A. A. S., was assigned to 
cojumand on that date. The personnel were transferreil from Section 
No. 572, A. A. S., one of the ambulance sections recruited and backed by 
the U. S. L. T. A. The Association provided a section fund which was 
used for special personal equipment for the men, also chocolate, cigar- 
ettes and toilet articles, and extras for the mess. 

The period from March 18, 1918, to July 18, 1918, was spent in equip- 
ping the men, selecting non-commissioned officers, cooks, mechanics, 
etc., foot drill and other training activities, and in a thorough course of 
instruction in driving and repairing Ford ambulances and Packard 
trucks. The company quickly made, a name for itself for promptness, 
neatness and ability, and were complimented on several occasions by the 
commanding officers of the battalion to which they were attached for in- 

Un July 6th the glad news of "overseas orders" was received. On the 
8th the company entrained at Allentown ; it reached the Hoboken docks 
in the early morning of the 9th. The only feature to mar the departure 
was the loss of "Bill" Guthrie, one of the original tennis men. "Bill" 
failed on the last physical examination, and had to stay behind and un- 
dergo an operation. Subsequently he went overseas with Evacuation 
Ambulance Co. No. 9 and did evacuating work at one of the base ports 
in France. 

At 5:50 P. M. on the 9th of July the company sailed from New York 
harbor on the U. S. Transport "Orizaba." The trip over was very pleas- 
ant, but not exciting. The only unfortunates Avere Sgt. Woodside, 
Brooks, Geldert and Mellen, who had slight cases of "mal de mer." 

The ship landed at Brest, France, late in the afternoon of the 18th, 
and the night was spent at Pontenasen Barracks, outside the city. The 
stop here was of interest in that it Avas the scene of the First Napoleon's 
military training. From July 19th to the 23rd the company rested up 
and got rid of its "sea legs." 

On the morning of the 23rd the journey was continued, orders having 
beon received to proceed to La Pallice, France. The trip was made in 
the famous "40 hommes or 8 chevaux" freight cars. The ride was with- 




out incident and on the afternoon of the 24th the company detrained at 
Base Port No. 7, one of the latest ports taken over by the A. E. F. 

During a week spent here nearly every man had a chance to visit La 
Kochelle, about three miles down the coast. Many good meals purchased 
in the numerous caf^s and a visit to the Tower of the Four Sergeants 
were the most notable events. The first casualty was registered when 
"Sid^' Marks, in a critical condition, was sent to a base hospital. 

On the 31st the company left La Pallice for St. Aignan-Noyers, the 
Headquarters of the First Depot Division. This trip was also made in 
box cars. Samur and Tours were the principal cities passed through en 
route, but of course there was no chance to see them. At St. Aignan the 
M'ar was brought a little closer as the classification camp was full of 
"doughboys" who had been wounded and were on their way back to join 
their companies. Another casualty was registered when "Bob" Allison 
was sent to the hospital. Strange to say, Allison and Marks were the 
only men sent to the hospital. When the company got into action every 
man stayed on the job to the bitter end. 

On August 3, 1918, the motor transportation, consisting of 12 G. M. C. 
ambulances and one Indian motorcycle and sidecar, was issued, and on 
the 4th the real journey toward the Front was begun. The route led 
through Blois and Chartres. The trip was very interesting and com- 
fortable, being made in the cars. The roads were in perfect condition. 
This condition was never encountered on subsequent rides. Versailles 
was reached about midnight, and, parking the cars in the Palace 
grounds, the men threw litters on the ground and got as much sleep as 
possible. At daybreak everyone was routed out, and soon were driven 
through Paris. We drove past the Seine River and the Eiffel Tower, 
now a giant wireless station, to the Place de la Concorde, then on into 
the suburb of St. Denis, where there was a motor repair unit. 

August 5th and the morning of the 6th were spent in seeing Paris while 
the mechanics from the motor park overhauled the cars. During the 
stay here "Big Bertha" was on the job about every half hour, but none 
of the shells dropped near St. Denis. The guide of the convoy brought 
back a piece of shell that had exploded in the Place de la Concorde a few 
minutes before he got there. At noon on the 6th the journey was con- 
tinued. Across the Marne, which was a disappointment in that it was 
liardly more than a creek, but where one could not help but be thrilled at 
the thought that at this point France had twice staved off defeat ; through 
Meaux, where the first Battle of the Marne was fought, and where the 
first sign of a modem battlefield was afforded. Arriving at its destina- 
tion, Chateau la Trousse, the company reported to Mobile Hospital No. 2, 



but as the hospital was all packed and ready to more, no work was in 

After a two-day rest the company left with the hospital for Coincy, a 
small village between Chateau Thierry and the Vesle, which only three 
short weeks before had witnessed the passage of the victorious Ameri- 
cans during their first real battle. On this trip some of the effects of the 
war were seen. The roads and fields were dotted with shell holes, and 
there were numerous barbed wire entanglements zigzagging across the 
country. Several dead animals killed by stray bullets or shells and for- 
gotten in the rush of victory, lay unburied by the roadside. 

The town of Chateau Thierry was a real ruin. Nearly every building 
bore some mark of the fighting. The natives were just beginning to come 
back and start a semblance of housekeejfing. It was a most pathetic 
sight to see them poking among piles of brick and stone that had once 
been their homes, vainly looking for something as a remembrance of their 
former life. 

At Coincy, where camp was established before night, the company 
pitched their tents and parked the cars in a strip of woods at the top of 
a hill. It was hardly a pleasant location, as the last occupants had pick- 
eted their animals in it, and along one side ran a German trench into 
^hich some of its defenders had been thrown and only partly covered up. 
Two days were spent in making the place habitable. Here was the first 
chance for souvenirs, and the Americans are famous for their souvenir 
hunting. It kept the boys busy deciding what to keep and what to leave. 
Here, also, they saw real active service, the job for which they had been 
training eight months. The nights were spent carrying patients back 
from the triage. Field Hospital Section, 77th Division, above F^re en Tar- 
denois, to Coincy, and the days from Coincy to the railhead at Chateau 

Sgt. Woodside had an exciting time looking for the field hospital one 
night He got lost, and before he realized it he was nearly in Fismes, 
where a big battle for the possession of the town was in progress. Pitch 
dark and on unknown roads he had a bad hour and a half. Most of this 
time he had to wear his respirator as a protection against the mustard 
gas the Germans were pouring onto our men. He finally found the right 
road and wasted no time in getting back to a safer place. 

On August 20th orders were received to go to Toul, and following the 
route through Montmirail, St. Dizier, Chalons, and Condrecourt, the 
men had another opportunity to see the country. The first station m 
the Toul Sector was at Sorcy, almost directly south of the tip of the St. 
Mihiel salient, where they stayed from August 22nd to September 2nd. 




Although very close to the front line, it was uneventful as the fight- 
ing had not yet started here. A pleasant occurrence at this place 
was the return of Allison. Hq came back through "military channels," 
and had spent two weeks looking for the company. His account of his 
adventures in Paris and other points made every one feel it w^asn't so 
bad to be sick after all. Marks, the other wanderer, came back a week 
later, making the family complete. 

The company was next ordered to Dieulouard with the First Army 
artillery units. Dieulouard, just south of Pont-k-Mousson on the Toul- 
Metz road, while never in German hands, had been in the danger zone 
and under shell fire during the entire war. At that, most of the inhabi- 
tants had remained, and the stores did a flourishing business in what 
few edibles they had. 

The company stayed here during the St. Mihiel drive, and did some 
splendid work. All the driving was at night, the cars working from 
dressing station to field hospital and then back to the big hospital cen- 
ters at Toul and Nancy. The big guns were all around the hospitals, 
and the observation balloons only a short distance ahead. Many air bat- 
lies were seen, and the anti-aircraft guns w^ere at it all the time. An 
American balloon was attacked one afternoon; the plane dived and 
missed ; the Americans jumped out of the basket, and w ith the aid of 
their parachutes, landed safely ; the plane looped the loop, dived again, 
and then returned to its lines in safetv, while the balloon burst into 

Every night there was a gas alarm, and sometimes as many as three. 
It was not a very pleasant place to sleep, and to make things worse, af- 
ier the offensive was over and the positions nvere being consolidated, tht 
Germans started to shell the town. The first morning it started all the 
men rushed out of the billets. They stood in the open listening to the 
shells whistle overhead, and entirely forgot that it was a very dangerous 
place. Only seven shells came over and then it quieted down again. The 
same night, however, the shelling started again. The first shell wounded 
four men down on the main street, and an ambulance was sent out to 
take them to the field hospital about a quarter of a mile up the road. For 
an hour the shells struck some place nearby every four minutes, but no 
more casualties were reported. After a rest of an hour it started again. 
The first shell struck a billet about one hundred yards from where the 
rars were parked, killing one man and wounding four more, one of whom 
(lied the next day. Sgt. Jacobs, Barber and Monroe, who were on duty 
took .a car down at once. All the men who had been in the billet were 
nervous and badly shaken up, so the three took charge. Just as tne pa- 




tients were ready to be brought out of the dugout, where a medical oftl- 
eer was giving them first aid, a shell struck within five feet of the front 
of the ambulance. Sgt. Jacobs was standing by the wheel, and Monroe 
was right behind him, and yet neither was hurt. It seemed almost a mir- 
acle. As Monroe said afterwards, "I guess they had our names all right, 
but they were spelled wrong." 

The radiator, fenders and headlights were literally torn to pieces, tne 
top and sides bore marks of the explosion, and only one tire remained 
without a puncture. After they recovered from the shock, Monroe hur- 
ried back and brought down another machine in which to take the pa- 
tients to the hospital. Coming back a shell whistled over, but it was 
only a "dud." That ended the excitement for the night. 

The next two nights the town was shelled again. Several shells fell 
within a short distance of the billets, pieces of one flying into one of the 
rooms, but no more damage was recorded. 

The next station of the company was at Fleury s Aire, with Red Cross 
Military Hospital No. 114, where it arrived on September 22nd. On 
September 26th when the big Argonne-Meuse offensive started it im- 
mediately went to work. During the first thirty days of this offensive 
over 6,500 patients were hauled. To do this meant plenty of night work 
and long hours. Several times, all the cars worked thirty-six and fortj^- 
eight hours at a stretch. Although stationed at Fleury a number of 
trips were made to Claremon, Varennes, Buzancy and Verdun, and to a 
field hospital in the Argonne. On one such trip Geldert came to a place 
in the road the Germans had mined and blown up. The hole was so big 
that traflic was held up. A detail of negroes from a labor battalion was 
carrying all the light cars across, but the heavy ones, which included 
the G. M. C, had to wait until the engineers built a road ai'ound it. 
'•'Duke'' Moore, who had the knack of making a wornout motorcycle run 
without either new parts or tools, outdid himself in what he termed his 
garage "pour motorcyclettes, Indian, blesses et malades" in order to 
make his semi- weekly trip for the mail. 

Several times when there was a lull in activities the "jazz" band 
played for the patients at the hospital. Even though it deprived them 
of much needed rest they were fully repaid by the pleasure it gave the 
lads who were badly wounded and lonesome. Late in October when the 
battle front had left Fleury far in the rear the company put on a min- 
strel show. Lieut. Harry F. Humphries of the American Bed Cross was 
responsible for getting the show up and "putting it over." An audience 
composed of nurses, officers and enlisted men greeted every act with en- 
thusiasm. The acts consisted of jokes by the end men, Lt. Humphries 
find McBride, several choruses, and special acts by Sgt. Woodside, Sgt. 



Swainey, Lutzen, McGarrey and McGuirk. The show was a great hit 
and all wished that Humphries would stay with the company and help 
put on more events of the kind. There was even some talk of being de- 
tailed to the Bed Cross to tour the A. E. F. hospitals for the purpose of 
entertaining the patients. 

Then on November 11th came the big day, "der tag'' that all had been 
working for. It is useless to try to describe such a day. Suffice to say that 
"Armistice Day" was property and loudly celebrated. One incident wor- 
thy of mention was the picture of a German prisoner of war and his 
French guard locked in each other's arms, all enmity forgotten in their 

On the 21st the company was ordered to join the Army of Occupation 
reporting to the 7th Army Corps at Dun s Meuse. The journey led 
through Verdun and up the Meuse Highway. This was a wonderful op- 
portunity to see what our Army had done to the Germans, during the last 
big offensive. The sight was astonishing and appalling. The fields 
looked as if they had had the smallpox, they were so pitted with shell 
holes. All the buildings along the route were a mass of ruins. A sharp 
contrast noted in Verdun was a glimpse of a lace curtain peeping out 
from a window in a ruined house. 

At Virton, Belgium, which was the next stop, all were impressed with 
the hospitality of the people. Poor Belgians ! They were so glad to be 
rid of the Germans that nothing was too good for the American soldiers, 
and their scanty food stores were placed at the Americans' disposal. 
The representatives of the United States who had fed them during the 
war, and now had liberated them from four years of slavery, were given 
a wonderful reception. 

After a few days here we left for Longwy, on November 27th, one of 
the big coal and iron centers of France, which was. liberated by the Ar- 
mistice. For two weeks we evacuated American, FrencJh and German 
patients to the hospitals at Verdun. When this was finished we pro- 
ceeded on, spending a few days in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, and 
then on to Wittlich, Germany, about ninety kilometers from Coblentz. 
This was the company's station from December 16th until the end of the 

A big celebration took place on Christmas. Of course every man was 
thinking of home about then, but a good time took their minds off that 
for the moment and all enjoyed it. First everyone was put into good 
humor by a clever hoax i)erpetrated on Sgt. Jacobs. While the Christmas 
dinner was browning in the oven Sgt. Woodside ordered the company to 
"fall in," explaining that the colonel had ordered them to appear at the 




hospital. Everyone was "wise" but Jacobs, and fell in, grumbling as 
usual. Jacobs busied himself getting the men into line and seeing that 
they looked neat. All assembled, they were given a couple of "squads 
east and squads west," "to put up a good appearance before the colonel." 
Sgt. Woodside announced that he would need a special detail at the hos- 
jrftal, and some previously designated men volunteered, and were put at 
the left of the company. 

Here Woodside gravely announced that Sgt. Jacobs and Wagoner 
Monroe had been awarded the D. S. C. for bravery under fire at Dieu- 
louard. Jacobs fell hard ! When ordered "front and center," he did it 
in correct military style, trying vainly to appear at ease. Monroe step- 
ped up beside him. Sgt. Woodside : "Detail forward march." "Column 
right, march." And the detail marched past the company blowing on 
toy horns and beating toy drums. Jacobs finally "caught on," and 
blushed profusely. After the band had returned to their place, the.bugle 
sounded "taps," Sgt. Woodside embraced Jacobs and Monroe in turn, 
in the most approved French style, and pinned on a miniature iron cross 
bearing a portrait of the kaiser. This was followed by a good dinner 
which consisted of roast young pig, steak, mashed potatoes with gravy, 
buttered beets, cake and cookies, candy and nuts, coflfee, cigarettes 
and cigars. Everyone ate until lack of space forced them to stop. 

And now the year 1918 is ended. The men who came over are all pres- 
ent and well. All the ambulances are running although they have been 
driven over 15,000 miles under the most trying conditions, (for this much 
credit is due the mechanics), and in three weeks the first war service 
chevron, signifjing six months' foreign service will be awarde<l. 

January was spent in Wittlich and Brucha "dorf" about ten kilome- 
ters from the former town. On February first, having been relieved from 
duty with the Third Army, the company left for Rimaucourt, France, 
for duty with the advance section S. O. S. The trip was made during 
the only cold spell of the winter but frequent stops were made which en- 
abled every one to keep comfortably warm. The route followed was sub- 
stantially the same as going up. 

At Rimaucourt, where there was a b^e hospital center, we were as- 
signed to very comfortable quarters. It was generally understood that in 
a verv short time the cars would be allotted to other units and the com- 
pany would get its orders home. That suited everyone. 

The jazz band added to their laurels by playing at the Red Cross en- 
tertainments and for several dances. 

A number of trips about the country were made. Chaumont, the home 
of G. H. Q., Langres, Dijon, Toul, and Nancy were among the most im- 
portant towns visited. 




Late in March orders were received putting the company on the prior- 
ity list for return to the United States, and with instructions regarding 
disposal of the property. Great excitement prevailed- Everybody was 
happy ! 

What was necessary to get ready was quickly taken care of and a wire 
sent to S. O. S. Headquarters at Tours, advising them that the company 
had complied with the exacting regulations and was ready to receive 
movement orders to a port. 

Next morning a tel^ram arrived ordering all personnel and transpor- 
tation to Antwerp, Belgium. What a mix-up ! No one believed it but 
thought someone was playing a joke. Finally, however, after much tele- 
phoning the news was confirmed, but with the orders slightly changed; 
only twelve men and Lieut. Garve^ were to go to Antwerp and the bal- 
ance would go home. The company was broken up ! There were a dis- 
consolate lot of men in barracks that night. 

The "Antwerp detachment" had to go to Komorantin for new cars 
where it was able to get back three of the old cars in which to make the 
trip. The trip through central France following the route through Chau- 
mont, Langres, Chatillon, Seine, Tonnerre, Auxerre and Gien was a reve- 
lation. After eight months in the northern part of the country the fine 
roads and well kept villages were a delight to everyone. 

The round trip to Rimaucourt, where a stop was made to overhaul the 
new cars, required four days. On the morning of April 11th the real trip 
to Antwerp began. Rheims, where we spent the first night, made one's 
heart ache. The devastation was colossal. Every building showed marks 
of the terrific struggle that was waged there for more than four years. 
Even the hotel where the "Dirty Dozen,'' to use their adopted nickname, 
stopped, was only then undergoing repairs. And it was the best the town 
afforded. The streets were piled high with debris, leaving just room for 
one-wav traffic. 


The Cathedral, always an historic spot, was doubly so in its glory as 
a martyr in a just cause and as an example of Germany's horrible Kul- 
tur. In spite of all this noble building had gone through, it still main- 
tained its glory. Due to the heroic efforts of the townspeople, many of 
its precious bits of architecture, windows and statues were saved. Through 
the generous contributions from outside sources, it is hoped the entire 
structure will be restored to its former grandeur. 

Loos, St. Quentin, and Cambrai were in much the same condition as 
Rheims. The wonderful spirit of 'France seemed personified in the tiny 
garden patches, being cultivated between trenches and piles of salvaged 
war material in this terribly devastated country. 



The three months spent in Antwerp quickly passed in spite of the in- 
creasing longing for home. Most of the ''Dozen'' got to Botterdam^ Hol- 
land, where they visited The Hague and other points of interest. -^11 
saw Brussels, the capital of our small, but heroic Ally. Several trips 
were also made to Li^ge, Molines, Louvain and Ghent. 

On July 20th, the detachment sailed from Antwerp on the U. S. trans- 
port, "Princess Matoika." On August 1st it landed at Hoboken, and on 
August 5th the last chapter of the detachment's wonderful experience 
was written at Camp Dix, N. J. 

After the Split. 


As it was recorded much earlier, the company was split up during the 
latter part of April. Twelve men and Lieutenant Garvey were sent to 
Antwerp to report for duty in the S. O. S. of the Third Army, this be- 
ing the second turn with the Army of Occupation. Here it was again 
split, some going to Rotterdam, others to Brussels, and the balance re- 
maining in Antwerp. The nature of that detachment^s work has never 
lieen learned by the writer. ( Editorial note : This is written by Sgt. 
Swainey. The activities of the Antwerp detachment to which he refers, 
were described by Sgt. Jacobs in the foregoing paragraphs.) These 
twelve men and Lieutenant Garvey landed in the United States 
August 1st. 

While at Kimaucourt, where the split was made, "Steve" Dombrousky 
was sent home with a broken arm and "Dad" Cheney worked a good line 
and got home some way through military channels. These men left while 
the outfit was still intact. Thus only 23 men were left and these fellows 
immediately labelled themselves, "The Dirty 23." 

Those of us who did not go with the detachment, were attached to the 
Motor Transport Corps for duty under the wing of a commissioned oflS- 
cer while waiting for orders which would set all hearts rejoicing ; but this 
move started the boys to thinking that they were stuck for good. Our 
gloomy feelings, however, were not justified as we all found out in about 
•two weeks' time. 

While with the M. T. C. the fellows worked around the garage, helping 
out as much as possible. If I do say it myself, they turned out some good 
work and held up their end of the game. They were complimented by 
the commanding oflScer in charge of their division for their application 
and good w^ork. 

The duties here covered about a two- week period and on May 2nd, the 
"glad tidings" were turned loose from the commanding general's office, 
Advance Section, S. O. S. We were ordered to Le Mans to report to the 
commanding officer of United States troops at that point, for return to 
the United States. 

97 . 



The Armistice celebration was a big thing, but it was small in compari- 
son with the noise raised by the crowd when "The Orders" were received. 
It was "too good to be true" so some of 'em said ; never had we kicked up 
such a rumpus, but who could blame us? Getting home was the one and 
only thought in our minds after we were split and the Antwerp crowd 
had gone on their way. 

We started on May 3rd and landed in Le Mans about midnight on the 
4th, A guide took us out to what is known as the "Classification Qamp." 
This is where all casuals who went through Le Mans were sent to await 
further orders. The next morning we were turned out bright and early 
to go over to headquarters for the purpose of establishing our status. 
After talking with the oflScer in charge we were told that we would be 
held together as a unit. 

We waited ten days at Le Mans for orders, during which time we had 
it pretty soft. Being rated as an organization kept us out of detail work, 
which is quite desirable in the army. All we did was loaf and sleep. 
Every night all received {lasses and went to town ; passes were available 
after retreat until 9 :30 P. M. We spent a lot of our "shekels'' for real 
food which was obtainable at the Ked Cross and Y. M. C. A. cafeterias. 
This certainly was the greatest thing we had hit up to that time. The 
supply of ice cream and French pastry at one store received an awful 
setback during those ten days. 

It was here that "Doc" Wylie attracted a lot of attention by his ten- 
nis playing and after showing his worth, was transferred into a "welfare 
battalion" so that he might be placed on the representative team from 
that section that was going to the tournament in Paris. Ed. Vilcek also 
connected up in the doubles and went along with "Doc." "Doc's" show- 
ing in Paris justified his being taken along as he had the satisfaction of 
beating the best man on the team that won the tournament. 

Our stay in Le Mans was longer than we expected for we hoped to re- 
main there only a couple of days. Finally, on May 14th, we received or- . 
ders to join the 306th Sanitary Train of the 81st Division at Beaumont 
for return to the V. S. A. "Doc" and "Ed" were left behind and it surely 
was a sorry crowd to lose two members of "The Dirty 23," but what 
was, had to be. 

We were the first casuals (for now we were really casuals) to join the 
division and for a week and a half we stayed in the casual detachment. 
About this time the powers that held forth at headquarters decided to 
break up the casual detachment and send the members to the diiSferent 
organizations in the train. After this last move we remained in Beau- 
mont for two weeks. 




The day before we left Beaumont we had a great surprise, "Doc" and 
"Ed" had finished up in Paris and were sent back to the train for return 
to the States. Word was received to move to Saint Nazaire on June 5th 
and on the 6th we left Beaumont for the coast. After a 12-hour ride in 
an A. E. F. special with 50 men to a car we reached our destination early 
(m the 7th. There were a number of final inspections here and checking 
of paper work which consumed three days. On the 9th "Homeward 
Bound" was a reality and we sailed on the good old tub, the U. S. S. 

The most noteworthy thing on our return trip was the speed (?) we 
made. It required 11 days before we saw the shores of Virginia, for since 
the 81st was a Southern division we landed at Newport News, this being 
accomplished on the 20th. Conditions were much better coming back. 
Even the food had it on the trip over, a hundred different ways. There 
were three bands and a "jazz" orchestra on board, so music filled the air 
most of the time. 

After landing it took only a short time to put us through the "delouser" 
and go through some more inspection, following which we were assigned 
to different camps for discharge. This assigning men to camps was the 
final disposal of the outfit and ended its status as an organization in the 
United States Army. 


Sgt. Woodside, and Wagoners Brooks, Geldert and Mellen well remem- 
ber the trip over. "Woody" would not come right out and say that he 
was sick, so when one of the fellows found him making his way below 
"Woody" told him that he was tired. Geldert and Brooks don't even 
know what the ocean looks like out of sight of land. 


Mellen threw a piece of paper overboard which was against orders, 
and was promptly caught by some "Loot." No subs caught us so "Jack" 
was vindicated. 

Evacuation Ambulance Company No. 5 got us all in trouble at La Pal- 
lice. The Colonel wanted some work done and it was piled on the three 
ambulance companies. "Five" didn't work just as hard as the Colonel 
thought they should, so we all took the German prisoners' place as steve- 
dores on Sundav. 

We received our cars at St. Aignan, and as soon as possible started 
for Paris. This was a great trip and very eventful for Felton. He ran 
over a French soldier as we were coming into Versailles. George was 






afraid of hitting a spectral sand-pile that was mentioned in the olBKcial 
report of the accident. "Jimmie" Monroe, a witness of the accident, was 
unable to swear that he saw the sand-pile. "Jimmie'' is a minister's son. 

"Duke'' Moore is a qualified expert on sleeping in a bath tub. At Ver- 
sailles he was so dead tired that he went to sleep in the side car of his 
motorcycle and did not come to until the next morning. It rained during 
Ihe night. 

The Paris taxi-drivers had the fright of their lives when "Eight" drove 
through Paris that morning. Orders were: "Don't get lost," so a couple 
of taxis were bumped out of the road when they tried to break into our 


• ••••• 

Scene : Paris. 

Characters: "Woody" and woman barber. 

Time: Early August morning, 1918. 

Action : "Woody" needed a shave, no doubt about it. He found a likely 
looking place and entered. A woman barber was chief cook and bottle 
washer of the joint. After many mysterious moves, "Woody" enlight- 
ened the fair ( ? ) dame as to his wants. The barber started out by sharp- 
ening razor on a board. After several tries, "Woody" was convinced that 
he was not in an American barber shop. He got disgusted and in his 
misery he left the shop with one side hacked oflf, and the other untouched. 
8ome shave and some sight. 

Chateau la Trousse, our first assignment in the advance zone, none of 
the boys will ever forget. "They went wild, simply wild" over us every 
night. The "Loot" sure drew the prize package — "Cooties." 

Coincy, our next stop was made a couple of days later. Here we drew 
a fine place for our camp. It was an old picket line. The most impres- 
sive things here were dead Germans, flies and bees. The bees made quite 
an impression on some of the boys. 

Two characters were developed here, O'Brien and McBride, "The Sal- 
vage Twins." They always could be found around a salvage pile looking 
for junk. Their car resembled Santa Claus' sleigh on Christmas eve. 

This place marked our introduction to real work. Six cars went out 
one night for parts unknown as a result, six cars got lost with patients. 
However, all came back safe, but they were not sure whether they were 
going toward the German lines or not. 



"Dad" Cheney won the hand-painted onion at Coiney as he was sure 
he saw a gas cloud coming across the field, which in reality was the smoke 
from a couple of signals dropped by an airplane. 

• •***« 

I'll say the chocolate and cigarettes we brought over with us, bought 

out of the fund, tasted good here. 


There was much souvenir-hunting, as this was our first trip into the 
battle field end of the country. As a result, the cars were full of junk 
when we started to move. 

The M. P.'s in Toul sure had a good one put over on them. No one could 
enter the city without a pass, and as these were few and far between the 
boys worked their "Honor Pass" from Allentown. This pass entitled the 
bearer to come and go from camp as he would between 6 :30 A. M. and 
11 :30 P. M. and read, "Pass through the gates at all times between these 

hours." They worked fine on getting through the gates of Toul. 

• »•••• 

All was peaceful and calm in the dugout save for intermittent snoring. 
Suddenly cries rent the stillness of the night and the "Loot," sleeping at 
the foot of Jimmie Monroe's litter, heard, "Alright 'Loot,' bring up the 
infantry." As a result "Loot" was almost scared to death. The whole 
crowd awoke and there was much laughter. Jimmie has the habit of 
talking in his sleep. Evidently he thought he was the Commanding Gen- 
eral of some division. 

• • • • • • 

"Jimmie" knew a girl in Summit Lawn near Allentown and his master- 
piece was rendered one night when he woke the whole outfit with the 
questions "Does any one in here speak English? Does any one know the 

way to Summit Lawn?" 

• ••••• 

"Barney" Mulledy, our big Swede mechanic, sure has all the medals 
for eating. "Barney" was enjoying a plate of beans in Thiaucourt on the 
Saint Mihiel front one day when Fritz became very active. Finally Fritz 
got really warmed up and "Barney" had to drop his plate of beans and 
make tracks for a dugout. He was very much put out because he had to 
leave those lovely army beans. 

"Micky" McGarvey burned his fingers on a piece of shrapnel that just 
tinkled oflf his tin hat. "Micky" was enjoying a cigarette when this hap- 
pened, but after it happened the cigarette did not taste as nice as he 
thought it was going to. 




''Jack" Mellen, in trouble again, did not get up for guard duty one 
night when awakened, consequently there was no guard from 2 A. M. un- 
til all were up next morning. After that Mellen was on K. P. for a long 
while. "Jack" said, "I always get caught and any one else could get 
away with twice as much as I do." 

The Armistice celebration will be remembered by all. Many great act- 
ors were imitated that night by some of our most bashful members. 

• ••••» 

"Bud" Poucher dreamed he was a general one night and was not pre- 
sent at roll call the next morning. "Bud" went without his "Honor 
Pass" for one whole week, and my, how angry a certain young lady was I 

"Barney" sure is some linguist. On one trip he gave a Frenchman a 
lift and naturally the Frenchman wanted to know where "Barney" was 
bound for. This is what the conversation sounded like : 

Barney : "Dun Sur Meuse." 

Frenchman : "Comment." 

Barney : "Dun Sur Meuse." 

This was repeated about four or five times, each time growing louder. 

Finally Barney said : "You frogs make me tired, you don't even under- 
stand your own language." He sure has some brogue. 


"Barb" while in Treves one dav, was informed bv an M. P. that onlv 
Dodges and Cadillacs were allowed to travel on a certain street leading 
into town. To this "Barb" replied: "Well, this is a Dodge; what is the 
matter with you, are you blind?" With his G. M. C. three-quarter ton 
ambulance "Barb" drove up that certain street. 


One Saturday morning after an inspection by a captain from the M. T. 
C. headquarters of the 7th Corps, a complaint was made in the official 
report because we had steps on the back end of our cars. The reason for 
this complaint was that the step added extra weight to the back axle, and 
was liable to break it. All steps were ordered taken off. 


"Mclntyre'^ (when thinking of home) : "Oh, for those shores of Boho- 

ken !" sung to the tune of "The Shores of Italy." 
"Jake" (as hard-boiled as possible) : "Alright Eight, All out." 
"?": "I'll court-martial those birds for trying to get away with that 





"Nig^' Garrett: "Oh, Sergeant, I want to go home!" 
"Greasy" Riley : "Sergeant, are you sure we will get our second service 
stripe?" We did. 

Mellen, again, loaned a tire to a fellow ambulance-driver from another 
company who was in distress on the road. He reported It when he got 
back and was at once in for a court martial if that tire was not returned 
by 4 o'clock the next afternoon. "Jack" started out early the next morn- 
ing in search of his tire and returned at 4 o'clock with his tire and two 
extra ones. Good day's work for Jack ! 

Frank Frankenfield : "'Bout time for those fellows to fill those grease 
cups again, ^gt." 

"Barb" : "I'll not argue with you for I know I am right." 

"Barney" : "I don't care where I go as long as I go home." 

"Woody" : "Everybody up, I'm up." 

Globe Trotters, Brooks and Monroe were seen in Monaco running from 
building to building of interest and were overheard to say, "Yep, that's 
it," as thev checked it off their list. 

Allison (tight wad) : "How much does it cost?" 

Brooks : "I got the homesickness blues." 

"Perry" : "Dad whizz! Don't hand me any of that stuff." 

"Irene" Coleman : "I can't see why the Sergeant always picks on me 
first every time." 

"Joe" Davis : "Hey, Micky, have you got a bowl of soup in your pock- 

"Steve" Dambrousky : "Now, Frank, / would do it this way." 

"Julius" Dower: "Anybody seen one of my two dozen pipes?" 

Felton : "Now, when we were at ." 

"Nemo" Geldert : "Gee whiz ! you fellows should not swear like you do." 

"Swede" Johnson : "Anybody got a chew?" 

"Petey" Lutzen (adjusting glasses) : "Is there any work attached to 

"Micky" McGarvey : "Hey, Joe, have ye got a cigarette?" 

"Mac" McBride : "I hate to talk about myself but here's one time I 
must. Oh "Obe" where you going?" 

"Mac" Mclntyre: "How many butterflies did you see today, Julius?" 
"How are things in the house, hey?" 

"Jimmie" Monroe, (when he wanted anything) : "Now, Sergeant, you 
know I do more work than any man in this outfit." 



"Duke'^ Moore : "Those Harleys are classy boats/' "What do you think 
of those, hey?" 

"Johnnie" Morris. "No, Sirree, not me, boy." 

"Mother" Pearce : "Oh, Jimmie, you make me sick !" 

"Walrus" Taylor: "Get out, will you?" 

"Ed" Vilcek : "Oh yes, yes'm, sure!" 

"Link" Swainey : "Get away, you are drawing flies." 

"Windy" Winship : "Free eats at the Red Cross !" 

"Wally" Elliott: "Oh Lord, let me at those free eats!" 

"Doc" Wylie: "Is there a dance at the Red Cross tonight?" 

"Dad" Cheney : "N-E-V-E-R M-I-N-D, where I got it, where do I get 

"Sid" Marks: "Can you beat it, I haven't won a pot tonight; what are 
you squawking about?" 

"Jack" Mellen : "Aw, Sarge., go easy." 

"Bud" Poucher: "Work — Oh death where is thy sting?" 

"Obe" O'Brien: "Hello, Kid, how's things today?" 




Associatiofi co-operates with Red Cross in service of te^mis players over- 
seas — Magazines sent abroad — Tennis helps strengthen bonds be- 
tween allied nations — Takes prominent place in games of the A. E. F. 
— Australians visit United States in 1919 and Davis Cup matches 
are resumed. 

While the interest of members of the Association centered in the sec- 
tions which went overseas, it was by no means confined to thi^ branch of 
the service. With hundreds of players abroad, and other hundreds in 
the Navy or training at the camps scattered throughout the United 
States, the followers of the game found something to claim attention 
wherever the uniform appeared. 

One phase of overseas activity which attracted attention as soon as 
troops were moving, was the designation of Bemon S. Prentice as the 
Association's representative in France. He went to Paris as a Major in 
the service of the American Red Cross and being attached to that office, 
was in a position to be of assistance to many members of the Association. 
All the Clubs were asked for lists of their members abroad, and Major 
Prentice was kept informed of these names, so that whenever these men 
called on him he could act in their behalf without delay. 

By arrangement with S. W. Merrihew, publisher of American Lawn 
Tennis, copies of the magazine were sent abroad, for distribution at 
camps and recreation centers. That such acts, though small in them- 
selves, were appreciated by the men, goes without saying. Manj' of those 
who would have been out of touch with the game were thus enabled to 
keep track of developments at home, and also know something of the at- 
tention with which their fortunes were followed by those they left behind. 
This continued for the duration of the war. 

When the Armistice was signed, there was, of course, a marked change 
in the circumstances of the A. E. F. and one of the first signs that the war 
had ended, was the attention given to sport. Whereas athletics had, up 
to that time, served as part of the strictly military training, in order to 
develop the physical and mental qualities that make a good soldier, they 
now became a means of recreation. They had still greater significance, 
in their use to promote a friendly understanding between the Allies and to 
strengthen the bonds of friendship formed under war's hard conditions. 

The official attitude toward sports was expressed in the letter of Gen- 
eral Pershing, when as Commander of the American Armies, he invited 
the Allied nations to send teams to the games in Paris in the spring of 
1 919. His letter follows : 



**The officers and men of the American Expeditionary Forces, being keenly 
appreciative of the splendid relations which exist among those who have borne 
arms in the great common cause, and which in the present instance have so 
happily developed into such deep feelings of mutual respect and admiration, 
are most anxious to preserve and strengthen this relationship, in every way 

"Now that active military operations have ceased they believe that nothing 
could be more conducive to this end than to gather in friendly competition 
on the field of sport representatives of the armies of each of the nations which 
have so long been associated together in the stern struggle for the right. 

"Accordingly they have decided to organize an inter-allied athletic meet- 
ing to be held in the Colombes Stadium, Paris, during the month of May or 
June, 1919, in which officers and men of all these armies shall be eligible to 
take part. 

"As Commander-in-Chief of the American Expeditionary Forces, I have 
the honor, therefore, to invite through you, their Commander-in-Chief, the 
officers and men of the armies of France to participate in the contests and to 
express the earnest hope that many of them may do so, and that the ties of the 
much cherished spirit of comradeship which have sprung up from the gallant 
joint efforts of our forces on the battlefields may thus be even more closely 

Before these games were under way, however, tennis was being revived 
as an international sport. An American team entered several of tlie tour- 
naments along the Riviera. Later an Inter-Allied Championship, won by 
Andr^ Gobert of France, and an A. E. F. Championship won by Captain 
Watson M. Washburn, added interest to the play. Most notable was the 
tournament at Cannes, February, 1919, in which 168 American officers 
w ere entered. They came from almost every state in the Union and this 
made the event a thoroughly representative one. It was won by Captain 
Richard N. Williams, 2d. 

That American interest in sport excited attention abroad is evident 
in the comment of a British writer, who told in the Birmingham Post of 
August 20, of the difficulties experienced by the Australian team in book- 
ing passage to the United States. Finally their troubles became known to 
the American Embassv. He wrote : "The cables did brisk business and 
within a few hours the authorities on the other side wired peremptory 
orders that four generals due for embarkation on demobilization were to 
vacate their berths on the next boat and the accommodation was to be 
put at the disposal of the tennis players. That is the story now current 
and as it well accords with the known attitude of the American military 
authorities to sport and sportsmen, there is no reason to doubt it. It will 
be remembered that highly decorated heads of our forces in France who 
learnt that the American players 'received orders' to parade at the Inter- 
national Lawn Tennis meeting in France recently as a part of their mili- 
tary duties, displayed symptoms of apoplexy." 




2 <3 s 

'I t^ 


While the foregoing may be open to question as a contribution to the 
military archives of the United States, it is a good enough story to be re- 
corded for what it is worth. It does not exaggerate when it says that men 
were "ordered" to take part in games. They were ! Furthermore, tennis 
players had a prominent part not only in the athletic events, but in help- 
ing to plan and manage the programs. Col. Wait C. Johnson, a former 
New England phampion, was the athletic officer of the A. E. F. Captain 
Watson M. Washburn, a member of *the Executive Committee of the As- 
sociation and a ranking player in 1916, was one of his assistants. It was 
natural, therefore, that they should look upon tennis, with an eye that 
recognized its attraction. 

To take part in the Inter- Allied games previously mentioned, the Asso- 
ciation sent Willis E. Davis, Clarence J. Griffin and Charles S. Garland 
to France, acting on orders from the A. E. F. headquarters. A change in 
the schedule, which advanced the date of the tennis events, made their 
trip useless so far as those contests were concerned, for the matches were 
finished before the team got to Paris. However, these players were in 
time to take part in the championship at Wimbledon and on those classic 
courts they had a share in the remarkable revival of international compe- 
tition which was a feature of 1919. 

In this connection, the most important event was the resumption of the 
Davis Cup matches which had lapsed because of the war. The Associa- 
tion had refrained from challenging for the Davis Cup because the United 
States had suffered less from the war than any of the contending nations 
and felt, therefore, that to challenge would hardly be sportsmanlike, as 
its team would apparently be much the strongest of any that could play 
for the cup. It gave notice, however, of its intention to challenge in 1920. 
Developments when the Australian team visited the United States con- 
firmed this belief, for the United States won all its matches against the 
Australian players. 

Belgium, France, England and South Africa challenged Australia and 
in the play-off of preliminary ties, England won. The matches which were 
to have been held in December, 1919, did not take place until early in 
1920, owing to the difficulty in securing passage for the English team. 
Meanwhile the Australian Imperial Forces, through its Sports Board, 
sent a team to the United States, headed by Norman E. Brookes, who had 
just lost his title of world's champion, to Gerald L. Patterson at Wimble- 
don. In addition to these two, R. V. Thomas and Randolph Lycett also 
came. Thomas had won the English doubles with Pat O'Hara Wood. 



COS ■; 


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s: s =t2 s 

ll '^ ■- 1 

* < so. 


The teams were expected to reach this country in time to take part in 
the various sectional events preliminary to the national doubles cham- 
pionship the week of August 11, but they were delayed by a shipping 
strike. As they did not arrive until August 7th the Executive Committoe 
waived the requirement that they qualify througti a sectional doubles 
event and both teams were entered in the national doubles champion^jjiip 
at Longwood. 

Lycett and Thomas also played at Rockaway and then both teams went 
to Southampton. The week of August 25 saw them all playing in the na- 
tional singles championship at Forest Hills. None of the Australians 
reached the semi-finals; Patterson was defeated by William M. Johnston, 
and William T. Tilden defeated Brookes. In a subsequent team match 
the United States won all events, four singles and two doubles. During 
September the visitors played a number of exhibition matches, ending 
their trip on the Pacific Coast where they sailed for home. 

The visit of these players to the United States was a wonderful stimu- 
lus to the game. In appreciation of their playing the Association sent 
the following letter to its members : 

"The officers of the Association desire to bring to members* attention their 
sincere appreciation of the sportsmanship and friendly spirit of the Australian 
tennis players, who have been in the United States since early August. In 
sending Messrs. Brookes, Patterson, Lycett and Thomas to this country the 
Sports Board of the Australian Impenal Forces not only enabled the Ameri- 
cans to enjoy their fine play, but also demonstrated that attitude of cordial co- 
operation which we have come to consider characteristic of Australia. 

'*By winning the doubles championship, Brookes and Patterson are enti- 
tled to, and will receive, our hearty congratulations. The effect of their trip 
both here, and abroad, in re-establishing tennis on its pre-war basis cannot be 
over-estimated, and we owe them a tribute of sincere admiration. Our visit- 
ors won a host of friends throughout America, and the hope is general Jthat 
they may return another season and renew those friendships. This letter is 
written to give expression to sentiments often voiced to the Australian players 
personally, and through them to their official bodies.** 

From the foregoing it is apparent that the season of 1919 was marked 
by such a notable revival of interest in tennis, as to justify the Associa- 
tion's policy during the preceding war years. Not only was the game 
kept alive but the organization was -maintained so effectively that when 
the restrictions of war were removed, tennis could go forward from the 
high point of 1917 without passing through a long period of rebuilding. 
What this means for the future no one can say in definite terms, but 
measured by the achievements of the past, it is reasonable to forecast a 
future which- is' even more auspicious for this sport. 





Origin of lawn tennis and its relation to court tennis ichich dates from 
the Middle Ages — Development of laion tennis in England — Its intro^ 
duction into the United States — Organisation of the Association in 
J881 — Influence of the Davis Cup contests. 

The historical background of a sport which has become international in 
scope in less than two-score years and was able to maintain something 
like its normal activity in the United States even during the trials of war 
time, deserves more than passing notice. Tradition has it that tennis is 
the "sport of kings" but this saying properly relates to the game known as 
"court tennis," which is entirely different from the more common game, 
law^n tennis. Historical records place the origin of court tennis in the 
Middle Ages but needless to say, it has received many modifications dur- 
ing the succeeding centuries. 

Lawn tennis had its beginning about 1874. One of the notable reasons 
for its development was the fact that it was standardized almost at its ori- 
gin, and has since been played under practically uniform conditions 
throughout the world. It is one of the few games of which this is true. 
Having started in England, it spread quite naturally ovei; the entire Brit- 
ish Empire. It is therefore not surprising to learn that lawn tennis is 
played wherever English is spoken. The limitations of language, however, 
have not prevented its growth in other countries. The Scandinavian na- 
tions have for a number of years been developing active clubs. In South 
America, tennis is growing rapidly. When . the latter facts are consid- 
ered in relation to the organizations already existent in England, Aus- 
tralia, Canada, South Africa, France, Germany, Switzerland, Belgium, 
Japan, Mexico, and the United States, the remarkable appeal of the sport 
is more clearly apparent. 

The early history of the game w^as outlined in 1904 by J. Parmly Paret 
in Lawn Tennis in which he said: 

''Lawn tennis is essentially a modern game, for its origin dates back less 
than thirty years. Its genealogy is rather obscure, and the best of authorities 
disagree as to its direct parentage. That it had antecedents there can be no 
question, for it embodies familiar features borrowed from older sports, and 
few, if any, that are absolutely original in itself. 

"The ancient Romans were the first people who are known to have played 
with a ball, and they enjoyed a game called 'lusio pilaris,' the exact nature 
of which is not perfectly understood. A number of players, however, tossed 
or struck a ball from one point to another for sport, and some antiquarians 
are convinced that the ancient game bore a strong resemblance to our modern- 
day game of fives. 




"The first record of any such game in Europe, however, occurs in the Mid- 
dle Ages, when a crude game which afterward developed into court tennis 
was the favorite sport of the Italian and French feudal kings and nobles. The 
French seem to have borrowed the game from the Italians, and both played 
it assiduously in the open air. Later it became the common property of the 
masses, instead of being restricted to the upper classes, and gradually evolved 
into popular pastime. 

"In Italy the game took the name of *giuoco della palla,' while in France 
it became known as *jeu de paume.' Enclosed courts were next built, and it 
then included some of the features of our present day court tennis. But 
many of the game's devotees continued playing outdoors, and this variety be- 
came known as 'la longue paume;' in Italy the outdoor game, though some- 
what corrupted, was continued under the name of 'pallone.' 

"This French outdoor game, which is probably the most direct of all the 
antecedents of lawn tennis, was played with a cork ball, which was originally 
struck with the hand, with or without a glove upon it, over a bank of earth, 
two feet in height, which served the same purpose as our modern net. Soon 
a crude racket with wooden frame and handle and gut strings. was substituted 
and in this form the game was introduced into England and flourished there 
fpr many years. 

"The word *tencz' (trans, 'play') was cried out by the server before the 
ball was started in the French game ; and it is supposed, although not authen- 
tically proven, that this was the origin of our English word 'tennis,' the pho- 
netic form being preserved. The earliest record we find in England of tennis 
is near the end of the eighteenth century, when 'field tennis' is spoken of as 
a dangerous rival to cricket. This field tennis was undoubtedly an English 
variety of 'la longue paume' with minor modifications, and forty years later 
references to 'long tennis' as apparently the name of a very similar game. 

"Major Walter C. Wingfield, of the British army, is popularly credited 
with the invention of lawn tennis as we know it, and it was certainly he who 
patented the game in 1874. Members of the Leamington Club in England, 
however, claim to have known the game for fifteen years before, and several 
English gentlemen who played court tennis were credited with having adopted 
an outdoor variation which strongly resembled lawn tennis as introduced tea 
years later. Major Wingfield's first recorded connection with the game was 
in December, 1873, when he introduced what purported to be a newly in- 
vented game at a country house in England. He called it 'sphairistike' 
which literally translated from the Greek, means, 'Ball play.' 

"Major Wingfield's original game was played on a court shaped like an 
hour-glass, sixty feet in length and thirty feet in width at the base-lines. In 
the center was stretched a net twenty-one feet wide, the side lines of the court 
converging to its ends. This net was seven feet high at its sides and sagged 
to four feet eight inches in the center. The old method of racket scoring was 
used, and the server was required to stand within a marked space in the mid- 
dle of his court. The game, as first played, resembled badminton much more 
than our modern lawn tennis, so slow was the play, but the many changes 
made in the rules permitted a rapid increase in the speed. 

"Before sphairistike had been in use a full year, Major Wingfield increased 
the size of the court to eighty-four feet in length and thirty-six feet in width, 




and lowered the height of the net to four feet in the center, placing the serv- 
er on the base line instead of in the middle of his court. The following 
spring he again increased the width to thirty-nine feet, but still preserved his 
other dimensions, and insisted on a narrow high net over which the ball must 
be hit." 

The development of the rules and technique of the sport were the nat- 
ural outgrowth of the interest which attended the introduction of Major 
Wingfield's game. Its possibilities were quickly perceived and in 1875 a 
meeting of those interested in the game was held at Lord's cricket-ground, 
where a committee of the Marylebone Club (M. C. C), was appointed to 
draw up a code of rules. The hour-glass shape of the court was retained 
by this code (issued in May, 1875), and the scoring of the game followed 
in the main the racquets instead of the tennis model. It was at the sug- 
gestion of J. M. Heathcote, the amateur tennis champion, that balls cov- 
ered with white flannel were substituted for the uncovered balls used at 

In 1875, through the influence of Henry Jones ("Cavendish") lawn ten- 
nis, according to the Encyclopedia Britannica, was included in the pro- 
gramme of the All England Croquet and Lawn-Tennis Club, on whose 
ground at Wimbledon, the All Eqgland championships have been annual- 
ly played since that date. In the same year, in anticipation of the first 
championship meeting, the club appointed a committee consisting of 
Henry Jones, Julian Marshall and C. G. Heathcote to revise the M. C. C. 
code of rules; the result of their labors being the introduction of the 
tennis in place of the racquets scoring, the substitution of a rectangular 
for the "hour-glass" court, and the enactment of the modern rule as 
regards the "fault." The height of the net, which under the M. C. C. rules 
had been 4 feet in the center, was reduced to 3 feet, 3 inches, and regu- 
lations as to the size and weight of the ball were also made. 

Some controversy had already taken place in the columns of the Fiehl 
as to whether volleying the ball, at all events within a certain distance of 
the net, should be prohibited. Spencer Gore, the first to win the cham- 
pionship in 1877, used the volley with great skill and judgment, and in 
principle anticipated the tactics afterwards brought to perfection by the 
Kenshaws, which aimed at forcing the adversary back to the base-line aud 
killing his return with a volley from a position near the net. P. F. Had- 
ow, champion in 1878, showed how the volley might be defeated by skill- 
ful use of the lob ; but the question of placing some check on the volley 
continued to be agitated among lovers of the game. 

The rapidly growing popularity of lawn tennis was proved in 1879 by 
the inauguration at Oxford of the four-handed championship, and at Dub- 
lin of the Irish championship, and by the fact that there were forty-five 



competitors for the All England single championship at Wimbledon, won 
by J. T. Hartlet, a player who chiefly relied on the accuracy of his return, 
without frequent resort to volley. It was in the autumn of the same 
year, in a tournament at Cheltenham, that W. Renshaw made his first 
successful appearance in public. The year 1880 saw the foundation of the 
Northern Lawn Tennis Association, whose tournaments have long been 
regarded as inferior in importance only to the championship meetings at 
Wimbledon and Dublin, and a revision of the rules which substantially 
made them what they have ever since remained. The same year is also 
memorable for the first championship doubles won by the twin brothers 
William and Ernest Renshaw, a success which the former followed up by 
winning the Irish championship, beating among others, H. F. Lawford for 
the first time. 

The Renshaws had already developed the volleying game at the net, and 
had shown what could be done with the "smash" stroke which became 
known as the "Renshaw smash," but their service had not yet become very 
severe. In 1881 the distinctive features of their style were more marked, 
and the brothers established firmly the supremacy which they maintained 
almost without interruption for the next eight years. In the doubles they 
discarded the older tactics of one partner standing back and the other 
near the net ; the two Renshaws stood about the same level, just inside the 
service-line, and from there volleved with relentless severitv and with an 
accuracy never before equalled, and seldom if ever since; while their ser- 
vice also acquired an immense increase of pace. 

The Renshaws' chief rival, and the leading exponent of the non-volley- 
ing game for several years, was H. F. Lawford. After a year or two it be- 
came evident that neither the volleying tactics of Renshaw nor the 
strong back play of Lawford would be adopted to the exclusion of the 
other, and both players began to combine the two styles. Thus the per- 
manent features of lawn tennis may be said to have been firmly estab- 
lished by 1885; and the players who have since then come to the front 
have for the most part followed the principles laid down by the Ren- 
shaws and Lawford. 

Lawn tennis was brought to the United States about the same time 
that it was introduced in England, having first been played at Nahant, 
nesir Boston. Dr. James Dwight and F. R. and R. D. Sears are gener- 
ally credited with having introduced it to their countrymen. Boston had 
no monopoly on the sport, however, for it was playM at the Staten Is- 
land Cricket and Base Ball Club of New York and at some of the lead- 
ing cricket clubs in Philadelphia. 




Interest in the sport developed so rapidly that in 1881 the representa- 
tives of 36 clubs met at the old Fifth Avenue Hotel in New York to or- 
ganize the United States Lawn Tennis Association, which has since been 
the governing body of the sport The call for the meeting was issued by 
the Staten Island Cricket and Base Ball Club, the Beacon Park Athletic 
Association of Boston and the AU-Philadelphip, Lawn Tennis Committee. 
Contrary to general opinion, Dr. James Dwight was not the first presi- 
dent of the Association, that honor having been conferred upon R. S. 
Oliver of the Albany Tennis Club. 

One of the first acts of the Association was to fix the size of the ball, 
the diameter being set as 2 1-2 to 2 9-16 inches, and the weight as 1 7-8 to 
2 ounces. These limits continued without change for many years, al- 
though they have since been increased by 1-16 of an inch and an ounce, 
respectively. At a subsequent meeting of the executive committee the 
15-30-40 method of scoring was adopted as official for all matches, when 
the 1 to 15 system was not specified. Then, too, it was decided to hold 
a tournament at the Newport Casino for the championship of the United 
States, this event being scheduled for August 31 to September 3, 1881. 
Thus began the national championships which have since been held with- 
out interruption except in 1917 when the title was suspended on account 
of the war and the event was designated as a "patriotic'^ tournament. 

The rapid development of lawn tennis in recent years has been due in 
large degree to the interest aroused by the gift by Dwight F. Davis of 
St. Louis of the Davis Cup as a trophy for international matches. The 
matches are held in the country of the champion nation and the first 
were played in 1900 when a British team including A. W. Gore, E. D. 
Black and H. R. Barrett came to the United States to be defeated by M. 
D. Whitman, W. A. Lamed, D. P. Davis, and Holcombe Ward. In 1902 
a stronger British team, the two Dohertys and Dr. J. Pim, was defeated 
by the same representatives of the United States ; but in the following 
year the Dohertys ±ook the Davis Cup to England by beating Lamed and 
R. D. and G. L. Wrenn at Longwood. In 1904 the Cup was played for at 
Wimbledon, when representatives of Belgium, Austria and France en- 
tered, but they failed to defeat the Dohertys and F. L. Riseley who repre- 
sented Great Britain. 

In 1905 the entries included France, Austria, Australia, Belgium and 
the United States. In 1906 the same countries, except Belgium, com- 
peted ; but in both years the British players withstood the attack. In 
1907, however, when the contest was confined to England, the United 
States and Australia, the latter was successful in winning the Cup which 
was then for the first time taken to the Colonies, where it was retained 
in the following year when the Australians, N. E. Brookes and A. P. 



Wilding, defeated the representatives of the United States, who had pre- 
viously beaten the English challengers in America. In 1909 the Austral- 
ians retained the Cup, beating M. E. McLoughlin and M . H. Long, both 
in singles and doubles. 

There were no matches in 1910, and in 1911 Australia defeated an 
American team which included B. C. Wright, M. E. McLoughlin and W. 
A. Lamed. The British Isles took the trophy from Australia the follow- 
ing year but lost it to the United States in 1913. The matches of 1914 
were the most successful of any held up to thaf time in point of public 
interest. Australia won by defeating the United States, the nations rep- 
resented in the preliminary ties being Australia, Belgium, British Isles, 
Canada, France and Germany. 

The outbreak of the great war overlapped these events in 1914. No 
matches were held during the war but they were resumed in 1919 when 
England won the right to play Australia, the competing nations being 
Belgium, British Isles, France and South Africa. The United States 
refrained from challenging, on the ground that its playing strength had 
been less affected by the war than that of any of the other nations. Aus- 
tralia retained the Cup by defeating the English team. 

In 1920 the challenging nations were British Isles, Canada, France, 
Holland, South Africa, and the United States, which was drawn against 
France in the first round. The winning team was to meet the British 
Isles and the winner of that match was to play Holland, which had 
defeated South Africa, after Canada had defaulted. On May thirtieth 
the United States' team sailed on a government transport, its members 
being William M. Johnston, William T. Tilden, 2nd, Richard N. Williams, 
2nd, Charles S. Garland, and Samuel Hardy, Captain. 

The team's record was notable in many respects, its chief triumph in 
addition to a sweeping victory in the Davis Cup ties, being Tilden's feat 
in winning the English championship, this being the first time that an 
American had achieved the honor. Williams and Garland won the 
doubles event at Wimbledon. The first of the Davis Cup Matches was 
played at Eastbourne on July 9-10, the scores being: 

William M. Johnston (U. S.) defeated Andre H. Gobert (France) 
6-3, 7-5, 6-3. 

William T. Tilden, 2nd (U. S.) defeated William H. Laurentz 
(France) 4-6, 6-2, 6-1, 6-3. 

Johnston-Tiklen defeated Gobert-Laurentz, 6-2, 6-3, 6-2. 




England was next and again the representatives of the United States 
were victorious in a match played at Wimbledon July 16-19. The scores 
of this tie were : 

William M. Johnston (U. S.) defeated J. C. Parke (B. I.) 6-4, 6-4, 
2-6, 3-6, 6-2. 

William T. Tilden, 2nd, (U. S.) defeated A. K. F. Kingscote (B. I.) 
4-6, 6-1, 6-3, 6-1. 

Johnston-Tilden defeated Parke-Kingscote, 8-6, 4-6, 4-6, 6-3, 6-2. 

Johnston defeated Kingscote, 6-3, 4-6, 3-6, 6-4, 7-5. 

Tilden defeated Parke, 6-2, 6-3, 7-5. 

Holland defaulting its match, the team returned to the United States, 
in time to participate in the singles and doubles championships and on 
November seventeenth, it sailed for Auckland, New Zealand, where the 
challenge round was scheduled for December 28, 29, and 31. For busi- 
ness reasons Williams had been obliged to withdraw from the team, and 
his place was taken by Watson M. Washburn. The Committee having 
decided to send only four men on this long trip, Samuel Hardy was again 
prevailed upon to act as Captain, with the understanding that in an emer- 
gency he could play as fourth man. 

Although interrupted by rain the matches in Auckland were a com- 
plete success and were marked by the unprecedented performance of the 
American team in winning all its matches, thus giving it a clean sweep 
for the series. The Australian critics were most generous in their praise 
of the performance of the American players. The scores follow: 

Tilden defeated Norman E. Brookes, 10-8, 6-4, 1-6, 6-4. 
Johnston defeated Gerald L. Patterson, 6-3, 6-1, 6-1. 
Tilden-Johnston defeated Brookes-Patterson, 4-6, 6-4, 6-0, 6-4. 
Johnston defeated Brookes, 6-8, 7-5, 6-3, 6-3. 
Tilden defeated Patt-erson, 5-7, 6-2, 6-3, 6-3. 

After the challenge round in New Zealand the team played some exhi- 
bition matches in Australia and then returned to the United States in 
March, 1921. They were formally welcomed at a large dinner in New 
York on April 22, w^hen Dwight F. Davis and Sir Auckland Geddes, the 
British Ambassador, as guests of honor, voiced the congratulations of 
the tennis public upon their splendid achievement. 



The annual meeting of the United States Lawn Tennis 
Association in 1919 decided to publish an "Honor Roll" 
to give future generations some record of the part taken 
in the Great War by the individuals and clubs affiliated 
with the Association. Acting under those instructions^ an 
earnest effort has been made through the Association's 
office to collect and tabulate all pertinent information. 

Returns have been received from about half the Associa- 
tion's members, and in view of the disorganization of most 
club activities during the war, this response is considered 
satisfactory. In many clubs the records were necessarily 
incomplete during 1917 and 1918, as so large a proportion 
of their personnel was in war service. 

The following roster gives the information as forwarded 
by the clubs. Every effort has been made to insure its 
accuracy and although it is necessarily incomplete, it is 
the best available. It is published in the belief that it 
should be preserved as a memorial to the patriotism and 
loyalty of the tennis players of the United States who 
served in the U. S. Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Allied 
Army forces, Red Cross, Y. M. C. A., Knights of Columbus, 
and other organizations of mercy. 





T. W. Culbcrtson 
Arthur Keller 

R. D. Henry 

Frederick C. Colston 

Edward C. Bonnell 
Phillip Hassinger 

Frank L. Shuman 

Norman Prince 

R. A. Blodgett 
Howard Clapp 


Sewickley, Pa. 
J. Kennedy Lasher, Jr. Alan Waitc 

Breckenridge Ten Eyck 

Rye, N. Y. 
W. V. Booth, Jr. 


Atlanta, Ga. 
Carl Goldsmith Wylie Sutton 

Baltimore, Md. 
George B. Mahool A. Bradford McElderry 

Wm. I>avenport Piatt 


Bay Head, N. J. 
Henry S. Clark Joseph F. Edwards 

Franklin Perry 


Berkeley, Cal. 
Edgar M. Whitlock 


Birmingham, Ala. 
Meredith Roberts 


Bismarck, N. D. 

Christian Lucas 


Bloomfield, N. J. 
Charles M. Davis 


Boston, Mass. 

Oliver M. Chadwick 


West Newton, Mass. 
Henry W. Clark EUery Peabody, Jr. 

Stephen T. Hopkins Phillip Winsor 




San Francisco, Gal. 
H. S. Morgan Leon B. Parker 


New York. N. Y. 
James S. O'Neale 


White Plains, N. Y. 
Joe S. Bach J. S. Schlussel Dr. Richard Weil 


Garden City, L. I. 
W. Bradford Turner 


Easton, Pa. 
Elbert C. Baker Maxwell McKeen 


Springfield, Mass. 
Phillip W. Davis 


Richmond, Va. 
John C. Dunn 


Cynwyd, Pa. 
J. G. Duncan, Jr. William B. Kuen 

Denver, Colo. 
Raymond J. McPhee Eben L. Smith 


Elizabeth, N. J. 
Russell Bigelow Cabot Brewster George W. Winslow 

Elmhurst, L. I. 
Russel Chapman Ernest B. Plitt 

El Paso, Texas 
Roger Brown Talley Brown Jack Pr>'or 


Engiewood, N. J. 
Fred. H. Brown. Harold K. Bulkley Danat O'Brien 





White PUins, N. Y. 
Pierce Butler Stewart Kent 


Germantown, Pa. 
Richard F. Day Paul B. Kurtz Edgar T. Scott 

Norton Downs, Jr. Warden McLean E. Thorp Van Dusen 

James Roy Freeland 

Greenwich, Conn. 
Joseph B. Graham 

New York, N. Y. 
Paul M. Andrews 


Hartford, Conn. 
T. Bradford Boardman Wm. J. Hamersley Phillip L. Rose 

Edward W. Hatch Robert S. Gillett Rev. John B. Voorhccs 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Richard B. Rockwood 


Hoboken, N. J. 
Leslie J. Jobes 


Indianapolis, Ind. 
W. A. Fleet 


Kansas City, Mo. 
Murray Davis Wm. J. Bland 


Diamond Point on Lake George, N. Y. 

A. R. Allen 


Lewiston, Idaho. 
R. C. Hill 


Boston, Mass. 
J. S. Pfaffman Phillip Winsor 



South Amboy, N. J. 
Stewart Edgar Barry Wall 


Mcrricwold, N. Y. 
Edmund Strauch Richard Rockwood 


Haverford, Pa. 

Lovell H. Barlow Clarence Patten Freeman John Vcrplanck Newlin 

Benjamin Bullock ^ Robert Howard Gamble Allan D. Shackleton 

Phinehas P. Chrystic Alan W. Lukens Albert Lewis Thompson 

Geo. B. Evans, Jr. Howard Clifton McCall Geo. Herbert Walsh 

Thomas B. W. Fales Wistor Morris Arthur Howell Wilson 
Emanuel R. Wilson 


Montclair, N. J. 
Ralph S. Hopkins Paul G. Osborn Walker Weed 

Kenneth West 


Moorestown, N. J. 
John W. Nicholson T. H. Dudley Perkins 


Glen Cove, N. Y. 
James J. Porter 


New Orleans, La. 
Chas. DeV. AUain Leon Soniat 


New York, N. Y. 
John Manning Battle Arthur F. C. Touissaint 


Ocean City, N. J. 

Edgar Lloyd 


Edgewood, Pa. 
Duncan Cameron Harvey A. Dean Dr. W. J. Martin 


Portland, Maine. 
Harold L. Small 




Quincy, Mass. 
Frederick M. Atwood Philip W. Davis. Hobart A. Lawton 

John S. Pfaffman 


Kansas City, Mo. 
Barnby, John F. Brumback, J. U. Sayre, R. B. 

Bland, Wm. T., Jr. Clark, Allan Swofford, James J. 

Davis, Murray 


Rutherford, N. J. 
J. F. Bauer C. J. Schneider 


Saratoga Springs, N. Y. 
D. Lohnas Ashton Israel Putnam 


Seabright, N. J. 
James C. Amy Samuel H. Compton William Meeker 

Eticn de Sadelur 


Syracuse, N. Y. 
Phillip K. Lighthall 


New York, N. Y. 
Percy M. Hall Benjamin T. Hammond Marshall Peabody 


Livingston, S. I. 
Charles A. Fry A. R. Trench R. St. G. Walker, Jr. 

John Whitall 


Philadelphia, Pa. 

Paul A Jordan 


St. Louis, Mo. 
Richard A. Anderson Charles H. Duncker George D. Harris 

A. A. Jost 


Easton, Md. 
George Davis Harry H. Jackson Rodney Van R. Spring 

Fred. Wilson 




Rochester, N. Y. 
W. Leslie Magill Chauncey T. Young 


Dallas, Tex. 
Julian G. Clark 

William S. Ely 

S. S. Clark, Jr. 


Toledo, O. 

George Weiler 


New York, N. Y. 
Willard Robertson 


Rumford, R. L 
William T. StiUman 


Westfield, N. J. 

Coleman Clark 
R. D. Robinson 

H. F. Cowperthwaite 

Robert C. Hanford 


Westfield, N. J. 
Carrington H. Stevens Raymond Tice 

W. O. Titus, Jr. 

Forest Hilb, L. I. 
Nelson T. Kenyon E. Lansing Satterlee 

Marshall C. Peabody G. F. Touchard 


Worcester, Mass. 
Willard Smith 


Utica, N. Y. 
Rudolph Randall Brown James B. Murray Glen Wicks 

Gordon Boyd 
Percy M. Hall 




Aldrich, William T. 
Allen, Philip, Jr. 
Babcock, Donald S. 
Babcock, Harold P. 
Baker, Norman D. 
Ballou, Frederick A., Jr. 
Barrows, Albert A. 
Beckwith, Henry L. P. 
Bigelow, F. Nolton 
Blanding, Alan C. 
Blanding, P. Howard 
BuflFum, William P., Jr. 
Buxton, Bertram H. 
Buxton, G. Edward, Jr. 
Campbell, N. Stuart 
Chafee, John Sbarpe 
Chandler, Wallace R., Jr. 
Chapin, Robert C. 
Coats, Miss Mabel 
Collins, King 
Congdon, G. Maurice 
Damon, James G. 
Danforth, Murray S. 
Darling, C. Coburn 
De Wolf, Halsey 
Dodge, William P. 
Doolittle, Lytton W. 

Providence, R. I. 

Durfee, Thomas 

Dyer, WiUiam J. H. 

Eaton, Richard J. 

Edwards, Walter A. 

Fenner, Herbert L. 

Gammell, Arthur A. 

Gammell, R. H. I. 

Gammell, William, Jr. 

Grosvenor, Theodore P. 

Grosvenor, William 

Hamilton, Ralph S., Jr. 

Hartwell, Everett S. 

Hazard, Rowland 

Holding, Robert S., Jr. 

Hunt, S. Foster 

Jackson, Arthur L. 

Jackson, S. Eugene 

Kelley, A. L., Jr. 

King, Charles Goodrich, 3rdStone, Francis H., Jr. 

Langdon, Duncan 

MacCoU, William B. 

MacLeod, Colin G. 

MacLeod, Norman D. 

Marsh, George T. 

Marshall, Charles Clarke 

Matteson, George A. 

Metcalf, E. T. H. 


Metcalf, George T. 
Metcalf, G. Pierce 
Metcalf, Houghton P. 
Metcalf, Jesse 
Metcalf, Paul B. 
Newberry, Barnes 
Nightingale, J. K. H., Jr. 
Pierce, Byron A. 
Porter, Emery M. 
Powel, T. I. Hare 
Read, Frederick B. 
Read, Malcolm E. 
Richmond, Lawrence 
Ruggles, Arthur H. 
Smith, Charles Morris, 3rd 
Smith, Francis M. 
Smith, George Watson Hall 
Squibb, George S. 

Sturges, Rush 
Tillinghast, Charles F. 
Trowbridge, Charles E. 
Wall, Ashbel T., Jr. 
Washburn, Arthur L. 
Weeden, Raymer B. 
Wheeler, Richard E. 


Branscheidi Winthrop 
Karney, Raymond W. 
Neffs, Benjamin 


San Francisco, Cal. 

Roesling, Ralph 
Sharp, Bayard 
Stevenson, Duncan 

Sutter, Emil 
Wilhelm, August 
Young, Adrian 


Abbott, Franklin 
Abbott, W. L., Jr. 
Arbuthnot, Charles, III 
Arbuthnot, Dr. T. S. 
Arrott, Charles R. 
Bakewell, D. C. 
Bakewell, W. M. 
Barndollar, W. P. 
Beggs, J. D. 
BeU, Arthur W. 
Blair, L. D. 
Burke, Scott 
Burke, J. F. 
Brown, C. W., Jr. 
Bughman, H. C, Jr. 
Callery, J. D., Jr. 
Callery, William 
Campbell, J. S. 
Charnley, W. S. 
Church, R. R. 
Collins, H. L. 
Cook, T. M., Jr. 
Cook, J. W. 
Culbertson, T. W. 
Darlington, Harry, Jr. 
Devens, H. F. 
Dilworth, Joseph 
Dupuy, H. W. 
Edwards, K. M. 
Flinn, A. Rex 
Frew, William 

Affleck, J. G., Jr. 
Affleck, W. Russell 
Arent, Charles H. 
Atkinson, J. F. 

Sewickley, Pa. 

Gilmore, D. M. 
Graham, T. McK. 
Hann, G. R. 
Harbison, R. W. 
Heinz, Howard 
Heron, John 
Heron, W. S. 
HiUiard, H. R. 
Hilliard, T. J. 
Holmes, J. H. 
Home, Joseph 
Hostetter, D. H., Jr. 
Johnstone, Hugo R. 
Jones, W. L., Jr. 
Jones, B. F., HI. 
Kay, A. G. 
King, J. M. 

Laughlin, Alexander, Jr. 
Laughlin, G. M., HL 
Laughlin, L. I. 
Leonard, E. W. 
Lyon, J. D. 
McCague, A. D. 
McCague, R. H. 
McClintock, W. S. 
McCune, C. L. 
McCune, F. A. 
McCune, J. R., Jr. 
McKee, J. D. 
McKinney, J. P., Jr. 
McKinney, R. G. 


Yonkers, N. Y. 

Bunker, George H. 
Bunker, Arthur H. 
Beaver, John A. 
Bell, Harvey W. 


McLeod, Donald 
Mehard, C. B. 
Miller, Reuben, Jr. 
Oliver, Charles 
Painter, Alden L. 
Painter, C. A., Jr. 
Painter, Clark 
Painter, J. L. D. 
Rea, Henry O. 
Rea. H. R. 
Reed, M. E. 
Ricketson, J. H., Jr. 
Rinehart, Dr. S. M. 
Rose, J. B. 
Scaife, W. B. 
Schiller, M. B. 
Scott, W. R. 
Singer, G. H., Jr. 
Singer, J. A. 
Stewart, Douglas 
Thompson, Donald 
Tener, A. C. 
Thaw, William 
Trent, E. K. 
Walker, Hay 
Walker, Hepburn 
Walker, Thomas H. 
Warden, H. P. 
Wardrop, J. R. 
Wood, Eric F. 

Butler, Allen M. 
Butler, Charles M. 
Butler, John C. 
Canfield, F. Dayton 



Chamberlin, G, H., Jr. 
Clark, Eugene C. 
Dana, Deane 
Devlin, Edward T. 
Doty, Archibald C. 
Dwight, B. 
Elliott, Arthur D. 
Farrington, Eliot 
Getty, Samuel E., Jr. 
Haviland, Harold B. 
Hubbard, Samuel T., Jr. 
Hutchinson, Guy 
Keller, Arthur 

Lasher, J. Kennedy, Jr. 
Littell, Elton G. 
Livermore, Russell 
McCormack, H. Milton 
McCormack, J. Stanley 
McClure, Colin 
Moore, Thomas 
Morris, Lewis G. 
Oakley, R. Lawrence 
Parr, Harry L. 
Perot, Edward S., Jr. 
Robinson, Guy 
Robinson, H. Whitney 

Rose, Herbert 
Runyon, C. R., Jr. 
Seaman, Philip 
Smith, Karl Beckwith 
Smith, Reginald DeW. 
Ten Eyck, Breckenridge 
Untermyer, Alvin 
Vezin, Cornelius 
Vogeler, William J. 
Von Wcdel, Hassan 
Waghorn, Henry W. 
Waitc, Alan 
Waite, Stanley M. 


Aldinger, Joseph A. 
Bagley, Wallace 
Beavan, Clifford E. 
Borneman, Raymond 
Bromley, Wallace 
Campbell, C. Douglass 
CoUinson, Joseph S. 
Dayton, Logan M. 
Eichert, William A. 
Fields, Ivan 
Fozard, G. Alfred 
Frame, John 
Guilfoil, Joseph 
Hanna, J. Clarence 

Armstrong, W. C. 
Ayres, H. F. 
Barnewall, A. V. R. 
Beach, J. S. 
Beach, G. C. 
Boardman, P. W. 
Booth, W. v., Jr. 
Brophy, Charles B. 
Brown, E. C. 
Browning, W. C. 
Church, A. M. 
Colt, R. G. 
Cone, F. H. 

Wissahickon, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Hawthorne, Howard S. 
Helms, Harry S. 
Hendrie, William 
Hoffman, J. Ernest 
Keim, Clarence F. 
Ketterer, Sigmund 
Little, Fred B. 
Marshall, Robert P. 
Parker, Stafford 
Pawley, W. Harvey 
Putnam, John H. S. 
Rehder, David 
Rich, Harold 

Russell, Joseph V. 
Schofield, Hervey 
Stafford, Stewart 
Stone, John 
Strawinski, Beaufort 
Sturgis, C. B. 
Tutein, Dexter A. 
Tyler, Leon 
Wallace, C. Wesley 
Warrington, W. Edward 
Wilson, Alexander 
Wilson, Roy A. 
Zetterlof, Hugo 


Rye, N. Y. 

Cowlcs, E. B. 
Cunningham, F. G. 
Day, Julian 
Dean, Kenneth 
Decker, Charles S. 
Decker, E. M. 
Downey, H. L. 
Fleming, Wallace 
Ford, Hobart 
Eraser, A. J. 
Fromcnt, L. V. 
Gibbons, G. B. 
Cilette, L. N. 

Grosvenor, E. P. 
Gwathney, Gaines 
Gwathney, A. B., 2nd. 
Hartwell, Dr. J. A. 
Hitt, R. 

Hotchkiss, H. L., 3rd. 
Jenkins, J. C. 
Lapham, R. D. 
Lesher, W. M. 
Mallory, Robert, Jr. 
Marston, H. S. 
Martin, Mullford 
Metcalf, P. 



Morehead, J. M. 
MuUiken, Harrcll 
McCulIoh, G. 
McEnany, E. P. 
Parsons, Livingston 
Peacock, C. N. 
Peet, J. D. 
Piatt, Livingston 
Plummer, Sency 
Pool, E. H. 
Putnam, A. W. 

Rand, Robert 
Rand, William 
Rand, William, Jr. 
Raymond, F. T. 
Remsen, William 
Ricker, W. W. 
Sherman, E. S. 
Sherman, H. A., Jr. 
Sherman, Roger 
Steele, M. B. 
Stillman, Alfred, 2nd. 

Strater, C. H. 
Symington, W. C. 
Tilt, Albert 
Torney, H. W. 
Trippe, Juane T. 
Wainwright, J. M. 
Wainwright, S. 
Wallace, W. H. 
Watkins, C. L. 
Wheeler, A. E. 
Wonham, W. S. 


Adams, J. G. 
Branch, Eugene 
Chapman, Leicester 
Cheesborough, T. P. 
Coxe, Tench, Jr. 
Coxe, T. F. 
Drennan, Q. L. 
Gearhart, Paul H. 
Greene, J. B. 
Gudger, Herman 
Harris, R. W. 
Hayes, H. B., Jr. 

Adair, Forrest 
Adair, Robin 
Adams, C. F. 
Adkins, W. N. 
Akers, W. D. 
Allen, Woodward 
Almand, Farie 
Anderson, L. K. 
Armistead, J. W. 
Ashe, Harry Percy 
Bailey, A. D. 
Baldwin, C. J. 
Baldwin, J. G. 
Ballard, W. A. 
Barret, Clifton O. 
Barham, Earle 
Battery, Hugh L 
Bean, T. B. 
Beardsley, C. B. 

Asheville, N. C. 

Herbert, William P. 
Heywood, Harvey M. 
Howland, G. M. 
Howland, Stanley 
Hughes, Charles 
Jordan, C. S. 
Miles, Edward G. 
Morrison, Allen T. 
MulUken, R. R. 
Oates, Fred 
Pearson, Thomas 
Perry, J. A. 

Randolph, R. B. 
Reeves, A. F. 
Rhodes, Lovell 
Ringer, P. H. 
Rutledge, Reeves 
Spencer, Harwood 
Spencer, F. F. 
Stikeleather, G. 
Webb, Bruce 
Westall, Henry 
Williams, R. R. 


Atlanta, Ga. 

Beers, H. W. 
Bell, George L. 
Belser, Dana 
Bencher, Thomas W. 
Biggers, B. H. 
Bivens, J. E. 
Blalock, W.J. . 
Bonnell, W. G. 
Bount, C. G. 
Bo wen, Dewey P. 
Bradshaw, T. N. 
Brannen, C. B. 
Brantley, J. E. 
Brewer, Walpole 
Bridger, Howard L. 
Bridger, J. C. 
Brooks, R. H. 
Brown, R. Stewart 
Brown, S. T. 


Burgin, Van H. 
Burkhardt, J. G. 
Candler, Asa Warren 
Carson, J. Turner 
Carter, C. F. 
Carter, Frank' 
Cash, J. A. 
Chandler, Earle F. 
Cheney, W. O. 
Chisolm, W. M. 
Clarke, Burton 
Clarkson, E. D. 
Clayton, G. V. 
Coleman, J. E. 
Coleman, John Milton 
Coles, Strieker 
Coles, Walter P. 
Collins, C. H. 
Comer, W. C. 



Cox, Carlisle 
Cox, Charles H. 
Crane, Lester 
Credelle, Lon 
Crumley, C. L. 
Daly, Richard R. 
Dann, Harry F. 
Davison, W. S. 
Dean, Sidney S. 
De Motte, George W. 
Den, John S. 
Dieo, G. S. 
Dinkins, S. C. 
Disbro, W. B. 
Dobbins, W. E. 
Dobbs, Harry 
Dobbs, O. A. 
Dodd, W. Stanly 
Dodge, C. P. 
Doll, J. B. 
Donaldson, Clarke 
Dubard, Walter H. 
Duncan, A. W. 
Duncan, F. E. 
Dunwoody, A. B. 
DuPree, Charles E. 
Dykes, G. W. 
Eastman, Frank C. 
Eby, Joseph 
Edwards, A. M. 
Ellington, R. S, 
Evans, B. D. 
Faires, Virgil M. 
Fitzgerald, J. E. 
Floyd, James T. 
Flynn, George W. 
Fowler, Elbert 
Franklin, W. E. 
Eraser, Harry 
Freeman, Y. F. 
George, T. M. 
Goldsmith, Carl 
Gordon, John H. 
Grant, B. M. 
Grant, L. E. 
Graves, H. L. 
Graves, John 
Graves, W. S. 
Green, Henry H. 
Grice, John L. 

Griffin, Norwood 
Griffith, W. H. 
Hall, M.S/ 
Hallman, Harry H. 
Hanison, James L. 
Hardee, C. R. 
Harland, John H. 
Hartney, Stephen I. 
Hartsworth, J. M. 
Hastings, W. R. 
Hawkins, S. B. 
Hays, H. W. 
Healy, L. A. 
Henry, D. R. 
Hentz, Hal. 
Higdon, T. B. 
Highsmith, E. D. 
Hill, Lamar 
Hines, B. H. 
Hines, James A. 
Hitt, E. G. 
Hodgston, Fred 
HoUeman, Emerson 
Holleman, Horace 
Holton, C. F. 
Holton, R. O. 
Hook, E. B. 
Hughes, C. N. 
Hunt, J. D. 
Hunt, W. F. 
Hutson, Harry 
Irwin, W. H. 
Jackson, W. A. 
Johnson, Jesse A. 
Jones, Boiling H. 
Jones, Milton Clarke 
Jones, Paul H. 
Jordan, J. K. 
Keefe, P. O. 
Keller, A. R. 
Keller, E. Victor 
Kempton, Frank 
Kennimer, G. A. 
Knowlton, C. F. 
Kuhrt, Henry G. 
Laugh ran, Frank 
Law, Fleming 
Lecran, J. A. 
Lee, Archie 
Lester, Lenis 


Lewis, L. LcPage 
Lewis, Thomas L. 
Lindsay, Hal 
Locke, W. S. 
Love, Ray 
Maier, H. M. 
Malconey, Frank 
Mangham, J. D. 
Mannerfield, W. H. 
Marshburn, W. L. 
Martin, Frank H. 
Matthews, George B, 
May, John S. 
Meriam, F. F. 
Merrin, W. G. 
Milstead, A. J. 
Moon, Charles M. 
Moore, Jerome R. 
Moore, W. W. 
Morris, F. A. 
Morrison, Elgin 
McCord, James A., Jr. 
McDougall, J. C. 
Mclntyre, E. L 
McKenzie, H. C. 
McLamin, R. C. 
McMillan, Fonvillc 
Nash, J. V. 
Neal, B. N. 
Neal, Ben T. 
Newman, Lewis B. 
Norcross, Paul H. 
Northern, George F. 
O^Keefe, O. R. 
Oldknow, Oscar 
Olympius, Shirley 
Osborne, D. B. 
Osborne, U. E. 
Palmer, F. L. 
Palmer, J. D. 
Papenheimer, Jack 
Parlram, Sidney F. 
Patterson, Weston 
Pendley, N. P. 
Peters, Wimberley 
Phelan, Leman 
Pierce, E. F. 
Ponder, C. B. 
Raysdale, Ben E. 
Ramspeck, C. M. 


Rawlins, W. F. 
Rawlings, William Lester 
Redcay, W. F. 
Redding, A. H. 
Reid, Paul D. 
Reynolds, Hubert L. 
Ridley, R. B. 
Roberson, T. L. 
Roberts, William 
Robertson, C. E. 
Robinson, F. L. 
Rosborough, W. M. 
Sciple, C. M. 
Scott, James T. 
Scott, TrammcU 
Schoen, E. R. 
Scysle, C. N. 
Seaman, Harry E. 
Seamans, J. O. 
Sebert, Eugene 
Setze, J. A. 
Shepherd, J. O. 
Shoeneck, Philip J. 
Slaton, W. F. 
Smith, Archibald 
Smith, G. R. 
Smith, J. H. 

Smith, J. O. 
Smith, Marion 
Soloman, G. R. 
Spence, N. C. 
Starr, J. Garrett 
Stewart, J. P. 
Stewart, R. R. 
Stone, G. H. 
Stout, G. M. 
Strickland, C. W. 
Strickland, Robert 
Strickler, Dr. Cyrus 
Suttle, J. B. 
Sutton, Wile 
Swann, Lewis 
Swaverly, G. E. 
Talry, T. B. 
Tedger, T. H. 
Thacker, H. B. 
Thome, W. H. 
Thomwell, E. A. 
Todd, B. B. 
Toy, Rogers B. 
Tribble, N. O. 
Tupper, E. D. 
Tupper, M. O. 
Tupper, Thomas E. 

Tutwiler, J. B. 
Walker, S. G. 
Watts, C. E. 
Ware, C. E. 
Weaver, Lamar 
West, J. W. 
West, G. W. 
West, T. M. 
Whilchel, G. O. 
White, W. E. 
Wilcox, P. W. 
Wilhoit, L. D. 
Williams, George K. 
Williams, J. C. 
Williams, Lee G. 
Williamson, Clark J. 
Wing, Newton C. 
Winter, P. H. 
Woodruff, George W. 
Woodside, J. J. 
Woodward, D. H. 
Woodward, H. P. 
WooruU, George W. 
Wortry, J. B. 
Wright, .Tames L. 
Wynne, Charles W. 
Z9une, K. 


Adams, F. B. 
Baldwin, F. J. 
Bowie, A. S. 
Boyd, A. Hunter 
Brady, J. H., Jr. 
Brady, J. F. 
Buchanan, C. M. 
Buck, W. H. 
Buckner, C. T. C. 
Carey, F. J. 
Carey, G. Cheston 
Cator, H. T. 
Cator, W. W., Jr. 
Chew, H. D. 
Colston, F. C. 
Colston, J. A. C. 
Coleman, W. C. 
Covington, Cecil B. 

Baltimore, Md. 

Crawford, W. C, Jr. 
Cromwell, W. F. 
Cross, F. R. 
Duer, H. T. 
Ewing, H. G. 
French, H. F. 
Gans, J. E.- 
Gault, Matthew 
Goodwin, W. H. B. 
Goodwin, F. L. 
Goodenow, R. K., Jr. 
Gosnell, Frank 
Griffith, E. R. 
Griswold, Robertson 
Hudgins, W. H. 
Iglehart, J. A. W. 
Jenkins, H. H. 
Johnson, R. W. 


King, J. H. 
Knapp, A. P., Jr. 
Levering, A. C. 
Lowndes, R. G. 
McAllister, W. H. 
McElderry, A. B. 
McLanahan, J. Craig 
Mahool, George B. 
Mullen, J. M. 
Nolting, W. W. 
Penrose, C. A. 
Piatt, W. D. 
Poe, Neilson 
Reeves, C. B. 
Roberts, C. S. 
Ruth, Thomas De C. 
Ruth, W. M. 
Rutherford, A. H., Jr. 



Smith, De C. W. 
Smith, Stuart 
Stafford, Russell H. 
Stump, H. A., Jr. 

Swann, Thomas 
Thomas, H. H. 
Thomas, J. G. 
Turnbull, L. F. 

Warner, D. List 
Waterman, W. B, 
Williams, C. T. 


Bay Head, N. J. 

Allen, Jack 
Allen, V. K. 
Anable, Anthony 
Bradford, William 
Bache, F., Jr. 
Bailey, Fred F. 
Barclay, William L., Jr. 
Baxter, Alice J. 
Bayne, Carroll S. 
Bayne, William, HL 
Bonnell, Edward C. 
Bonnell, R. Lincoln 
Bonnell, Samuel 
Brewster, Sidney S. 
Bristol, Henry P. 
Bristol, W. M. J. 
Buckley, Thomas J. 
Buxton, H. W. 
Byrne, R. H. 
Cattus, John C. 
Chafey, James H. 
Church, Herbert 
Clark, Edward L. 
Clark, Henry S. 
Clayton, Herman T. 
Corse, Irving P. 
Cox, H. N. 
Dahn, J. H., Jr. 
Dahn, Robert A. 
Dale, O. G., Jr. 
Devereux, J. F. S. 
Devereux, J. Ryan 
Dick, Henry C, Jr. 

Donovan, T. B. 
Dupont, Emile 
Edwards, J. F. 
Elliott, Barnwell 
Elliott, Chetwood 
Fitch, Alexandrine 
Foster, Vernon 
Franklin, Ruford D. 
Gould, F. L. 
Hart, J. L. 
Hassinger, Philjp 
Hazard, Erskine 
Hazard, H. W., Jr, 
Helbert, George K. 
Henry, J. H. 
Herbert, Lewis 
Jones, Henrietta 
Lazo, Mario 
Lit tell, William Jackson 
McCay, H. K. 
McEwan, Robert, Jr. 
McLaren, W. S. 
McLaren, Malcolm 
Macomb, J. N. 
Marsh, W. L. 
Morris, Anthony, Jr. 
Morris, Wistar 
Moss, Frank H. 
Mount, David A. 
Miller, C. B. 
Miller, D. F. 
Miller, P. F. 
Metcalfe, Reta C. 

Nimick, W. H., Jr. 
O'Brien, R. A. 
O'Brien, J. C, Jr. 
Overman, Neill P. 
Owen, S. H. 
Paxton, W. M., 3rd. 
Perry, Franklin 
Perry, Oliver 
Pope, P. M. 
Riker, C. B. 
Riker, D. C. 
Roland, J. R. 
Roland, L. H. 
Schuldt, Charles A. 
Siedler, Charles P. 
Smith, Cedric E. 
Smith, H. Harrison 
Smith, Hamilton, Jr. 
Smith, L. D. 
Souder, Ralf 
Steele, Franklin T. 
Tichenor, H. T., Jr. 
Van Buren, M. P. . 
Van Vechton, S. L. 
Waterbury, S. W. 
Weekes, E. A., Jr. 
Wettlaufer, R. C. 
White, J. D. 
Whitney, J. R. 
Whitney, W. B., Jr. 
Willis, Edw. 
Yardley, Sherborne 


New Haven, Conn. 

Babcock, Cortlandt 
Barnett, Paul 
Bettcher, George 
Brooks, L. R. 

Mavale, Clifford 
Merrill, Charles 
Miles, Rev. H. R, 


Morse, Gardner 
Ross, Harry C. 
Smith, C. B. 



Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Alexander, Allen 
Alexander, Arthur 
Alexander, John 
Anderson, Ariel 
Baldwin, Lester 
Dalzell, Edmund 
Davis, Paul 
Frishkorn, Hiriim 
Grim, Raymond 

Hastings, Sharon 
Henderson, Arthur 
Houston, Fred. 
Hudson, Henry 
Hudson, William 
Irwin, Webb 
Lowe, Fred. 
McBride, J. L. 
McCartney, Richard 

Thompson, Robert 
Thompson, Wallace 
Trimble, Maurice 
Watt, Scott 
Watt, Willard 
Wilson, David 
Wilson, Robert 


Bayonne, N. J. 

Anderson, Philip 
Besselievre, Edward B. 
Erskine, Lowell 
Gallien, Kenneth 
Gould, Russel 
Gunchell, Ralph 
Herrick, William 

Hewitson, Henry H. 
Higgins, Gilbert 
Jenkins, Edward 
Jeffries, J. E. 
Law, Wallace 
Messner, Manfred 
Moffet, John 

Pratt, Frank 
Reed, H. E. 
Rockwell, M. J. 
Shaw, Arthur 
Wheeler, Thorn 
Wilson, E. R. 


Berkeley, Cal. 

Bakewell, John, Jr. 
Breckenfeld, Elmer 
Brush, Spencer 
Burpee, Walter J. 
Cheek, Herbert 
Davis, C. D. 
Evans, Marshall 
Evans, Miss Nora 
Fen ton, T. H. 
Geary, Ernst 
Hawkinson, E. 

Hill, Blake 
Howard, Carl N. 
Hussey, H. A. 
Juster, Kenneth 
Lipman, Robert 
McCleave, Dr. T. C. 
Miller, Homer 
Mulvany, F. A. 
Parrish, Earl 
Simard, Cyril 
Stringham, Roland 

Switzer, Wellington 
Thomas, G. M. 
Thynnes, L. C. 
Van Nuys, Dr. R. G. 
Vincent, James A. 
Von Adelung, Dr. Edwin 
Whelan, W. J. 
Whitby, Linton 
Whitlock, Edgar M. 
Wilmar, E. V. 
Wright, Donald 

Clark, Sidney T., Jr. 
Clark, John 
Guy, Robert B. 
Kann, Dr. U. S. 
Morrison, R. J. 


Binghamton, N. Y. 

Sexsmith, H. P. 
Smith, Ralph B. 
Stone, George H. W. 
Titchener, Paul 
Titus, Rexford W. 

Townsend, Dr. T. I. 
Truesdell, Edwin 
Truesdell, Robert 
Welsh, Stanton P. 
Wilson, Donald 

Bartlett, William 
Brooks, L. A. 
Drennen, Dr. Earl 


Birmingham, Ala. 

Malone, Robert Roberts, Meredith 

Mudd, Joseph Saunders, Bradley 





Atkinson, Myron 
Baker, Finley 
Baker, Frayne 
Bodenstab, Dr. W. H. 
Bradley, H. C. 
Budiong, Lester 
Cole, Dr. W. E. 
Dunlap, Dr. L. G. 
Fisher, Dr. A. M. 
Grambs, Paul 
Gillman, M. B. 
Hedden, Elmer 
Henry, Frank S. 
Jackson, Rev. Bruce 

Bismarck, N. D. 

Jewell, Paul 
Little, George P. 
Lucas, Christian 
Madden, Thomas C. 
Mella, Dr. Hugo 
Mulick, C. D. 
Murphy, Henry T. 
Orr, Merton 
Porter, John A. 
Prachel, E. R. 
Quain, Dr. E. P. 
Reynolds, Roger R. 
Roan, Dr. M. W. 
Roberts, Franklin 

Roberts, Worder 
Russ, George H., Jr. 
Schipper, Dr. L. A. 
Scothorn, D. C. 
Shuman, Frank L. 
Talcott, Frank 
Talcott, Porter 
Throdahl, Edgar 
Treacy, Robert 
Warren, Lewis P. 
Webb, Phillip 
Wilford, Rev. Lewis 


Baker, Clifford F. 
Benjamin, E. P. 
Benton, Dr. Culmer C. 
Blunt, Charles R. 
Branstater, Henry F. 
Bush, Fred. S. 
Davis, Charles M. 
Dillon, H. C. 

Bloomfield, N. J. 

Ellis, Samuel B. 
Hampson, Alfred S. 
Hampson, George H. 
Harris, Harvey 
Harris, Ralph 
Kern, F. M. 
Kyte, Harold S. 
McCroddan, L. W. 

Martin, C. R. 
Martin, W. H. 
Oliphant, George W. 
Sears, Joseph D. 
Seibert, Charles B. 
Slippner, Elmer 
Thompson, Dr. D. Clark 
Ward, Kenneth A. 


Barron, W. A., Jr. 
Baxter, W. E. 
Bechtel, H. R. 
Beckley, C. C. 
Belknap, H. P. 
Blake, J. A. L. 
Brophy, William S. 
Brown, Percy 
Carney, J. E. 
Casey, J. W. 
Colby, A. D. 
Connolly, Gerald ^S. 
Cummings, John B. 
Daniels, A. L. 
Darby, Myron G. 
Davison, R. H. 
Donahue, A. L 
Donnelly, J. J. 
Doon, James W. 

Boston, Mass. 

Dorr, EUerton L. 
Doyle, Luke C. 
Dwight, P. J. 
Dunne, Duval 
Edgar, William B. 
Esterbrook, B. W. 
Frothingham, H. A 
Fearing, George R., Jr. 
Fearing, W. I. 
Field, Elias 

Francesconi, Maximilian 
Gardner, Henry B. 
Garritt, Robert H. 
Gathemann, Adolph A. 
Gidney, Herbert A, 
Grant, Arthur 
Hall, Henry S., Jr. 
Hamilton, A. J. A. 
Hamilton, R. E. 


Hanley, H. B. 
Harvey, Arthur C. 
Hathaway, Josiah S. 
Hill, William Carl 
Huntington, F. D. 
Hutchins, Constantine 
Kinsley, Allen D. 
Lennox, James H. 
Lindsey, Kenneth L. 
Logan, E. L. 
Logan, Theodore M. 
Mahoney, Daniel J. 
Mahoney, H. F. 
McKean, Q. A 
Meanix, William H. 
Merrihew, Edward K. 
Miller, R. H. 
Minot, H. W. 
Moseley, F. R. 


Nickcrson, Hoffmann 
Osgood, Forrest C. 
Pierce, Edgar 
Pope, S. Downer 
Porter, Gardner C. 
Powers, R. A. 
Prout, Ralph W. 
Richardson, Frank C. 
Rose, S. D. 
Sands, D. P. 

Baldwin, Raymond P. 
Barry, Joseph 
Buxton, Frank Warren 
JoUimore, Joseph 
McNally, James R. 
MuUes, George 
O'Neil, Hugh 

Sigourney, David R. 
Smith, Coburn 
Souther, R. F. 
Stackpole, P. L. 
Stearns, M. S. 
Saint Boyd, R. B. 
Sutcliffe, Frank L. 
Swan, Carroll J. 
Talbot, M. Harley 
Teschner, E. A. 

Members' Sons. 

Tice, Lester 
Dickerman, Robert E. 
Harvey, Carroll, S. 
Harvey, Murray C. 
Harvey, Roger L. 
Harvey, Kenneth A. 
Hayes, Harold 

Tuck, Leon 
Warren, Henry D. 
Warren, John 
Willcutt, J. N. 
Williams, F. P. 
Wesselhoeft, Conrad 
Wctherald, Royal W. 
Wilson, F. S. 
Worthington, Harry T. 

Marden, Russell J. 
Nelson, A. B. 
Trainer, H. Potter 
Trainer, Foster M. 
Treanor, Paul 
Vaughan, Newell 
Vaughan, Willard 


Alden, John H. 
Bliss, Charles A. 
Blodgett, R. A. 
Brazer, Norman 
Brodrick, R. G. 
Brown, A. Page 
Burnham, John B. 
Burnham, A. C. 
Butts, F. M. 
Butts, C. C. 
Clapp, H. R. 
Clark, L L. 
Clark, Henry W. 
Converse, E. E. 
Dana, R. L. 
Dunmore, D. K. 
Dunne, Duval 
Ellison, E. H., Jr. 
Eddy, H. P., Jr. 
Eddy, R. L. 
Emerson, Howard 
Fales, H, G. 
Fearing, W. L 
Fenn, R. S. 
Fessenden, E. K. H. 
Goodspeed, Morton 
Gorton, R. R. 

West Newton, Mass. 

Greenwood, J. H. 
Gross, R. E» 
Hanagan, L F. 
Henderson, C. L. 
Higgins, Lawrence 
Hobbs, Stafford B. 
Hopkins, S. T. 
Howell, F. A. 
Howes, H. F. 
Hustis, L H., Jr. 
Jenney, W. T. 
Johnson, M. P. 
King, William T. 
Knowles, W. F. 
Manning, E. A. 
Miller, Barton R. 
Mills, Harold P. 
Morton, Marcus, Jr. 
Munroe, Francis F. 
Noyes, Edward S. 
Ordway, Warren 
Pastene, Dr. A. A. 
Peabody, Ellery, Jr. 
Pierce, A. de Z. 
Pitman, Theodore D. 
Pray, Thornton C. 
Pushee, Ray E. 


Raymond, F. E. 
Rich, W. E. 
Riddle, G. H. 
Stanley, R. W. 
Simpson, J. R. 
Smith, Nelson H. 
Speare, Albert R. 
Sticklen, Carl L. 
Stuart, L R., Jr. 
Talbot, Hawley 
Thayer, Charles E. 
Thomas, H. C. 
Thompson, S. E. 
Trainer, Foster M. 
Trainer, H. Potter 
Warren, Donald 
Weekes, Charles E. 
Whidden, R. A. 
Whidden, P. F. 
Whidden, Malcolm W. 
Whidden, William B. 
Whittier, S. P. 
Wiggin, Harry L. 
Winsor, Philip 
Woolverton, W. H. 
Young, Robert T. 




Abbott, Harry D. 
Babcock, Henry 
Bradley, Noel 
Brock, John D. 
Brown, H. Ellsworth 
Cosgrove, C. T. 
Forsythe, J. H. 
Foster, S. P. 

Bridgeport, Conn. 

Glover, William B. 
Grumman, T. Waldo 
Hallsworth, Harold R. 
Jenkins, Harold W. 
Kohler, Ernest 
Longstreth, T. R. 
Lown, Edward M. 
Montgomery, George 

Morfey, Herbert 
O'Neil, Edward 
Phillips, Theodore T. 
Seabridge, F. D. 
Sprague, Dr. C. H. 
Waldeyer, Donald B. 
Young, R. W. 

Eaton, Lewis F. 
Hastings, A. B., Jr. 
Jones, Daniel B. 


Campcllo, Mass. 

Keith, Gerald Legge, E. E. 

Keith, H. C. 
Keith, W. S. 


San Francisco, Cal. 

Bonheim, W. 
Buckingham, E. 
Burchett, C. W. 
Burlingame, Mr. 
Burnham, J. B. 
Busch, G. H. 
Chapman, Bruce 
Chapman, Sherwood 
Chapman, V. H. 
Cowdin, J. Cheever 
Conrad, Barnsby 
Cragin, C. C. 
Davis, Willis E. 
Downey, Dr. John O. 
Dunne, E. A. 
Durie, F. S. 
Fair, Harry 
Fottrell, W. 
Girard, Dr. F. R. 
Greenberg, Ray 

Griffin, Clarence J, 
Gromer, J. G. 
Harris, L. W. 
Henderson, C. B. 
Hoppe, A. 
Jackson, W. L. P. 
Jeflferys, J. G. 
Jefferys, L. 
Jenkins, R. A. 
Johns, H. Van Dyke 
Johnston, William M. 
Kennedy, Frank 
Klein, J. H., Jr. 
Livermore, N. B. 
Long, Dr. Melville H. 
Lummersgill, Dr. 
MacGavin, Drummond 
Mc Andrews, A. 
McBean, AthoU 
McChesney, Dr. G. 

McLoughlin, Maurice E. 
Marcus, William 
Meloy, C. D. 
Mintzer, L. M. 
Monroe, R. 
Parker, Leon B. 
Parker, W. 
Pettit, L. L. 
Reuter, H. C. 
Roberts, Roland 
Rodgers, William 
Rosenberg, Melvin 
Strachan, John 
Sullivan, J. R., Jr. 
Summersgill, Dr. 
Tevis, Lansing K. 
Tupper, Dr. R. B. 
Turner, S. 
Warner, Samuel 

Ackerland, M. T. 
Altschul, F. 
Asiel, N. I. 


White Plains, N. Y. 
Bach, Joseph S. Benjamin, Alfred 

Bache, H. L. 
Beer, Dr. Edwin 

i 36 

Bernheimer, L. G. 
Blum, Alex 


Blum, W. R. 
Blumenthal, H. W. 
Carlebach, H. L. 
Cohn, A. F. 
Falk, M. S. 
Frank, M. L. 
Forsch, Albert 
Gimbel, F. A. 
Glazier, H. S. 
Goodhart, A. L. 
Goodhart, H. L. 
Haas, R. K. 
Halle, S. J. 

Herrmann, M. C. 
Heimerdinger, C. E. 
Lehman, H. H. 
Lehman, H. M. 
Lehman, Robert 
Lilienthal, J. N., Jr. 
Meyers, W. E. 
Neustadt, M. W. 
Reckford, F. K. 
Rothschild, W. N. 
Sachs, Howard J. 
Schiffer, J. W. 
Schlussel, J. S. 

Scholle, W. D. 
Seligman, Eustace 
Seligman, J. B. 
Seligmann, George A. 
Sternberger, Dr. E. 
Straus, H. G. 
Straus, N., Jr. 
Straus, R. W. 
Stearns, R. B. 
Tuska, G. R. 
Weil, Dr. Richard 
Wolfe, Alan L. 


Baldwin, John C. 
Bay, J. Holmes 
Baylis, William, Jr. 
Berens, Dr. T. P. 
Blair, Charles H. 
Bleecker, Theodore 
Bryan, B. B., Jr. 
Bryan, James T. 
Budd, Hudson 
Burgess, E. Bartow 
Butler, Charles S. 
Butler, Henr>' W. 
Butterworth, C. F., Jr. 
Carll, James H., Jr. 
Dix, John A. 
Elliott, Clinton, Jr. 

Garden City, L. L 

Forsyth, Harry 
Hall, Alexander M., 2nd. 
Halsted, Harold C. 
Herrick, Dr. J. B. 
Hubbell, George L., Jr. 
Hubbell, John P. 
Hubbell, Sherwood 
Kane, Edwin V. 
Lord, J. Couper 
McCall, Clifford 
O'Rourke, Innis 
O'Rourke, John F., Jr. 
Osborne, Harold S. ' 
Parsons, Theophilus 
Peters, Ralph, Jr. 

Renshaw, Paul 
Richard, George N. 
Riley, Armin G. 
Rowe, Harold 
Seaman, B. W. 
Shaw, Guthrie 
Starbuck, William D. L. 
Stephenson, C. J. 
Suydam, John R., Jr. 
Thomson, Dr. Edgar S. 
Townsend, M. H. 
Travis, B. S. H. 
Turner, W. Bradford 
Zabriskie, Dr. E. G. 
Zabriskie, Dr. John B. 


Ackerson, J. L. 
Armstead, H. H. 
Askew, R. iK. 
Ayer, Fred R. 
Babbitt, E. B. 
Bailey, W. M. 
Bakenhus, R. E. 
Balch, G. H. 
Baldwin, T. A. 
Ballou, Sidney 
Barber, S. E. 
Barbey, J. E. 
Battle, C. E. 

Chevy Chase, Md. 

Bayne, J. B. 
Bethel, W. E. 
Beuret, J. D. 
Bishop, P. P. 
Blakeley, J. R. Y. 
Blair. J. A., Jr. 
Bricker, E. D. 
Bride, W. W. 
Brooke, F. H. 
Brown, C. B. 
Brown, L. A. 
Brown, Ward 
Browne, Evans 


Bull, H. T. 
Campbell, A. B. 
Cassels, J. D. 
Chapman, R. H. 
Cobb, M. A. 
Coppinger, Coner 
Cordier, Constant 
Coriell, W. W. 
Courtney, C. E. 
Courts, G. ^L 
Caesar, H. L 
Catlin, G. L. 
Colton, H. E. 



Cox, D. H. 
Dallam, S. F. 
Davie, Preston 
Davidge, J. W. 
Ditson, J. E. 
Dove, R. C. 
Dunlop, W, G. 
Ehinn, B. C. 
Dyer, H. T. 
Elkins, Davis 
Ellis, F. H. 
Elmore, A. R. 
Field, C. B. 
Flynn, S. B. 
Fortescue, G. R. 
Frailcy, C. L. 
Fuller, W. P. 
Fuller, C. A. 
Garnett, A. Y. P. 
Gawne, J. O. 
Gibson, Preston 
Graham, L. C. 
Grant, K. C. 
Gray, A. Z. 
Grayson, C. T. 
Greeley, J. N. 
Griggs, M. F. 
Gross, R. F. 
Grosvenor, E. P. 
Gulick, L. M. 
Hackett, Chauncey 
Halsey, O. L. 
Hempstone, Smith 
Hills, R. W, 
Hinkamp, C. N. 
HoUen, Arthur 
Hopkins, J. H. 
Hopkins, N. M. 
Hornblower, Ralph 
Howard, D. C. 
Howard, H. S. 
Howe, W. B. 
Howland, W. L. 
Huidekoper, F. L. 
Huidekoper, R. S. 
Hume, Howard 
Karrick, J. L., Jr. 

Kay, A. G. 
Knowlton, G. W. 
Kerens, Vincent 
Kerr, H. H. 
Land, E. S. 
Langenberg, C. H, 
Langhorne, C. D. 
Langhorne, G. T. 
Lay, H. R. 
Leahy, W. D. 
Lebreton, D. McD. 
Lehr, L. C. 
Leigh, R. H. 
Leonard, E. W. 
Leutze, T. W. 
Letts, F. C. 
LeRoy, Robert 
Little, Bascom 
Little, L. M. 
Lott, A. G. 
Lyster, T. C. 
Lupfer, R. N. 
Luther, H. B. 
McKinney, S. B. 
McKnew, D. H. 
McNeely, R. W. 
Magruder, J. H. 
Marrow, W. C. 
Marvin, George 
May, G. deC. 
Merriam, J. H. 
Micou, R. D. 
Minatt, Harold 
Moore, J. B. 
Morgan, E. F. A. 
Munn, C. A. 
Mitchell, E. A. 
Moorhead, J. U. 
Murchison, K. C. 
Noyes, Newbold 
Obear, H. H. 
Qverstreet, L. M. 
Packard, J. H. 
Parker, M. M., Jr. 
Parsons, A. L. 
Potter, R. S. 
Pyne, F. G. 

Ransdell, R. C. 
Reyburn, W. S. 
Ripley, J. A. 
Rockwell, C. K. 
Roland, H. B. 
Roosevelt, R. B. 
Rpwcliff, G. J. 
Russell, C. A. 
Sard, R. E. 
Schley, J. L. 
Shelden, Alger 
Shelden, Allen 
Shoemaker, H. E. 
Smith, G. L. 
Snow, C. A., Jr. 
Spencer, H. L. 
Spencer, J. B. 
^tead, Robert, Jr. 
Steele, G. W. 
Stone, A. J. 
Strawbridge, R. E. 
Taylor, P. M. 
Theall, E. S. 
Thompson, J. W. 
Thompson, R. D. 
Thurber, C. D. 
Totten, G. O. 
Tracy, J. P. 
Tully, F. W. 
Van Auken, W. R. 
Waggaman, F. P. 
Wallace, M. W. F. 
Warren, C. B. 
Watson, A. M. 
Webb, H. H. 
Wells, Chester 
Wheeler G. Y. 
Wilkinson, T. S. 
Wilson, C. F. 
Willson, Russell 
Winship, Blanton 
Wood, C. M. 
Wrenn, P. W. 
Wright, F. E. 
Wright, W. M. 
Wveth, N. C. 




Ackerland, T. M. 
Andrews, Ronald 
Bailey, George 
Black, Robert L. 
Bolce, Edward 
Bragg, Ross W. 
Brandt, Arthur 
Bronson, Julian 
Burch, Robert B. 
Burton, M. T. 
Burton, Ross W. 
Butler, Jerome 
Church, Ray 
Cist, Frank 
Crugar, Charles 
CorneU, W. F. 
Dale, B. J. 
Davis, Chase 
Dean, James 
De Camp, Middleton 
Dunning, Raymond 
Ebersole, William J. 
Faulconer, H. G. 

Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Forcheimer, Landon 
Fox, Thomas 
French, Allen 
Fuller, A. M. 
Goodall, W. R., Jr. 
Gray, Sylvester 
Hagans, S. M. 
Heyl, John K. 
Holden, R. A. 
Homan, Rudolph 
Horman, Wesley 
Hunt, H. T. 
James, E. M. 
Jarvis, Bruce 
Jones, Elliott 
King, Walter 
Krieger, G. L. 
Leever, S. T. 
Lewis, M. K. 
Lewis, S. W. 
Lowin, Gale S. 
Marsh, Seabrook 
Mullaly, William 

McConoughy, F. 
O'Connell, Joseph H. 
Radway, Edward M. 
Richey, S. J. 
Rogan, Roger 
Salman, Fred. 
Shafer, Robert 
Southworth, Constant 
Stanley, Taylor 
Steele, Dana 
Stevens, Robert 
Stout, M. W. 
Surman, J. F., Jr. 
Thompson, Greorge K. 
Todd, Robert 
Van Antwerp, Nicholas 
Vordenberg, E. G. 
Whitely, Harold 
Whitely, June 
Wilby, Clark 
Wilby, Mitchell 
Wright, CliflFord R. 

Andrus, Forrest 
Bennie, Willis 
Bright, W. P. 


Clifton, Ariz. 

Florin, Edward Lynde, E. J. 

George, L. N. Mason, David 

Goldzier, Harry 


Colonial Heights, Tuckahoe, N. Y. 

Brown, R. N. Knox, Harry Lent, Herbert 

Haff, Miss Florence Knox, Upshaw Raymond, H. R. 

Kervan, Charles Knox, William Willenbrock, Arthur 


Ithaca, N. Y. 

Benton, C. O. Hunter, F. T. Thompson, C. A. 

Blair, W. M. 

Adriance, Edwin H. 
Barnes, Amos F. 

Norfolk, Va. 

Goodnow, David 
Jenks, Almet F,, Jr. 


Mabon, James B., Jr. 
Wintermead, Mr. 




Ayers, Lorenz K. 
Bachman, David 
Baker, Elbert C. 
Baker, Frank 
Black, L. S. 
Black, McKnight 
Brainerd, H. S. 
Breed, W. Z. 
Broadbent, I. T. 
Buck, Leonard J. 
Chipman, Charles, 2nd. 
Chipman, John S. 
Coyle, W. Radford 
Deichman, Frank R. 
Dodson, James 
Dunn, John K. 
Elder, George R., Jr. 
Emanuel, Paul 
Forve, Philip, Jr. 
Fox, Dr. E. J. 

Easton, Pa. 

Gerstell, Robert 
Hill, Hamilton R. 
Johnson, Leland B. 
Johnston, A. B. 
Kirkpatrick, Donald M. 
Kirkpatrick, W. H. 
Knapp, R. S. 
Laubach, Donald 
Lehr, Horace A. 
McClernand, E. J. 
McKeen, Maxwell 
Markle, George B., Jr. 
Maxwell, Charles P. 
Maxwell, H. D., Jr. 
Maxwell, John K. 
Michler, Henry L. 
Michler, Francis 
Mixsell, Donald G, 
Moore, Redington 
Mvers, E. L. 

Odenwelder, Willard 
Pardee, C. Marvin 
Polk, Porter G. 
Porter, James M., 4th. 
Reese, J. M., Jr. 
Rodenbough, J. S. 
Shoemaker, M. Holmes 
Sletor, John L. 
Smith, S. C, Jr. 
Stewart, L. M. 
Townsend, George L.. 
Ulmer, W. B. 
Updegrove, Harvey C. 
Vilsack, John E. B. 
Wagner, Carlton P. 
Warren, R. H. 
Wilbur, R. Lockhart 
Woods, Archie S. 
Woods, Gilbert A. 


Baker, D. M. 
Baker, F. H. 
Baker, H. W., Jr. 
Behan, Louis 
Bellamy, C. J. 
Blunt, S. E. 
Bowles, C. Allen 
Bowles, Sherman H. 
Bradford, E. S., Jr. 
Bradford, J. H. H. 
Bradshaw, T. P. 
Brinkerhoff, R. J. 
Brown, Howard, Jr. 
Butler, F. M. 
Butterworth, G. F. 
Butts, E. P. 
Carter, E. L. 
Chapin, Miss Ann 
Chapin, Maurice S. 
Conant, W. S. 
Cort, Dr. P. M. 

Springfield, Mass. 

Dalton, Dr. George F. 
Davies, Bishop T. F. 
Davis, Philip W. 
Day, Morgan G. 
Day, Winsor B. 
Deems, Dr. O. M. 
Demarest, W. J. 
Denman, W. M. 
Dickinson, S. W. 
Drake, J. Frank 
Dubois, Dr. E. C. 
Duryea, George R. 
Ellis, Theodore W. 
Emerson, Richards 
Emery, Raymond G. 
Fay, Russell 
Fernald, Lloyd D. 
Fox, R. H. 
Goodell, Dr. William 
Green, Addison B. 
Grout, Lewis W. 

Haynes, Lawrence S. 
Hendee, George M. 
HoflEer, J. E. 
Hooker, Ralph W. 
Howard, George E. 
Jones, A. T. 
Keller, R. H.' 
Kempton, J. C* 
Kempton, R. B. 
Knox, H. A. 
Kutz, H. A. 
Lewis, H. R. 
Leonard, G. Marston 
Lincoln, E. C. 
Mackay, R. Langdon 
McClench, Donald 
McGann, Rev. J. M. 
Mellen, Miss E. M. 
Morse, F. S. 
Nevins, Roger W. 
Nve, Dr. R. N. 



Osborne, M. M. 
Page, Kenneth B. 
Parlett, E. J. 
Pierce, W. S. 
Pinney, Richard 
Ransehousen, Roger . 
Rife, T. B. 
Robinson, George D, 
Robinson, Homans 
Robinson, W. S., Jr. 
Rockwell, C. K. 
Runyon, Charles 
Safford, R. K. 
Sawhill, John 
Sherwood, M. C. 
Shuart, John 

Simons, J. W. 
Simons, P. W. 
Smith, J. P. 
South worth. Constant 
Stearns, Scott M. 
Stoddard, Dr. M. J. 
Stone, Chapin N. 
Street, Dr. C. E. 
Strong, J. M. 
Swan, Douglass L. 
Tenney, Charles H. 
Tenney, Rockwell 
Thayer, P. W. 
TiflEt, Charles 
TiflFt, Lewis E. 
Tinkham, Miss Florence 

Trigo, A. C. 
Turner, W. B. 
Van Horn, J. B. 
Wallace, A. B., Jr. 
Wallace, Norman 
Waters, H. G. 
Weaver, H. A. 
Weiser, Dr. W. P. 
Wesson, D. B. 
Wesson, Harold 
Whitcomb, E. M. 
White, E. L. 
Williams, Fay 
Wilson, H. C. 
Woodman, F. H. 



Adams, De Witt 
Anderson, Henry W. 
Arnold, R. B. 
Augustine, James 
Brown, R. L. 
Brunk, Dr. O. C. 
Bryan, Thomas P. 
Buford, Erskine 
Carrington, R. W. 
Christian, Andrew 
Christian, Miss Virginia 
Cocke, Miss Elizabeth 
Coleman, Dr. C. C. 

Richmond, Va. 

Dunn, W. McKee 
Ferguson, E. Bruce 
Fleming, Peyton 
Gill, Dr. W. W. 
Golsan, H. L. 
Gordon, T. C. 
Henderson, R. W. 
JeflFress, R. N. 
Jerman, W. B. 
Johns, Dr. F. S. 
Jones, Bernard N. 
Jones, Catesby 
Johnson, Francis 

Lacy, Arthur 
Lafferty, Fitzhugh 
Miller, Henry R., Jr. 
Mitchell, Kirkwood 
Oppenheimer, W. T., Jr. 
Potts, Allen 
Shafer, Paul P. 
Smith, Benjamin 
Spicer, M. T., Jr. 
Tennant, Tilton 
Valentine, Fred S. 
Wiggs, Dr. Leslie 


Adee, George T. 
Allen, F. H. 
Astor, Vincent 
Ayer, J. C. 
Baker, George F., Jr. 
Barclay, Harold 
Barnard, J. A. 
Belmont, August 
Bliss, C. N., Jr. 
Booth, Dr. Lewis S. 
Caswell, John 
Church, Charles T. 
Church, F. E. 
Codington, D. H. 
Cross, Eliot 


Westchester, N. Y. 
Dana, D. T. 

De la Meillaie, H. D. 
Fahnstock, Dr. C. 
Ferris, G. B. 
Frelinghuysen, F. T. 
Gerard, James W. 
Hatch, Horace 
Havemeyer, F. A. 
HoflF, A. Bainbridge 
Iselin, Adrian, Jr. 
Kaesche, M. B., Jr. 
Kellogg, J. P. 
Larned, E. P. 
Leverich, H. S. 
Leonard, E. W. 

Low, E. I. 
McMahon, D. F. 
Mac Donough, J. M. 
Merrall, A. H. 
Morris, Lewis 
Mott, J. L., Jr. 
Nickerson, Hoffman 
Parsons, H. de B. 
Perry, M. J. 
Reyhal, E. S. 
Rogers, E. P. 
Rosenquest, J. D. 
Sage, A. G. C. 
Sanford, Henry 
Schermerhorn, J. E. 




Shipman, Rev. Herbert 
Sloane, M. D. 
Slocum, T. W. 
Spencer, Lorillard 
^tebbins, H. C. 
Terry, James T. 

Tilton, M. W. 
Turnbull, R. J. 
Veeder, Paul L. 
Waller, Stewart 
Washburn, Frank 
Waterbury, Lawrence 


Crawford Notch, N. H. 

Watson, H. R. C. 
Whitney, Harry Payne 
Whitton, Francis S. 
Wrenn, R. D. 
Zogbaum, F'd. 
Zogbaum, H. St. Claire 


Barron, W. A., Jr. 

Bains, Erskine 
Cahill, Edward 
Cleveland, L. W. 
Corson, E. H. 
Crocheron, C. 
Darby, John 
Dolon, Cyril 
Duncan, J. G., Jr. 
Eliason, E. L. 
Eliason, H. B. 
Fischer, E. H. 
Fox, Emily P. 
Gaston, Harold F. 
Gest, J. B., Jr. 
Graham, George J. 
Hall, George 
Hamilton, W. W, 

Buddy, Edward 
Buddy, R. S. 
Bruce, Dr. R. S. 
Charlton, Allen 
Clark, Julian G. 
Duls, William H. 
Gano, A. R. 
Green, Lindsay 


Cynwyd, Pa. 

Hay, R. W. 
Holt, James A. 
Holt, Joseph P. 
Johnson, Wallace F. 
Keefe, Joseph 
Kelly, Henry K., Jr. 
Kerrigan, J. Grant 
Kuen, William B. 
LeBoutillier, Theodore 
Leonards, T. C. 
Luders, Charles 
Lutz, Walter S. 
Lyons, Percy S. 
Martin, Thomas H. 
Mecke, T. H. 
Nicholson, E. W. 
Oliver, A. L. 


Dallas, Texas. 

Jester, Leven 
Kahn, Lawrence S. 
Lawther, R. R. 
McCormick, Charles T. 
Mack, William 
Morgan, W. D. 
Motter, Allen 
Munger, S. T., Jr. 

Ott, Lambert 
Page, E. B. 
Perot. William H. 
Picelot, A. F. 
Scattergood, C. R. 
Scattergood, D. M. 
Shields, R. E. 
. Simpers, Robert S. 
Slocum, H. L. 
Smith, S. Alden 
Spangler, E. M. 
Swalm, Russell 
Vanneman, Paul, Jr. 
West, W. M. 
Williams, David E., Jr. 
Wilson, Edward C. 


Peake, George V., Jr. 
Platter, Paul 
Price, McAllister O. 
Rix, J. R. 
Settle, M. C. 
Shoupc, Frank, Jr. 
Spence, Alex M. 
Tennison, J. C. 
Watkin, R. N. 

Higgenbotham, R. W., Jr. Nash, Dr. A. W. 
Hunt, G. D. Norton, J. D. 


Hanover, N. H. 

English, J. P. 
Farnham, W. H., Jr. 
Fritz, E. 
Green, D. S. 

Hanlon, L., Jr. 
Jones, S. B. 
Koeniger, K. W. 
Larmon, R. R. 


Lyon, W. O. 
Ranney, A. H. 
StiUman, H. D. 
Washburn, W. D. 



Denver, Colo. 

Alexander, Philip K. 
Allen, C. G. 
Antonides, H. Ralph 
Armstead, Henry 
Ballantine, G. W., Jr. 
Ballou, Franklin 
Barney, Charles N. 
Bates, W. X 
Bayly, Charles, Jr. 
Benedict, J. J. B. 
Birney, Cyrus M. 
Blackburn, Joseph B. 
Blackmer, Myron K. 
Blake, D. H. 
Boettcher, Claude K. 
BosY^orth, Robert G. 
Broadhurst, Ralph M. 
Bromfield, Donald C. 
Brown, C. T. 
Bulkley, Ralph G. 
Campbell, Clarence 
Campbell, Thomas P. 
Campion, John F. 
Cass, Oscar D. 
Champion, Robert D. ■ 
Chase, Wilson 
Cook, George E. 
Davis, Roblin H. 
Dines, Courtland S. 
Dixon, T. Danforth 
Eaton. Irving 
Elliott, Nixon 

Feuchtwanger,. Austin J. 
Foster, Pinckney B. 
Fulton, Walter Scott 
Gano, Merritt W., Jr. 
Gaylord, Paul Lindley 
Gower, J. H. Lewes 
Hamlin, Philip 
Hatfield, Charles 
Howell, Daniel 
Hughes, Berrien 
Humphreys, A. E., Jr. 
Hunsaker, James W. 
Huston, W. Barrie 
lonides, S. A. 
Jayne, Dr. W. A. 
Jones, Dr. S. F. 
Kassler, George W. 
Keely, Kendall 
Kennedy, M. H. 
King, D. D. 
Kistler, Erie O. 
Lanius, Paul B. 
Lewis, Mason A. 
Loughridge, Paul 
Loughridge, William H. 
Loveland, Francis P. 
Miller, Robert N. 
Miller, Victor 
Mitchell, Clark 
Mitchell, Stanley 
McGuire, F. E. 
McPhee, John Elmer 

McPhec, Raymond J. 
Nagel, Fritz A. 
Newton, Robert P. 
Nisbet, James A. 
Oakes, F. Warren, Jr. 
O'Donnell, Canton 
Phelps, Horace F. 
Phipps, Lawrence C, Jr. 
Pope, J. W. 
Powers, Dr. Charles 
Rogers, Edmund 
Rublec, Horace 
Schaefer, Frederick J. 
Sidlo, Charles T. 
Simons, Burdick 
Skinner, J. D. 
Smith, Eben L. 
Snyder, Irving T. 
Struby, George B. 
Swan, Henry 
Symes, Foster J. 
Taylor, David 
Thomas, Lester C. 
Titsworth, F. S. 
Townsend, T. B., Jr. 
Vroman, John C. 
Wetherill, Dr. H. G. 
Wheeler, Stephen 
Wilson, Valdo F. 
Wright, James N. 


Des Moines, la. 

Allen, R. A. 
Beh, Carlton D. 
Blaise, Carl P. 
Brockett, R. W. 
Coffee, W. E. 
Connell, R. E. 
Conley, C. Ray 
Cookerly, T. B., Jr. 

Evans, Noel E. 
Flynn, W. Fay 
Hall, H. T. 
Hildebrand, H. C. 
Horton, O. M. 
Kane, M. E. 
Kellman, F. O. 
Kinsev, Vance 

Neafie, Clifford 
Newquist, D. C. 
Risse, J. E. 
Sani, H. L. 
Swain, William A. 
Thodc, Reuben H. 
Van Ginkle, Joe. G. 
Wilber, F. C. 

Avery, Walter L. 


Columbus, Ohio. 
Bradley, H. E. Beatty, H. G. 




Brooks, S. D. 
Copeland, Alfred 
Copeland, H. H. 
Dana, L. B. 
Gager, J, B. 
Gwinn, C. E. 
Hallock, S. N. 
Harrison, Dwight, Jr. 
Hughes, Miss Minnie R. 
Jeffrey, J. W. 

Batchelor, Guy F., Jr. 
Beatty, John D. 
Cameron, Duncan 
Cameron, Mortimer B. 
Clifford, George E. 
Cooke, Alfred 

Johnson, S. K. 
Kelley, E. P. 
Kerr, S. .R. 
Larzarus, Jeffrey 
Meeker, Campbell 
Merkle, Edward B. 
O'Kane, R. C. 
Park, W. S. 
Rice, R. A. 
Sheets, J. W. 


Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Garland, Chisholm 
Gasaway, Kenneth 
Jones, Dr. R. R. 
Laidlaw, Robert W. 
Martin, Dr. W. J. 
Mellor, George E. 

Stackhouse, E. D. 
Taft, R. Lawrence 
Toole, T. T. 
Walter, W. D. 
Wanamaker, W. B. 
Williams, M. H. 
Wilson, P. D. 
Wolfe, E. T. 

Crawford, George Earl, Jr. Moreland, Dr. George B. 

Dean, Harvey A. 
Donohoe, Darragh 
Forncrook, Lawrence 
Garland, Charles S. 

McCormick, Alden W. 
McEllroy, George S. 
McEllroy, W. S. 

MoKillips, Charles E., Jr. 
McKillips, J. Fulton 
McWhinney, C. Dean 
Nesbit, Malcolm D. 
Nutty, Pitt McCoy 
Purdy, Carrol F. 
Reid, Walter J. 
Smith, Frank S. 
Thorp, C. AL, Jr. 
Thorp, George B. 


Fox Chase, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Batty, John H. 
Boggs, Rutherford H. 
Burger, Raymond 
Clarke, David M. 
Crossan, Filbert P. 

Boyes, John 
Chapman, Russell 
Dowling, Edward 
Furman, Edward 
Furman, Thomas B. 
Hartel, Lloyd 

Andreas, John L. 
Bates, F. L. 
Berkshire, W. S. 
Brown, B. W. 
Brown, C. P. 
Brown, Roger 

Feaster, Francis 
Harvey, George C. 
Hoffman, Elijah C. 
Kinkhead, William H. 
Masland, Maurice H., Jr. 


Elmhurst, L. I. 

Mclnerny, Henry 
Maher, Frank 
Miller, Arthur 
Mouquin, Charles 
Orton, Malcolm 
Plitt, Ernest B. 


El Paso, Texas 

Brown, Tally 
Surges, R. F. 
Carpenter, E. R. 
Catheron, L. J. 
Cooley, W. 
Cochrane, E. C. 


Mattson, William 
Mooney, Frank 
Ovington, Harper 
Wilkinson, William H. 
Weaver, Thurston L. 

Plitt, W. Irving 
Richard, Charles 
Richard, Donald 
Turner, Dr. Lay ton P. 
Von Hunnerbein, Arthur 
Wheeler, G. Forest 

Cox, A. L. 
Crowdus, J. W. 
Curtiss, J. W. 
Curtiss, W. V. 
Daniels, S. W. 
Davis, Bn'tton 


Elliott, W. S. 
Flato, F. W. 
Gallagher, F. B. 
Grambling, A. R. 
Hamilton, W. G. 
Hawkins, Samuel 
Hines, P. R. 
Jamcison, W. R. 
Jette, Paul E. 
Johnston, W. A. 
Kaster, J. J. 
Kemp, J. P. 
Kemp, R. G. 

Kohlberg, L. J. 
Lessing, G. R. 
Marr, W. K. 
Myles, H. C. 
McGhee, Percy 
Neff, E. E. 
Newman, T. B. 
Pollard, J. M. 
Pryor, Jack 
Ramsey, W. K. 
Sanford, J. H., Jr. 
Sauer, E. W. 
Slater, H. D. 

Smith, Breedlove 
Soloman, Edward 
Soloman, Will 
Stark, H. H. 
Stevens, B. F. 
Thomas, Paul 
Vance, James 
Van Surdam, H. E. 
Ware, H. T. 
Wilcox, R. H. 
Williams, H. T. 
Worsham, J. B. 


Englewood, N. J. 

Barber, George H. 
Barber, Theodore P. 
Blache, Walter C. 
Brown, Fred H. 
Bulkley, Harold K. 
Burtis, Morse 
Charnley, Morton 
Chater, Henry D. 
Church, George M. 
Derby, Miss Eveleth 
De Ronde, Miss Ethel 
De Ronde, Phillip 
Ditman, Albert J. 
Du Bois, Henry P. 
Duncan, Fred S. 
Edgcrton, Tracy T. 
Ellsworth, Richard 
Fink,. Robert E. 
Fisk, A. B. 
Foote, Arthur E. 
Gaines, Albert, Jr. 
Goubert, Harold V. 
Hamilton, Kenneth 
Hamilton, Minard 

Hardy, Anton G. 
Hardy, D. Whitfield 
Hartwell, G. Vail 
Hayes, Alex T. 
Hopkins, S. V. 
Hunter, George W. 
Hooven, Thomas 
Ingham, Howard M. 
Ingham, R. M. 
Imbrie, George K. 
Jenkiils, Eliott 
Kerr, Clarence D. 
Kidder, Delos B. 
Laud- Brown, Wellesly 
Lowe, Donald V. 
Lowe, Malcolm 
La Chappelle, Henry De 
La Chappelle, Jacque De 
Lindlay, Miss Alice 
Lindlay, Allen L. 
Lyford, O. S. 
McDonald, Dr. William S. 
McGill, Benjamin T. 
Maynard, F. Durant 

Mills, Jacque 
Moore, H. V. D. 
O'Brien, Danat 
Olyphant, Murray 
Parks, Charles F. 
Patterson, John F. 
Payson, Lawrence G. 
Phelps, Phelps 
Polhemus, Henry M. 
Reed, John A. 
Reinmund, F. Mowry 
Rowley, William 
Scarborough, William B. 
Seeley, George P., Jr. 
Stickney, Thomas B. 
Stoddart, Robert S. 
Stubbs, Alfred 
Taussig, J. Wright 
Teeter, Dr. J. N. 
Vought, Donald 
Whittemore, Henry, Jr. 
Woolsey, William W. 


Adams, Dr. John King 
Adams, Stuart C. 
Albee, Dr. George C. 
Ambrose, C. Arthur 
Appleby, R. W. 
Azbill, Paul 
Babson, William Arthur 

West Orange, N. J. 

Baldwin, Donald R. 
Baldwin, Franklin M. 
Baldwin, Morgan S. 
Barry, Herbert 
Barstow, William A. 
Bayne, William, 3rd. 
Berens, Conrad, Jr. 


Bertram, H. Henry 
Bond, George W., Jr. 
Bouvier, John Vernon, Jr. 
Campbell, C. Bruce 
Chew, Philip F. 
Chflds, Harold P. 
Chisholm, Kenneth O. 



Colby, Everett 
Colgate, Henry A. 
Crabb, W. W. 
Dane, Dr. John 
Debevoise, C. Richmond 
Dickinson, C. Roy 
DurrcU, Thomas P. 
Earle, Harold B. 
Feigenspan, Edwin C. 
Fonda, Douglas C. 
Fordyce, Alexander R,, Jr. 
Foster, F. Vernon 
Given, William B., Jr. 
Goodrich, Charles C. 
Graft, Dr. Walter J. 
Grand, Gordon 
Greene, Raymond A. 
Haley, Edwin J. 
Haskins, H. Stanley 
Haussling, Francis R. 
Jaeger, Otto, Jr. 
Jones, H. Seaver 

Kelsey, John F. 
Lord, Herbert G., Jr. 
McCartney, Frank L. 
McEwan, Robert B., Jr. 
McGuckin, Benjamin F. 
McSweeney, John L. 
Malcolm, George H. 
Marsalis, Thomas 
Marston, Russell 
Metcalf, Jesse 
Metcalf, Manton B., Jr. 
Michalis, Clarence G. 
Miller, E. L. 
Moody, E. Earle 
Munn, Orson D. 
Perkins, George F. 
Pitcaim, Gilbert L. 
Plum, E. Gaddis 
Rand, Howard 
Riker, Carlton B. 
Robinson, Monroe D. 
Rogers, Dr. Harry 

Scheerer, Paul R. 
Scheerer, William, Jr. 
Shanley, Joseph H. 
Shera, Dr. George W. 
Simmons, Joseph I. 
Sloane, George 
Smith, William A. 
Street, Richard H. 
Sutphen, Carlyle E. 
Synnott, Dr. Martin J. 
Taylor, Irving K. 
Tihiey, Robert W. 
Tilney, Sheldon, 2nd. 
Treadwell, Louis S. 
Underbill, Andrew M. 
Wade, John B. 
Walton, Harold L. 
Walton, Rudolph L. 
Wilson, William C. 
Young, Roger 

Bleibtreu, Jacob 
Cohen, Moise K. 
Cohen, Samuel C. 
Frank, Eugene 
Frank, Milo Ogden 
Freeman, Henry W. 
Gartenstag, Charles 


Elmsford, N. Y. 

Goldsmith, Charles J. 
Green, Charles 
Gutman, De Witt 
Hendricks, Henry S, 
Herz, William 
Klauber, Edwin 
Klauber, Murray 

Nessler, Robert P. 
Plaut, Robert 
Riegelman, Harold 
Sampter, Lawrence E. 
Sartorius, Irving A. 
Schwartz, B. F. 
Stern, Carl S. 


Jacksonville, Fla. 

Acker, Albert E. 
Andress, Charles S. 
Angas, R. M. 
Baker, J. M. 
Baker, R. A. 
Baldwin, L. W. 
Bisbee, F. D. 
^owen, Dr. F. B. 
Boyd, R. L. 
Butts, B. J. 
Camp, Charles W. 
Coachman, Walter F. 

Cason, H. Z. 
Christie, W. McL. 
Conley, A. B. 
Cooper, J. C, Jr. 
Corbet^ W. P. 
Croom, W. C. 
Crosby, H. W. 
Daniel, R. P. 
Doty, A. D. 
Erwin, Stanley 
Field, T. S. 
Frink, Carroll R. 


Greeley, M. C. 
Groover, Allen B. 
Groover, R. C. 
Hartridge, Julian 
Heggie, N. M. 
Heintz, F. G. 
Henson, Graham E. 
Holland, J. W. 
Holmes, J. L. 
Holmes, S. S. 
Holt, F. M, 
Jackson, William H. 


Jclks, Edward 
Jones, C. R. 
Keeley, R. W. 
Kendall, J. J. 
Knight, R. D. 
Lee, W. J. 
UEngle, E. M. 
Lovell, C. P. 
Lovell, C. P., Jr. 
McNamara, H. 
McQuaid, W. R. 
Marion, F. J. 
Menager, L. C. 
Milan, R. R. 

Mitchell, George M. 
Moody, Clarkson P. 
Munoz, J. C. 
Palmer, Dean 
Pasco, J. D. 
Payne, J. H. 
Rierson, John 
Rinehardt, C. D. 
Rogers, W. H. 
Sasse, J. D. 
Simmonds, S. S. 
Smith, C. E. 
Smith, C. H. 
Smith, Tracy L. 

Spratt, J. B. 
Spratt, J. W. 
Stimpson, J. K. 
Stimson, W. M. 
Stockton, William 
Strawn, Perry 
Strickland, C. G. 
Sturgis, L. C. 
Taylor, H. M. 
Tobin, W. L. 
Turck, R. C. 
Ulmer, A. C. 
Williams, H. E. 

Houghlin, David 
Meyer, William 


St. Louis, Mo. 

Rudolph, Charles Schwa rz, Elmer 


White Plains, N. Y. 

Butler, James 
Butler, Pierce 
Caldwell, E. T. 
Caruthers, F. D., Jr. 
Chambers, Durno 
Childs, H. H. 
Conklin, W. 
Craw, Harvey W. 
Ehrhart, E. Nelson 
Farley, Colvin 
Ferguson, Willard E. 

Ferrall, J. C. W. 
Ferrall, James P., Jr. 
Garnsey, Julian E. 
Gebhard, Fred M. 
Griffin, E. F. 
Hensel, C. H. 
Hill, Oliver B. 
Irving, William W. 
Johnson, E. E. 
Johnston, D. T. 
Jones, Jay S., Jr. 

Kent, Stewart 
McCrea, Jarvis 
Moffitt, Miss Alice 
Peck, Charles E. 
Purdy, Dr. Sylvanus 
Shultz, Carl H. 
Smith, Dr. Ellsworth J. 
Sniffen, Stewart B. 
Surprenant, A. U. 
Warren, Charles Elliott 
Willets, Howard 


Philadelphia, Pa. 

Adams, H. Lawson, Jr. 
Aberle, G. F. 
Alburger, T. L., Jr. 
Anderson, Robert M. 
Anderson, Robert P. 
Barba, H. M. 
Barba, William P. 
Beard, R. F. 
Beard, W. K., Jr. 
Bell, Edward 
Betz, John F. 
Bishop, Richard E. 

Bodine, W. Warden 
Bostwick, J. Vaughan 
Bradbury, Miss E. C. 
Bradford, Gerard 
Bready, George L. 
Brewster, Clarence B. 
Bromley, John 
Bromley, T. S. 
Brooke, G. A., Jr. * 
Brunker, Alfred R. 
Carrigan, Charles W. 
Carrigan, R. McC. 


Cassard, Edward 
Clark, Clarence S. 
Clark, Edward W., 3rd. 
Clark, Franklin C. 
Clark, H. L. 
Clark, R. H. 
Clark, S. P. 
Clark, Percy H. 
Cliffe, F. T. 
Cliffe, W. R. 
Clothier, William R. 
Clothier, Conrad F. 



Closson, J. Harwood 
Coffin, Harry M. 
Collins, W. J., Jr. 
Conarroe, J. L. 
Cooke, Morris L. 
Craig, John L. 
Crowder, W. S. 
Darrow, Charles B. 
Davis, Edward L. 
Day, Richard F. 
Deacon, Frank 
Deacon, G. H. 
Dodge, Karl 
Downs, Norton, Jr. 
Downs, Stephen W. M, 
Downs, Thomas MoKean 
Edmunds, J. B. 
Evans, Allen R. 
Forst, Dr. John R. 
Frccland, James R. 
Freeman, F. L. 
Gardiner, Fred M. 
Gardiner, William H. 
Goodell, E. P. 
Goodfellow, A. N. 
Greenwood, W. G. 
Harding, L. M. 
Hamed, Herbert S. 
Hatfield, Henry R. 
Hathaway, Horace K. 
Henry, Dr. J. Norman 
Henry, Snowden 
Henry, T. C. 
Helbert, George K. 
Holton, Howard C. 
Humphrys, J. E. 
Jennings, Arnold 
Johnson, Dr. W. N. 
Jopson, Arthur P. 
Kellett, Roderick G. 
Kellett, W. W. 
Kelly, Charles E., Jr. 

Ketcham, E. K. 
Kurtz, Paul B. 
Kurtz, W. Wesley, 2nd. 
Lee, W. Justice 
Lewis, Howard K. 
Lippincott, J. W. 
Lord, C. Wheeler 
McAllister, Albert T. 
MacBride, Russell H. 
McCleary, H. S. 
McCown, Andrew R. 
McLean, Robert 
McLean, Warden 
Madeira, Crawford C. 
Madeira, Edward W. 
Madeira, Louis C. 
Mann, Edward M. 
Marshall, C. Haywood 
Martin, Luther, 3rd. 
Matthews, C. L. 
Maxwell, Harry Z. 
Mayburry, W. G., Jr. 
Middlcton, G. P. 
Miller, E. Spencer 
MiUer, Paul V. 
Milne, Norman F. 
Moore, E. W. 
Moore, Leonard S. 
Moorehead, T. E. 
Morse, William G. 
Muir, John G. 
Nassau, W. L., Jr. 
Nealy, J. E. 
Newhall, Morton L. 
Newhall, William Price 
Parkman, George A. 
Pearson, Paul P. 
Perry, Edward, 2nd. 
Potter, R. F. 
Ralston, Frank W. 
Rich, Gerald 
Roberts, Paul R. 

Robinson, B. S. 
Robinson, R. R. 
Rodman, Walter L. 
Sanborn, Edward H., Jr. 
Savage, J. H., Jr. 
Schwartz, Walter M. 
Scott, Edgar T. 
Sexton, Alden R. 
Sexton, Donald S. 
Sharpless, A. 
Shoemaker, Joseph M. 
Sigel, Louis 
Smith, G. Allen 
Smith, Dr. S. MacCucn 
Smyth, G. S. C. 
Stebbins, E. Vail 
Stewart, J. R. 
Stoever, W. E. R. 
Strawbridge, F. H., Jr. 
Sutro, Paul W. 
Swain, Alex McK. 
Tatnall, Francis G. 
Taussig, R. A., Jr. 
Taylor, W., Jr. 
Thomas, George C, Jr. 
Tilden, William T., 2nd. 
Tilge, Lewis H. 
Toogood, G. E. 
Tunnell, B. A.. 
Vandcgrift, N. M. 
Van Dusen, E. Thorpe 
Walbridgc, C. C. 
Warden, Herbert W., Jr. 
Whitall, WiUiam H. B. 
Whitesides, J. G. 
Wiener, Edward 
Wilkinson, R. B., Jr. 
Williams, Dr. C. S. 
Wilmer, Pierre 
Wister, L. Casper 

Carey, Joseph M. 
Fincke, E. J. 
Gracey, A. Lloyd 

Glenside, Pa. 

Harwood, C. N. 
Little, Charles E. 
Phipps, C. A. 


Quittiner, Egon 
Smith, H. M. 
Smith, Warren H. 



Harrison, N. Y. 

Allen, Frederick H. 
Banks, Robert F. A. 
Boardman, Philip W. 
Brown, Donald W. 
Church, Charles T. 
Close, Edward B. 
Cunningham, Frederick G. 
Du Bois, Arthi/r 
Fraser, Alexander J. 
Gibbons, George B. 
Hartwell, Dr. John A, 

Hathaway, Stewart S. 
Kennedy, Leonard 
Keogh, Martin J., Jr. 
Kilner, Ehrick B. 
Lee, J. W., Jr. 
Looram, Matthew J. 
McGovem, Coleman B. 
McLoughlin, Qomerford 
Marston, Hunter S. 
Milbank, Dr. Samuel 
Piatt, Livingston 

Quinby, John G., Jr. 
Remsen, William 
Riley, James Wilson 
Schmidlapp, Carl J. 
Scoville, Herbert 
Sheldon, Paul S. 
Smithers, Herbert B. 
Spencer, Lorillard 
Symington, William Clark 
Wainwright, J. Mayhew 


Lee, Mass. 

Dunn, Edward W. G. 
Dunn, George P. 
Perkins, George F. 
Rice, Waldo H. 

Rochester, Delancey 
Rochester, John S. 
Rogers, Donald 
Sedgwick, John P. 

Shields, Sturgis B. 
Smith, Henry W. 
Smith, Sheldon 
Stevens, John D. 


Greenwich, Conn. 

Adams, Robert J. 
Bachellor, Irving 
Baker, E. H., Jr. 
Baimiann, C. K. 
Brown, Lowell 
Brown, Oakley K. 
Caldwell, Edwin T. 
Calhoun, D. A 
Carhart, George B. 
Carratt, O. B. 
Chatillon, G. E. 
Clark, John A. 
Close, E, B. 
Coffin, J. R. 
Crocker, R. S. 
Darrach, Dr. William 
Day, L. G. 
Dougherty, Nelson 
Du Bois, Arthur 
Flinn, W. A. 
Foster, Mortimer B. 
Gibson, Harvey D. 
Graham, J. B. 
Green, H. Rumsey 
Green, J. R. 
Guernsey, Otis L. 

HaU, H. M. 
Hardenburgh, W. P. 
Helme, George W. 
Hill, George W. 
Hilton, V. K. 
Honan, Dr. W. F. 
Howard, C. W. 
Huntsinger, R. L. 
Hyde, Dr. F. C. 
Jay, N. D. 
Kelley, Don M. 
Kerr, Hamilton K. 
Lewis, R. M. 
Lockwood, Edgar 
McCord, W. P. 
McDougall, Alex. 
McRoberts, Samuel 
Marble, W. E. 
Marion, Frank J. 
Marshall, R. P. 
Marston, Edgar J. 
Marston, Hunter S. 
Mathews, E. Nash. 
Moffett, J. A. 
Montgomery, J. S. 
Moore, Charles A., Jr. 


Moore, E. M. 
Newell, E. R. 
Page, F. S. 
Perkins, J. H. 
Peters, G. L. 
Pier, Garrett C. 
Ranney, A. Elliot 
Richardson, D. Rait 
Rossiter, L. F. 
Selden, Lynde 
Selden, S. L. 
Smidt, A. Campbell 
Smithers, H. B. 
Small, J. B. 
Stafford, W. S. 
Stuart, Francis Lee 
Terhune, B. T. M. 
Topping, Henxy J. 
Tripp, Guy E. 
Truesdale, Calvin 
Truesdale, M. D. 
Vanderhoef, G. W., Jr. 
Wilson, Dr. Frederick N. 
Wilson, J. G. 
Young, Clarence H. 
Ziegler, William, Jr. 



Brodericky William 
Cross, Rev. Edward 
Carney, Bernard J. 


Grinnell, Iowa. 

Haag, Orrie B. 
Lauder, C. H. 
Millard, Miss Clara B. 

Talbott, E. F. 
Tooley, Clinton B. 


Abels, M. 
Abels, W. 
Andrews, Paul M. 
Behar, Eli. M. 
Cellcr, Herbert 
Fox, Joseph 
Frank, Robert T. 

Acheson, E. C. 
Allen, A W. 
Allen, E. N. 
Allen, Russell 
Austin, G. L. 
Baker, Mumford 
Barbour, L. B. 
Barney, D. N., Jn 
Battcrson, W. E. 
Beach, C. B. 
Beach, C. F. 
Beach, J. W. 
Bissell, L. F. 
Boardman, T. B. 
Bolles, B. W. 
Brainard, N. C. 
Broakway, U. H. 
Bulkeley, Houghton 
Bulkeley, M. G., Jr. 
Bulkeley, R. B. 
Bull, R. S. 
Bunce, Dr. P. D. 
Bush, Dr. E. A. 
Capen, G. C. 
Carey, H. D. 
Carter, Lyon 
Carvalho, B. N. 
Chamberlin, W. M. 

New York, N. Y. 

Giest, Samuel H. 
Goold, Paul P. 
Harkavy, A. S. 
Harkavy, Joieph 
McDermott, J. S. 
Manheims, P. J, 

Oppenheimer, B. S. 
Rothschild, Marcus 
Spark, V. 
Seligman, L. 
Wilde, P. L. 
Wiseltier, H. 


Hartford, Conn. 

Chandler, H. N. 
Chase, P. B. • 
Cheney, G. W. 
Clapp, R. J. 
Cook, Dr. A. G. 
Cook, Beatrice 
Cook, C. B. 
Crary, R. P. 
Cushman, E. S. 
Cushman, Richard 
Cutler, R. D. 
Day, C. M. 
Day, W. B. 
Dewing, L. C. 
Donchian, P. S. 
Dunham, Beatrice 
Eaton, W. S. 
Eldridge, F. H. 
Eddy, E. W. 
Ellis, A. R. 
Farrington, E. C. 
Fos, E. G. B. 
Furlong, F. P. 
Gillett, F. W. 
Gillett, R. S. 
Glazier, W. S. 
Goodman, R. J. 
Goodwin, P. L. 


Goodwin, W. L. 
Gregory, A. W. 
Griggs, Dr. J. B. 
Hamersley, W. J. 
Hapgood, T. E. 
Harbison, A. W. 
Harbison, Hugh 
Hart, G. H. 
Hart, H. G. 
Hastings, R. C. 
Hatch, Edwin W. 
Hatch, J. W. 
Hawley, E. K. 
Hawley, RoswcU 
Hazen, M. T. 
Hewes, T. W. 
Holcombe, J. M., Jr. 
Hooker, J. K. 
Howard, J. L. 
Howe, William M. 
Hunter, G. G. 
Johnson, C. T. 
Johnson, K. C. 
Johnson, P. E. 
Judd, H. L. 
Keeney, R. L. 
Kellogg, R. B. 
Knapp, C. R. 


Korper, L. A, 
Lake, E. J. 
Lake, H. S. 
Lines, W. S. 
Lovejoy, G. M,, Jr. 
Lyman, R. S. 
Lyon, George A. 
Mather, Lucy O. 
Maxwell, J. Alice 
McCook, A. T. 
Mc. Ilwaine, A. G., 2nd. 
McLelland, W. O. 
Martelle, H. A. 
Messenger, H. T. 
Middlebrook, L. S. 
Miller, Dr. J. R. 
Mills, H. W. 
Montgomery, J. L. 
Moore, W. C. 
Myers, R. W. 
Newton, A. G. 
Page, C. W., Jr. 
Parker, Harris, Jr. 
Parker, R. M. 
Parr, C. McKcw 
Parsons, Francis 
Pease, A. M. 

Pease, D. A. 
Perkins, B. C. 
Phillips, R. H. 
Rankin, Erwin 
Rarey, C. D. 
Redfield, C. H. 
Redfield, Dudley 
Redfield, E. G. 
Rees, Mary A. 
Rhodes, J. E., 2nd. 
Rice, H. L B. 
Roberts, E. C. 
Roberts, Philip 
Robinson, Barclay 
Robinson, L. F., Jr. 
Rogers, C. A. 
Rose, Philip L. 
Rowley, Dr. A. M. 
Rowley, Dr. J. C. 
Russell, Winslow 
Sage, H. E. 
Sehutz, W. S. 
Shepard, C. G. 
Skinner, W. C, Jr. 
Smith, D. T. 
Smith, Dr. E. T. 
Smith, E. W. 

Spear, H. G. 
Stedman, Arthur 
Stevenson, G. C. 
Stoll, Dr. H. F. 
Strong, J. M. 
Swift, Sarah 
Talcott, G. S. 
Taylor, E. G. 
Thomas, R. W., Jr. 
Thompson, J. H. 
Turnbull, J. A., Jr. 
Van Schaak, Bulkeley 
Van Schaak, J. J. 
Voorhees, Rev. J. B. 
Wainwright, P. S. 
Walker, W. W. 
Warner, J. C, 2nd. 
Waterman, F. E. 
Way, F. L. 
Welles, R. C. 
Westbrook, S. F. 
Wheeler, R. P. 
Whitmore, W. F. 
Williams, Elizabeth T. 
Williams, Margaret H. 
WiUmore, T. F. 

Bascter, Andrew, Jr. 
Beers, William Harmon 
Bishop, Allen R. 
Bowns, Howard S. 
Brinsmade, Dr. William 
Brown, Richmond D. 
Bull, C. M., Jr. 
Cary, Wiliam H. 
Coffin, WiUits 
Cordier, A. J. 
Corlies, Howard 
Dabney Alfred S. 
Eldredge^ O. S. 
Eldredge, S. D. 
English, J. R. 
Ferguson, Franklin P. 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Gilmore, Robert W. 
Graham, Charles V. 
Hill, James A. 
Hine, F. Worthington 
B.Litchfield, E. H. 
Marks, L. M. 
Mathey, Dean 
Maynard, Richard S. 
McVaugh, K. F. 
Meserole, B. W. 
Mumford, William C, Jr. 
Munson, Frank C. 
Notman, Winifred 
Palmer, Carlton H. 
Peaslee, A. J. 
Prentice, Bernon S. 


Riggs, R. E. T. 
Robert; Daniel R. 
Roberts, D. D. 
Roberts, George 
Rockwood, Richard B. 
Shepard, Lawrence H. 
Sturdy, H. K., Jr. 
Thirkield, G. H. 
Thornton, James C. 
Thurston, W. H., Jr. 
Toerge, Norman K. 
Vollmer, William A. 
Walton, F. E. 
Whittlesey, Roger 
Yale, O. E. 




Sausalito, Cal. 

Buckingham, H. P. 


Hoboken, N. J. 

Aeschbach, Fred 
Alexander, Eh*. Hugo 
Anderson, Edw. M. 
Becker, John H. 
Beneville, J. Arthur 
Besson, Harlan 
Casey, Edw. J. 
Clark, Donald H. 
Coane, J. Edw., Jr. 
Coyle, Edw. C. 
£>ayhuff, Charles H. 
Dreher, Otto H. 
Derochie, Joseph C. 
Eggers, Henry, Jr. 
Fair, Bennett 
Gannett, Robert 
Gatchell, Raymond 
Goededce, Walter S. 
Grouls, John H., Jr. 
Hanniball, August, Jr. 
Hannibal, Herman L. 
Hart, B. Franklin, Jr. 
Hayden, Frank D. 
Heffeman, William D. 
Holthausen, Ernest A. 
Hughes, Rolfe K. 

Hughes, William C. 
Jackson, Millard F., Jr. 
Jobes, Leslie J. 
Kealey, Daniel S. 
Kieselbach, Walter A 
Kilian, Henry C. 
Kimball, S. Dana 
Kipp, John M. 
Kroger, William H. 
Lambert, Henry J. 
Lankering, Adolph H. 
Lawler, Charles A 
Lawrence, John J. 
Lewis, John F. 
Linde, Bertram E. 
Lindeman, Carl, Jr. 
Magee, George H. 
Miller, Frank P., Jr. 
Mitchell, James H., Jr. 
Mountford, Walter, Jr. 
Neubauer, Charles M. 
Getting, Philip G. 
O'Hara, John J. 
Ogden, Fred B. 
Palihnick, Nicholas P. 
Pope, Henry 

Pruscr, Herman, Jr. 
Radl, Herman B. 
Raymond, Langdon T- 
Reilly, George K. 
Sacco, Anthony 
Schendc, Carl 
Schlichting, Herbert W. 
Schlichting, Justus L. 
Schmidt, Carl H. 
Simon, Charles N. 
Smith, J. Eaton 
Sollmann, Carl P. 
Soper, Milton 
Springmeycr, Frank T., Jr. 
Stanton, James R. W. 
Steele, Leslie M. 
Stevenson, William J. 
Swearingon, Henry B. 
Vezzetti, Albert B. 
Vezzetti, Anthony C. 
Volk, Anthony J., Jr. 
Von Deesten, Dr. Henry T. 
Weber, Charles P. 
Weller, Ernest 
Wiebolt, William R. 


Hoosick Falls, N. Y. 

Allen, Andrew H. 
Bosworth, Alfred 
Buffington, Floyd J. 
Cahill, Dr. Frank J. 
Curtiss, William H. 
Dewey, D. Robert 
Geer, Danforth 

Hall, B. Homer 
Ingraham, Malcolm R. 
Jones, Willis 
Kennedy, Will J. 
Kenyon, Benjamin 
McGrath, Dr. Thomas 
Riley, Edward 


Sherwood, A. W. 
Stevens, Carl W. 
Thompson, Howard B. 
Tynan, William F. 
Van Etten, Edward W. 
Whipple, Charles R. 
Whitkop, Carl F. 



Yonkers, N. Y. 

Armstrong, E. D. 
Benton, C. V. 
Bunker, George H. 
Canfield, F. D. 
Clark, Eugene C. 

Cranwell, Walter J. 
Duell, H. S. 
Elliott, Arthur D. 
Hutchinson, Guy 
Leys, Duncan W. 

Cranwell, Edward H., Jr. Moore, Carroll H. 

Smith, Reginald D. 
Stilwell, John 
Taylor, Hiram W. 
Taylor, Hiram W., Jr. 
Untermyer, Alvin 


Philadelphia, Pa. 

Addis, Leonard M ., Jr. 
Aertsen, Guilliaem, Jr. 
Alexander, £. G. 
Allen, Thomas 
Andrews, Schofield 
Barroll, J. Leeds 
Barroll, F. Lewis 
Bemhard, Alya D. 
Biddle, Nicholas 
Borda, George Dallas 
Borie, C. L., 3rd. 
Bone, W. J. S. 
Bright, Douglas S. 
Brock, Sidney F. T. 
Bunting, Geoffrey C. 
Bunting, Sydney S. 
Butler, Allen 
Cadwalader, C. M. B. 
Chandler, Burton B. 
Chandler, Frederick T., Jr 
Cluverius, W. T. 
Coleman, G. Dawson 
Conner, Walter Leisenring 
Crawford, Henriques 
Crawford, Stephen R. 
Deaver, John B., Jr. 
Dice, Agnew T., Jr. 
Dimond, Douglas M. 
Dolan, Thomas, 3rd. 
Downey, J. O. 
Ehrct, H. Sidney, Jr. 
Elkins, George W., Jr. 
Entz, Thomas D. 
Evans, Allen R. 
Fetterolf, Allen C. 

Fox, Caleb F., Jr. 
Francine, Dr. A. P. 
Frazier, Benjamin W. 
Frazier, G. Harrison, Jr. 
Frazier, Robert P. 
Frazier, W. West, 3rd. 
Fritz, Charles B., Jr. 
Fry, Charles 
Gibson, Henry C. 
Glendinning, Robert 
Gorham, Walter M., Jr. 
Gould, James 
Gould, Sidney 
Gribbel, John B. 
Groton, John M. 
Harrison, John, Jr. 
Harrison, J. Kearsley M. 
Harrison, W. Frazier . 
Harte, Dr. Richard H. 
Harte, Richard, Jr. 
Herkness, Wayne 
Hooper, James E. 
Hopkinson, Dr. R. Dale 
Howell, Cooper 
Hubard, Archibald B. 
Lippincott, Rowland 
Lovering, Gilpin 
McFadden, John H., Jr. 
Madeira, Percy C, Jr. 
Merritt, James S., Jr. 
Merritt, Morris H. 
Milne, Norman F. 
Morgan, H. V. 
Mott, Richard F. 
Ostheimer, Dr. Alfred J. 


Owsley, Dr. F. D. 
Pettit, N. Allen 
Putnam, Rus^U B. 
Piatt, Henry N. 
Rebmann, Paul C. 
Rogers, John L 
Rosengarten, J. Clifford 
Rowan, S. C. 
Rowland, Howard L. 
Rush, Arthur T. 
Sanderson, Percy 
Sanderson, Sidney 
Sartori, Frank A., Jr. 
Schwartz, W. M. 
Shober, Pemberton H. 
Sibley, Francis Leonard 
Sinkler, Wharton 
Stewart, W. Plunket 
Stone, J. A. 
Sousa, John Philip 
Tatnall, Emmett R. 
Tatnall, Henry C. 
Thomas, George C, Jr. 
Tilden, Marmaduke, Jr. 
Tyler, George F. 
Wanamaker, John, Jr. 
Waters, G. Jason 
Waters, J. Berens 
Welsh, Stanley A. 
Wentz, Daniel B. 
Wetherill, A. H. 
Wetherill, John Price, Jr. 
Whidden, Rendol 
Whitaker, J. G. N. 
Woodward, W. F. 



Le Roy, Robert 


New York City. 

Azoy, A. C. M., Jr. 
Azoy, Geoffrey 
Brown, Lefferts 
Cain, Elmer E., Jr. 
Cook, Burr 
Coster, Paul, Jr. 
Dobbins, John 


Belmar, N. J. 

Glass, Edward 
Hopwood, Percival 
Hunter, Raymond 
Kain, Edward S. 
McCutcheon, Roy M. 
Richardson, Peyton 
Scudder, Henry D., Jr. 

Scudder, J. Davis 
Simms, Roger 
Sterner, E. Donald 
Sterner, Jay 
Stone, Courtney 
Whitney, Nelson 
Williams, Robert N. 

Baggs, Ralph L. 
Briggs, Albert J, 
Brown, Harry C. 
Budlong, Fred. R. 
Bullock, George B. 
Gauthey, Miss Emma 
Gott, Miss Jessica M. 
Grover, Harold E. 
Harney, Charles F. 

Sanborn, Philip A 
Sweet, W. H. 
Taylor, Charles D. 
Voshell, S. Howard 
White, Russell H. 
White, Miss Edith H. 
Williams, Richard N., 2nd. 

Carty, H. J. 
Chourre, Emil 
Cook, W. B. 

Baum, E. V. 
Bloom, R. E. 
Gillespie, M. J. 

Abernathy, J. L. 
Amberg, T. W. 
Beals, D. T. 
Benjamin, Alfred L. 
Blades, Russell 
Bland, W. J. 
Bland, W. T., Jr. 
Boughnou, H. P. 
Bowman, Robert H. 


Jackson, N. H. 

Harney, Miss Florence 
Johnston, Charles L., Jr. 
Lane, T. J., Jr. 
Leverich, Mrs. A. A. 
Lever ich, A. Lyle 
Major, Cedric A. 
Meserve, Allison 
Morton, E. E. 
Robinson, Miss Caroline 


Alameda, Cal. 

Jones, Earl C. Richardson, E. W. 

Morgan, Earl Thomson, Earl 

Rattray, Alex 

Jeannette, Pa. 

Jenkins, B. F. Rowe, Stanley 

Mull, W. T. Schmertz, Robert E. 

Reidt, Dr. W. H. 


Kansas City, Mo. 

Brent, J. F. 
Buckley, J. H. 
Burton, James 
Butler, D. J. 
Campbell, Robert E. 
Carter, Edwin W. 
Chambers, H. S. 
Conkey, G. L. 
Connell, J. J. 


Conover, George 
Conway, R. J. 
Crowe, J. R., Jr. 
Cuneen, Joseph P. 
Davis, Ford H. 
Dillon, J. E. 
Dinkens, H. C. 
Dunlap, J. C. 
Elliott, J. R. 


Elwood, A. L. 
Enns, Paul 

Erdmansdorf, Max Von 
Field, Robert N. 
Finucane, F. J. 
Fitzgerald, J. H. 
Fitzpatrick, J. W. 
Fowler, H. A. 
Forster, George 
Foules, John J. 
Gabriel, George J. 
Gibson, Foster M. 
Gist, Dr. W. L. 
Grimm, R. W. 
Hale, H. 
Hamilton, A. A. 
Harbord, £. C. 
Hayde, F. R. 
Heitz, H. D. 
Hidden, H. M, 
Holmes, J. V. 
Hults, Raymond 
Hunt, Leigh 
Hutchings, A. E. 
Huttig, H. E. 
Ivy, J. W. 
James, Woodward S. 
Jobes, Harry C. 
Kander, H. 
Kellett, W. W. 

Kenison, Ralph 
Klauser, O. A. 
Kreuger, John A. 
Laird, J. L. 

Lakenan, Robert F., Jr. 
Laughlin, J. D. 
Lederman, Harold 
Lewis, Dr. Ned. O. 
Look, Dr. H. H. 
Love, Horace 
Mclnnes, R. G. 
McNeil, W. J. 
McPherson, Dr. O. P. 
Masters, P. M. 
Miller, George W. 
Miller, H. C. 
Moore, A. P. 
Muehlebach, C. A. 
Murphy, George T. 
Murphy, T. E. 
Neale, Marshall 
Newell, Walter 
Noe, A. J. 
Olney, R. T. 
O'Neil, R. T. 
Outland, Dr. John H. 
Overstreet, E. B. 
iPinkerton, H. M. 
Pinkerton, W. P. 
Poteet, Allen 

Ramsey, J. W., Jr. 
Ramsey, S. W. 
Reardon, E. J., Jr. 
Reardon, W. T. 
Roberts, Cliff 
Robertson, Flavel 
Robinson, Dr. G. Wilsc 
Ruff, F. B. 
Sague, J. C. 
Schless, J. T. 
Scott, F. H. 
Seegar, W. B. 
Simpson, Robert 
Smith, C. K. 
Smith, Chester 
Stark, J. V. 
Start, C. T. 
Stephenson, L. A. 
Teachenor, Dix 
Train, R. L. 
Trout, Thomas 
Waggoner, W. H., Jr. 
Wallace, E. D. 
Welch, L. A. 
Welsh, J. H. 
Wigg, E. A. 
Wiles, Richard E. 
WiUetts, J. E. 
Williams, F. J. 
Young, Nathan 


Adams, D. S. 
Adams, Dr. W. A. 
Ainsworth, F. W. 
Allan, Merton B. 
Allen, H. B. 
Allen, H. D, 
Allen, R. C. 
Angel, H. C. 
Armsby, C. H. 
Arnold, J. G. 
Atwater, H. A. 
Baab, Dr. F. H. 
Bahntge, Karl 
Baltis, Denzil F. 
Barker, E. D. 
Barnes, Garrett 

Kansas City, Mo. 

Barnes, W. R. 
Bauer, R. A. 
Behrendt, A. F. 
Bennett, Russell 
Blaine, M. W., Jr. 
Bowman, O. S., Jr. 
Brain, H. B. 
Brady, J. M. 
Brodie, F. R. 
Brown,. D. 
Brown, F. E. 
Brown, W. T. 
Callaway, Newton 
Campbell, E. R. 
Cannon, John S. 
Comfort, W. A. 


Condon, R. Emmet 
Conlin, R. 
Cook, H. L. 
Coover, W. H. 
Cope, H. A. 
Crane, D. 
Craven, A. R. 
Crowthcr, Robert K. 
Cunningham, J. J. 
Dancy, Keith M. 
Dancy, Lute M. 
Daniels, Joseph 
Darlington, H. 
Davis, Charles D. 
Dennis, Lawrence 
Devins, H. E. 



Dimmitt, J. J., Jr. 
Dixon, L. A. 
Donnelly, Eugene P. 
Douglas, A. E., Jr. 
Downey, Dennis J. 
DroUinger, Clyde F. 
Dumont, C. A. 
Duvall, Harry 
Eastman, P. C. 
Elwell, F. C. 
Emmitt, J. F. 
Evans, H. 
Evans, J. E. 
Evans, Tom L. 
Feaman, Louis 
Felix, W. P. 
Ferguson, C. H. 
Fellows, Hugh M. 
Fort, Walter P. 
Foster, Fred B. 
Foster, Walter 
Frandsco, C. B. 
Frederick, Neil 
Gibson, C. A. 
Glover, N. B. 
Gould, A. H. 
Graham, A. W. 
Gray, B. M. 
Gregory, R. D. 
Grigsby, George W. 
Gross, Fred. 
Groves, Roscoe G. 
Hale, Walter 
Hall, J. C. 
Hamilton, G. K. 
Hamm, Roscoe 
Hannon, John 
Harnden, C. E. 
Harper, R. R. 
Harrclson, Ben 
Harrelson, H. 
Hatch, Lewis J. 
Hedges, Ted M. 
Hedrick, Arley L. 
Heenly, A. E. 
Hendricks, A. T. 
Henrici, H. S. 
Heuler, Raymond C. 
Hightower, L. W. 
Hinson, F. B. 

Hodson, H. O. 
Holcomb, C. H. 
HoUebaugh, C. W. 
Hoover, J. H. 
Horning, C. L. 
Hughes, D. 
Hughes, W. 
Hussey, P. A. 
Jack, A. G. 
Jennings, C. L. 
Johnson, F. E. 
Johnson, G. L. 
Johnson, G. R. 
Jones, Burnham R. 
Jones, G. D. M. 
Jones K. 
Jones, Marvyn 
Kaelin, A. W. 
Katzmaier, F. W. 
Kavanaugh, Arthur W. 
Keene, Homer 
Kensinger, G. H. 
Kessler, William O. 
King, S. W. 
Kogcr, Fred 
Kyger, Dr. F. B. 
Lancaster, R. R. 
Lawrence, M. H. 
Lerche, John M. 
Lewis, B. 
Liggett, Harry 
Longshore, J. W. 
Love, R. S. 
Lylc, F. B. 
McCollum, Earl 
McCormack, Ben 
McCoy, John P. 
McCune, Clarence 
McFadden, C. L. 
McFall, L. G. 
McGrath, Dr. L. F. 
McGuirl, Ben F. 
McKay, George A. 
McKnight, Maurice 
McNabb, J. R. 
McNuIty, G. M. 
McPherson, E. M. 
McVey, H. M. 
Maloney, F. P. 
Mankameyer, H. A. 


Maris, W. H. 
Martin, B. R. 
May, J. J. 
Means, Gay G. 
Meyer, Cari J. 
Meyer, George W. 
Millard, M, B. 
Miller, Van Roy 
Mohrle, Charles A 
Morgan, C. A. 
Morley, J. E. 
Nance, Horace H. 
Nichols, Ray 
Niemoeller, Elmer F. 
Norton, L. P. 
dander. Reed H. 
Owen, P. J. 
Pearson, E. 
Perkins, Albert 
Pierce, C. P. 
Pierce, H. H. 
Pitrat, Charles 
Pitten, A. A. 
Pontius, L. L. 
Porter, H. S. 
Potts, L. L. 
Rainey, Eugene 
Ramsey, J. \V., Jr. 
Ray, J. M. 
Reinhardt, G. 
Rigg, Hugh 
Riley, E. L. 
Rolls, R. J. 
Rose, J. L. 
Ruppelius, W. E. 
Ruttinger, H. D. 
Sandzen, Sigurd 
Saur, W. G. 
Scharff, H. J. 
Schneider, E. N, 
Schreiber, G. E. 
Seddon, Arthur J. 
Shackleton, Fred 
Shafer, F. A. 
Shea, Henry B. 
Shore, E. E. 
Shubert, Ray 
Simecheck, Stanley 
Smith, Chester A. 
Snell, O. N. 


Souttcr, J. 
Sperry, E. B. 
Spesshardt, E. J. 
Stephenson, T. G. 
Stevens, Maurice 
Strother, Ehivall P. 
Sweeney, B. A. 
Swift, J. C. 
Talbot, H. H. 
Talpey, Frank A. 
Taylor, W. E. 

Taylor, Warren J. 
Tobin, Richard 
Trautwein, Louis 
Updcgraff, Francis 
Venn, William S. 
Wallace, L. A. 
Waltner, Marion 
Warren, H. L. 
Warren, W. B. 
Webb, S. W. 
Webb, W. H. 

Weber, W. A. 
Welch, E. C. 
Wengert, C. S. 
Whalen, Frank E. 
Whiteley, F. J. 
Whitticr, F. S. 
Wilber, F. S. 
Woodbury, G. A. 
Young, W. M. 
Youngberg, C. H- 


Bagnall, Harry W. 
Ellard, C. B. 
Greening, Grenville F. 
Greening, W. F. 

New York City. 

Himmelmann, Albert B. 
Judge, Edward A. 
MacLean, James N. 
MacLean, W. N. 

Massa, William N. 
Waite, John A. 
Wilson, John L. 


Barber, Dr. R. F. 
Bell, Dr. H. K. 
Carell, W. F. 
Chambers, Charles 
Crawford, W. A. 
Cruden, L. B. 

Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Ferris, T. H. 
Lewis, Harry 
McCarroU, W. R. 
O'Brien, Alfred 
Place, Dr. E. C. 

Rice, D. E. 
Thurber, R. D. 
Trcdwell, J, C. 
Vogel, Fred. 
Westfall, H. L. 


Ross, Cal. 

Dibbler, Benjamin Harrison Evans, Harry 

Evans, Evan C, Jr. 

Kittle, J. C. 


Diamond Point on Lake George, N. Y. 

Mills, Charles F. 
Thurston, W. Wharton 

Allen, A. R. 
Beardsley, Sterling S. 
Bixley, Sidney F. 
Cramer, George H. 
Gates, Alice 
Gates, Frank 
Gates, Fred. T. 

Gates, Russell 
Gates, Percy 
Lewis, Burnham 
Ogilvie, W. E., Jr. 
Ogilvie, George A. 
Ogilvie, GeoflFrey A. 
Peabody, Fred. G. 

Pettit, Franklin, Jr. 
Reis, George C. 
Stephens, Roderick 
Shepard, Edna 
Stires, Rev. E. M. 
Stires, Ernest Van R. 
Townsend, E. P. 


Lancaster, Pa. 

Brown, D. C. 
Derr, T. S., Jr. 
Schroeder, J. N., Jr. 

Smith, H. P., Jr. 
Smith, W. H. 
Strickler, H. J. 


Wickersham, John H. 
Windolph, F. L. 




Troy, N. Y. 

August, Herbert 
Austin, Charles 
Behan, Jack 
Behan, Joseph 
Burk, Walter 
Bums, Rev.- D. R, 
Campbell, Roscoe 
Connolly, Dr. E. F. 
Cunning, Ambrose V. 
Curtis, H. C. 
Delaney, Joseph P. 

Emmerith, Carl 
Farrell, John H. 
Flynn, William J. 
Kivlin, Dr. C. F. 
Laub, Leon 
Link, Arthur W. 
Luby, Edward 
Luby, Samuel 
Luby, William 
Lura, Arthur 
Mesnig, Joseph 

Mesurig, Joseph 
McCarthy, James 
McNamara, Lawrence J. 
Neal, William A. 
Noonan, Dr. Frank J, 
O'Connor, Gerald 
Roddy, F. G. 
Stickney, E. P. 
Toohcy, Fred. 
Wilson, W. J. 


Lewiston, Idaho 

Babb, James T. 
Bartlett, Donald 
Beach, Kenneth 
Cook, Floyd 
Crozier, Henry 
Eaves, David 

Eaves, Gregory 
Hill, R. C. 
Jones, Henry 
KaufFmann, Karl 
Keefe, Edward 
Kettenbach, Alfred D. 

Mitchell, Michael 
Potvin, E. D. 
Westerfeldt, R. E. 
White, Harold 
Whitthome, Clinton 


Chestnut Hill, Mass. 

Benedict, Edward B. 
Benjamin, E. B. 
Blodget, W. Power 
Bray, Robert C. 
Cameron, Alex. A. 
Caner, G. C. 
Clapp, H. R. 
Curtis, Charles P. 
Dabney, Alfred S. 
Draper, Eben S. 
Guild, Henry 

Harte, Richard 
Hatch, Francis W. 
Hathaway, F. W. 
Hobbs, Marlin C. 
Kaler, Harold V. 
Magoun, Frands P., Jr. 
McEUroy, William S. 
Morgan, Dudley D. 
Peabody, Arthur S. 
Pfaffman, John S. 
Pratt, L. Mortimer 

Richards, Junius A. 
Robinson, Powell 
Scott, Thomas B., Jr. 
Stone, Robert E. 
Taber, Wendell 
Talcott, Hoake 
Tarbell, George G. 
Townsend, Prescott 
Whitehouse, William P. 
Williams, Richard N., 2nd. 
Winsor, Robert, Jr. 

Boston, Mass. 

Adams, George C. 
Bates, George C. 
Bates, Van Nest 
Beebe, Dr. Theodore C. 
Benjamin, E. B. 
Bishop, Charles 
Binney, Dr. Horace 
Blodgett, William Power 

Bottomley, Dr. John T. 
Bray, Robert C. 
Browne, Gilbert G. 
Bundy, Harvey H. 
Cabot, Godfrey L. 
Cabot, Norman W. 
Cameron, Alexander A. 
Caner, G. C. 


Chambers, Charles A. 
Clapp, H. H. 
Channing, H. H. 
Curtis, Charles P. 
Dabney, Alfred S. 
Davis, Dr. Lincoln 
De Normandie, Dr. Robert 
Draper, Eben 


Drinkwater, Arthur 
Dwight, Philip J. 
Eames^ Dr. H. B. 
Faulkner, Dr. William E. 
Fitz, Dr. Reginald H. 
Fitzgerald,. Stephen S. 
Forbes, C. Stewart 
Frothingham, Dr. Channing. 

Gardner, G. Peabody, Jr. 
Gray, Reginald 
Greenough, Dr. Robert B. 
Guild, Henry 
Harris, Fred H. 
Harte, Richard 
Hartwell, Dr. H. T. 
Hatch, Francis W. 
Hathaway, F. W. 
Herrick, Robert F., Jr. 
Hobbs, Marland C. 
Hubbard, Dr. J. C. 
Jones, Cyril H. 
Kelleher, H. G. M. 
Leonard, Edgar C. 

Lord, Dr. Fred. T. 
Lowell, Guy 
Lyman, Dr. Henry 
Lyon, George A. 
Magoun, Francis P., Jr. 
Morgan, Dudley D. 
Murphy, Dr. F. T. 
Nickerson, Hoffman 
O'Neil, Dr. Richard F. 
Peabody, A. S. 
Pickman, Edward M. 
Pickman, Dudley L., Jr. 
Pitkin, William 
PfaflFman, J. S. 
Pope, Ralph L. 
Pratt, Joseph H. 
Pratt, L. M., Jr. 
Reece, John 
Richards, Junius A. 
Robinson, Powell 
Rogers, Horatio 
Rollins, Wingate 
Rotch, Charles M. 
Sagendorph, G. A. 

Scott, H. R. 
Scott, Thomas P., Jr. 
Shaw, H. B. 
Spalding, P. L. 
Stone, Robert E. 
Sturgis, George 
Taber, Wendell 
Talcott, Hoake 
Tarbell, George E. 
Townsend, Prescott 
Vose, Dr. Robert H. 
Weeks, Miles W. 
Wendell, F. Thaster, Jr. 
Wheelwright, Josiah 
Whitehouse, William P. 
Whitney, Edward H. 
Wightman, George W. 
Willett, Francis W. 
Watson, Robert, Jr. 
Winsor, Philip 
Williams, R. N., 2nd. 
Wrenn, Philip W. 
Wrenn, Robert D. 


Lookout Mountain, Tenn. 
Andrews, Oliver Burneside Hutcheson, Samuel Carter Patten, David Manker 

Caldwell, Joseph Hardwick Jennings, B. E. 

Carter, Paul B. 
Davis, Robert E. 
Glover, William E. 
Hunter, George Thomas 
Hulburt, Don L. 

Lasley, Marshall 
Llewellyn, Carl P. 
Miller, Burnette 
Miller, Vaughn 
Mitchell, William B. 

Probasco, Scott Livingston 
Richmond, Chester D. 
Raoul, Norman D. 
White, Carl, Jr. 


Bayard, Louis 

Blagden, Augustus 

Boocock, Cornelius 

Brown, Paul 

Brown, William Findlay 

Colie, Dr. Edward M., Jr. 

Colie, Fred. 

Cox, Abraham 

Cox, Harry B. 

Downer, Delavan 

Earle, Murray 

South Amboy, N. J. 

Edgar, Stewart 
Elmendorf, Dr. T. E. 
Farr, F. Shelton 
Farr, H. Bartow 
Farr, John, Jr. 
Fine, John 
Geer, W. M., Jr. 
Geer, Francis H. 
Green, Dr. J. S. 
Humphreys, James 
Hunt, Theodore 


Meeker, Stephen J. 
Meigs, Austin 
Montgomery, George P. 
Montgomery, Henry 
Pyle, Dr. Edwin 
Runyon, Charles 
Runyon, C. Randolph, Jr. 
Russell, C. Rand 
Scoon, Robert M. 
Wall, Barry 



Delafield, Geo. S. 
Duffy, Dr. Frank J. 
George, Harold 
Harvey, Philip H. 
Huttinger, H. J. 


New York, N. Y. 

Hyatt, T. P. 
McMiUan, Dr. M. B. 
Mount, Harold K. 
Luir, Dr. A. B. 
Rand, F. H. 

Sattig, Rev. J. H. 
Slawson, Kinsley W. 
Taylor, Dr. Richard M. 
Woodside, John T. 

Borland, R. M. 
Cleary, G. W. 
Fawkner, Leonard 
Fitzpatrick, Dr. E. B. 


Martinez, Cal. 

Kuhn, F. C, Jr. 
Leyson, L. T. 
Maybury, H. J. D. 
Reed, Howard 

Sevems, E. P. 
Tollit, F. G. 
Weeks, F. 


Abbott, Henry F. 
Allison, Wesley R. 
Andrews, Thomas W. 
Armstrong, Joseph J. 
Arnett, Dr. John A. 
Amett, William W., Jr. 
Arnold, Lauren 
Ashbumer, Leslie 
Atterbury, W. W. 
Austin, Henry S. 
Austin, Dr. J. Harold 
Babbitt, Dr. James A 
Bailey, Charles W. 
Bailey, William L., Jr. 
Baird, Matthew, Jr. . 
Bankson, John Palmer, Jr. 
Bannard, C. Heath, Jr. 
Barker, George S. 
Barker, Samuel G. 
Barlow, Lovell H. 
Barnard, Julian W. 
Barr, George 
Barrie, Robert, Jr. 
Barringer, Brandon 
Barringer, Daniel Moreau 


Philadelphia, Pa. 

Battles, WiUiam W. 
Battles, Winthrop H. 
Bay, James H. 
Bell, De Benneville 
Berridge, Richard 
Berry, William R. 
Biddle, Craig 
Biddle, Nicholas 
BirdsaU, Dr. J. C. 
Bixler, Donald S. 
Bki, Robert F. 
Blair, George 
Blynn, Brice 
Bodiene, William W. 
Boles, George Irving 
Boles, Dr. Russell S. 
Bottomley, Gordon F. 
Bowen, E. Roscoe 
Bower, George 
Boyd, Alexander 
Boyd, Fisher L. 
Brastow, F. A., Jr. 
Bray, William McKinley 
Bretherton, John T. 
, Brock, Henry G. 
Brodhead, Beale 


Brown, George F. 
Brown, H. Longstreth, Jr. 
Brownback, John H., Jr. 
Bullock, Benj., 3rd. 
Bunting, A. R. 
Bunting, C. M. 
Burpee, W. A, Jr. 
Calves, Herbert E. 
Candy, James B. 
Caroe, Oscar E. 
Carson, Joseph 
Carver, Charles, Jr. 
Casey, Paul A. 
Ca thrall, Eugene H., Jr. 
Chandler, George G. 
Chapman, S. Hudson, Jr. 
Chapman, W. C. 
Chrystie, Phinehas P. 
Chrystie, Walter, Jr. 
Clapp, A R. 
Clark, C. H., 3rd. 
Clarke, Louis P. 
Clarke, Stewart P. 
Clay, R. A C. 
Clement, DeWitt C. 
Clement, Joseph B., Jr. 


Clifton, Gorham 
Clothier, Robert C. 
Cloud, Dr. J. Howard 
Coates, Edward Osborne 
Coates, Sherman C. 
Coffin, C. F. 
Colket, G. Hamilton 
Colket, P. C. 
Colket, T. C, 2nd. 
Collins, Alfred M. 
Connelly, J. A., Jr. 
Conrad, Charles 
Converse, Bernard T. 
Converse, John W. 
Cookman, Rodney P. 
Cooper, Samuel I. 
Cooper, Stanley F. 
Corson, Philip L. 
Cox, Stanley M. 
Coxe, Eckley B., 3rd. 
Crawford, Allan 
Creager, E. Clark 
Cregar, Samuel Henry, Jr. 
Crossman, E. N., Jr. 
Crossman, J. M. 
Crossman, W. M. R. 
Dale, Robert W. 
Damon, James G. 
Darbey, Dr. George D. B, 
Davis, Charles P. 
Davis, William N. 
Dawson, John C, Jr. 
Dechert, Robert 
Delany, H. S. 
Dennison, John M. 
Develin, J. A., Jr. 
Dever, Harvey C. 
Dexter, C. Joseph 
Diament, Francis H. 
Dixon, Edward S., Jr. 
Dixon, Samuel G., 2nd. 
Dougherty, E. V., Jr. 
Drayton, Frederick R. 
Duer, Edward L. 
Ehitton, Arthur H. 
Dyer, William J. 
Earle, George H., 3rd. 
Earle, Ralph 
Eamshaw, Dr. H. C. 
Edwards, E. Mitchell 
Edwards, E. Nelson 

Edwards, L. Brooke 
Eisenbrey, R. Howard 
Elliott, Augustus H. 
ElweU, F. V. 
Emack, James H. 
Erben, George K. 
Eshleman, Benjamin 
Evans, Allen, Jr. 
Evans, George B., Jr. 
Evans, Harold F. 
Evans, John Lewis 
Evans, Roland, Jr. 
Ewing, Joseph N. 
Fales, T. B. W. 
Felton, E. C, Jr. 
Felton, Winslow B. 
Fettcrolf, Dr. George 
Fine, John H,, Jr. 
Finletter, Thomas K, 
Fitts, Dwight R. 
Fletcher, G. B. 
Foster, J. M. 
Fox, Charles Y., Jr. 
Fox, H. DcH. 
Fox, Richard L. 
Franklin, Curtis 
Frazier, William W., 3rd. 
Freeman, Clarence P. 
French, J. H. 
Frick, Childs 
Fuguet, Stephen 
Gamble, Robert Howard 
Gardner, Edward A. 
Gentes, George F. 
Getze, Edward B., Jr. 
Gill, L. B. 
Godfrey, Lincoln, Jr. 
Goodman, Edward H. 
Greenwood, Horace T., Jr. 
Griffin, Charles B. 
Grubb, Joseph H., Jr. 
Gummere, Samuel J. 
Haines, Dr. Wilbur H. 
Hall, Morris F. 
Hamilton, Charles R., Jr. 
Hammill, E. D. Kennedy 
Hanckel, E. B. 
Hansel, G. F. 
Harrison, Harry W. 
Hart, Harry M. 
Hart, Thomas 

Hastings, F. W. 
Hastings, J. V., Jr. 
Hastings, T. Mitchell 
Helbert, George K. 
Henderson, V. DeP. 
Heraty, P. F. 
Heyburn, Alexander 
Heyl, J. B. 
Heyl, Robert C, Jr. 
Heyl, William E. 
Hill, Dr. Howard K. 
Hirst, A. C. 
Hisey, J. Alan 
Hoffman, C. Fenno 
Holbrook, Richard T. 
Hopkins, G. B. 
Home, S. H. 
Hoskins, A. L., Jr. 
Howard, Edgar B. 
Howell, J. Z. 
Howland, Weston 
Hoyt, Dr. D. M. 
Huckel, William G. 
Huey, M. S. 
Hutchinson, D. L., 3rd. 
Jack, M. M. 
Jackson, John James, Jr. 
Jacobs, Reginald 
Janeway, A. S. 
Jenks, Donald F. 
Johnson, Eldridge R. F. 
Johnson, H. A. 
Johnson, W. F. 
Jones, C. 
Julier, H. V. 
KeflFer, E. Brookes 
Kemble, Francis W. 
Kennedy, K. C. 
Kinnard, Leonard R. 
Kirk, William T., 3rd. 
Kirkpatrick, Donald M. 
Kneass, Edwards 
Kneass, George B. 
Knowles, Dr. F. C. 
Knox, Reed 
Koons, F. L. 
Kurtz, W. W., Jr. 
Lafore, J. A. 
Layerty, M. A. 
Law, Bernard C. 
Law, Edward 




Lawrence, H. J., Jr. 
Le Boutillier, E. H. 
Lee, Alden 
Lee, Charles S. 
Lee, Philler 
Leonard, John William 
Lewis, Burnham 
Lewis, Ludwig C. 
Lewis, P. S. 
Lewis, W. S. 
Ligget, J. Thomas 
Ligget, Robert C. 
Lincoln, A. W. 
Lloyd, Stacy B. 
Longstreth, Charles 
Longstreth, Walter W. 
Lowry, H. H. 
Lukens, Allen W. 
Macfarlan, Dr. Douglas 
McCall, Howard Clifton 
McCall, Joseph B., Jr. 
McCreary, William H. 
McCreery, Samuel 
McElroy, Clayton, Jr. 
McFadden, Barclay 
McFadden, J. F. 
Mcllvain, Charles J., Jr. 
McNeal, Joseph H. 
McQuillen, Price 
Magill, James P. 
Mann, Edward M. 
Marston, Weaver L. 
Martin, James P. 
Mason, R. C. 
Massey, Henr>' V., Jr. 
Mather, Gilbert 
Mather, V. C. 
Mathews, William Black 
Megear, Thomas Jefferson 
Melville, Ralph L. 
Miles, John B. 
Miller, C. F. H. 
Miller, E. L., Jr. 
Miller, Philippus 
Mills, Paul D. 
Mitchell, Frederick M. 
Mitchell, W. R. K. 
Molten, Joseph G. B. 
Montgomer>', G. B. 
Montgomer>% James S. 

Montgomery, J. L. 
Montgomery, J. R. 
Montgomery, Robert L. 
Montgomery, Roger 
Montgomery, R. R. 
Morris, Anthony S. 
Morris, E. B., Jr. 
Morris, Wistar 
Morton, Dr. Dudley J. 
Murphy, E. J. 
Musser, Dr. John H. 
Myers, A. Charles 
Myers, W. Hay ward, Jr. 
Nalle, Albert 
Nalle, Richard T. 
Neilson, Harry R. 
Newlin, James C. 
Newlin, J. C, Jr. 
Newlin, John V. 
Newlin, W. S. 
Newton, E. Swift 
Nickalls, Vivian 
Nixon, William G. 
Norris, Alfred D. 
North, John Spring 
Norton, Dudley S. 
Norton, John T., Jr. 
Oberholtzer, C. H. 
Old, Dr. Herbert 
Osier, Chester 
Page, Edward C. 
Page, Edward S., Jr. 
Page, Joseph F., 3rd. 
Page, L. R., Jr. 
Pangburn, Clifford H. 
Parker, J. Brookes B. 
Patterson, Joseph M. 
Patterson, R. T. L. 
Patton, Alexander E. 
Paul, Frank W. 
Paxton, William M., 3rd. 
Pierce, David P. 
Pierce, Henry G. 
Pentz, James A. 
Pepper, George \V., Jr. 
Pepper, Dr. O. H. P. 
Perot, Charles P. 
Peterson, Charles M. 
Plersol, George M. 
Pooler, T. E. 


Porter, Alfred H. 
Porter, Andrew W. 
Porter, Edward A. G. 
Porter, William H. 
Poulterer, J. Clement, Jr. 
Prew, Morris C. N. 
Price, P. M. 
Prichett, F. Wilson 
Prizer, Howard D. 
Prizer, William M. 
Prouty, Phinehas, Jr. 
Pyle, Walter L., Jr. 
Quinby, William E. 
Rauch, Rudolph S. 
Reed, Edward L. 
Register, Henry B. 
Rehfuss, Dr. Martin E. 
Reichner, L. Irving 
Rhoads, Charles J. 
Richardson, Charles E. 
Richmond, Francis H. 
Ridpath, Dr. Robert F. 
Roberts, Isaac W. 
Roberts, Lloyd McL. 
Roberts, Thomas, Jr. 
Robins, James H. 
Robinson, Abraham P. 
Rodgers, John G. 
Rogers, John I. 
Rodman, Dr. J. S. 
Rolin, W. A. 
Royer, Frank C. 
Rue, Francis J., 3rd. 
Rulon-Miller, Sumner 
Rush, Louis H. 
Russel, P. S. 
Samuel, Edward, Jr. 
Samuel, Snowden 
Sands, Harold A. 
Sargent, Fitzwilliam 
Sargent, G. P. 
Sargent, Samuel W. 
Sargent, Winthrop, Jr. 
Saunders, W. L., Jr. 
Sayen, Osgood 
Sayres, Arthur Richards 
Scattergood, J. Henry 
Schenck, Joseph H., 3rd. 
Scott, Forrester H. 
Scott, Joseph A. 


Scully, C. Alison 
Semple, Frank J., Jr. 
Shackleton, Allan D. 
Sharp, Joseph W., 3rd. 
Sharpe, Dr. John S. 
Sharpies, Lawrence P. 
Sharwood, E. Ward 
Shelmire, H. W. 
Shields, A. W. 
Shobcr, John B. 
Shoemaker, Howard H. 
Shoemaker, Lx)uis J. 
Shore, Howard E. 
Siedler, George J. 
Sinclair, Dr. Norman P. 
Skillem, Dr. Ross Hall 
Smith, George Valentine 
Smith, H. Harrison 
Smith, Philip P. 
Smith, R. Stuart 
Smith, Robert Meade, Jr. 
Smith, Thomas Duncan 
Smudcer, John Reed, Jr. 
Snader, Edward Roland, Jr 
Souder, S. A., Jr. 
Southall, E. H. 
Spackman, Henry S. 
Spahr, Boyd Lee 
Sparks, C. Aplin 
Spencer, F. G. 
Spencer, Graham 
Sprague, Richard Warren 
Stafford, Franklin H. 
Steel, Charles Henry 
Stephenson, George E. 
Stewart, Charles H. 
Stewart, W. T. 
Stimson, Boudinot 
Stoddart, Clinton M. 
Stouffer, C. J. E. 
Stovell, Frederick B. 

Strawbridge, R. E., Jr. 
Stulb, Robert E. 
Sullivan, R. Livingston 
Swain, William M. 
Tatnall, Edward C. 
Tatnall, Emmett R. 
Tatnall, H. C. 
Taylor, H. M. 
Taylor, John M. 
Taylor, William H. 
Thayer, F. M. 
Thayer, George C. 
Thayer, John B. 
Thayer, Sidney, Jr. 
Thomas, George C, Jr. 
Thompson, Albert Lewis 
Thompson, Charles L 
Thompson, R. E. 
Thorington, James M. 
Thorington, Richard W. 
Thornton, Percival S. 
Thorpe, Edward S., Jr. 
Torrey, Dr. Robert G. 
.Townscnd, A. E. 
Townsend, Caspar, W. B. 
Townsend, Charles S. 
Townsend, Franklin, Jr. 
Townsend, Palmer 
Townsend, Richard L. 
Townsend, Roger R. 
Trail, T. S. 
Tucker, H. N. 
Tuttle, James H. 
Twaddell, John P. 
Vetterlein, Theodore D. 
Vetterlein, Wayne S. 
Voorhees, Dayton 
Vrooman, S. B., Jr. 
Wagner, Samuel, Jr. 
Walker, H. Leslie 
Walsh, George Herbert 

Ward, T. Johnson 
Warden, H. W., Jr. 
Washburn, Louis M. 
Wayne, William 
Weimer, William Harrison, 

3rd. . 
Wendell, Douglas C. 
Wendell, E. J. 
Wetherill, A. H. 
Wetter, Charles H. 
Wharton, Charles 
Wiedersheim, William A., 

WiUard, Dr. DeForest P. 
WiUcox, H. M. 
Williams, David E., Jr. 
Williams, T. DeLand 
WiUoughby, H. L., Jr. 
Wilson, Arthur Howell 
Wilson, Charles G. 
Wilson, Edwin C. 
Wilson, James Cornelius, 

Wilson, James Gordon 
Wilson, J. W. 
Wilson, W. Reynolds, Jr. 
Wimer, Bruce K. 
Wood, Clement B. 
Wood, Emlen 
Wood, John P. 
Woolman, Clarence S. 
Worrell, Granville, 2nd. 
Wright, William C. 
Wyeth, Maxwell 
Yarnall, Alexander C. 
Yarrow, H. C, Jr. 
Yarrow, W. Campbell 
Yarrow, W. H. K. 
York, Edward H., Jr. 




Alexander, F. B. 
Atkinson, Richard 
Clarke, Harry E. 
Clarke, William J. 
Fischer, Edwin P. 
Hendricks, Henry 


Merriewold, N. Y. 

Herts, Henry B. 
Klein, Phillip 
de Millc, W. C. 
Moody, John, Jr. 
Rockwood, Richara 
Shiever, Alfred J. 

Thompson, R. H. 
Von Kummer, Ferdinand 
Wood, Tobey 
Wood, W. Halscy 

Bartelme, F. M. 
Brooks, R. L. 
Brown, E. H. 
Bowman, F. H. 
Butler, Dr. J., Jr. 
Carpenter, L. W. 
Clifford, Ralph E. 
Davenport, D. 
Docrr, Henry, Jr. 
Douglas, E. B. 
Driscoll, C. G. 
Eastman, W. W. 
Fish, E. A. 
Fish, I. D. 
Gaffray, C. P. 
Gallaher, R. 
Gilfillan, J. D., Jr. 

Badger, L. R. 
Bennett, R. H. 
Bovey, W. H., Jr. 
Clifford, G. B., Jr. 
Corse, I. P. 
Decker, E. S. 
Durst, B. H. 
Elwood» L. B. 
Ewe, Clark W. 
Gregg, J. Ashton 

Chalmers, Sam 
Carroll, William 
Crummy, Willard 


Minneapolis, Minn. 


Goodrich, Donald 
Harries, George H. 
Hewitt, E. H. 
Higbee, Dr. P. A. 
Howe, Spaulding 
Jordan, W. A. 
Judd, H. L. 
Keator, B. C. 
Law, Dr. A. A. 
Lewis, T. W. 
Little, Philip, Jr. 
McKnight, S. T. 
McMillan, P. D. 
Merrill, Keith 
Morrison, Dr. A. W. 
Nash, W. K. 
Patridge, Earl 

Junior Members. 

Hankinson, R. W. 
Harrison, J. G. 
Hixon, Lloyd 
Jones, Lee 
Kingman, Henry 
McLane, W. V. 
Mills, C. B., Jr. 
Moreton, H. B. 
Moreton< T. R. 
Rand, R. R., Jr. 


Orfan, Paul 
Partas, Edward 


Phelps, E. J., Jr. 
Piper, G. F. 
Piper, H. C. 

Remington, Rt. Rev. W. P. 
Sedgwick, Dr. J. P. 
Truesdale, Cavour 
Van Dusen, G. C. 
Vaughan, J. A. 
Warner, E. B. 
Washburn, Stanley 
Welles, L. R. 
Wells, F. B. 
Winston, F. G., Jr. 
Woodward, E. R. 
Wyman, H. C. 
Wvman, J. C. 
Ye'rxa, D. K. 

Staples, L. M. 
Sutherland, D. L. 
Sutherland, J. F. 
Sweatt, Charles 
Tearse, H. H. 
Warner, R. G. 
Wheeler, Fred 
Winton, D. J. 
Woodworth, R. G. 

Piffner, Harvey 
Stevens, Tom 


Allewelt, R. L. 
Bird, Howard 
Brackett, R. D. 
Bush, P. N. 
Carmichael, A. E. 
Clark, A. V. 


Schenectady, N. Y. 

Dana, Duncan 
Gibson, C. DeW. 
Hawley, A. L. 
Josephs, L. C. 
Kennedy, A. J. 
Moot, R. D. 

Paige, A. W. 
Roosevelt, G. Hall 
Thomson, S. T. 
Upp, J. W., Jr. 
Woodall, C. W. 


Montclair, N. J. 

Adams, W. I. Lincoln 
Alexander, James S. 
Appleton, Herbert N. 
Arnold, Frank W., Jr. 
Austin, James A. 
Bacon, C. Everette 
Bailey, Frank T. 
Beatty, Hayward 
Bennett, John A. 
Bennett, Violet H. 
Bliss, John C. 
Booth, Clifford A. 
Boyd, James W. 
Bradlee, Thomas G., Jr. 
Bradley, Richard E. 
Bristow, Elliott 
Brown, Allan 
Brown, Clarence F. 
Brown, Dorothy 
Brown, Gordon 
Brown, Dr. J. Spencer 
Brown, James S., Jr. 
Brown, John P. 
Brown, Roger Stuart 
Brumbaugh, David 
Buck, Clifford W. 
Burgess, Charles E., Jr. 
Burgess, Thomas R. 
Chapin, Warren W. 
Christensen, H. J. 
Christopher, D. C. 
Col ton, Kenneth A." 
Costikyan, (Kent R. 
Crane, Dr. F. Le Roy 
Crane, Paul H. 
Crane, Walcott B. 
Crawford, Victor 

Cudebec, A. B. 
Cutajar, Charles J. 
Cutting, A. B., 2nd 
Davis, Ed. T., 2nd. 
Deetgen, Louis W. 
Deetjen, William L, 
Devitt, Franklin H. 
Dillon, Edw. 
Dodd, Raymond 
Dreyfus, Walter 
Drucklieb, Fritz 
Earl, John McG. 
Earle, Francis 
Ellis, Albert H. 
Eypper, Charles H. 
Eyppcr, George W. 
Eypper, Norman K. 
Fayen, George S. 
Fetterolf, Carlos M. 
Force, Malcolm W. 
Foshay, Fred W. 
French, Leon Gwynne 
Gannon, Fred. M. 
Goodell, Francis 
Greenman, Louis C. 
Greenwood, Joseph R. 
Groat, Lawrence K. 
Hall, Percy 
Halpin, John 
Halpin, Robert J. 
Hanan, Dr. James T. 
Harrison, B. V., Jr. 
Harrison, Henry C. 
Helps, Ronald 
Hemphill, Clifford 
Herman, E. C. 
Heydt, Edward F. 


Hines, Harold K. 
Holbrook, Alan Gregg 
HoUoway, Henry F., Jr. 
Hooper, Catherine 
Hooper, Lcveritt F. 
Hopkins, Ralph S. 
Hubbard, Bruce 
Hughes, Paul 
Hughes, Rupert 
Hutchinson, Robert G., 3rd, 
Hulst, Rev. George D. 
Hupfield, Herman 
Hovey, F. Howard, Jr. 
Jenkins, Guy R., 2nd. 
Johnston, Henry R. 
Jones, Henry W., Jr. 
Kane, T. Leo 
Kearfoot, Thornton C. 
Keenan, John Dale 
Keenan, Phillip 
Kelly, Richard F. 
Kidde, Frank 
Kilpatrick, Jay E. 
King, Clarence V. 
Kirkpatrick, David 
Knight, Herbert DeF. 
Law, Alfred L. 
Lewis, W. H. 
Littlejohn, Charles G. 
Love joy, Fred H. 
Luchars, Robert B. 
Mack, Walter K. 
Mann, Karl M. 
Marcus, Chapin 
McBratnev, Henry H. 
McGhie, Philip B. 
Merrill, Charles E. 



Mcrritt, Harry P. 
Merrywcather, W. O. 
Meyer, Albert L. 
Meyer, Edward T. 
Miller, Perry K. 
Miller, Ralph F. 
Miller, Severn A, 
Miller, Walter 
MitcheU, Walter T. 
Mount, Dr. Walter B. 
Munn, A B., Jr. 
Murphy, Douglas L. 
Murphy, Starr J., Jr. 
Newman, John Davis, Jr. 
Nutting, John H. 
O'Connor, B. H. 
Osbom, Albert 
Osbom, Andrew 
Osbom, Paul G. 
Overton, Carlton B. 
Parker, Park G. 
Pereless, A E. 
Pierce, Emma K. 
Pratt, Donald R. 
Quinn, Eugene J. 
Redall, Hastings 
Redfiel'd, Heman J., Jr. 
Redfield, John J. 

Redfield, W. F. 
Renwick, J. B. 
Reynolds, John R. 
Reynolds, John 
Reynolds, Kenneth 
Rice, Marvyn A. P. 
Ritchie, Fred S. 
Ritchie, Jack E. 
Rittenhouse, Gerard H. 
Rosa, Rudolph R. 
Schmid, George F. 
Schmid, John H. 
Seidler, Dr. Victor B. 
Sanders, J. W. 
Shaw, Joseph F. 
Slocum, Edwin L. 
Slocum, J. H., Jr. 
Smith, Franklin S. 
Snead, Ira S. 
Soule, Frank Louis 
Starrett, Ward 
Staudinger, Cyril T. . 
Staudinger, Orme 
Stovel, R. J. 
Suydam, Fred. D. 
Swenarton, W. H. 
Swetland, M. H. 
Synott, Dr. J. M. 

Syrett, E. M. 
Sylvan, Rolf E. 
Taylor, Charles F., Jr. 
Taylor, John H. L. 
Tenney, Malcolm 
Terhune, Elliott C. 
Terhune, Perry W. 
Thorne, Harold B., Jr. 
Tommins, William N. 
Uhler, Alfred M. 
Vandervoort, Howard 
Van Dyk, James 
Vcrsfelt, Irving H. 
Vishniskki, Guy T. 
Waldron, J. G. 
Webster, Curtis 
Weed, Newell 
Weed, Walker 
West, Kenneth 
West, George Person 
White, Francis Guy 
Wierum, Thorton B. 
Wierum, Richard F. 
Wight, Allan Richmond 
Wight, Roland T. 
Williams, Charles W., Jr. 
Wood, John A. 
Wirtz, John 


Moorestown, N. J. 

Andrews, Clarence 
Brown, Robert A., Jr. 
Buist, Jacob S. 
Buzby, William D., Jr. 
Coate, Armitt H. 
Coe, Arthur 
Davis, William B. 
De Haven, Louis G. 
Deutz, Henry, Jr. 

D'Olier, Francis W. 
Evans, Charles 
Hall, Edward C. 
Hopkins, J. I rick, Jr. 
Mattson, Alfred S. 
Middleton, H. C, Jr. 
Nicholson, John W. 
Otter, Paul 
Perkins, E. Russell 

Perkins, T. H. Dudley 
Reeve, William F., 3rd. 
Rexon, Harold 
Rogers, Donald S. 
Rogers, Norman 
West, William M. 
Winterstein, Dr. J. B. 
Wood, Richard R. 


Pleasantville, N. Y. 

Bell, Arthur 
Bell, Charles 
Dixon, Clarke 
Dunn, Louis 
Higham, John Charlton 

Higham, Leonard 
Hunter, Lee 
Kemmerer, Joseph 
McClure, Robert 
McClure, T. Harvey 


Reed, J. Howard 
Robinson, Horace E. 
Rood, iKingsland 
Vatet, Oscar V. 
Wilcox, Ernest W. 


Mountain Lakes, N. J. 

Browning, D. B. 
Cocheu, L. C. 
Coppinger, R. E. 
Daily, L. S. 
Davis, W. E., Jr. 
Dawson, Lewis 
Dawson, Palmer 
Dixon, E. H, 

Hance, Dr. Burtis M. 
Havens, Donald 
Howell, J. B. 
Hemmer, Vitalis, Jr. 
James, R, M. 
McCabe, H. V. 
Morse, L. C. 
Peck, C. E. 

Peck, E. M. 
Post, H. W., Jn 
Rcagle, F. H. 
Smith, Clarence W, 
Watson, A. G. 
Wilson, H. W. 
Wilson, Lc Roy 


Portland, Ore. 

Life Members. 

Bates, George W. 
Biddle, Spencer 
Brady, William F. 
Brady, James D. 
Brigham, George 
Carlton, Howard 
Chapin, W. H. 
Cookingham, P. W. 
Cooper, D. G. 
Corbctt, Hamilton F. 
Dyment, Colin 
Fouilhoux, J. A 
Frohman, Anson 
Frohman, E. J. 

Adair, Alex 
Adams, G. D. 
Adams, John C. 
Alexander, James F. 
Allen, Baltis 
Alton, R. M. 
Anderson, Ransom 
Andnis, Leonard 
Amdt, Joseph 
Aubc, N. G. 
Babb, Arthur H. 
Bailey, Bruce 
Baird, R. O. 
Baker, Allen B. 
Baldwin, Dr. A. 
Ball, Bert 
Barley, E. M. 
Barnard, Hughes A. 
Barrett, Gerald 

Gearin, Walter J. 
Giesy, Paul 
Jordan, Dave J. 
Kennedy, Rolland C. 
Kribs, Fred. D. 
Kruse, Elmer L. 
Lawson, L. S. 
McCoUum, J. W. 
Mills, Abbott, Jr. " 
Mills, Thomas H. 
Minnott, Joseph A. 
Moffett, Walter G. 
Moores, M. B. 
Murphy, Chester G. 


Barrett, Lester H. 
Barry, J. C. 
Base, Arthur 
Bates, Reese C 
Beach, E. S. 
Beals, Clyde A. 
Beard, D. E. 
Beck, Donald 
Benedict, Lee 
Benson, B. M. 
Benson, Charles E. 
Bergvick, Max B. 
Besson, Dr. L. S. 
Biles, George A. 
Blanpied, J. Howard 
Blird, C. W. 
Blohm, G. C. 
Blount, Bertram 
Bodine, C. D. 


Newell, Ben. W. 
Newhall, Roger 
Noyes, Allen P. 
Noyes, Dr. E. A. 
Ordeman, E. L. 
Piatt, Arthur D. 
Ransom, Frank C. 
Rasch, H. H. 
Rockey, Dr. A. E. 
Sigglin, Herman C. 
Smith, F. C. 
Voorhies, Gordon 
Welch, David 
Wood, Erskine 

Boquist, Stanley N. 
Borleske, S. E. 
Bowker, H. G. 
Boyd, Thomas A. 
Brazell, Edward J. 
Breske, H. 
Brill, I. C. 
Bristol, C. M. 
Brooke, Alfred 
Brown, Albert S. 
Brown, V. Z. 
Brunner, Karl 
Brushoff, W. A. 
Buchanan, M. E. 
Burgard, John Clark 
Burke, Edgar G. 
Bums, C. R. 
Bums, Raymond H. 
Bums, T. E. 



Burrell, Alden F. 
Butterfield, A. E. 
Byars, Clyde C. 
Calderwood, Robert W. R. 
Campbell, J. J. 
Campbell, Tom 
Carey, Paul 
Carnathan, Roy £. 
Carroll, James J. 
Carroll, J. Howard 
Carter, Walter C. 
Casson, H. W, 
Caswell, Edwin W. 
Cayo, A. B. 
Chatterton, Charles O. 
Chatterton, J. H. 
Clark, Alfred E. 
Clark, E. J. 
Clark, Leonard M. 
Clark, W. D. 
Clarke, George G. 
Clauss, Albert, Jr. 
Clerin, X. 
Cloutier, Henri H. 
Cobb, C. E. 
Cohen, Bert 
Collinson, Thomas J. 
Coman, Dan J. 
Connell, John Herman 
Convill, Edmund G. 
Conville, James O. 
Copper, John H. 
Cook, Arthur 
Cook, F. J. 
Cook, Fred S. 
Cosgrqve, Joseph P. 
Cottingham, Cone 
Cox, Ward F. 
Crofton, Bache 
Cronquist, Arthur 
Crossley, Jack 
Crowe, T. A. 
Crowley, Douglas 
Cruikshank, Burt G. 
Crumpacker, M. E. 
Cudlipp, Paul 
Daley, W. O. 
Danaher, Frank J. 
Davis, H. A. 
Davis, Paul H. 

Deady, Hanover 
De Boest, Joseph 
Dent, F. J. 
Desky, Clarence H. 
Dewey, George 
Dix, S. H. 
Dooley, R. J. 
Domey, R. B. 
Dowd, Thomas J. 
Dowling, O. F. 
Downard, Paul 
Drake, William H. 
Drissel, H. J. 
Dugan, Albert 
Duke, C. A. 
Dunaway, L. E. 
Dunbar, Fred J. 
Durant, George S. 
Early, R. B. 
Edwards, H. H. 
Eivers, E. J. 
Eivers, Joseph C 
Emke, William 
Emken, Cecil W. 
Eubanks, Clarence M. 
Eulrich, W. H. 
Evans, Howard B. 
Evans, Victor R. 
Fagan, Stuart 
Failing, F. E. 
Failing, John C 
Farley, K. C. 
Faxon, Elwood B. 
Faxon, Vernon R. 
Fearey, J. L. 
Feesc, G. Harold 
Feldenheimer, Elmer 
Feldenheimer, Paul 
Fennell, R. M. 
Field, Richard A. 
Finch, S. E. 
Finger, Calvin A. 
Fithian, Robert 
Fitzgibbon, J. H. 
Fogarty, H. B. 
Frankland, James 
Franklin, Charles O. 
Frei linger, Carl 
Fritsch, Fred. 
Froman, W. C. 


Fullzt, Rex G. 
Gade, G. L. 
Garrett, George 
Geary, Arthur 
Qeer, Paul H. 
Gcrber, Albion T. 
Gibbons, W. H. 
Gillette, P. W. 
Givens, W. A. 
Glaser, Charles H. 
Glass, Graham, Jr. 
Gleason, Walter B. 
Glenn, F. I. 
Glennon, John G. 
Gohre, Max B. 
Goodall, Kenneth 
Goodwin, Orton E. 
Graham, Donald 
Grant, Harold H. 
Grayson, Harry M. 
Greer, Wallace W. 
Gregory, L. H. 
Greider, Claude E, 
Griffith, R. H. 
Griswold, Lyman 
Growdon, J. P. 
Guiss, Irving 
Gullette, Fred 
Gunz, Joseph A. 
Haas, Felix 
Haffenden, A. H. S. 
Hale, Howard A. 
Hammond, Edmund P. 
Hammond, J. W. 
Harbke, Jeff 
Harder, Louis 
Hargrave, Jack N. 
Harris, C. G. 
Hart, Philip 
Hartman, W. H. 
Hastings, H. W. 
Hawkins, E. R. 
Hawkins, Martin 
Hawley, A R. 
Healey, Norman F. 
Heckart, Bernon 
Hecker, Ernest 
Heerdt, W. J. 
Henderson, Wilber 
Heston, A. W. 


Hexter, Edgar C. 
Higgason, J. R. 
Higley, John E. 
Hine, A. R. 
Hoch, George W. 
Hogan, Cicero F, 
Hoicomb, Roger 
Holden, John W. 
Holdman, A. E. 
Hollinger, M. W. 
Holt, E. R. 
Hone3rman, Bruce R. 
Howe, William C. 
HudHleston, Harry 
Huddleston, Winbert 
Huclat, W. W. 
Huggins, C. C. 
Huggins, Harrison 
Hughes, Raleigh 
Hummell, Fred. W. 
Humphrey, C. E. 
Humphrey, Harry 
Hunter, T. G. 
Hurlburt, Ralph J. 
Hurst, Fred G. 
Huston, Oliver B. 
Huston, S. C. 
Hutton, W. A. 
Hynson, G. Lee 
Irwin, Clifton M. 
Jackson, Edgar F. 
Jackson, H. W. 
James, Leland 
Janin, Roy M. 
JeflFcott, Ray 
Jennings, Richard 
Johannsen, Walter George 
Johnston, Wilson 
Johnstone, La Verne W. 
Jones, Chester V. 
Jones, Leon L. 
Jones, Marion J. 
Jones, Owen 
Jones, R. L. 
Julien, Carl W. 
Kadderly, H. L. 
Katterman, Harry A. 
Kaufman, Earle F. 
Kavanaugh, William C. 
Keck, H. H. 
Keck, Walter 

Keeler, James C. 
Keen, William H. H. 
Keenan, Frank P. 
Keil, Arthur 
Keith, G. L. 
Kellogg, Bruce C. 
Kelly, George J. 
Kemp, Charles 
Kennedy, J. W. 
Kenney, Daniel J. 
Kctterman, G. F. 
iKiesendahl, Dr. Earl J. 
KiUalee, R. A. 
Kindorf, Mr. 
King, E. G. 
Kinne, H. H. 
Kirschner, Ernest L. 
Klepper, Milton Reed 
Knouff, Arthur R. 
Knudson, Ralph L. 
Koerber, Henry 
Krausse, Rudolph 
Kroder, Walter J. 
Kydd, Burness 
Lack, Leonard 
Laidlaw, Lansing 
Laman, Hobart 
Larson, O. W. 
Latimer, George O. 
Lathrop, F. A. 
Layman, C. A. 
Layman, John H. 
Leavens, Rex 
Leonard, H. W. 
Leslie, Herbert G. 
Le Tourneau, E. H. 
Lewis, Clyde E. 
Lilly, Claude 
Lincoln, R. J. 
Lind, Arthur 
Lind, Edgar 
Littlepage, L. 
Livingstone, Colin 
Lomax, C. E. 
Lomax, Lester 
Long, David Frank 
Long, Walter S. 
Lowes, Earl J. 
Lucas, Raymond 
Lueddemeann, Hillman 
Lyman, J. D. 


Lynch, F. C. 
Lytle, John W. 
IVIacDonald, George 
Mackenzie, A. E. 
Mackenzie, George F. 
MacKinnon, John W. 
MacVeigh, Rogers 
Maffett, Samuel R. T. 
Mallett, George 
Maloney, Willis S. 
Mann, Allan 
Mann, Lawrence C. 
Mann, Roger 
Mansfield, Stanley 
Marcellus, M. B. 
Marias, Charles H. 
Maris, O. R. 
Maris, R. W. 
Marshall, C. L. 
Martin, Walter L 
Mast, Clarence 
Masters, W. H. 
Matson, Dr. Ralph C. 
May, Samuel 
Mayer, L. O. 
McAllen, Mark 
McAllen, W. D. 
McBride, Walter S. 
McCamont, Davis 
McCansel, Hugh 
McCarl, Merritt D. 
McClure, F. E. 
McCool, Joseph L. 
McCoy, N. F. 
McFaul, George Z. 
McGinty, Frank R. 
McHale, Frank 
MaKechnie, F. W. 
McKenna, Leo L. 
McKie, Stuart 
McKnight, Lee B. 
McLean, M. T. 
McMahon, V. P. 
McxNeill, Charles L. 
McPhelin, Frank J. 
McPherson, O. H. 
Meier, Allen 
Meighan, Edgar A. 
Mercer, C. H. 
Mersereau, Harrison L. 
Metzger, Floyd S. 



Metzgcr, George 
Middleton, John S. 
Mihnos, Frank 
Mikkelson, Ott J. 
Miller, Alex. J. 
Miller, Charles E. 
Miller, Chester B. 
Miller, J. Chester 
Miller, Jesse U. 
Miller, Oscar R. 
Miller, Waldo S. 
Mims, George B. 
Mitchell, E. Radford 
Mitchell, Lyall 
Mock, Gordon 
MoUner, F. M. 
Mollner, R. F. 
Montaudon, O. F. 
Monger, Benjamin F. 
Moor, Hal H. 
Moore, Frank M. 
Morgan, E. A. 
Morris, A. E. 
Morrison, Alexander 
Morrison, Carol 
Morrison, Kenneth P, 
Morrison, Robert 
Morrow, Jackson 
Morse, Donald W. 
Morse, E. W. 
Mortensen, Carl J. 
Muirden, Alex L. 
Muirden, Herbert 
Mullen, C. L. 
Munly, Edmund F. 
Munly, Leo P. J. 
Munley, W. C. 
Murphy, Arthur 
Murphy, James T. 
Murphy, T. L. 
Nadeau, Frank 
Nease, D. E. 
Nice, H. Warren 
NicoU, George D. 
Nolan, Albert 
Nordin, J. C. 
Norris, A. D. 
Norton, W. H. 
Nunn, Herschel 
O'Brien, Alfred J. 

0*Bryan, Jack 
O'Donnell, W. J. 
Ogden, Melvin 
Olsen, Arthur S. 
Olson, Raymond F. 
Qppenheimer, E. K. 
Osborne, John Warren 
Otten, George H. 
Owens, Chester 
Paddock, Jay A. 
Paine, E. Allen 
Parcell, Charles W. 
Parrett, Otis 
Paterson, Philip 
Patrick, Charles C. 
Paulsen, Earl A. 
Pearson, E. F. 
Penfield, M. F. 
Pennicuik, Norman 
Perdval, Glenn W. 
Perkins, E. J. 
Peterson, Edmund S. 
Peterson, Herbert A. 
Peterson, Lynn G. 
Pigg, Clifford L. 
Piper, Edgar E. 
Pirie, George C. 
Pironi, Leo J. 
PoUoch, John D. 
Potter, C. T. 
Powell, George 
Price, Roy W. 
Ramsdall, T. M. 
Rebagliate, Carlos R. 
Redman, W. H. 
Reed, Henry G. 
Regular, Leslie 
Rice, Thomas A. 
Richards, Monte R. 
Ringsred, Walter 
Rintoul, A. D. 
Roberts, Arthur L. 
Roberts, L. O. 
Roberts, Mason H. 
Robertson, John W. 
Robertson, L. J. 
Robertson, Stuart 
Robinson, Sam 
Roenicke, Walter 
Rogers, R. E. 

170 ' 

Roth, Edgar L. 
Royce, W. K. 
Royston, Frank F. 
Rudeen, Carl 
Russell, H. A. 
Rust, H. C. 
Sabin, C. G. 
Sammons, E. C. 
Sauvain, J. Forrest 
Sawtell, A. R. 
Saylor, Clyde 
Schaecher, Norman P. 
Schaefer, Louis 
Schaub, E. J. 
Scheufler, Arthur 
Schiffer, Wilson E. 
Schille, Anthony 
Schomadcer, E. D. 
Schuknecht, H. F. 
Scupham, Herbert S. 
Sears, E. Charles 
Sengstak, Card., Jr. 
Sessions, H. F. 
Seufert, Leland L. 
Shea, Edward H. 
Shea, Gilbert J. 
Sheehy, Robert E. 
Shevlin, Peter J. 
Shoemaker, Herbert 
Simmons, Edmund W. 
Simpson, H. B. 
Sinnott, James J. 
Skeen, Donald 
Skiff, Dr. S. S. 
Smith, Charles E. 
Smith, Leland L. 
Smith, Paul A. 
Smock, John Clifford 
Scoysmith, Gerald C. 
Spliid, Waldemar 
Squire, F. C. 
Standifer, T. V. 
Stanton, George 
Staudler, William 
Steele, J. R. 
Stelsel, Garrett 
Stephenson, C. B. 
Stevens, Henry C. 
Stevens, W. P. 
Stinson, Richard B. 


Stokes, H. B. J. 
Storz, Charles W. 
Stott, H. h. 
Stoughton, Thomas D. 
Strahan, Frank 
Straight, J. I. 
Streit, Ernest H. 
Strong, R. T. 
Stubbs, W. D. 
Studer, George A. 
Sturgis, Eugene King 
Sutherland, W. M. 
Swanson, A. L. 
Swigert, Ernest G. 
Switzer, Lewis 
Taylor, Fred. G. 
Taylor, G. Seaton 
Telford, W. J. 
Thatcher, L. W. 
Thomas, Clifford J. 
Thomas, J. H.,.Jr. 
Thompson, Harvey 
Todd, Allen, Jr. 
Towey, James P. 
Towey, William 
Treece, Manley 
Twinning, C. W. 
Tyler, William R. 
Urquhart, J. A. 
Utter, Darwin 

Vaughn, J. W. 
Velguth, G. M. 
Vettel; J. R. 
Wakeman, Henry R. 
Walker, Eldred 
Ward, Ray 
Warrens, W. H. 
Wassell, Oliver C. 
Waters, Frank W. 
Watkins, Ray C. 
Watzek, Aubrey R. 
Watzek, J. R. 
Weber, Robert P. 
Webster, Locke 
Weiss, E. W. 
Weiss, Stewart 
Weldin, George C. 
Wells, W. J. 
Wentworth, Charles E. 
Westering, Myrton L. 
Westherby, F. E. 
Wheeler, Collister 
Wheeler, William S. 
White, George C. 
White, Samuel 
White, Taylor C. 
Whiteside, Dr. George S. 
Whitlock, C. G. 
Whitmer, Aaron 
Whitney, E. F. 

Wick, Henry 
Wick, Jack 
Wigman, T., Jr. 
Wiles, Horace D. 
WiUette, ErroU W, 
Williams, Ervie 
Williams, J. Austin 
Williams, Merritt 
Williams, Raymond 
Williams, Robert D. 
Williams, Thomas H. 
Wilson, R. L. 
Wilson, Robert W. 
Winch, Simeon Reed 
Winters, L. D. 
Wise, Harry F. 
Wodtlery, Otto P. 
Wolters, C. H. 
Woodruff, Howard W. 
Word, Richard 
Worthington, Wayne 
Wortman, Everett 
Wright, Daniel E. 
Wright, J. A. 
Wright, William 
Wyld, E. A., Jr. 
Yercx, R. C. 
Ziegelman, Edward F. 
Zimmerman, U. J. 

Commercial Members. 

Alter, Thornton R. 
Anderson, George 
Barry, A. G. 
Beattie, Byron J. 
Block, William C. 
Bremmer, R. O. 
Brown, P. S. 
Calkins, C. B. 
Cecil, K. P. 
Clark, A. C. 
Cole, R. J. 
Collier, E. B. 
Constantine, J. H. 
E>emmon, Harold R. 
Dickinson, Paul 
Duncomb, W. H. 
Durkheimer, Sylvan 

Eastman, H. E. 
Eberle, W. R. 
Feikert, F. A. 
Full, George D. 
Gannon, Lewis 
Gardner, Earl W. 
Gleason, H. E. 
Godel, Albert T. 
Goodell, G. L. 
Grasle, W. R. 
Harden, Robert De F. 
Harries, Herbert L. 
Hartman, Otto C. 
Husby, Earl A. 
Jones, Clayton R. 
Jons, J. F. 
Killen, Wade 


McCurdy, Ralph H. 
MacKenzie, H. L. 
Mahone, W. L. 
Maroney, Benjamin F. 
Matschek, Norman 
Meckley, H. R. 
Mercer, Robert P. 
Miles, A. 
Miles, A. W. 
Miller, Carl N. 
Newell, J. R. 
Nickerson, W. 
Nilsson, Adolph 
Peck, Elbert D. 
Perry, Earl 
Perry, Ray A. 
Polk, C. G. 



Ramsey, F. W. 

Roper, Ralph S. 
Routledge, Clinton H 
Schuyler, James T. 
Seagrave, Louis H. 
Sharp, W. L. 
Shefler, Robeit B. 

Shroyer, Howard R. 
Smith, Gerard E. 
Tanner, Ned V. 
Thompson, Arthur S. 
Tripp, G. Lcighton 
Van Anken, Earl D. 
Wadsworth, F. 

^Valther, M. J. 
WiUard, Edward H. 
Winters, J. D. 
Wolgamot, C. L. 
Worsham, E. W. 

Adams, Jack 
Adamson, R. 
Alexander, Henry 
Baker, H. E. 
Barnes, Richard 
Bashford, Albert W. 
Bates, Donald 
Benson, Ralph 
Berg, Edward J. 
Berni, Holt 
Bingham, Selquin 
Black, George, Jr. 
Breakey, Wallace T. 
Burdick, Carroll D. 
Button, Allyn C. 
Carlberg, Alfred Joel 
Carroll, Edwin H. 
Clark, N. M. 
Clarke, Frank 
Clarke, Hayden 
Clerin, H. L. 
Colwell, Russell 
Cook, Ransom 
Cooper, Linn R. 
Dallenbach, Emil 
Dalton, Lionel 
Dickson, Frank 
Digman, Jesse 
Duerden, Ralph 
DuflFy, Donald 
DuflFy, Thomas A. 
Dunn, Cecil F. 
Dunne, David M., Jr. 
Edwards, Charles M. 
Effinger, J. B razee 
Ford, Bert L. 
Frampton, R. Harold 
Gilmore, Robert H. 
Gowan^ David H. 

Intermediate Members. 

Gratton, Paul V. 
Gravelle, Wilfred 
Gray, Clarence 
Greer, Leonard K. 
Grischow, Roy C. 
Guisness, Earl 
Hall, Hubert 
Hanebut, Henri W., 
Hammett, Earl V. 
Hastings, Kenneth 
Healy, Irving 
Henny, G. C. 
Hewett, Roy B. 
Hodges, Lawrence M. 
Holcomb, Ernest 
Hutchison, Howard B. 
Jacobs, F. A., Jr. 
Johnson, C. W. Earl 
Johnson, George B. 
Joys, Lawrence B. 
Kaufman, Russell 
Keeler, Miner S. 
Kelley, Albert A. 
Kennedy, Claire A. 
Kendall, George O. 
Knapp, Addison 
Krohn, Alfred 
Kurtz, Harry M. 
Kyle, Hugh 
Laidlaw, Jack 
Laman, Thomas 
Larimore, Earle F. 
Lind, Donald 
Loydgren, Earle F. 
MacRea, George E., Jr. 
McCallen, Don C. 
McCourt, John B. 
McDonald, Allan M. 
Malarky, D. J. 


Mayo, George 
Meacher, Joseph 
Merriam, Howard S. 
Merrill, Joseph M. 
Murphy, Edward J, 
Nefl, C. W. 
Nicolai, Hall M. 
Nygaard, A. W. 
Olivier, Arthur 
Olson, Herbert 
Owens, Philip 
Parelius, Martin W. 
Peters, Alvin F. 
Peterson, Howard 
Phillips, Wilbur 
Povey, David Hobkirk 
Povey, Darrell L. 
Powell, Clement James 
Powell, Douglas 
Roth, Conrad E. 
Scallon, Charles 
Shattuck, Wesley A. 
Sheppard, Robert L. 
Shreve, Lyle 
Smith, Carl 
Smith, Kenneth G. 
Sound, M. B. 
Steele, Jesse R. 
Steele, Harold C. 
Stephenson, Edward C. 
Stevens, Harley 
Stevens, Henry M. 
Strong, W. D. 
Stryker, Edward 
Teller, Alfred S. 
Thayer, Ralph J. 
Torgerson, Alvin 
Westering, Ralph A. 
White, John 


Williams, J. 
Wilson, H. C. 

Abegg, Fred 
Albec, WiUiam F. 
Allyn, William P. 
Atlas, Charles £. 
Bailey, Curtis P. 
Banks, Walter H. 
Barbare, Peter J. 
Barnick, H. A. 
Bemie, Albert F, 
Bethel, W. A. 
Black, Harvey N. 
Boehmer, Karl C. 
Brandes, Alan 
Breske, J. Fred 
Brett, Sereno E. 
Briedwell, Lyle H. 
Briedwell, Paul R. 
Brook, F. W. 
Brown, L. F. 
Brown, Walter 
Brunkow, A. F. 
Buist, Norman A. 
Burgard, William N. 
Burnett, Harry 
Busch, Edward J. 
Busch, John C. 
Cake, Harold H. 
Canfield, Wallace B. 
Carney, Francis 
Caylor, Arthur 
Chamberlain, Paul 
Clark, Rankin 
Coberth, Thompson 
Collins, Russell E. 
Colton, George T. 
Contryman, Alfred E. 
Cornell, Anson B. 
Cronk, C. P. 
Dabney, Harold W. 
Daniels, John A., Jr. 
Delahunt, R. K. 
Dew, N. A. 
Doeneka, J, R. 
Dorenberger, Raymond S. 
Dutcher, H. A. 
Edwards, M. F. 

Wise, Zina A, 
Workman, Paul A. 

Senior Members Absent. 

Emigh, Perry 
Fearey, E. G. 
Feldenheimer, Roy 
Flegel, Charles P. 
Fowlor, Frank E. 
Gabrielson, C. G. 
Gammie, Norman 
Garb^de, Edgar T. 
Gilman, Ben H. 
Godel, Howard 
Gorman, R. E. 
Goodale, James Spencer 
Gottig, Elmer G. 
Gould, N. Orday 
Grant, Earle E. 
Grant, Richard H. 
Gravley, James J. 
Greer, T. V. 
Gregg, Harry W. 
Green, W. Clyde 
Gunning, L. C. 
Hall, Ralph E. 
Hart, H. R. 
Hauser, (Kenneth D. 
Hawkins, Glenn 
Herbert, J, M. 
Higgins, Frank W. 
HiUer, Wilbur 
Hilton, Harold 
Hobgood, Walter B. 
Hodgman, K. E. 
Holden, William F. 
Hughes, Earl F. 
Huntingdon, William M. 
Hurlburt, C. M. 
Hurley, Joseph 
Jackson, P. L. 
Jacobs, W. G. 
Johnson, John O., Jr. 
Jones, Sidney D. 
Joy, Adam F. 
Joy, Allen R., Jr. 
Kamm, S. Phillip 
Kearns, W. A. 
Keeler, William N. 
Kelley, Walter H. 


Youngs, Dick 

Kern, J. T. 
iKiggins, Keith 
Kingsley, G. A. 
Kinley, Arthur C. 
Knickerbocker, E. L. 
Knudson, C. N. 
Kribs, George 
Lageson, Burt L. 
Lehnherr, Elmer 
Lewis, Edwin H. 
Lewis, William C. 
Lillard, J. A. 
Littlefield, Leon A. 
Livingstone, Robert, Jr. 
Lyman, Robert P. 
Lyons, Frank L. 
McGuire, Hugh B. 
McLellan, William J. 
McMicken, D. E. 
McMurray, John 
McNichols, Patrick J. 
Mackay, Howard 
Mackenzie, Hugh 
Macy, Glen S. 
Magill, Fulton 
Mass, Ernest, Jr. 
Mathis, Alfred G. 
Matson, Ray 
Metzger, Walter 
Miller, Clifton M. 
Miller, William L. 
Modrow, F. W. 
Montague, Kirk 
Mount, Frank F. 
Mulligan, L. F. 
Neill, Kenneth M. 
Nelson, Robert W. 
Nepple, Edward 
Nicolai, Arthur F. 
Noble, Clvmer M. 
O'Donneli, William J. 
Oliver, Herbert 
Olsen, E. A. 
Paddock, Robert L. 
Pareluis, R. B. 
Parker, Charles T. 



Parker, R. C. 
Parkinson, Benjamin H. 
Patterson, Lee 
Pautz, E. F. 
Preble, E. W. 
Preeg, Herbert V. 
Prigmore, J. C. 
Ramsdell, George V. J. 
Rice, Donald B. 
Rice, Lyman G. 
Ricketts, F. L. 
Ripley, Glenn B. 
Rogers, W. Marsden 
Rosenberg, Dr. J. H. 
Rumelin, Reed A. 
Sapp, Harold 
Saunders, E. Towlc 
Schade, Martin H. 
Scharpfi, George B. 
Schneider, C. G. 
Schoof, William H. 
Sewall, Russell W. 

Sharkey, Clement J. 
Sinnott, Tom J. 
Slade, E. F. 
Sloan, R. H. 
Smith, Blaine R. 
Smith, Eugene W. 
Smith, Gilbert F. 
Smith, Harry E. 
Smyth, William R. 
Snow, Berkely H. 
Snow, C. MacCormac 
Staiger, F. W. 
Stanley, George 
Steiwer, William H. 
Stewart, William P. 
Still, C. E. 
Story, Mitchel 
Stubbs, J. O. 
Sturdevant, Robert B. 
Sutherland, M. V. 
Swafford, H. A. 
Templeton, Raymond 

Thirkell, E. C. 
Trowbridge, Henry 
Trueblood, H. W. 
Tumure, Harold 
Vance, James 
Van Hecke, L. C. 
Vickers, Donald J. 
Waite, Oakley 
Wakeman, William J. 
Walter, William S, 
Warner, G. 
Weber, John E. 
Wernstedt, L. 
Whitman, Dan B, 
Williams, Harold Parish 
Wilmot, Richard K. 
Wood, Lambert 
Wyld, H. W. 
Zimmerman, W. E. 
Zimmerman, W. Stuart 

Intermediate Members Absent. 

Baab, Gordon 
Beggs, George 
Bell, Alex 
Benson, C. M. 
Carter, Lloyd F. 
Connelly, Harold 
Effinger, R. Patterson 
Foley, Thomas A. 
Goode, George A. 

Graham, Gerard 
Halsey, Irving R. 
Hamblet, Edwin 
Hemenway, Roscoe D. 
Jackson, Francis 
Littlefield, Forrest 
Mann, Maurice R. 
Montgomery, James W. 
Patterson, William 

Pennell, Harry R, 
Simmons, Rouse 
Smith, Stephen 
Summerville, Lee 
Thorsen, Warren M. 
Tuerck, John K, 
Wilson, John C. 
Wilson, Robert W., Jr. 

Ellsworth Amendment. 

Donaldson, Alex 
Dow, V. Walker 
Duffy, J. E. 

Fee, Chester 
Hummel, W. A. 
Parsons, John 

Wells, M. D. 
Whiteside, Frederick 
Yost, George 

Ladies' Annex. 

Joseph, Alice C. 
Malloy, Margaret M. 

Morse, Georgie 
Mullen, Ethel 


Riesch, Frances 
Scovell, Ora Frances 


Benson, J. W. 
Broeren, N. A. 
Buzby, Charles E., Jr. 
Conway, George B. 
Conant, Rex 
Crow, Earl H. 


Dashley, L. H. 
GalL'en, Elwood H. 
Gould, George W. 
Hejnvood, H. C. 
Hudson, A. B. 
Mackenzie, Arthur B. 

Mallory, C. C. 
New, Philip 
Newland, R. P. 
Seagrave, Louis H. 
Shanks, J. King 
Vranizan, Don J. 

Barron, L. F. 
Burritt, W. P. 
Howell, M. J. 

Nacozari, Sonora, Mexico 

Long, K. 

Mitchell, L. R. B. 
McLcod, B. H. 

Rawlins, E. L. 
Redfield, F. G. 
Russek, H. 

Glen Cove, L. L, N. Y. 

Adams, John F. 
Alker, C. B. 
Appleby, C. H. 
Appleby, J. S. 
Armstrong, Russell 
Ayer, J. C. 
Baker, George F., Jr. 
Barnes, £. M. 
Bedford, A. Clarke 
Bedford, E. T., 2nd. 
Bemer, Horace C. 
Blair, James A. 
Bourne, G. C. 
Brewster, Sidney 
Brokaw, George T. 
Brokaw, Irving 
Bucknall, B. C. 
Bucknall, G. S. 
Cape, Henry, Jr. 
Carhart, H. W. 
Clapp, H. M. 
Cordier, A. J. 
Corey, Alan 
Cowperthwait, H. M. 
Dana, Anderson 
Davis, J, E. 
Davison, H. P., Jr. 
Day, H. Mason 

Dean, H. W. 
Decker, J. W. 
Dickinson, H. T. 
Doubleday, F. D. 
Duncan, David 
Duncan, W. B. 
Dunning, C. A. 
Dykman, J. A. 
Eldredge, E. Irving, Jr. 
Fahys, George E., Jr. 
Fahys, Joseph E. 
Fair, C. M. 
Feitner, Q. F. 
Fowler, Dr. R. S. 
Gates, Stephoti 
Gibb, J. R. 
Godwin, Harold 
Handy, C. W. 
Hester, William 
Hine, F. W. 
Hine, L. N. 
Johnson, Stuart 
Kemp, Van Horn 
Kerr, E. Coe 
Ladew, H. S. 
Loring, D. A., Jr. 
Lovett, R. S., Jr. 
McCuUagh, Samuel 


Mcllvaine, Tompkins 
Maxwell, H. W., Jr. 
Moore, Louis DeB. 
Murdock, Lewis 
Murdock, Warren 
Phipps, H. C. 
Pierce, J. F. 
Porter, James J. 
Pratt, George D., Jr. 
Pratt, Richardson 
Pratt, Sherman 
Pratt, Theodore 
Richards, Ira, Jr. 
Sayre, H. E. 
Smith, George C, Jr. 
Smithers, H. B. 
Steams, J. N., 3rd. 
Stettinius, E. R. 
Stewart, W. A. W. 
Tappan, A. D. 
Taylor, B. L., Jr. 
Tiffany, C. L. 
Walbridge, A. B. 
Weld, F. M. 
Whelan, S. S. 
White, A. M. 
Whitney, H. F. 




Carpenter, William 
Dunham, Nelson 
Hodsdon, Rodger K. 
Johnson, J. Seward 

New Brunswick, N. J. 

McCarter, G. W. 
Perlee, Ralph 
Ross, Miles 
Rittenhouse, G. H. 

Reed, Charles H. 
Rutgers, N. G., Jr. 
Swope, Gerard 
Webb, L. S. 

Barker, M. Stanley 
Chaix, C. A. 


Staten Island, N. Y. 
Reyiiaud, Henri Wright, G. Thadius 


Baldwin, John Hardie 
Bright, Edgar A. 
Brown, Dr. Temple 
Burton, J. Gilbert 
Christ, Dunbar L, 
Clarke, George S. 
Clarke, Russell 
Clarke, Dr. S. M. D. 
Clarke, W. L. 
Carroll, Morris 
Carroll, Walter 
Colcock, W. Ferguson 
Danna, Dr. J. A. 
Dyer, Dr. Isadore 
Elliott, Dr. John B. 
Ellis, Richard M. 
Ficklen, Dr. Alex. 
Gannon, D. B. 
Gelpi, Dr. M. J. 
Gladney, J. Bonner 
Goldstein, Louis 

New Orleans, La. 

Grima, Alfred 
Guthrie, Dr. J. B. 
Hansen, C. C. 
Hendren, W. H., Jr. 
Howard, Alvin P. 
Howard, J. J. 
Howard, Louis 
Irwin, Leon, Jr. 
Jackson, J. N. 
Jones, Dr. Hamilton P. 
Jones, W. C. 
Lacour, Ovide B. 
Ladoux, Dr. Alex. 
Lanfried, Dr. C. J. 
Lathrop, W. M. 
LeBeuf, Nelville 
Legendre^ Armand 
Lemann, Dr. L L 
Lesesne, Lucien M. 
Ludwig, Edw. B. 
Michel, F. R. 

Miller, Dr. C. Jeff 
Monrose, C. F. 
Moore, Levering 
Moss, Dr. E. 
Penick, W. E. 
Provosty, Michel 
Ralston, H. P. 
Reilly, W. B. 
Rowbotham, G. W. 
Smith, Jean Mason 
Smith, William Mason 
Stevens, H. B. 
Stouse, Henry J. 
Taylor, Dudley O. 
Vallon, Raoul J. 
Van Wart, Roy 
Vincent, Hugh 
Weis, Dr. Joseph D. 
Wells, Charles W. 


Allain, Charles DeV. 
Billingsley, Fred W. 
Bott, Harold F. 
Bruns, James H. 
Bruns, T. M. Logan 
Chaffe, Blackshear 
Coleman, E. Hunter 
Decker, Beverly H. 
Denny, F. Otway 
Derby, Arthur L. 
Dicks, Dr. John F. 

New Orleans, La. 

Douglas, J. Edmund 
Drouet, Sougeron 
Goethals, George R. 
Gould, J. E. 
Grima, Alfred 
Halsey, Dr. J. T. 
Jones, Dr. William O'D. 
MacKenzie, Gordon A. 
Manv, Miss Anna E. 
Morris, Edgar T. 
Morrison, George T. 


Paternotte, Fernand 
Payne, Frank T. 
Smith, Jean Mason 
Soniat, Leon 
Stone, Lawrence A. P. 
Stouse, Henry J. 
Waters, Arthur C. 
Watters, Adair 
Watters, Douglas S. 
Westfeldt, Gustaf R., Jr. 
White, R. Emmett 



Bill, Raymond 
Chesbrough, J. W. 
Clark, John D. 
Guest, E. H. 
Hiscoe, R. V. 
Hunter, F. T., Jr. 

New Rochelle, N. Y. 

Hyde, Herbert S. 
[selin, O'Donncll S. 
Klaw, Joseph 
Leech, Geo. B. 
Lippincott, W. C. 
Little, Vaughan 

Matteson, L. G. 
Nast, Cyril 
Randall, A. G. 
Stiles, A. G. 
Watson, James R. 
Wilson, S. B. 


Bray, Robert C. 
Butts, F. M. 
Butts, Chester C. 
Dana, Ripley L. 
Fitch, Robert C. 
Holt, Arthur R. 

Newton Centre, Mass. 

Jackson, Leonard 
Noyes, Edward S. 
Pratt, George W. 
Proctor, Thomas W. 
'Raymond, Allen S. 
Raymond, Robert F., Jr. 

Richardson, Hughes 
Speare, Albert R. 
Tilton, Thomas A. 
Wagner, William L. 
Williams, Richard Norris, 


New York, N. Y. 

Adrian, Cyril J. 
Allison, Phip W. 
Beaver, Barclay 
Binzen, Elliot 
Bishop, Chas. 
Carmichael, Caryl 
Cherry, Thomas H. 
Echevenia, Frederick 


Hanley, James 
Henscl, C. H. 
Hexamer, A. W.t 
Hoyt, Charles A. 
Jennings, H. B. 
Leask, E. M. 
Loughman, F. M. 
McCoy, Peter J. 

Nassoit, H. B. 
Pitt, Steddford 
Pond, Charles, Jr. 
Scraton, William A. 
Vonkerkowitz, Carl J. 
Warwick, Robert 
Wetzler, R. A. 
White, Francis W. 

Ayers, Horace 
Battle, John Manning 
Binzen, Elliott H. 
Carpenter, A. E. 
Close, Wilmot S. 
Dixon, Robert L. 
Doscher, Fred J. 
Freckleton, Frank 
Graef, Arthur M. 


New York City 

Griest, Maurice 
Goffe, Warren H. 
Hoffman, August F. 
Her, Alexander 
Keefe, Louis R. 
Lord, A. C. 
Mitchell, Martin M. 
Ostendorf , A. J. 
Pinder, Andrew K. 

Raymond, Roland 
Rowell, Edward S. 
Skillman, Irving S. 
Skirtner, Herbert C. 
Smith, James D. 
Snell, Frank M. 
Toussaint, Arthur F. C. 
Von Eltz, Julius T. 
Wood, W. Halsey 


Glen Head, L. L 

Adler, Harry C. 
Bach, Julian S. 
Bach, Milton J. 
Bijur, Harry 
Forsch, Albert 
Frank, Robert L. 
Freeman, Henry W. 
Harris, Elmer P. 

Jonas, James A. 
Kohnstamm, L. S. 
Levi, George 
Loewenthal, Paul H. 
Meyers, Wallace E. 
Ottenberg, B. 
Plaut, Edward 
Polack, Albert M. 

177 - 

Porges, Gustave 
Price, Arthur L. 
Schiffer, Edward H. 
SchoUe, William D. 
Stern, David L 
Wallach, K. R. 
Wheeler, Arthur J. 



Baxter, Andrew 
Boner, L. K. 
Bruce, G. E. 
Childs, H. H. 
Cobden, Philip E. 


Larchmont Manor, N. Y. 

Cooney, E. W.^ 
Ford, J. B. 
Ferguson, Willard E. 
Flint, William H. 
Hodgman, S. T. 

McClintock, John 
Mario, G. M. 
Moffat, Miss Alice 
Shafer, R. J., Jr. 


Oakland, Cal. 

Caig, David, Jr. 
Hunt, Reuben 
Johnson, J. L. 

Lane, F. M. 
Levy, Edmund 
O^Kanc, Arthur 

Powers, A. D., Jr. 
Welburn, Nelson 
Young, Adrian 

Ocean City, N. J. 

Beale, E. J. 
Budd, Thomas A. 
Chew, Robert B. 
Curran, Charles J., Jr. 
Gorman, Frank 
Greenwood, Wesley C. 

Henrich, A. E. 
Henzey, William 
Hexamer, George C. 
Homer, Horace K. 
Lloyd, Edgar 
Paris, Harold S. 

Ruckdeschel, Charles B, 
Seiflfort, Mervin F. 
Sharp, W. Howard 
Shregley, Ronald O. 
Stout, Charles M., Jr. 
Thomas, Dudley K. 


Barron, William, Jr. 
Bumhome, Clement M. 
Healy, Thomas R. 
Little, Leon M. 

Newburg, Mass. 

Little, Charles G. 
Moseley, Ben P. P. 
Morse, John H. 
Read, Francis B. 

Snow, Frank W. 
Thurlow, John W. 
Young, John F. 


Omaha, Nebraska. 

Adams, Joseph 
Adams, William 
Atchison, Edward 
Benedict, Ralph • 
Buckingham, Robert 

Brailey, John 
Calvert, John 
McConnell, Lyman 
Nicholson, William 
Powell, Ralph 

Potter, A. C. 
Potter, Cedric 
Scribner, A. C. 
Swiler, Carl 
Tilton, E. H. 


South Orange, N. J. 

Allen, John S. 
Babson, William A. 
Barstow, William A. 

Bayne, Carroll S. 
Bayne, William, 3rd. 
Beldon, Joseph W. 

' 178 

Biglow, Earl 
Black, Malcolm S. 
Boote, Alfred D. 


Chew, Philip F. 
Colby, Henry C. 
Dunn, Douglas W. 
Dyckman, F, Hamilton 
Dyckman, Lcroy M. 
Dyer, Richard T. 
Freeman, Russell P. 
Goodrich, Charles C. 
Hague, Florence 
Haines, Dallas W. 
Hale, Henry, Jr. 
Halsey, Ralph W. 
Holmes, Douglas R. 
Hoskier, Herman C. 

Johnson, Wilbur W. 
Jones, H. Seaver 
Kerr, Chichester C. 
Kip, John F. 
Klipstein, Gerald P. 
McCoy, James W. 
McEwan, Robert B., Jr. 
Martin, Charles J. 
Metcalf, Jesse 
Miles, J. EmsHe 
Miller, Philip N. 
Norton, L. A., Jr. 
Oliver, Norris S, 
Overman, Neill P. 

Pipe, Paul 

Riker, Carletoa B., Jr. 
Riker, Daniel C. 
Rogers, Rush H. 
Sanford, Edward S. 
Scheerer, William, Jr. 
Steward, Donald S. 
Strahan, Herbert J. 
Strahan, John W. 
Stnithers, William W. 
Watson, William 
Westerfield, Jason 
Woodbury, Lawrence D. 


Pottsville, Pa. 

Archibald, James 
Baber, Malcolm T. 
Bamford, Melvin W. 
Beddall, Thomas H. 
Blakeley, A. G. 
Boyer, G. H. 
Brigham, Robert H. 
Carpenter, Chapin 
Geary, Joseph W., Jr. 
Hadesty, John W. 
Herndon, Edward T. 
Hemdon, Hunter V. 
Hood, J. Parke 

Kaercher, George H. 
Knap, Harold O. 
Powers, Frank E. 
Pyle, G. Francis 
Richards, Lawrence H, 
Richards, W. Allison 
Rickert, Thomas H. 
Rickert, Van Duscn 
Riley, Emily C. 
Riley, Robert 
Royal, Robert A. 
Russell, Thomas F. 
Seltzer, Ruth 

Sheafer, Clinton W. 
Shoenberger, Alden 
Simonds, Carlton M. 
Striegel, Geo. 
Swalm, John M. 
Swalm, Robert 
Ulmer, William B. 
Woodbury, Robert B. 
Youngfleish, Frank W. 
Youngfleish, Jerome B.* 
Zerbey, Joseph H., Jr. 


Overbrook, Pa. 

Andrews, Thomas W. 
Bear, Herbert K. 
Bloch, Bernard 
Bookmyer, Roy T. 
Carr, George Wentworth 
Claflin, Clarence B. 
Davis, Paul A., 3rd. 
Dillon, Theodore F. 
Duncan, Stephen G. 
Emack, James H. 


Good, John W. 
Hansen, George E. 
Harrity, William F., Jr. 
Hayden, Walter H. 
Heine, H. Eugene 
Howell, Joshua Z. 
John, R. R. 
Jones, J. Langdon 
Jump, Henry D. 
MacMillan, Julian M. 


McQuillen, Price 
Manges, W. F. 
Pearson, Rodney S. 
Pierpoint, J. R. 
Slaymaker, W. W. 
Ten Broeck, W. D. 
Steven's, Alexander B. 
Van Lennep, G. A. 
Whitaker, Rev. Joseph F. 
Wright, Guier S. 



Biddle, Howard 
Considinc, Raymond J. 
Eshcrick, Frank K. 
Esling, Paul C. 
Forstcr, I. Gordon 
Harris, Albert E. 


Harvey, F. W. 
McCaim, Robert E. 
Millholland, James H, 
Paxson, David W. 
Perry, Robert W. 
Slocum, Harold L. 

Smith, Alan G. 
Stabler, Horace C. 
Walnut, Charles P. 
Whiting, J. H. C. 
Peters, Albert R. 


Mountain View, Cal. 

Baker, A. L. 
Bond, C. L. 
Byington, P. C. 

Balliett, C. J. 
Bellinger, Dr. S. D. 
Chandler, P. D, 
Chase, J. B. 
Cochrane, William J. 
Couch, C. A. 
Dold, R. S. 
Donaldson, H. R. 
Donovan, W. J. 
Driscoll, Dr. W. S. 
Fairbaim, E. J. 
Fairbairn, T. S. A, 
Finck, E. E. 
Gallagher, Dr. J. L. 
Gilbert, L. F. 
Goodyear, F. H. 
Hatch, A. S. 
Hessleman, L. W. 
Heussler, H. K. 
Hewitt, Vivian 
Hinds, Eliott P. 
Houseal, E. B. 

Dutcher, C. E. 
Jones, J, L. 


Buffalo, N. Y. 

Jones, W. S. 
Kratz, H. S. 
LoUey, W. H. 
McCreary, J. B. 
McKenzie, R. J. 
May, E. C. 

Meinenbach, Dr. R. O. 
Merritt, A. R. 
Metzer, P. L. 
Meyer, W. O. 
Mitchell, R. R. 
Moessinger, William E. 
More, E. A. 
More, M. B. 
Moul, J. E. 
Murray, O. F. 
O'Brain, J. A. 
Orr, G. A. 
Packard, Warren 
Parry, H. B. 
Peter, H. C, Jr. . 
Plumer, H. E. 

Smith, H. I. 
Spear, H. L. 

Prentice, W. F. 
Radford, R. A. 
Sawyer, A. W. 
Schoellkopf, W. H. 
Shepard, C. D. 
Smith, H. O. 
Smith, R. C. 
Smith, W. C. 
Spaulding, A. T. 
Walsh, J. H. 
Ward, Rev. J. C. 
Weed, Dr. H. M. 
Wertimer, Sidney 
Wheeler, L. M. 
White, R. N. 
Wilcox, G. C 
Wilhehn, K. E. 
Williams, R. V. 
Wright, Dr. Thew 
Wright, W. B. 


Philadelphia, Pa. 

Abrams, J. A. 
Adamson, W. 
Allen, H. B. 
Allen, Wharton 
Austin, J. M. 

Baird, E. 
Baird, E., Jr. 
Ballard, F. 
Barba, W. P. 
Barclay, Henry 


BarroU, F. L. 
Bartlett, F. W. 
Berkeley, H. C. 
Bishop, R. 
Blair, F. P. 


BolUng, R. H. 
Boycr, F. 
Breed, G. G. 
Breitinger, J. R. 
Bright, D. S. 
Bright, R. S. 
Brown, A. P. 
Brown, C. W. 
Brown, H. P., Jr. 
Brown, J. J. 
Brown, R. D.' 
Brown, R. I. 
Brown, T. E. 
Brown, W. F., Jr. 
BuUitt, H. 

Butterworth, H. W., Jr. 
Cassard, £. C. 
Chapman, Rev. J. H. 
Chase, R. 
Cheston, C. S. 
Cheston, James, 4th. 
Cheston, R., Jr. 
Clark, S. P. 
Clark, W., Jr. 
Clay, E. B. 
Colahan, A. C. 
Colbum, C. C. 
Cooke, M. L. 
Crane, M. P. 
Crenshaw, T. H. 
Crosby, A. U. 
Crothers, S. M. 
Dale, R. W. 
Dallett, A. J. 
Davis, C. P. 
Davis, E. L. 
Davis, I. R., Jr. 
Da5rton, S. G. 
DeLong, C. F. 
DeLong, Miss D. M. 
Denckla, H. A. 
Dent, Elbert 
Disston, H. 
Disston, J. S., Jr. 
Dixon, F. E. 
Dixon, T. F., Jr. 
Dixon, W. B. 
Dolan, Miss Rose 
Dougherty, G. 
Drayton, F. R. 
Duhring, Miss L. 

Dunn, G. G. 

Edmunds, F. S. 

Edson, H. E. 

Edson, J. D. 

Edson, L. D. 

Elkins, Miss E. C. 

Elkins, F. C. 

Ellison, J. S., Jr. 

Ellison, Norman, Jr. 

Ely, W. N., Jr. 

Faries, W. W. 

Farr, W. W. 

Ferguson, J. C, 3rd. 

Ferguson, J. P. 

Fetterman, G. E. 

Field, W. R. M. 

Finletter, E. M. 

Fisher, P. B. 

Fleming, W. F. 

Fletcher, M. 

Forney, J. W. 

Foulke, W. L. 

Fox, Dr. Herbert 

Fox, William 

Frazer, P., 3rd. 

Fumess, D. L. 

Gaillard, E. M. 

Gaillard, S. G., Jr. 

Gay, J. H., Jr. 

Gay, John 

Gay, Thomas S., Jr. 

Geary, A. H. 

Geary, J. W. 

Geary, J. W., Jr. 

Geiger, H, 

Gilchrist, E. B. 

Gimbel, E. A., Jr. 

Glendinning, R. E. 

Godfrey, A. 

Goodman, William. E., Jr. 

Gowen, J. E. 

Graeff, R. E. 

Graham, F. W. W., Jr. 

Graham, H. F. 

Graham, John, Jr. 

Graham, J. B. 

Grant, Patrick, 2nd. 

Gray, B. D. 

Gribbel, J. B. 

Gribbel, W. G. 

Harlcy, G. 

Harmar, W. W. 
Harris, F. B. 
Harris, J. A., 3rd. 
Harris, M. 
Hart, R. 
Hawley, G. T. 
Hebard, M. 
Heberton, C. 
Henrich, A. W. 
Henrich, F. F. 
Henry, C. W., Jr. 
Henry, S. 
Henry, T. C. 
Hillman, C. S. 
Hoffman, E. F., Jr. 
Hofstettcr, G., Jr. 
Hollis, Gertrude 
Hood, Miss S. 
Hooper, J. E., Jr. 
Hoph'ns, J. I. 
Houston, H. H., 2nd. 
Howlett, A. E. 
Isett, R. T. 
Jellett, R. T. 
Jennings, C. B. 
Johnson, Lawrence 
Johnson, M. W . 
Johnson, R. W., Jr. 
Johnson, Dr. W. N. 

ones, E. 

ones, G. M. 

ones, L. 
Josephs, D. C. 
Kane, Miss M. C. 
Kelsey, Miss M. 
Kempton, R. M. 
Kite, C. C. 
Kitson, H. 
Kitson, H. K. 
Kitson, K. 
Kneedler, H. S., Jr. 
Krumbhaar, E. B. 
Krumbhaar, Mrs. E. B. 
Landreth, B., 3rd. 
Landreth, L. S., Jr. 
Landreth, R. N. 
Latta, Miss R. 
Lavino, Miss E. M. 
Lciper, J. A. 
LcRoy, P. N. 
Lewis, F. H. 




Lewis, J. W. 
Lewis, Miss M. 
Lippincott, C. 
Lister, A. Brooks 
Longstreth, J. 
McAllister, A. E. 
McClay, J. S. 
McCoach, E. A. 
McCouch, Dr. G. 
McDonald, Dr. E. 
McDowell, M. E., Jr. 
McKim, Miss L. L. 
Mackie, N. S. 
Mackie, W. H. 
Madeira, E. W. 
Mason, John, Jr. 
Maury, J. R. 
Mellor, R. F. 
Merrick, J. V., 3rd. 
Merrick, Miss M. R. 
Merritt, J. S., Jr. 
Middleton, G. P. 
Miles, T. H. 
Miller, C. F. H. 
Miller, G. L. 
Mitchell, A. C. 
Mitchell, W. 
MoflFIy, J. W. 
Mohr, J. T. 
]V Ion roe, A. P. 
Monroe, James 
Morgan, R. A. 
Morse, W. G. 
MuUer, A. F. 
Newbold, A. E., Jr. 
Newkirk, C. W. 
Outerbridge, G. W. 
Owens, Dr. R. B. 
Packard, J. S., 3rd. 
Page, Miss E. B. 
Page, W. Byrd, Jr. 
Paul, S. H. 
Paul, T. S. 
Paul W. \. B. 
Peacock, AL 
Pearsall. R. M., 2nd. 
Pemberton, H. R. 
Pepper, B. F. 
Phelps. W. B. 
PhiUer, R. M. 

Potter, C. A., Jr. 
Potter, William 
Powell, T. R. 
Rapee, F. J. 
Reath, Thomas, Jr. 
Remington, G. T. C. 
Rex, H. B. 
Richards, L. 
Robinctte, E. B. 
Robinson, S. L. 
Robinson, W. F. 
Rodgers, E. T. 
Roper, J. G. 
Rowland, J. R. 
Rowland, L. H. 
Ruby, Walter 
Sartori, F. A. 
Saul, Dr. C. D. 
Savage, C. C. 
Savage, Thomas 
Schumann, E. A. 
Schwartz, W. M. 
Shappard, E, M. 
Shattuck, C. H. 
Simms, J. P. 
Simonin, E. B. 
Simonin, F. L. 
Smith, H. H. 
Smith, J. S. 
Smith, S. M. 
Smythe, T. H. B. 
Snyder, W. H. 
Sparhawk, Miss D. 
Sparhawk, Miss E. 
Starr, E., Jr. 
Starr, Isaac, Jr. 
Stevenson, G., 2nd. 
Stewart, Miss A. 
Stewart, Roy 
Stikeman, H. F. C. 
Stockhausen, T. G. 
Stokes, P. 
Stout, M. A., Jr. 
Strassburger, R. B. 
Strawbridge, J. 
Strubing, J. K., Jr. 
Taylor, E. W., Jr. 
Taylor, K. P. A. 
Tavlor, R. P. A. 
Taylor, R. W. 


Tetlow, H., 2nd. 
Thayer, A. 
Thayer, E. 
Thayer, J. T. 
Thayer, R., Jr. 
Thomas, Dr. F. W. 
Thomas, George C, Jr. 
Thomas, L. M. 
Thomas, R. 
Timanus, J. H. R. 
Todd, F. A. 
Todd, W. T. 
Toland, E. D. 
Toland, R. H. R. 
Van Dusen, H. P. 
Van Dusen, J. R. 
Van Pelt, Miss Gertrude 
Van Pelt, J. K. L. 
Visel, D. R. 
Wainwright, C. R. 
Walbridge, C. C. 
Warner, F. C. 
Waters, E. A. 
Watson, G. 
Watson, W. W., Jr. 
Watt, Dr. C. C, Jr. 
Welsh, Miss E. 
Welsh, S., Jr. 
Wctherill, H. J. 
Wetherill, W, C. 
Wharton, B. 
Wharton, H. 
Wharton, Mrs. H. 
Wharton, T. 
Whiteside, R. 
Williams, Ira J., Jr. 
Williams, R. N., 2nd. 
Williams, L. H. 
Willing, C. 
Woodward, G., Jr. 
Woodward, H. H. 
Wooley, C. G. 
Wright, H. P., Jr. 
Wright, M. F. 
Wright, M. T., Jr. 
Wright, S. B, 
Wright, W. J. 
Yerger, W. S. 
Zantzinger, C. 



Philadelphia, Pa. 

Alcorn, Charles 
Alcorn, J. Harr>' 
Archibald, J. D. 
Bennett, Joseph 
Brady, Dr. William R. 
Custer, Jerry 
Dowie, W. J. 
Fulmer, D. Harold 
Gorgas, H. S. 

Harding, C. C. 
Lindsay, F. W. 
Merkle, C. B. 
Miles, W. R. 
Peberdy, Charles 
Propert, Boyd A. 
Secules, H. R. 
Shumacker, W. E. 
Slack, F. E. 

Stallman, Howard M. 
Steimeyer, Harry 
Steptoc, William 
Walton, E. K. 
West, F. W. 
Williamson, Stanley 
Yerkes, Harry E. 


Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Adams, R. R. 
Alexander, Park J. 
Arbuthnot, Dr. T. S. 
Ayers, J. D. 
Bialas, J. H. 
Chantler, J. Drummond 
Cook, C. F. 
Crookston, J. G. 
David, K. E. 
Dowling, Eugene 
Dowling, J. W. 
Duffce, L. L. 
Garland, Chisholm 
Gayton, Felix 
Geddis, R. H. 
Hartland, E. F. 
Lancaster, Louis 
Lawrence, John W. 

Lemmon, E. W. 
Lovejoy, Kenneth 
Lyle, C. H. 
Lytle, H. G. 
xMcAUister, F. R. 
McClintock, C. A. 
McClintock, W. S. 
McCloy, A. W. 
McKee, W. M. 
McMasters, Louis 
Maher, P. C. 
Milligan, John L 
Murdock, Harry 
Moore, John T. 
Munroe, J. S. 
Mustin, Burton 
Oehmler, Herbert K, 
Phillips, J. R. 

Raffertv, E. L. 
Reilly, C. Gilbert 
Sayer, R. S., Jr. 
Scott, John H. 
Scully, J. W. 
Secrist, W. D. 
Snowden, C. N. 
Snowden, Felix B. 
Sullivan, Neil 
Sternfield, Harry 
Stimpson, Dr. George W. 
Titus, Silas J. 
Trees, J. G. 
Van Denburg, J. W. 
Vilsack, Carl G. 
Wyckoff, A. W. 


Portland, Maine. 

Adams, Waldemar P. 
Balentine, Arthur R. 
Benoit, Henri A. 
Beyer, Henry G. 
Bird, Milton H, 

Braun, Francis J. 
Brown, Arthur 
Brown, Carroll 
Brown, Charles W. 
Brown, Norman 


Burrowes, Theodore N. 
Card, Philip L. 
Conant, Richard O. 
Corey, Sanford 
Cousins, William L. 



Davis, Clinton W. 
Derby, George S. 
Drew, Jesse A, 
Eastman, Lawrence E. 
Elwell, Edward R. 
Everette, Harold J. 
Foster, William Q. 
Garland, Charles P. 
Gignoux, Fred E. 
Gordan, Alexander 
Graves, Justin D. 
Hale, Robert 
Hamlen, Robert C. 
Hawkes, James R. 
Hay, Henry H. 

Holt, Benjamin D. 
Holt, Roscoe T. 
Jones, Albert F. 
King, A. Lincoln 
King, Warren B. 
Mitchell, Alfred, Jr. 
Nickers(Mi, Clinton A. 
Payson, Donald M. 
Payson, Henry M. 
Payson, Robert 
Payson, Phillips M. 
Poole, Parker 
Robinson, Arthur L. 
Robinson, Charles A. 
Robinson, Charles H., Jr. 

Robinson, Harold R. 
Rundman, Donald 
Small, Deane B. 
Small, Harold S. 
Smith, Donald G. 
Smith, Henry St. J. 
Snow, Roger V. 
Strout, Frank S. 
Strout, Sewall C, 2nd. 
Swift, Henry M. 
Taylor, Neil R. 
Thurston, Theodore K. 
Vanamee, T. L. 
Wallace, George A. 
West, Vernon F. 

Bartlett, W. A. 
Beal, A. R. 
Belknap, W. K. 
Burton, F. V., Jr. 
Burton, Van Duzer 
Cassedy, J. Townsend 
Cassedy, William F., Jr. 
Caldwell, Kenneth P. 
Davis, W. L. 
Dickey, Dr. H. S. 
Graham, J. Gilbert 
Harris, NicoU 
Haverkampf, C. W. 
Hilton, W. Turner 
Hirschbcrg, D. Scott 


Newburgh, N. Y. 

Heartfield, Miss Rubie R. 
Holt, Lucius H. 
Jova, John A. 
Kohl, Albert S. 
McLean, Charles L 
McLean, F. Rossiter 
Matthews, John W. 
Morse, G. A. 
Nallc, Thomas A. 
Otis, W. FuUerton 
Otis, Philip 
Pouch, William H. 
PuUen, Daniel D. 
Ramsdell, Homer 
Ring, Thomas L. 

Rose, Hiland C. 
Ross, Carroll A. 
Ross, Cleland C. 
Smith, William A. 
Stotesbury, L. W. 
Stuart, E. R. 
Stroock, Bertrand A. 
Taylor, Chauncey 
Thompson, Dr. E. C. 
Tiffany, Humphrey 
Tompkins, Ralph A. 
Vail, Charles St. J. 
Watson, E. Vail 
Watson, Paul 

Narragansett Pier, R. L 

Champlin, Arthur D. 
Chew, Benjamin 
Davis, E. Stewart 
De Coppet, Miss Beatrice 
De Coppet, Miss Gertrude 
Fell, John R. 
Hazard, Frederick 
Hazard, Pierpwnt 
Hazard, Rowland 

Hitdicock, Howard L. 
Lcidy, Joseph 
Marrow, William C. 
Miller, William D. 
Murchison, Kenneth M. 
Prescott, Philip 
Randolph, Emlen 
Randolph, P. S. P., Jr. 
Randolph, Wistar 


Stevenson, Philip 
Stewart, W. Plunkett 
Sturges, Rush G. 
Sullivan, Robert E., Jr. 
Thomas, John G. 
Vaughan, W. 
Welsh, John L. 


Allen, Chester iK. 
Atwood, Frederick M. 
Barker, Herbert S., Jr. 
Blackmur, Maurice A. 
Blackmur, Paul 
Bumpus, Morris E. 
Crane, Sidney L. 
Davis, Arthur W. 
Davis, PhiHp W. 
Edwards, L. Kenneth 


Quincy, Mass. 

Edwards, William C. 
Foss, R. E. 
Hallowell, Henry C. 
Homans, Robert 
Lawton, Hobart A. 
Newcomb, George H. 
O'Connor, Joseph C. 
Pattee, Richard S. 
Pfaffmann, John S. 
Prouty, Reed 

Scott, John A. 
Sheppard, Carl R. 
Simpson, Frederick 
Smith, F. Morton 
Soule, Harold G. 
Thayer, Lucien H. 
Thompson, Charles M. 
Wattles, E. C. 
Weathers, C D. 


Cedarhurst, N. Y. 

Adams, William H. 
Akin, A. J. 
Almy, William 
Arnold, H. N. 
Auchindoss, J. H. 
Barnard, J. A. 
Bartol, H. G. 
Beadleton, C. P. 
Beers, W. H. 
Benjamin, H. F. 
Brooks, H. W. 
Burr, Winthrop, Jr. 
Burton, Crawford 
Burton, F. V., Jr. 
Campbell, R. L. 
Carolan, E. A. 
Chauncey, Ra3rmond 
Clark, Donaldson 
Cox, D. H. 
Cowdin, Elliot C. 
Cowdin, J. C. 
Curley, E. J., Jr. 
Dall, C. W. 
De Fritsch, H. G. 
Delafield, R. H. 
Denny, Thomas 
Dilworth, D. W. 
Eaton, W. B. 
Ely, Alfred, Jr. 
Erhart, C. H. 
Exton, Frederick 

Fahnestock, C. 
Floyd, Rolfe 
Gerard, Sumner 
Greenleaf, R. C. 
Gruner, O. H. 
Hadden, H. F. 
Harper, J. H., Jr. 
Hazard, W. A., Jr. 
Herrick, H. E. 
Herrick, N. L. 
Hill, James A. 
Hodges, John K. 
Inman, John H. 
Ivison, M. C. 
Kennedy, McP. 
Kennedy, T. T. 
Kilbreth, J. G. 
Knapp, H. iK., Jr. 
La Montagne, W. A. 
La Montagne, Rene 
Lansing, C. C. 
Leonard, Edgar W. 
Livingston, J. G. 
Lord, George DeF. 
Lovering, C. T. 
Low, E. L 
McCrea, J. A. 
McMurtry, G. G., Jr. 
Makepeace, F. B., Jr. 
Marshall, C. A. 


Meyerkort, J. 
Mumford, P. G. 
Murphy, G. M. P. 
Olney, S. B. 
Pershing, Dr. E. H. 
Philips, W. F. 
Pier, Roy 
Prime, W. A. 
Prince, F. H., Jr. 
Rand, Gordon L. 
Shiland, A. R. 
Stevenson, J. H. 
Stevenson, R. W., jr. 
Stevenson, M. 
Stewart, J. H. 
Stiger, W. D. 
Stone, H. F. 
Sullivan, L. 
Terry, J. T., Jr. 
Tilt, Albert 
Timpson, C. W. 
Twining, E. S., Jr. 
d'Utassy, George 
Voss, Edward S. 
Wardwell, Allen 
Weeks, H. A. 
Whitlock, M. McE. 
Wickersham, C. W. 
Williams, H. W. 
Woodbridge, F. 



Kansas City, Mo. 

Bagby, P. H. 
Bailey, H. R. 
Barker, Wm. T. 
Barnby, John F. 
Baucus, Wm. N. 
Binnie, Dr. J. F. 
Bland, Wm. T., Jr. 
Bowersock, Justin D. 
Brewen, C. C. 
Brookfield, A. D. 
Brown, David 
Brown, R. Francis 
Brumback, J. U. 
Brumback, Theo. 
Butler, Wm. L. 
Cameron, W. S. 
Campbell, Dawson 
Capen, Leo L. 
Chaflin, Stephen J. 
Challinor, J. E. 
Chapman, W. B. 
Chin, B. 
Clark, Allan C. 
Collins, R. H. 
Combs, Geo., Jr. 
Cross, Wm. J. 
Cunningham, Paul E. 
Davis, Murray 
Dobel, J. G. 
Dodson, Ralph 
DufiFy, Bernard 
Dunham, W. S. 
Everham, A. C. 
Eyssell, Erich 
Faeth, Gilbert E. 
Farnum, W. C. 
Field, Freeman 
FinnertV', Robert G. 
Fishback, Frank C. 

Foster, John 
Fulton, A. D. 
Gallagher, John 
Good, Meverell L. 
Grant, M. E. 
Green, M. C. 
Gregory, J. V. C. 
Griffith, E. L. 
Hill, Tom C. 
Holden, Ellsworth V. 
.Holmes, J. V. 
Hook, Ingraham D. 
Houghton, James K. 
Huttig, F. J. 
Huttig, Hart E. 
Irwin, Richard D. 
Jones, Cale R. 
Kem, James P. 
Kinney, S. H. 
Kirkwood, L R. 
Knight, W. H. 
Krugh, John 
Kuhn, Dr. H. P. 
Lacaff, Theo. Bunce' 
Lockhorn, C. J. 
Love, Horace 
Marley, John S. 
Marsh, Ralph E. 
Matters, V. C. 
McCune, J. M. 
Milne, Dr. Lindsey S. 
Morrison, L. P. 
Morrison, R. T. 
Murdock, C. A., Jr. 
Newberry, O. P. 
O'Keefe, Arthur J. 
Osborne, R. S. 
Paulette, Geo. W. 
Peer, R. S. 

Peters, Wm. G. 
Porter, Pierre 
Potect, Allen A. 
Randolph, Eston 
Rider, Geo. M. 
Rule, W. A., Jr. 
Say re, R. B. 
Sears, Kenneth C. 
Schmitz, Walter A. 
Shingleton, J. H. 
Skinner, Dr. E. H. 
Sloan, J. E. 
Smelzer, Louis Piatt 
Smith, G. M., Jr. 
Smith, R. Penn 
Smith, Richard Odell 
Snyder, Jack 
SwoflFord, James J. 
Taft, WiUard C. 
Teachnor, Dr. F. R. 
Teuton, L. L. 
Thacher, John H. 
Thompson, Harlan 
Thompson, J. H., Jr. 
Timmons, J. K. 
Toler, Edw. H. 
Tvler, Frank E. 
Walker, John W. 
Walton, R. S. 
Warner, Edward A. 
Warren, F. E. 
Wester, R. H. 
Wilson, H. W. 
Winter, R. Howard 
Withers, Mary 
WoodruflF, Neal 
Wright, John S. 
Williams, F. M. 
Williams, Geo. 


Beighel, H. Atlee 
Clark, Addison 
Dickie, R. L. 

Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Fox, Edward B. 
Johnston, V. Kirk 


Parrish, W. M. 
Twichcll, H. Dale 



Rutherford, N. J. 

Bauer, J. F. 
Boyd, Arthur 
Demarcst, R. K, 
Garrison, Dr. N. S. 
Green, Roland 

Jones, Stanton 
Lucey, Harold 
Morgan, R. M. 
Reynolds, Dr. E. C. 
Robjcnt, A. C. 

Rogers, Ogden 
Schneider, C. J., Jr. 
Wagner, Douglass 
Walton, George 
Wood, Lorraine 


Barnes, Allen F. 
Bennett, John M., Jr. 
Birkhead, Claude D. 
Brogan, John V. 
Burns, Charles H. 
Chamberlain, F. G. 
Chamberlain, E. G. 
Combe, Dr. Frederick J. 
Cresson, Charles S. 
De Pew, Dr. E. V. 
Ewing, W. K. 
Frost, John 
Goodman, L. S. 
Groos, Rudolph 
Herff, Dr. Ferdinand P. 

Bartlett, George T. 
Groos, Ernest M. 

Bateman, Henry M, 
Beckmann, Werner N, 
Booth, W. M. 
Carter, Champe G. 
Chittim, Norval 
Clegg, Wm. 
Dwyer, P. A. 
Engelke, Albert 
Finck, Ed. 
Fordtran, William 
Frazer, Ed. J. 
Giesecke, Martin 
Giesecke, Walter 
Goeth, Fred C. 

Darragh, John 

San Antonio, Texas. 
Stockholding Members 

Jackson, Dr. T. T. 
Jackson, Phil. L. 
James, John A. 
Joske, Harold 
Kampmann, R. S. 
Lapham, J. H. 
Lowry, Dr. S. 1\ 
Maverick, George V. 
Maverick, Robert 
McDaniel, Dr. A. C. 
Napier, Walter P. 
Negley, R. V. W. 
Newton, Wallace H. 
Paschal, Dr. F. L. 
Potter, D. E. 

Associate Members 

Harrigan, D. D. 
Maverick, Lewis 

Junior Members 

Gresham, R. N. 
Hannay, R. E., Jr. 
Hardie, John Ford 
Heuermann, M. C. 
Heusinger, Wm. 
Hicks, Frank 
Hill, R. C. 
Hillje, Louis 
Holden, George F. 
Holden, W. W. 
Jarrell, Thos. H. 
Locke, Jack, Jr. 
Mangham» Clarence E. 
Norton, John D. 

Non-Resident Members 
Gwathmey, Gaines 

Purington, E. R. 
Russ, Dr. W. B. 
Spencer, A. B. 
Steves, Albert, Jr. 
Stout, Dr. B. F. 
Tuttle, W. B. 
Venable, Dr. C. S. 
Wagoner, Dr. J. B. 
Walsh, F. C. 
Walton, Horace H. 
Webb, B. R. 
Webb, J. E., Jr. 
Witte, George 

Sykes, Dr. E. M. 

Pancoast, Henry 
Perry, Kenneth C. 
Pumphrey, R. B., Jr. 
Ranney, Alfred G. 
Schuchard, E. F. 
Seeligson, Lamar G. 
Steves, Walter 
Tarrant, Edw. W. 
Trabue, Wm. A. 
Thornton, Woodford 
Turner, J. W. 
Vaughan, Curtis T. 
Woodward, Dave J., Jr. 
Wurzbach, C. C. 

McCarty, Geo. J. 



Adler, E. E. 
Ambcrg, I. S. 
Angler, C. 
Appleget, F. B. 
Atkins, A. B. 
Avant, D. R. 
Baker, T. O. 
Baldwin, N. L. 
Ball, G. G. 
Banks, W. S. 
Becker, Wm. R. 
Beckett, T. C. 
Bellinger, E. B. 
Berg, Sexton 
Blanchard, J. G. 
Boman, C. R. 
Bready, Wm. R. 
Bridge, S. D. 
Buckley, D. 
Cabell, DeR. C. 
Caterer, H. J. 
Catlin, De G. 
Clark, W. P. 
Cole, R. C. 
Collins, Everett 
Coughlan, T. M. 
C<Jvington, Wm. 
Cravens, R. IC. 
Cushman, Guy 
DeLacour, H. 
DeWitt, C A. 
Edwards, Geo. F 
Eldredge, Jas. S. 
Ellis, L. A. 
Estes, G. H. 
Fensch, F. E. 
Firstenberger, W. R. 
Fletcher, Wm. 

Army & Navy Members 

Fleming, L. J. 
Fox, Ross S. 
Freeman, Robt. G. 
Galbraith, J. G. 
Glazebrook, L. W. 
Gleaves, S. R. 
Gough, J. E. 
Griffin, David 
Grove, E. W. 
Hennessey, C. T. 
Hering, E. L. 
Hickox, C. R. 
Hine, H. K. 
Hinricks, F. W. 
Hodges, Duncan 
Hodges, Geo. 
Hodges, H. F. 
Hope, A. C. 
McGlasson, I. L. 
Jenkins, J. L. 
Kelly, J. D. 
Kerr, F. M. 
Kilbum, Chas. 
Kurtzhalz, Chas. 
Leonard, J. L. 
Little, W. L. 
Loving, R. C. 
Lucas, C. M. 
Lyon, D. B. 
Martin, T. 
Matthews, J. E. 
Mayhew, J. M. 
Menzie, J. T. 
Miller, R. F. 
Minus, J. C. 
Morton, D. F. 
Mottem. H. N. 
McCarthy, D. E. 

McCuUough, Wm. H. 
Nabers, B. Q. 
O'Donnell, Wm. L. 
Okie, H. C. 
Peters, W. C. 
Pratt, T. E. 
Raborg, W. A. 
Rand, L W. 
Renwick, W. G. 
Ristine, H. H. 
Schwab, H. C. 
Scott, E. W. 
Shugrue, F. 
Stack, F. M. 
Stratemeyer, G. E. 
Tarbutton, E. H. 
Thuma, R. A. 
Tobias, H. W. 
Tobin, E. G. 
Treadgold, G. D. 
Trubshaw, L. O. 
Trumbull, W. A. 
VanLien, Mark A. 
Van Meter, S. L. 
Ward, J. Lewis 
Warren, R. 
Watkins, R. R. 
Watson, H. C. 
Watson, R. G. 
Wells, C. W. 
Wheeler, C F. 
White, J. M. 
Whitney, J. L. 
Wiley, Wm. E. 
Wilson, W. H. 
Wiltshire, Alfred 
Yancey, B. A. 

The Following Officers Were Members of the Club When Stationed in this City 
During the Recent War. 

Abbott, Chas. 
Abcmathy, R. S. 
Adams, M. C. 
Adams, S. P. 
Agostini, Louis 

Albro, P. M. 
Alexander, A. G. 
Allen, A. W. 
Allen, F. T. 
Allen, G. M. 

Allen, Henry T, 
Allen, John S. 
Allen, Terry 
Anable, S. 
Anderson, J. G. 



Anderson, S. L. 
Andrews, P. F. 
Angevine, G. P. 
Armstrong, Noel 
Armstrong, Tom 
Armstrong, W. C. 
Arthurs, A. E. 
Ashe, H. P. 
Aten, E. J. 
Atkinson, B. M. 
Atwood, H. E. 
Baer, J. A, 
Bailey, R. F. 
Bailey, R. L. 
Bailey, Wm. L. 
Baker, D. J. 
Baldwin, £. O. 
Barbee, S. N. 
Barber, J. W. 
Barclay, J. P. 
Barnes; R. L. 
Barnes, T. W. 
Bamum, M. H. 
Barroll, M. K. 
Barry, T. P. 
Bassler, H. H. 
Baimigarten, R. C. 
Baxter, H. F. 
Bean, J. H. 
Beardall, Wm. 
Beck, Clyde McK. 
Bergstrom, A. L. 
Berman, W. M. 
Bemardoni, W. 
Bernstein, M. B. 
Bcvan, A. H. 
Beveridgc, K. M. 
Beyette, H. W. 
Beylard, H. W. 
Biddle, D. H. 
Bigelow, E. B. 
BiUig, H. C. 
Bingham, Miles S. 
Blackmer, P. R. 
Blair, W. R. 
Blakely, W. S. 
Blankenship, Geo. H. 
Bliss, C. A. 
Blodgett, Robt. F. 
Blood. Wayland P. 
Bloom, F. R. 

Blum, Alex. 
Bodine, R. 
Boggs, F. C. 
Bon, R. 
Booker, R. G. 
Booth, Crawford 
Booth, F. O. 
Boothe, Ross 
Borah, W. G. 
Boswell, J. E. 
Botts, L. W. 
Bowen, Thos. S. 
Boyd, Jackson 
Brackenridge, W. A. 
Bradley, C. C. 
Brady, E. M. 
Brant, G. C. 
Briggs, A. L. 
Briggs, R. M. 
Brinkerhoff, J. E. 
Briscoe, B. P. 
Broad, Thos. D. 
Brooks, Geo. B. 
Brooks, John B. 
Brooks, S. G. 
Brown, A. H. 
Brown, Oscar 
Brown, R. A. 
Brown, Stanley D. 
Brundage, W. 
Brunt, S. D. 
Brush, L. 
Bryant, F. L. 
Buddy, R. S. 
Buhl, L. D. 
BuUock, B. W. 
Bunts, F. E. 
Burguin, A. P. 
Burke, E. F. 
Burkham, E. G. 
Burkhardt. S. 
Burleson, R. C. 
Bums, Wm. H. 
Burt, W. H. 
Burwell, H. B. S. 
Busch, C. C. 
Bush, B. L. 
Bush, C. R. 
Butler, Rodman 
Byrne, J, J. 
Cabot, T. D. 

Cahall, R. J. 
Caldwell, R. C. 
Calhoun, B. A. 
Calvert, C. B. 
Cantine, G. E. 
Capron, T. J. 
Carey, E. C. 
CarU, Jas. H. 
Carmidiael, A. E. 
Carmody, J. D. 
Carson, Donald A. 
Cartaya, Oscar E. 
Carter, A. J. 
Carter, H. P. 
Carter, J. W. 
Carter, R. H. 
Carter, Richard W. 
Carter, W. A. 
Cartwell, W. M. 
Cary, E. 
Cary, Geo. A. 
Cary, W. H. 
Case, F. L. • 
Caulkins, R. M. 
Cecil, J. S. 
Chamberlain, M. G. 
Chase, S. Parker 
Cheney, R. M. 
Chesten, C. S. 
Childs, C. D. B. 
Chitty, W. D. 
Christee, J. A. 
Christopher, D. 
Chryst, R. D. 
Clagett, H. B. 
Clancy, E. M. 
Qark, H. M. 
Clark, S. 
Qark, T. H. 
Claric, W. D. 
Clark, Wm. P. 
Clayton, J. B. 
Clement, J. B. 
Clendening, Logan 
Cleveland, B. 
Clifton, A. T. 
Cline, Wm. H. 
Closson, A. B. 
Coats, F. G. 
Cobb, O. C. 
Cochran, E. C. 




Coffin, J. W. 

Davis, A. E. 

Edwards, F. G. 

Coiner, B. H. 

Davis, Bowers 

Edwards, Geo. F. 

Cole, J. T. 

Davis, C. W. 

Edwards, H. P. 

Coleman, A. W. 

Davis, F. E, 

Eickeldoerfer, R. M. 

Coleman, D. R. 

Davis, Jno. W. 

Eilenberger, Jno. T. 

Coleman, John M. 

Davis, R. C. 

Elbert, R. G. 

Coleman, L. V. 

Day, F. R. 

Ely, Jay M. 

Colgate, H. A. 

Dean, H. R. 

Errington, C. H. 

Collier, Geo. P. 

Deequet, F. M. 

Este, J. Dickinson 

CoUings, Geo. 

Delaney, Ward 

Estes, Chas. 

Collins, O. G. 

Dempsey, G. H. 

Estes, G. H. 

Compton, B. M. 

Denike, J. S. 

Estes, T. G. 

Connor, P. F. 

De Vaw, H. G. 

Estill, F. S. 

Conrad, C. H. 

De Vean, Robt. W. 

Evans, A. A. 

Conrad, Wm. D. 

De Veau, G. P. 

Evans, Thos. S. 

Cook, A. G. 

Devereaux, Leslie W. 

Everitt, C. F. 

Cook, Richard 

Devine, J. M. 

Ewing, Geo. W. 

Cook, S. W. 

Dewar, Jack S. 

Ewing, J. N. 

Cooley, J. C. 

Dewey, Jno. C. 

Ewing, W. L. 

Cooper, H. R. 

De Witt, C. 

Eyster, G. S. 

Coover, C. 

Dick, K. W. 

Fagan, P. I. 

Corbusier, R. W. 

Dickey, H. S. 

Fairchild, R. B. 

Corf man, S. A. 

Dinwiddie, B. A. 

Fairchilds, W. S. 

Corsen, B. L. 

Dixon, R. H. 

Fairon, G. W. 

Corwin, O. P. J. 

Doe, Weldon W. 

Fairs, M. G. 

Coveney, James D. 

Doggett, W. K. 

Falkenan, R. M. 

Cowan, Albert B., Jr. 

Dolan, J. A. 

Falligj^nt, G. B. 

Cowan, R. S. 

Donaldson, R. S. 

Farmer, L. 

Cowell, C. F. 

Donnelly, R. 

Farr, O. W. 

Coyle, J. W. 

Donohoo, J. W. 

Farrar, W. B. 

Craig, M. W. 

Doolittle, Jas. R. 

Farrell, P. J. H. 

Crane, Edward 

Dorrance, John 

Faulkner, Al W. 

Craver, E. A. 

Dorwait, F. T. 

Faruto, Henry 

Crawford, L. R. 

Douglas, J. N. 

Featherstone, H. E. 

Creamer, Jos. F. 

Draper, G. L. 

Fellows, H. C. 

Cress, G. O. 

Dravo, E. L. 

Fenner, F. M. 

Cullinan, J. H. 

Dreher, R. 

Ferguson, J. W. 

Cummings, R. E. 

Drennan, L. H. 

Ferris, H. B. 

Cunningham, F. G. 

Drinker, J. B. 

Ferry, D. M. 

Currier, R. 

Driscoll, E. J. 

Finck, E. E. 

Curtin, W. H. 

Drum, Hugh 

Findlay, H. M. 

Cutrer, J. C. 

Drummond, Geo. 

Fishback, John. S. 

Cutting, G. B. 

Dunbaugh, G. J. 

Fisher, A. W. 

Dahl, Oscar 

Dunlap, E. W. 

Fisher, James E. 

Dake, R. E. 

Dunn, Geo. M. 

Fitzgerald, E. 

Dallmeyer, A. R. 

Durfee, L. L. 

Fitzgerald, J. J. 

Daly, C. W. 

Dwyer, D. L. 

Fleet, R. 

Dana, L. V. 

Dykman, A. B. 

Fleischmann, C. M. 

David. Earl 

Eberle, S. S. 

Fleming, L. J. 

Davidson, H. C. 

Edwards, E. 

Flewelling, R. C. 



Folks, R. J. 
Folsam, H. J. 
Foote, K. M. 
Ford, B. W. 
Forman, H. L. 
Foulkc, Walter L. 
Fowler, Lee T. 
Frame, David 
Francis, R. N. 
Franck, George T. 
Frazier, B. W. 
Frazier, R. P. 
Freeman, B. W. 
Freeman, C. S. 
Fretwell, F. M. 
Friedman, H. B. 
Frier, J. H. 
Frith, E: H. 
Froelick, H. L. 
Frost, W. A. 
Fuller, Cliff J. 
Fuller, W. P. 
Galligher, L. S. 
Galligher, R. T. 
Gait, F. 
Ganey, D. F. 
Gans, J. E. 
Gardiner, E. I. 
Gardner, R. H. 
Garner, J. A. 
Garratt, R. H. 
Garrett, J. W. 
Gasser, G. 
Gaston, J. A. 
Gates, W. B. 
Gates, W. J. 
Geer, Joseph 
Gemmell, W. B. 
George, R. H. 
George, W. E. 
George, W. H. 
Gerhardt, C. H. 
Gibbs, E. C. 
Gillespie, E. F. 
Gillespie, J. J. 
Gillin, James M. 
Gilmorc, W. E, 
Gingrich, Ralph J. 
Given, W. H. 
Givin, S. 
Gleavcs, S. R. 

Goar, E. L. 
Godbury, Joseph 
Goctte, T. R. 
Goheen, J. B. 
Goldsmith, M. 
Goodenow, R. K. 
Goodman, T. S. 
Goodrich, C. L. 
Goodyear, Robert F, 
Graham, A. M. 
Graham, W. E. 
Grant, Daniel 
Graves, E. M. 
Gray, G. L. 
Greely, J. N. 
Greenwell, S. A. 
Gregory, A. S. 
Griffith, E. C. 
Griffith, G. P. 
Griffith, H. W. 
Grimes, G. AI. 
Grimmer, E. W. 
Gude, A. E. 
Gunst, Gerald 
Gurnert, George 
Guy, N. H. 
Gwinnups, Harry G. 
Hackett, W. 
Hadley, E. G. 
Haight, C. S. 
Hain, C. S. 
Haislip, W. H. 
Halbert, H. A. 
Halperin, George 
Halsey, F. W. 
Hamer, E. B. 
Hamilton, R. N. 
Hammond, G. W. 
Hankins, A. H. 
Hanway, John T. 
Hanford, E. C. 
Hanks, S. S. 
Hansen, Curt 
Harding, Paul 
Harkness, R. B. 
Harmon, H. R. 
Harmon, M. F. 
Harper, P. L. 
Harrell, T. H. 
Harris. A. R. 
Harrison, L. B. 

Harrison, Roy 
Hart, M. W. 
Hartcl, Elmer 
Hartwig, Henry H. 
Harvey, D. 
Harvey, F. H. 
Harwood, A. R. 
Hanvood, W. B. 
Hasbrouck, L. 
Haven, Don S. 
Hawk, R. E. 
Hawkes, F. M. 
Hawlcy, G. T. 
Hayden, J. H. 
Hazard, T. P. 
Heckman, T. E. 
Hefferman, L. G. 
Heller, J. M 
Henderson, P. 
Hendricksen, C, S. 
Henry, James 
Henzy, U. L. 
Herbert, William C. 
Herendeen, E. 
Herkness, A. M. 
Herlihy, H. W. 
Hermes, John D. 
Herr, Frederick 
Hewitt, Edward 
Hickox, C. R. 
Hidge, R. N. 
Higbie, H. G. 
Higgenbotham, B. F. 
Hill. A. M. 
Hill, G. 
Hill, Lon C. 
Hill, P. F. 
Hineman, J. H. 
Hite, J. M. 
Hitt, Parker 
Hodge, George E. 
Hodge, William G. 
Hodges, Sam. N. 
Hodgson, John 
Hoffman, W. 
Hogg, Mike 
Holbrook, W. A. 
Holcomb, W. S. T. 
Holcombe, J. M. 
Hollingsworth, J. P. 
Holmes, Nathaniel 




Holmes, T. C, 
Holt, H. C. 
Hoockcr, R. W. 
Hoover, W. J. 
Hope, C. R. 
dcHority, H. V. 
Hornbeck, C. A. 
Houston, George T, 
Houston, J. G. 
Hovey, W. P. 
Howard, J. D. 
Howard, L. F. 
Howard, R. M. 
Howell, Cooper 
Howze, M. W. 
Hoyt, Colgate 
Hoyt, WiUiam L. 
Hudspeth, C. E. 
Hugus, Z. Z. 
Huking, H. W. 
Huling, John 
HuU, J. A. 
Hurst, Paul 
Huston, P. W. 
Huszazh, V. 
Huttig, William H. 
IngersoU, John A. 
Ireland, M. L. 
Jacobs, W. F. 
Jarrett, Charles R. 
Jennings, William H. 
Jeran, N. W. 
Jerrisoh, J. 
Jester, Beauford 
Jobson, Edward R. 
Johnson, B. R. 
Johnson, F. C. 
Johnson, H. T. 
Johnson, J. B. 
Johnson, W. C. 
Johnsong, T. C. 
Johnston, B. R. 
Johnston, Gordon 
Jones, C. C. 
Jones, H. B. 
Jones, L. B. 
Jordan, E. C. 
Jordan, H. A. 
Jordan, H, B. 
Jordan, H. L. 

Joumeay, George B. 
Joyner, William T. 
Judd, A, B. 
Justice, P. S. 
Keesling, L. N. 
Keith, A. M. 
Keliher, John 
Kennady, M. H. 
Kenyon, William S. 
Keman, Fergus 
Kieman, J. I. 
Kilboum, O. P. 
iKilbum, J. B. 
Kimball, J. S. 
King, H. L. 
King, O. H. 
Kingman, John 
Kingsbury, H. B. 
Kirkaddon, G. C. 
Kirkpatrick, G. W. 
Kotzebue, L. L. 
Kraff, G. W. 
Kraft, George 
Kuhns, Austin 
LaUy, W. R. 
Lamb, D. W. 
Lambert, A, B. 
Langfitt, W. C. 
Lanman, Ludlow 
Larkin, John A. 
Lamed, E. P. 
LaRue, E. B. 
Law, B. C. 
Lawrence, D. B. 
Lawrence, R. 
Leach, W. B., Jr. 
Lee, Fitzhugh 

Leftwich, S. M. 
Leib, William F. 
Lemon, B. J. 
Leonard, Ralph 
Leonard, R. B. 
Levy, Adrian 
Levy, M. 
Lewis, A. S. 
Lewis, F. B. 
Lewis, M. K. 
Lewis, W. F. 
Lienhart, A. N. 


Lightfoot, W. H. 
Lobddl, W. L. 
Lobitz, C. H. 
Lockridge, G. N. 
Logg, David 
Long, J. D. 
Longstrcth, W. W. 
Loomis, George 
Loughran, E. P. 
Loutman, M. F. 
Lovering, G. 
Loving, Paul 
Lowry, H. M. 
Lowry, R. C. 
Luttrell, N. H, 
Lyle, Floyd 
Lyon, W. S. 
Lyster, H. L. 
MacLean, James N. 
Macomb, A. C. 
MacPherson, D. J. 
Macrae, G. W, 
Mac Rae, N. 
Macready, J. A. 
Madeira, Percy C, Jr. 
Magruder, John 
Manly, C. J. 
Manning, A« A. 
Manton, Henry 
Manzelman, E. H. 
Mark, K. L. 
Markcy, Eugene W. 
Marshall, F. C. 
Marshbum, R. J. 
Mason, C. C. 
Mason, W. J. 
Masterson, H. B. 
Mathews, QiflFord 
May, E. C. 
Mayers, H. P. 
Mayo, Gordon D. 
Mead, T. S. 
Mendel. C. B. 
Meredith, R. L. 
Meriwether, G. W. 
Merrill, C. E. 
Merrill, C. H. 
Merrill, T. E. 
Metzger, R. A. 
Meyer, L. L. 


Middleton, T. H. 
Migdalski, R. F, 
Millar, E. A. 
Millar, E. L. 
Miller, Robert 
Miller, M. A. 
MiUer, M. H. 
Miller, S. R. 
Mills, 'H. H. 
Mills, W. E. 
Milton, A. M. 
Mitchell, D. C. 
Moale, E. S. 
MoflStt, H. C. 
Moll, A. L. 
Montagle, P. 
Montgomery, J. L. 
Mooers, £. A. 
Moore, James 
Moore, John B. 
Moore, J. Percy 
Moore, iK, A. 
Moore, W. 
Moran, M. F. 
Morgan, A. S. 
Morgan, H. J. 
Moroney, T. G. 
Morse, Tyler 
Mortimer, R. P. 
Morton, K. 
Moss, Edmund 
Mount, J. R. 
Mountcastle, Paul 
Munson, Edward L. 
Murchison, Thomas F^ 
Murray, G. A. 
Murtagh, John A. 
Muse, John 
Myers, H. A. 
McCarthy, J. D. 
McCarthy, J. F. 
McCarty, M. W. 
McCaw, W. D. 
McCluer, N. E. 
McCormack, V. A. 
McCormck, C. T. 
McConkey, Clyde 
McConnaughy, D. S. 
McCoy, P. B. 
McDonald, J. S. 
McDougal, E. D. 

McFarland, Munroe 
McGill, R. B. 
McGlachlin, Ed. F. 
McGrady, L. L. 
McGregor, H. C. 
McHenry, J. H. 
Mcllhenny, J. L. 
McMahan, B. 
McNamara, F. W. 
McNamee, A. A. 
McNeil, C. B. 
McNutt, P. V. 
McShane, E. C. J. 
Nagle, F. L. 
Nash, R. L. 
Nease, D. E. 
Neave, Charles D. 
Negley, William 
Neilson, H. R. 
Nelson, G. E. 
NewbiU, W. D. 
Newell, D. E. 
Nickels, A. M. 
Noble, A. W. 
Noel, O. W. 
Nolen J. F. 
Nolen, W. L. 
Norment, E. D. 
Northrup, P. G. 
Norton, John D. 
Noyes, Edward A. 
Noyes, H. H. 
Nugent, D. C. 
O'Brien, J. A. 
Ogren, D. P. 
O'Neil, J. P. 
Ord, James 
Ordway, L. P. 
Orr, George A. 
Orr, T. V. 
Orsinger, G. 
Otheman, R. C. 
Otis, T. F. 
Owsley, F. D. 
Page, R. W. 
Palmer, I. 
Pardee, Charles M. 
Pardee, J. L. 
Pardue, William, Jr. 
Parker, H. W. 
Parker, James 

Parrott, William 
Patton, M. D. 
Paul, F, M. 
Paul, T. S. 
Paxton, William 
Pearson, William F. 
Pell, C. C. 
Penney, T. 
Percy, LeRoy 
Perdrizet, P. L. 
Pershing, James F. 
Pershing, John J. 
Peyton, A. R. 
Phalen, R. W. 
Philips, William F. 
Phillips, F. T. 
Phillips, L. L. 
Pickering, Loring 
Pierce, William L. 
Pierson, R. H. 
Pixley, H. D. 
Piatt, H. N. 
Piatt, W. P. 
Plummer, William L. 
Poe, Tom 
Poe, William L. 
Pogue, Davenport 
Pole, W. M. 
Poleman, T. T. 
Polk, Francis 
Pope, George V. 
Porter, A. W. 
Porter, H. C. 
Post, L. F. 
Powell, H. W. H. 
Powell, W. 
Pratt, H. C. 
Pratt, H. P. 
Pray, T. C. 
Prince, W. A. 
Pritchard, G. B. 
Pruyn, J. M. 
Purcell, L. 
Putnam, A. W. 
Putnam, Brock 
Quackenbush, G. S. 
Quirk, Joseph C. 
Raborg, P. C. 
Raines, T. F, 
Randcl, H. O. 
Rasor, W. G, 




Ray, Wilmer 
Rayzor, J. N. 
Rea, Samuel G. 
Reardon, M. F. 
Redington, L. W. 
Reed, John H. 
xCeese, i • i • 
Reeves, A S. 
Regester, Edmund 
Reichelderfer, H. 
Reinberg, George 
Rhein, J. H. W. 
Rhine, A. C. 
Rhoades, H. L. 
Rice, Earl L. 
Rice, William T. 
Richardson, R. S. 
Richmond, A. L. 
Riedel, George 
Riveire, G. M. 
Rivinus, E. F. 
Rixford, H. L. 
Roach, Leon 
Robinson, E. A. 
Robinson, H. R. 
Roe, E. J. 
Rogers, F. G. 
Rogers, L. W. 
Rogers, R. B. 
Rogers, Rush H. 
de Rohan, F. J. 
Roper, T. G. 
Rose, William C. 
Rosenfelder, A. A. 
Ross, S. A. 
Ross, Z. C. 
Rotan, George V. 
Rote, Tobin 
Rouse, H. 
Rowland, H. B. 
Ruckman, John W. 
Ruggles, Francis 
Rule, William G. 
Russell, H. H. 
Russell, James I. 
Ryan, J. A. 
Ryan, T. L. L. 
Sage, Ed. W. 
Samborn, H. 
Sattal, James D. 

Saunders, J. J. 


, A 

Sayle, H. C. 


, Albert C. 

Scarborough, James H. 


, A. F. 

Schelling, George 


. A. R. 

Schermerhorn, A. C. 


, C. K. 

Schlemmer, N. C. 


, Dean 

Schneider, F. V. 


, F. B. 

Schreiner, W. S. 


, F. M. 

Schroeder, John W. 


, G. L. 

Schultz, H. S. 


, G. V. 

Schultz, Lloyd G. 


, H. A. 

Schulze, W. H. 


, Horace 

Sdiwarzmeier, Frank M. 


, John C. 

Schwenck, James R. 


, Joseph N. 

Scott, John P. 


, Julius 

Scott, J. T. 


, L. H. 

Scott, R. F. 


, T. S. 

Scott, T. 


, William A. 

Scott, T. H. 

Smyser, J. M. 

Scott, Walter 

Soule, H. G. 

Scribner, C. S. 

Sowdon, John L 

Searight, Dan 

Spalding, Vaughan 

Sedgwick, R. 

Spatz, Carl 

Seeligson, A. 

Sperry, A. W. 

Seitz, G. H. 

Spinning, K. C. 

Selby, A. N. 

Springer, E. T. 

Selden, J. K. 

SroxcU, G. S. 

Semple, H. F. 

Stadler, H. W. 

Seneff, G. P. 

Stark, H. H. 

Sergent, P. O. 

Stark, Lloyd R. 

Shaifer, E. F. 

Steel, Thomas B. 

Shaw, F. B. ' 

Steil, F. H. 

Sheldon, J. S. 

Steincr, E. 

Shelley, James E. 

Stephenson, R. W. 

Shepherd, John E. 

Stevenson, A W. 

Shephard, L. H. 

Stevenson, F. F. 

Sherwood, J. W. 

Stevenson, W. F. 

Shipp, A. M. 

Stevens, B. F. 

Shoemaker, L. J. 

Stewart, D. W. 

Shropshire, L. L. 

Stewart, J. W. 

Shugg, R. P. 

St. John, Adrian 

Shutt, George P. 

Stokes, C. P. 

Siler, Joseph 

Stokes, T. M. 

Silliman, Robert H. 

Stone, John N. 

Simons, S. C. 

Strachan, H. M. 

Simpson, A. T. 

Stratemeyer, G. E. 

Sinclair, W. C. 

Street, R. H. 

Slocum, J. A. 

Streeter, E. P. 

Slocum, H. J. 

Strelingcr, G. P. 

Slocum, R. W. 

Strickler, L. 



Strong, C. H. 

Uebelacker, A. A. 

Wetherill, S. P. 

Stroud, E. B. 

Valentine, Dudley 

Wheeler, J. B. 

Sturgis, S. D. 

Van Auken, W. B. 

Wheeler, Stephens 

Sully, J. A. 

Van Cleef, C. E. 

Wheeler, W. E. 

Sumner, W. B. 

Vanderholf, George W. 

Whiteside, H. L. 

Sutphin, D. V. 

Van Ingen, M. D. 

Whitleck, L. H. 

Swansue, A. W. 

Van Meter, A. L. 

Whitelesey, M. M. 

Sweeney, Tom P. 

Van Sicklew, M. 

Wieboldt, E. 

Sykes, G. E. 

Vautsmeir, W. W. 

Wiepert, G. D. 

Talbott, E. S. 

Verdier, C. E. 

Wilbourn, A. E. 

Talmage, E. T. H. 

Vietor, F. A. 

Wilder, I. M. 

Tarlton, C. L. 

Von Glahn, William C. 

Wilder, Paul . 

Taussig, Edw. 

Volk, Harold 

Wildman, L. D. 

Tayman, C. E. 

Vosburg, R. 

Wilhelm, George 

Taylor, George DeB. 

Wahle, C. B. 

Wilkinson, W. H. 

Taylor, W. R. 

Wainwright, A. G. 

Willcox, S. G. 

Teall, E. H. 

Waldron, A. W. 

Williams, L. K. 

Tenison, J. C. 

Wallace, G. B. 

WiUis, R. H. 


Terry, F. 

Wallace, L. G. 

Willis, R. L. 


Tevis, William S. 

Walsh, Raycroft 

Wilmer, T. W. 

Thayer, A. P. 

Walsh, R. L. 

Wilson, Bryan 

Thayer, E. 

Walter, Walter M. 

Wintele, V. 


Thayer, G. C. 

Walthew, Gerald 

Winter, John G. 

Thiebaut, A. C. 

Walton, C. M. 

Winsett, A. I. 


Thien, E. J. 

Walton, L. A. 

Wood, E. A. 


Thompson, G. J. 

Ward, F. T. 

Wood, M. C. 

Thompson, G. M. 

Ward, I. T. 

Wood, William S. 

Thompson, James M. 

Warfield, Henry M. 

Wood, W. S. 

Thompson, J. V. 

Warfield, H. W. 

Woodcock, S. F. 

Thompson, P. E. 

Warner, H. T. 

WoodhuU, F. 

Thompson, Rodman 

Warren, George 

Woolworth, C. M. 

Thorpe, Frederick A. 

Washburn, E. B. 

Wright, N. H. 

Thurmond, Joe 

Washburn, W. D. 

Wurster, F. W. 

Tigrett, A. K. 

Waterbury, S. W. 

Wyche, I. T. 


TiUotson, C. W. 

Watts, Owen J. 

Wynne, W. W. 


Timmins, G. H. 

Webner, H. R. 

Yamall, A. C. 

Tinker, C. L. 

Webster, E. E. 

Yavosky, G. N. 

Titus, Charles B. 

Weeks, H. P. 

Yeiser, H. C. 

Todd, K. W. 

Weissenbone, S. M. 

Ycsson, Z. 


Torrance, iK. E. 

Welch, C. H. 

Young, N. S. 

Treat, Joseph 

Wells, C. W. 

Yule, G. G. 

Trimble, Charles 

Wells, Joseph M. 

Zerbee, A. J. 

TuUy, J. K. 

Westall, W. H. 

Zimmer, S. W. 

Turner, R. 

Wetherill, A. M. 

Zundel, E. A. 



Greenville, S. C. 

Beattie, J. E. 

Cleveland, Mayes 

Morgan, Carl 

Carey, W. L. 

Gallivan, H. F. 

Rickman, A. M. 

Cothran, T. P., Jr. 

Gerald, Shuman 

Conyers, W. P., Jr. 

Manning, V. M. 





Saratoga Springs, N. Y. 

Andrews, James M. 
Ashton, D. Lohnas 
Butler, John P. 
Brackett, Charles W. 
Crocker, N. Swasey 
Don, Stewart A. 
Duff, Rufus 
Durant, Florence H. 
Durant, Reginald W. 
Grabau, Rev. H. P. LeF. 
Green, Griswold 

Haight, Samuel 
Hat horn. Miss Florence F. 
Hitchcock, Thomas 
Houghton, James T. 
Kilmer, Clarence B. 
Mabee, Miss Margaret 
Mabee, David W. 
Mack, Mrs. E. Houghton 
Putnam, Israel 
Roche, Austin S. 
Saportas, Martin B. 

Scott, Gordon B. 
Squires, John N. 
Squires, Robert B. 
Starbuck, Edgar, Jr. 
Todd, Hiram C. 
Vassar, Harold 
Viele, Walter S. 
Von Stade, F. Skiddy 
WooUey, Edgar M. 
Woollcy, James S. 
WooUey, Myron S. 

Acker, Warren 
Ammerman, R. A. 
Dolph, Kenneth 
Gregory, Ralph 


Scranton, Pa. 

Horn, Melchoir 
McClavc, R. B. 
Ripple, E. H. 
Reiling, H. A. 

Schautz, John 
Von Maur, Roland 
Wellburn, G. W. 


Seabright, N. J. 

Achelis, George P. 
Acuyd, James A. 
Alexander, F. B. 
Amy, James C. 
Atterbury, H. E. 
Auchincloss, J. C. 
Banks, T. H., Jr. 
Barbour, Fritz 
Blagden, Mrs. Dexter 
Caesar, H. I. 
Ceasar, C. U. 
Churchill, G. K. 
Compton, Smauel H. 
Compton, William P. 

Cornell, Milton 
Crawford, H. L. 
de Sadelur, Etien 
English, W., Jr. 
Gclshenen, W. H. 
Gilbert, Cass 
Halsey, Charles 
Halsey, Van R. 
Hoagland, J. C. 
Hoagland, Porter 
Hoagland, R., Jr. 
Hurd, A. M. 
Johnson, J. Ford 
Jones, C. Maury 

Kneeland, Gale, Jr. 
McCord, Donald F. 
Meeker, William 
Prentice, B. S. 
Riker, A., Jr. 
Riker, Miss A. 
Riker, Mrs. H. I. . 
Schweinler, F. 
Talcott, Hooker 
Van Vliet, B. P. 
Van Ingen, Miss V. 
Waring, L. E. 
Williams, Miss 

Allen, Marshall 
Dysart, Arthur 
Force, H. C. 
Kelleher, Hugh G. M. 


Seattle, Wash. 

Lakin, P. E. 
McAlpin, Kenneth 
Mattice, Albert F. 
Mead, W. Dwight 


Norbaum, R. H. 
Pomeroy, C. J. 
Tuckett, H. J. 
Wilson, Earl 



Alsever, Dr. W. D. 
Anable, Samuel 
Ayling, John G. 
Babcock, Perrin 
Baldwin, Goddard 
Barnum, Dwight S. 
Barr, John H., Jr. 
Bccbe, David 
Beebe, Dwight S. 
Belden, Arthur B. 
Belden, Mead V. Z. 
Bonta, Edwin 
Brown, Howard K. 
Butler, William M. 
Candee, Horace 
Chapin, Arnold W. 
Cheney, John P. 
Churchell, A. B. 
Coughlin, George 
Dcy, Donald M. 
DriscoU, Keith 
Drummond, Douglas 
Eager, Donald 
Edwards, Harold 
Edwards, Murray 

Syracuse, N. Y. 

Edwards, Oliver 
Getman, Dr. A. A. 
Gregory, T. Gerald 
Groat, Dr. W. A. 
Halsted, Dr. T. H. 
Hancock, C. E. 
Handy, Edward T. 
Hastings, J. M., Jr. 
Hazard, F. R., Jr. 
Hiscock, L. Harris 
Hiscock, Thorp 
House, Edwin 
House, Raymond 
Hubbell, Edward S. 
Hudson, Miss Elizabeth 
Hyde, Nelson C. 
Irish, Dr. J. H. 
Kane, Robert 
King, Chester H. 
Lighthall, Phillip K. 
Lighthall, Richard 
Luby, Dr. D. F. 
McCleay, Lachlan 
Mallory, C. K. 
Marlow, John 

Marlow, Searle 
Morris, Howard, Jr. 
Morse, Charles P. 
Morss, Dwight F. 
Nash, Alexander 
Poole, Alan 
Raleigh, T. L. 
Schwarz, William T. 
Scott, F. B., Jr. 
Shove, B. E. 
Shove, John D. 
Smith, Elwyn L. 
Smith, G. S. 
Smith, H. M. 
Smith, Marshall 
Smith, Wilbcrt A. 
Steams, John 
Tallman, John 
Thomson, Maxwell 
Thorne, William J. 
Tuppen, G. M. 
Van Duyn, Dr. E. S. 
Vrooman, J. Carl 
Wicks, John D. 
Will, Howard 


Burdick, Hy N. 
Cunningham, W. Dickson 
Despard, D. C. 
Falls, DeWitt T. 
FoUett, H. L. 
Fowler, E. P. 

New York City. 

Hall, Percy M. 
Hammond, Benjamin J. 
Lestrade, Louis G. 
McKenna, A. J. 
Mahr, Jacob 
Mann, G. S. 

Peabody, Marshall 
Poillion, E. C. 
Smith, King 
Tomlin, Robert K, 
Wetzlar, Edwin 

Caplin, Ralph 
Grimm, Elmer 
Haffner, Ray 
Hellmer, Adolph 
Hoffman, George 


St. Louis, Mo. 

Kamerer, Webb 
Koster, Robert 
Kuhns, Fred 
Luyties, Carl 
Oheler, Paul 

Pahner, William 
Sale, Irwin 
Vieh, Walter 

Elder, Geroge R. 
Knudson, Howard 

Shawnee-on-Delaware, Pa. 
Transue, William T. Worthington, Edward H 





St. Louis, Mo. 

brown, Albert Hayden, Chester Hoeger, Edward 

Dierking, George 

Spokane, Wash. 

Abercrombie, W. R. 
Blum, Signor 
Charlton, Dr. M. R. 
Croockwit, Alexander 
Erwin, Clark P. 
Farnham, William H., Jr. 

Gordon, Ralph 
Happy, Cyrus, Jr. 
Happy, John H. 
Jones, W. Scott 
Mathews, Dr. J. G. 
Post, Phillips 

Reinhardt, John G. 
Richards, John V. 
Ware, Thomas Grant 
Wakefield, Channing 
Wilcox, John 
Williams, Howard S. 


Pittsburgh, Pa, 

Barbour, M. R. 
Bier, C. D. 
Burchfield, Mary 
Campbell, H. L. 
Campbell, Mary 
Carothers, Samuel 
Castle, Homer A. 
Castle, J. G. 
Cowan, R. C. 
Collins, W. W., Jr. 

Duff, E. E. 
Evans, R. H. 
Franzell, Chester 
Ginn, Raymond 
Hamilton, Miss Vera 
Hoeveler, M. M. 
Kincaid, Thomas 
King, H. N. 
McKinney, Miss Irene. 
Maits, C. B. 

Marchand, Miss 
Mundo, C. J. 
Murchfield, Mary 
Porter, Edward 
Swearer, Willis R. 
Wallace, W. S. 
Williams, Max L. 
Walton, D. F. 
Woods, Arch 
Wright, A. W. 


Livingston, Staten Island, N. Y. 

Arrowsmith, A. W. 
Baber, W. Crosbie 
Barringer, Paul B., Jr. 
Bayaud, G. Theodore 
Bell, George N. 
Boger, Dudley 
Bourne, Joseph B. 
Boyd, George N. 
Bronson, Edgar B., Jr. 
Brown, Edward W. 
Carroll, Robert W., Jr. 
Carroll, Malcolm B. 
Coonley, Dr. F. 
Covington, C. K. 
Craik, Doughlas E. 
Davey, Fred 

Davidson, George R. 
Davies, John W. A. 
I>owning, Paul 
Dwyer, Geoffry 
Ferguson, A. L. 
Fitt, Henrv C. 
Flash, E. Serrill 
Frost, Rev. F. L. 
Fry, Charles A. 
Gibbs, Eric N. 
Gostenhofer, C. E. 
Grell, Neville 
Greppo, Theodore 
Haffenden, Radcliffe 
Hart, N. F. 
Jenkins, J. C. 

Jones, Donald 
Jones, H. A. Miller 
Jones, W. Miller, Jr. 
Kaufmann, Arthur 
Kaufmann, Herbert 
Keenan, J. Dale 
Keenan, Philip 
King, Bronson W. 
King, Walter W. 
Ledgard, George H. 
McKee, R. Lowe 
McWhinney, W. G. 
Menzies, C. A. 
O'Rorke, F. J. H. 
Oxholm, Carl 
Parmele, H. G. W. 



Parsons, D. 
Pendleton, A. F. 
Piatt, A. Hunter 
Porter, M. R. 
Rayncr, Albert 
Rimer, E. S. 
Shriver, Alfred 
Sindall, H. S. 
Spooner, A. F. 
Stout, Wilson 

Swan, G. H. 
Taintor, Philip N. 
Taylor, F. Carroll 
Thomas, Dr. A. H. 
Trench, A. R. 
Turville, J. Evan 
Valentine, Fred B. 
Vigurs, Leslie P. 
Vosburgh, P. M. 
Walker, R. St. G., Jr. 

Walser, Arthur 
Walscr, Guy O. 
Walser, Havelock 
Waterworth, Harold 
Wells, Theodore D. 
Whelan, Paul M. 
Whitall, John 
Willcox, Sydney G. 
Wolf, J. S. 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

Bainbridge, Howard C. 
Barthmaier, Dr. O. F. 
Beck, W. Harper 
Brittson, L. E. 
Brooks, Edward 
Busby, Elwood 
Connor, John 
Donnelly, Dr. R. M. T. 
DuflFy, John J. 
Edward, Brooks 

Fischer, John A. 
Fogarty, Dr. Clement A. 
Forstrand, Anders 
Gorgas, B. R. M. 
Graham, Roland B. 
Gribbic, Jack M. 
Hauber, Edmund J. 
Jordan, Paul A. 
Kerr, Charles E. 
Parry, Edward S. 

Paxson, David 
Repp, W. F. 
Ritter, Ralph W. 
Russell, Dr. C. N. 
Seltz, Adolph 
Sergeson, Stanley 
Sommer, William J. 
Spring, Frank 
Uhlc, David 

Fransioli, H. D. 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Robson, C. Stuart Spencer, Robert W. 


Mt. Vernon, N. Y. 

Adler, Hamilton 
Bach, Frederick P. 
Bach, Julian S. 
Bach, Milton J. 
Bemhard, Edgar B. 
Berolzheimer, Alfred C. 
Berolzheimcr, Edwin M. 
Berolzheimer, Henry 
Carlebach, Herbert L. 
Carlebach, Walter M. 
Denzer, Bernard E. 
Eiseman, Stanley 
Falk, George K. 
Falk, Myron S. 
Forsch, Herbert 

Frank, Clifton L 
Frank, Vincent J. 
Friede, Sydney A. 
Fricdlander, E. M. 
Gips, Walter F. 
Goldsmith, Arthur J. 
Hays, Edwin D. 
Hecht, George J. 
Hirsch, Steven J. 
Herzfeld, Walter J. 
Kastor, Alfred B. 
King, Edward B. 
King, Frank E. 
Lehman, Harold M. 
Levy, Isaac H. 


Lichtenstein, A. 
Mendelson, Percy 
Naumburg, Alfred 
Nessler, Robert P. 
Parker, Alfred P. 
Rheinstein, Alfred M. 
Rose, Alfred L. 
SchiflF, Gustave H. 
Sonn, Herbert H. 
Stern, J. Ernest 
Stern, Nathan J. 
Wallach, K. Richard 
Wiener, Ernest 
Wimpfheimer, Lloyd A. 
Wolf, Walter J. 




Tacoma, Wash. 

Allen, F. W. 
Berkowitz, B. 
Brown, Lenox 
Browne, A G. 
Browne, J. W. 
BurriU, W. V., Jr. 
Cole, H. A. 
Cramer, M. C. 
Denton, Pierre 
Ford, Bernard 
Graham, H. T. 
Griggs, E. G. 

Handforth, Stanley 
Hayden, Maxwell 
Hudson, Hill 
Kauffman, P. B. 
KaufiFman, W. L. 
Lind, Irving 
Mason. C. W. 
Merrill, Arthur 
Mitchell, Mannsell 
Murray, L. T. 
Pringle, A. G. 
Pringle, H. H. 

Richardson, Peter 
Reiman, G. M. 
Skidmore, S. A. 
Snyder, Frost 
Sutherland, Ray 
Sutherland, Ross W. 
Todd, Grerald 
Wagner, G. C, Jr. 
Weyerhauser, F. K. 
Weyerhauser, J. P. 
Wheeler, H. S. 
Wingate, J. G. 

Easton, Md.^ 

Adkins, Leonard 
Bateman, H. E. 
Beebe, Miss Heloise 
Crawford, Chauncey 
Davies, Miss Eleanor 
Davies, George G. 
Davies, Henry 
Davies, William H. 

Davis, Greorge 
Goldsborou^, Murray L. 
Gregg, David 
Henderson, Charles E. 
Henderson, W. L. 
Jackson, Harry H., Jr. 
Spring, Rodney Van R. 
Starr, Fred 

Starr, Nathan 
Thorp, A. L. 
Trail, Oscar 
Wheeler, Elliott 
Wilson, Fred 
Wilson, Robert H. 
Withgott, Earle W. 
Wrightson, James G. 


Rochester, N. Y. 

Allen, Freeman C. 
Angle, Wesley M. 
Case, C. C. Z. 
Case, Miss Honore 
Chapin, Charles H. 
Child, John T. 
Coney, Aims C. 
Converse, Howard 
Converse, Rob Roy 
Cook, Dr. E. B. 
Cumming, H. T. 
Cumpston, Edward H., Jr. 
Curtis, Miss Helen 
Dunn, Wilbur R. 
Ely, William S. 
Ewers, Dr. William 
Farley, W. Peck 
Fenn, Edward R. 

Gilman, E. Harry 
Gott, Frands H. 
Griffith, Russell B. 
Hastings, Walter E. 
Headley, Robert 
Herendeen, Edward 
Hoard, Eric C; 
Holton, George V. 
Hough, David M. 
Hunting, M. S. 
Kittrell, James E. 
McMath, John N. 
Magell, W. Leslie 
Mitchell, Hart 
Moffett, R. C. 
Morris, Richard H. 
Ocumpaugh, Edmund, 3rd. 
Orchard, Dr. Norris G. 


Otis, Dr. W. Kirke 
Parker, Frank H. 
Remington, Thomas H. 
Robeson, Robert H. 
Sadden, Dr. H. A. 
Schall, Harold F. 
Shantz, Marshall B. 
Sibley, Harper 
Sloan, William E., Jr. 
Snow, Shirley, Jr. 
Stoddard, E. V. 
Storer, C. H. 
Stebbins, Miss Jane B. 
Swan ton, Hobart 
Swanton, Thomas 
Weller, J. Francis 
Young, Burbank 
Young, Chauncey T. 



Alexandria Bay, N. Y. 

Adams, John F. 
Ashley, Douglas V. 
Benson, George F. 
Blaylodc, Henry W. 
Brigham, Francis Elbridge 
Brown, Wiser 
Clark, Alson S. 

Davison, Henry P. 
Ellis, A. Raymond 
Englis, John 
Johnston, John A. 
Lowden, G. M. P. 
Macsherry, Richard 
Mapes, S. Herbert 

O'Connor, John K. 
Paterson, James B. 
Rafferty, Ewing L. 
Ross, J. K. L. 
Wiser, Henry James 
Wiser, John P. 

Toledo, O. 

Batch, Benjamin T. 
Bayers, E. I. 
Bradley, Robert N. 
Campbell, P. L. 
Cooper, M. S. 
Dodd, Martin S. 
Dunn, Carroll 
Dunn, J. D. 
Frambach, J. H; 
Graytop, Arthur W. 
Harris, Rev. R. L. 
Hirschberg, H. S. 
Konopak, L. F. 

La Salle, Dr. J. J. 
Major, Leonard 
MacNichol, Arthur 
MacNichol, Edward F. 
MacNichol, G. P. 
Manning, Donald 
Norton, Harold H. 
Parsons, John E. 
Pierce, Arthur R. 
Pilgrim, Dr. H. P. 
Reynolds, Donald L. 
Sawtelle, Ray 

Scott, C. Gerard 
Scott, Palmer 
Scott, W. H. 
Shaw, Carlton 
Sotherland, John 
Swartzbaugh, C. E., Jr. 
Thatcher, Edward U. 
Turner, Loyal 
Weiler, George 
Winchester, Mark 
Wright, W. E. 
Young, Robert G. 

Adkins, E. C. 
Ailworth, Forrest J. 
Allison, Nathaniel 
Anderson, O. J. 
Anderson, Richard A. 
Ayars, T. R. 
Bailey, F. W. 
Bakewell, Paul, Jr. 
Bannantine, A. L. 
Bartlett, Willard 
Bates, W. M. 
Blair, V. P. 
Boettler, M. F. 
Bogy, P. B. 
Boyd, F. D. 
Brennan, F. C. 
Brooks, Barney 
Brown, C. W. 
Bryan, Francis 


St. Louis, Mo. 

Burford, C. C. 
Butler, C. S. 
Butler, R. P. 
Calnan, James J. 
Campbell, O. M. 
Chouteau, August 
Clark, C. T. 
Clark, Powhaton 
Clausen, J. F. 
Conroy, Robert 
Copeland, G. H. 
Crane, M. C. 
Crunden, Walter 
Ehiley, J. B. 
Daly, R. L. 
Deslogc, Joseph 
Duncker, H. P. 
Duncker, Charles H. 
English, F. L. 


Ewing, F. B. 
Farquhar, W. T. 
Finger, W. N. 
FitzGibbon, T. J. 
Fitzporter, A. L. 
Florida, G. 
Frantz, W. A. 
Freeman, B. W. 
French, Dudley 
Gamble, A. P. 
Gardner, F. W. 
Gautier, M. P. 
Gayou, W. A. 
Gcttys, Henry 
Gettys, Senter 
Giraldin, C. Earl 
Gonn, G. M. 
Green, F. W. 
Gregg, N. B. 



Gregory, W. R. 
Grove, E. W. 
Gundlach, A. 
Hagan, H. H. 
Handlan, E. R. 
Happell, A. E. 
Harris, D. L« 
Harris, George D. 
Harrison, Donald 
Harrison, Elmer 
Harrison, William 
Hercules, J. G. 
Heucr, Scott 
Hotchkiss, E. G. 
Humphrey, W. R. 
Janis, S. L. 
Jehle, A. S. 
Jelenko, M. S. 
Johnson, George L. 
Johnson, Horace • 
Jones, A. H. 
Jones, J. W. 
Jones, . W. B. 
Jost, A. A. 
Jostles, F. O. 
Kincade, J. D. 
Knight, H. H. 
Koehler, C. J. 
Krcbs, F. J. V. 
Laidley, P. 
Lake, F. C, Jr. 
Lambert, A. Bond 
Lehman, J. S. 
Lide, B. M. 
Limberg, E. A. 

Lionberger, J. S. 
McCormack, R. C. 
McCreery, A. H. 
Mackay, H. S. 
McMahan, R. G. 
McMahon, J. F. 
Mayne, W. R. 
Montgomery, F. C. 
Montgomery, J. E. 
Moore, A. J. 
Moore, W. G. 
Muckerman, W. B. 
Mulligan, F. G. 
Murphy, Fred T. 
Neuhoff, George L. 
Niedringhaus, H. R. 
Nugent, M. T. 
Obear, Davison 
Olmstead, W. M. 
Owens, R. 
Pankey, W: A. 
Perry, C. G. 
Petrie, C. G. 
Pettus, H. 
Phillips, H. C. 
Reber, Charles 
Reiter, A. W. 
Reynolds, George V. 
Rice, E. A. 
Rickey, Branch 
Riesmeyer, F. R. 
Sandford, C. F. 
Schrieber, L. W. 
Schulein, B. F. 
Schulein, V. M. 

Sensensey, E. 
Shaffer, P. A. 
Shapleigh, A. W. 
Shaw, A, 

Skaer, Rev. F. H. 
Skrainka, R. A 
Smith, Ellsworth 
Smith, J. S. 
Souther, R. G. 
Stack, A. J. 
Stewart, J. E. 
Stratton, R. S. 
Sullivan, J. F. 
Thomas, E. R. 
Thomas, H. C. 
Thomas, W. S. 
Thorbum, F. T. 
Tilton, Ed. 
Tilton, W. 
Tolkaey, W. A 
Towner, Phelan 
Turner, D. 
Wagoner, H. E. 
Warren, W. 
Watts, L. M. 
White, Theodore 
Whittemore, Ed. 
Williams, L. E. 
Willing, J. C. . 
Willis, B. 
Willson, S. L. 
Wise, H. M. 
Von Schrader, Dana 
Young, H. Mc. 
Zippredt, H. E. 

Burns, J. S. 
Dykers, J. R. 
Garrett, R. N. 
Hustedt, H. 


New Orleans, La. 

Lord, C. 
Montgomery, R. 
Monroe, J. H. 
Morse, J. J. 

Scharff, A. L. 
Scharff, L. D. 
Stiles, H. F. 
Wallace, H. 

Angell, Ernest 
Benton, C. O. 


Cleveland, Ohio 

Blossom, J. T. Bolton, Chester C, Jr. 

Bole, Benjamin Patterson Bolton, I. C. 



Bolton, Newel C. 
Brush, C. F., Jr. 
Case, George S. 
Clark, Harold T. 
ColHngs, G. B. 
Collins, Phillip H. 
Crandall, Francis W. 
Crawford, F. C. 
Cutler, J. E. 
Dawson, William W. 
Dempsey, E. C. 
Dempsey, John B. 
Dexter, Richard 
Famsworth, George B. 
Ford, Cyrus C. 
Fullerton, Dwight L. 

Gray, Neal G. 
Green, William McK, 
Gunn, William K. 
Hadden, John A. 
Harris, John Mc. 
Hawley, Dudley A. 
Herrick, F. C. 
Ingersoll, J. M. 
Keenan, J. B. 
Knight, F. W. 
Luther, W. H. 
McAfee, William A. 
McBride, Donald 
McSweeney, James 
Mather, A. S. 
Miller, Granberry 

Mills, F. C, Jr. 
Nash, H. L. 
Newberry, Arthur C. 
Patterson, Benjamin, Jr. 
Patterson, Paul 
Pennington, G. R. 
Powell, W. B. 
Root, P. C. 
Simmons, C. D. 
Vilas, M. B. 
Waterworth, Joshua 
Webster, L. B. 
Westenhaver, Edward P. 
Wick, Henry C, Jr. 


New York, N. Y. 

Adams, Franklin P. 
Bailey, Charles 
Beebe, C. W. 
Desnoes, Edmund 
Dugan, Thomas 
Ehrgott, Wilson 
Giergerich, Arthur 

Hartley, G. L 
Howard, Russell 
Janes, Elisha H. 
Jones, Rochester B. 
Mersereau, Harold 
Olcott, Morgan 
Reidenback, George 

Robertson, Willard 
Schmidt, Charles 
Stevens, Dr. A. M. 
Vogel, Frank 
Wenzcl, P. J. 
Wulf, Louis 

Eager, C. B. 
Margolies, A. 
Nassau, W. L. 


Franklin Field, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Nichols, D. L. 
Pfingst, G. B. 
Thayer, Sydney, Jr. 

Trimble, F. C. 
Zahn, K. 

Bradley, Palmer 
Broad, Thomas 
Brush, Harris 
Buddy, Edward 
Callicutt, Madison 


Austin, Texas. 

Dodd, Stephen H. 
Greer, James 
Estill, Frank 
Granger, Armour 
Granger, Charles 

Jones, Houston 
Perkins, Del S. 
Stacy, W. G. 
Thomas, James L. 
Thomas, Sellars J. 


Bell, Howard W. 
Boettger, William H. 
Buchanan, H. H. 

New York Mills, N. Y. 

Buckley, John F. 
Butler, Howard 
Coakley, Frank 


Damon, Dr. H. M. 
DeLong, R. J. 
Devereux, John C. 



Diefenbach, S. B. 
Evans, Milton M. 
Hague, Albert J. 
Hofmeister, Miss Rose 
Humphrey, Tracy E. 
Jamieson, H. L. 
Jones, Carl D. 

Kellogg, Frederick S. 
Kunkle, Leslie 
Lombard, Charles 
Lutz, Martin J., Jr. 
Marron, Russel C. 
Matt, Joseph L. 
O'Hara, T. Fred 

Owens, Dr. Frederick T. 
Porter, Donald 
Roberts, Harold C. 
Swasey, McNeal 
Williams, D. L. 

Abreu, Pierre 
Behn, Sosthenes 


Havana, Cuba. 

Heinrich, Enrique 
Pla, Frank, Jr. 

Steinhart, Percy 
Terry, Francisco 


Lowell, Mass. 

Abbot, Edwin M. . 
Ailing, Dr. Marshall L. 
Barnes, Bradbury L. 
Bryant, Dr. Mason D. 
Butterick, Winthrop P. 
Cameron, Alexander A. 
Chadwick, Oliver M. 
Chalifoux, Harold L. 
Church, Frederick C, Jr. 
Clark, Lincoln 
Coburn, Horace B. 
Cobum, Ralph H. 
Congdon, Dr. Charles E. 
Cumings, Walter W. 
De Lany, Edwin H. 
Dempsey, Gerald H. 
Drury, George E. 
Drury, Harvey S. 
Dumas, Allan M. 
Dumas, Gardner D. 
Eastman, Roger K. 
Estes, Frederick A. 
Estey, Dr. Harold W. 
Eveleth, Allan C. 
Farnsworth, Charles E. 
Faulkner, Luther W. 
Field, John W. 
Fletcher, Harold H. 
Fletcher, Ralph A. 
Gardner, Dr. Archibald R. 
Gleason, Randolph W. 

Goodell, J. Butler 
Goodwin, Harold L. 
Hall, Wallcott E. 
Hawkes, Willis E. 
Higgins, George K. 
Hockmeyer, Clivc 
Hockmeyer, Victor 
Hodghinson, Harold D. 
Holmes, Harold D. 
Huguley, Arthur W. 
Jewett, Dr. Howard W. 
Jones, Dr. Robert L. 
Keep, H. Sanford 
Knight, Morris E. 
Lambert, Dr. John H. 
Leggat, John 
Lyford, Thorton 
Macdonald, C. C. 
Mahoney, Dr. Matthew P. 
Mclver, John D. 
McKinley, Silas B. 
McLeod, William H. 
Meigs, Hildreth 
Metcalf, Dr. B. H. 
Moss, Dwight 
Parchcrt, Frederick L. 
Parker, John M. G. 
Perkins, Paul L. 
Pihr, Sumner 
Potter, Robert C. 
Pratt, Walter M. 


Qua, Francb M. 
Reilly, James C. 
Reilly, Peter W., Jr. 
Richmond, Frank R. 
Robertson, George O. 
Robertson, John L., Jr. 
Scales, Dr. Robert B. 
Scribner, Samuel H. 
Scribner, Stephen H. 
Scribner, Warren F. 
Sherman, Alden W. 
Spalding, Frederic F. 
Stevens, Charles A. 
Strauss, Frederick L. 
Tabor, Dr. Edward O. 
Talbot, Cumner 
Thompson, George M. 
Thompson, Perry G. 
Thurber, George F. 
Tiffany, Harry R. 
Tuche, Parker 
Wallace, Robert S. 
Walsh, Francis P. 
Weaver, Alvah H. 
White, G. W. Blunt 
White. William J., Jr. 
Wiggin, William B. 
Williams, Y. S. 
Wilson, Percy J. 
Woodward, Edward F. 
Worcester, Clarence J. 


Drewes, Theodore 
Freegard, William 


St. Louis, Mo. 

Taussig, William Travis, Malcolm 


Rumford, R. L 

Allen, Frederick W. 
Banigan, Richard D. 
Blanding, Percy H. 
Baker, Norman D. 
Braman, Harold A. 
Burton, James 
Blanchard, Dr. Howard E. 
ChampL'n, Malcolm D. 
Chapin, Robert C. 
Christie, Dr. Charles S. 
Codman, Edwin E. 
Collins, James C. 
Conant, Morris F. 
Cook, Maurice H. 
Grimwood, Henry A., Jr. 

Hawks, Dr. Charles E. 
Hawkins, Dr. Joseph F. 
Hunkins, Charles H. 
Kent, William H. 
Lestrade, Paul C. 
Makepeace, Charles S. 
Makepeace, Colin R. 
Martin, Wesley C. 
Mcintosh, Samuel M. 
Munroc, Parker E. 
O'Connell, Dr. Joseph C. 
O'Conner, Ludan J. 
OiKeefe, Dr. Walter J. 
Peirce, George E., Jr. 
Preston, Whiting H. 

Pendleton, Wyman 
Porter, Dr. Lewis B. 
Russell, Albert L 
Sibley, Frederick S. 
Sweet, Walter L 
Scattergood, Ernest T. 
Sisson, Russell E. 
Steams, Ralph H. 
Taylor, James H. H. 
Todd, Robert L. 
Vaughn, Arthur S. 
Williams, Edward A. 
Wood, Ralph W. 

Portland, Ore. 

Anderson, Dr. Walter R. 
Bailey, Curtis 
.Bragg, Ellis J. 
Burgard, John C. 
Charlton, Howard C. 
Cabell, H. C. 
Cook, F. J. 
Cook, Miss Cornelia 
Corbett, Hamilton F. 
Daly, Miss Irene E. 
Davis, George N. 
Dudley, Frank B. 
Gardner, R. R. 
Giesy, P. C. 
Gilbert, Wells 
Glass, Graham, Jr. 
Gleason, W. B. 
Hartwell, M. H. 

Kamm, Phillip S. 
Kamm, W. W. 
Keams, W. A. 
Kerr, Andrew 
Kydd, Bumess 
Knox, Dr. William S. 
McCool, Dr. Joseph L. 
Matson, Dr. Ray W. 
Matson, Dr. Ralph C. 
Miller, C. E. 
Mills, Abbott L., Jr. 
Mills, Thomas 
Morton, Hubert 
Murphy, C. G. 
Napier, John S. 
Perringer, C. C. 
Rockey, Dr. A. E. 
Sabin, Dr. C. G. 


Schmidt, H. 
Shcvlin, C. H. 
Shevlin, E. L. 
Shindler, Page 
Skene, Dr. William H. 
Small, Ray 
Smith, Russell 
Sommer, Dr. E. A. 
Stanley, George 
Stewart, Dr. J. A. 
Tisdale, R. P. 
Voorhies, Gordon 
Watson, Forest 
Whiteside, Dr. George S. 
Whitney, E. F. 
Wight, Dr. Otis B. 




Allen, W. C. 
Beach, George C. 
Biglow, R. Graham 
Crimmins, Clarence P. 
Crimmins, Thomas 
Dana, Charles B. 
Dean, iKenneth 
Dean, Thompson, 2nd. 
Draper, E. G. 
EUiman, Douglas L. 

Nctroton, Conn. 

Fleming, Kenneth 
Hamilton, Burgoyne 
HiU, George W. 
Holmes, Artemas 
Mixsell, Donald G. 
Mixsell, Dr. Harold R. 
Pell, Hamilton 
Pierson, S. N. 
Pitt, M. R., Jr. 
Piatt, D. P. 

Schweizer, Raymond J. 
Smith, E., Jr. 
Stevens, Edward 
Stokes, Harold M. Phelps 
Tappan, A. D. 
Tomes, A. H. 
Trowbridge, Gardiner 
Wheeler, Dr. H. L. 
Zeigler, William 


Addison, C. O. 
Adler, Ben 
Agatstein, Louis 
Agatstein, Milton 
Allen, Fred W. 
Allport, Hamilton 
Alter, Leo 
Anthony, R. B. 
Antolini, Bruno 
Asplund, Charles 
Austin, Hugh C. 
Barker, R. L. 
Beasley, T. E. 
Becker. W. H. 
Bennett, Charles 
Benson, A. M. 
Bergstresser, L. W. 
Bems, Max 
Biffer, Fred, Jr. 
Black, Clarence 
Black, Edward 
Blair, E. J. 
Blair, William M. 
Boule, L. L. 
Bowen, Joseph T., Jr. 
Britten, Isaac 
Brooks, Willard 
Brosted, Harry L. 
Byford, Heath T. 
Cable, Jerome C. 
Callahan, Lawrence K. 
Carlson, Walter C. 
Carr, Alfred B. 
Carr, Willard C. 

Chicago, 111. 

Caswell, D. 
Chambers, Overton S. 
Cheney, Fred B. 
Clark, C. J. • 
Clibbon, Oliver 
Combs, R. L. 
Conlon, V. 
Cook, J. M. 
Copcnhaver, P. A. 
Couchman, William V. 
Craig, Bert 
Crone, Charles E., Ji. 
Crowley, Sidney 
Cunningham, S. 
Curran, George E. 
Daley, W. Frank 
Darrenoque, E. J. 
Davis, F. G. 
Davis, Robert C. 
Dearborn, Luther 
Drake, Stanley H. 
Duncan, A. C. 
Edwards, S. W. 
Evans, Bernard J. 
Fisk, C. H. 
Flienger, Ralph 
Fowler, Dr. Earl B. 
Fulton, Robert H. 
Gates, Sigmund 
Gisel, Robert 
Gooder, Gren. M. 
Gordon, C. 
Green, E. A. 
Grobe, H. F. 


Gross, Henry 
Gruice, Dr. C. G. 
Grunert, A. E. 
Guerrant, H. H. 
Gumb, I. 
Hackett, H. H. 
Hall, J. R. 
Hamilton, George S. 
Hamilton, Woodman 
Hanna, R. 
Hanson, I. W. 
Harmon, Sturges 
Harvey, William S., Jr. 
Herzog, Sanford 
Higgins, Warren 
Hill, Clarence C. 
Hill, Cyrus G. 
Hill, C H. 
Hill, Philip S. 
Hillman, Harry F. 
Hoag, C. S. 
Hobart, K. E. 
Holbrook, Harry 
Holloway, George C. 
Hough, George 
Houston, H. K. 
Howard, George O. 
Howard, Hubert 
Hudson, Stanhope 
Ingersoll, Harold B. 
Jackson, Fred 
Jacobs, Irwin 
Jacobs, Whipple 
James, Maurice 


Jarzembski, Thaddeus 
Johnson, Axel R. 
Johnson, Edward 
Johnson, Milton 
Kent, George P. 
Kerr, Dr. EUis K. 
Kinscl, William M. 
Koch, Albert W. 
Kozminski, Charles 
Krah, Carl 
Kraus, Robert 
Larkin, T. B. 
LaRose, J. M. 
Latimer, John C. 
Lavery, Paiil 
Lavery, Urban 
Lazarus, Bertram 
Leaton, James G. 
Lee, W. George 
Leeser, Phillip 
Leonard, Arthur T. 
Lindauer, A. E. 
Lindholm, E. 
Liquorish, Edward 
Loehr, T. E. 
Logsdon,' Kellogg 
Low, E. B. 
Lower, Roy 
Ludolph, A. R. 
Luginbuehl, A. 
Lukens, Eugene F. 
Lyon, George W. 
Mackay, David 
McCaskey, Clair P. 
McCormick, Allister H. 
McCormick, L. J. 
McCuUough, Harry 
McCord, Downer 

McEldowney, B. 
McEvoy, Ray 
McKay, A. C. 
McLaughlin, Harold 
Manheimer, A. E. 
Meyn, Henry J. 
Moller, William 
Mondop, Leo P. 
Monroe, James E. 
Moon, Mitchell 
Morris, Glenn H. 
Mueller, A. F. 
Murphy, Lloyd 
Myers, Frank 
Myers, R. B. 
Nelson, Andrew L. 
Nicol, S. S. 
Noble, Fred 
Norton, Thomas S., Jr. 
Olsen, Oliver 
Parker, W. W. 
Patton, T, R. 
Pearce, Franklin D. 
Pellett, Fred 
Peritz, R. M. 
Peterson, Reuben W. 
Peterson, Wilbur J. 
Phillips, W. D. 
Popperfuss, H. J. 
Prindeville, Redmond 
Rappaport, Joseph 
Reeves, S. L. 
Ries, Harry S. 
Roberts, Chapin 
Rose, William 
Roseland, Grant 
Ross, Earl R. 
Sattstadt, John, Jr. 

Sears, J. Alden 
Sharpe, Allan 
Sherley, J. M. 
Shoemaker, Russell 
Siebold, C. L. 
Sievert, W. C. 
Simon, J. J. K. 
Smith, Heber H. 
Salomon, Earl 
Spencer, Charles 
Steelhammer, A. M. 
Stratton, L. W. 
Stuart, T. A. 
Jaylor, B. C. 
Thomas, B. M. 
Tiffany, H. L 
Todd, H. A. 
Tope, Dr. J. W. 
Trueblood, H. J. 
Twomey, L. A. 
Van Amam, W. D. 
Van Gorder, Carle 
Von Puttkamer, B. 
Vosyka, E. 
Walbert, Henry 
Waller, J. B. ^ 
Wandas, John J. 
Washburn, W. Fred 
Weber, James M. 
Weber, Jerry H. 
Whiteley, Arthur L. 
Whitman, Allen 
Wies, L. K. 
Williams, Robert C. 
Winslow, Paul Stewart 
Wolff, George 
Wright, Harold H. 
Wylie, Allan 


Westfield, N. J. 

Alpers, George L. 
Arnold, D. C. 
Aronson, R. H. 
Bissell, C. H. 
Boland, J. P. 
Chipman, Russell B., Jr. 
Cherry, W. A. 
Clark, Coleman 
Clark, J. M. 

Clark, S. S., Jr. 
Cowperthwaite, H. F. 
Da vies, Ernest 
Dobbrow, Charles 
Elliott, Jack 
Gomes, W. R. 
McClintock, George 
Parker, Harry S, 
Robinson, R. D. 


Ruckert, G. R. 
Sargent, Robert 
Seaman, D. Wayne 
Smyth, Douglas 
Smyth, Gouverneur 
Taylor, Harrison L. 
Tubby, Josiah T. 
Whelpley, M. G. B. 



AUcgcr, Frank S. 
Atkins, J. E. 
Bent, Charles 
Cherry, Ray H. 
Day, Howard B. 
Doerrer, Fred K. 
Donaldson, Donald 
Elliott, J. C. 
Flemming, J. E. 

Forest Hilk, L. I., N. Y. 

Hanford, Robert C. 
Harrison, Miss Ray 
Harrison, Miss Oleita 
Hunter, Louis J. 
Kennedy, William F. 
Keyes, Robert 
MacCowatt, Haskell 
McClintock, George C. 
Ralli, Reginald 

Randall, Harry P. 
Robinson, Charles H. 
Seaman, D. Wayne 
Snevily, Harry M. 
Snevily, Robert 
Stevens, Carrington H. 
Tice, Raymond 
Titus, W. O., Jr. 
Traynor, Frank 


Forest Hilk, L. I., N. Y. 

Ackerland, M. Thomas 
Adams, W. Herbert 
Adee, Georee T. 
Andrews, Harry W. 
Appleton, H. Sargent 
Bacon, Charles E. 
Baggs, Ralph L. 
Ballin, Cyril G. 
Bangs, Henry McCord 
Banks, J. Lenox, Jr. 
Barringer, Dr. T. B., Jr. 
Bartlett, Dr. Frederick H. 
Beekman, Leonard 
Beinicke, Walter 
Biddle, A. J. D., Jr. 
Billings, Dr. G. S. 
Bishop, Dr. W. H. 
Bovaird, Dr. David B. 
Boyd, Gordon 
Brinsmade, Paul S. 
Bull, Miss Adele H. 
Bull, Charles M., Jr. 
Carrington, George D. 
Chamberlin, Ward B. 
Cherry, Dr. Thomas H. 
Church, George M. 
Coffin, William S. 
Cook, Grayum, H. 
Craver, Bates B. 
Crockett, David B. 
Cunningham, W. D. 
Dabney, Alfred S. 
Davenport, Dr. S. E., Jr. 

Davis, Franklin H. 
Davis, Howland S. 
Decker, Dr. James W. 
Donaldson, Gerald, Jr. 
DuBois, Arthur 
Echeverria, Dr. Frederick J. 
Ells, A. Edward 
Faber, Dr. George W. 
Ferguson", Franklin P. 
Freeborn, James L. 
Garretson, James 
Gottschaldt, Allan C. 
Grace, Morgan H. 
Graham, Basil M. 
Graves, Louis 
Gregory, Dr. Alice 
Grinnell, Lawrence I. 
Guiler, Hugh P. 
Hall, Percy M. 
Hallock, Dr. Frank M. 
Harris, Duncan G. 
Hartshome, Harold 
Hattemer, Valentine P., Jr. 
Henry, Harold J. 
Hensel, Clarence H. 
Henshaw, Sidney P. 
Herkert, Karl J. 
Hickox, Charles R. 
Hoagland, Joseph C. 
Hungerford, Osgood 
Hunter, Francis T. 
Hyde, A. Musgrave 
laccaci, Augusta T. 


laccaci, Paul T. 
Irwin, H. B. 
Jean, Dr. George W. 
Johnson, Aymar 
Kenyon, Douglas H. 
Kenyon, Nelson T. 
Kenyon, Theodore S. 
Keyes, Dr. Edward L., Jr. 
Lamed, William A. 
Leask, Edwin M. 
Leonard, Edgar W. 
LeRoy, Robert 
Livingston, Robert R. 
Lyeth, J. M. R. 
McCoy, John W. 
McGuirs, James C. 
McHenry, Dr. Junius IL 
MacPherson, A. W. 
Major, Cedric A. 
Man, Alrick H., Jr. 
Marshall, Charles A. 
Mathey, Dean 
Miglietta, Adriano C. 
Milbank, Dr. Samuel 
Miller, Charles T. A. 
Miller, T. Lee 
Milliken, Foster, Jr. 
Moir, Edward H. 
Moore, Edward S. 
Morrison, Miss Abby P. 
Mullen, H. Gordon 
Murchison, Kenneth M. 
Murphy, Deacon 


Nash, H. P. 

Necrgaard, Dr. Arthur E. 
Newton, F. Maurice 
Nichols, Humphrey T. 
Nickerson, Hoffman 
Notman, Miss Winifred 
O'Gorman, Richard 
Orvis, Warner D. 
Osborne, James W., Jr. 
Othemann, Roswell C. 
Paul, Frank W., Jr. 
Peabody, Marshall G. 
Peabody, Robert E. 
Peck, Kenneth 
Pike, H. H.. Jr. 
Pinkham, Dr. E. W. 
Pool, Dr. Eugene H. 
Presbery, Edward H. 
Quackenbush, Miss Grace 
Rainier, Jack A. 
Ranney, A. Elliott 
Richards, J. Atherton 
Richmond, Lawrence 

Ripley, Louis A. 
Ripley, Sidney D. 
Roberts, Dr. Dudley D. 
Roome, Clarence S. 
Ross, Maxwell W. 
Sands, Robert C. 
Satterlee, E. Lansing 
Sawyer, H. Eugene, Jr. 
Shaw, James M. 
Shine, Dr. F. W. 
Short, Livingston L. 
Sims, P. H. 
Smith, Mrs. Helen Way 

Stebbins, E. Vail 
Stemm, Ralph A. 
Stern, Kenneth G. 
Stoddard, Francis R., Jr. 
Stokes, Harold M. P. 
Stowell, Edward E. 
Stryker, Lloyd P. 
Sturdy, Herbert K. 
Tallant, Hugh 

Taylor, Stevenson P. 
Thacher, Archibald G. 
Thomas, Leonard M. 
Tomes, A. H. 
Toucey, John M. 
Voorhis* P. A. H. 
Wadsworth, Willard 
Wainwright, S., Jr. 
Wait, Dr. William P., Jr. 
Warren, C. C, Jr. 
Warren, Harvey T. 
Washburn, Frank B. 
•Washburn, Watson M. 
Watson, W. Whitewright 
Weaver, S. FuUerton 
Wessman, Robert Harvic 
Williams, Howard 
Williams, R. Norris, 2nd. 
Wilson, Edwin C. 
Wilson, Randolph C. 
Worth, Courtland J. 
Wrenn, Robert D. 


Wilkinsburg, Pa. 

Binder, A. A. 
Bryson, G. L. 
Dellenbaugh, Fred S. 
Fairbanks, F. B. 
Fetherston, J. M. 
Foley, M. J. 
Grabe, William F. 
Harvey, Robert B. 

Jordon, J. P. 
Langley, Jesse R. 
McCabc, J. B. 
Markeley, Frank R. 
Oates, M. N. 
Overpeck, J. H. 
Rees, Louis du Bois 

Renshaw, David E. 
Robbins, Walter M. 
Ryan, Robert E. 
Sherrard, George 
Stewart, Donald McL. 
Vernon, W. M. 
Waddell, H. M. 

Aloe, Albert S. 


St. Louis, Mo. 

Levy, Moe D. Milius, Will 


Wilmington, Del. 

Backus, Cecil 
Baldwin, William Ray 
Bannard, W. Newall, Jr. 
Bangs, Henry Mc. 
Berl, E. Ennals 
Berl, William, Jr. 

Biggs, John, Jr. 
Bispham, Edward K. 
Boyce, James L 
Bradford, Thomas G. 
Brooke, Mark 
Brown, J. Draper, Jr. 


Bush, J. Danforth 
Canby, James B., Jr. 
Carpenter, Philip J. 
Colling, Sevcrson B., Jr. 
Craig, M. Coulter 
de Armond, Frank L. 



Denham, William B. 
du Pont, Alfred Victor 
Edsall, E. Tatnall Warner 
Evans, D. Lindsay 
Edwards, Joseph F. 
Gaskill, Charles 
Gause, John T. 
Harris, Louis 
Harvey, Morton 
Harvey, Holstein, Jr. 
Howell, Harrison W. 
Hoyt, C. Sherman 
Hughes, Frank C. 
Hughes, James H., Jr. 
Janvier, Francis de H. 
Jessup, John B. 
Ketcham, Arthur C. 
Laird, Philip J. 

Lawson, Joseph C. 
Lawton, Stanley 
Lee, C. Stewart, Jr. 
McCune, Edmund C. 
McHugh, Frank A. 
Macsherry, S. Hillen 
Marvel, Jackson 
Megear, William B., Jr. 
Miller, Clement B. 
Miller, Thomas W. 
Montgomery, John A., Jr. 
Moore, Leon G. 
Moore, R. Dougjas 
Moore, W. Maxwell 
Nields, John P. 
Nowland, Paul J. 
Patterson, Frank E. 
Price, Robert E. 

Rununel, George 
Satterthwait, Donald 
Scott, Henry P.j Jn 
Scott, Sidney 
Sheward, Caleb M., Jr. 
Smith, E. Reynolds 
Smith, Donald P. 
Spackman, James G. 
Speakman, William C. 
Spruance, William C, Jr. 
Tallman, Frank G., Jr. 
Thompson, Henry B., Jr. 
Warner, Irving 
Whitten, Francis S. 
Wier, Herbert 
Young, Charles D. 


San Francisco, Cal. 

Coryn, Miss Marjorie Kane, Miss Estellc Wilson, Miss Frances 


Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Spencer, Mrs. Charles Stephenson, Miss Elizabeth Stewart, Miss Helen 



Woodmere, L. L, N. Y. 

Berger, Jesse 
Buegeleisen, Samuel 
Brick, George H. 
Calinger, C. W. 
Cone, H. M. 
Davis, A. W. 
Demuth, William 
Emmerich, Herbert 
Fishel, M. A. 
Freeman, Harold S. 
Goldburg, Arthur 
Heineman, Bernard 
Jacobs, I. R. 
Jacobs, X. E. 

Jacobson, J. A. 
Kops, Waldemar 
Lambert, V. A. 
Lehman, I. H. 
Lobo, Herbert 
Manley, H. D. 
Mendelsohn, Percy 
Oppenheim, C. J. 
Riegclman, C. A. 
Salzer, H. D. 
Shakman, Wilham 
Siegel, Ben 
Simon, H. F. 
Steckler, E. L. 


Steckler, Phillip 
Strauss, P. R. 
Stroock, B. A. 
Sulzburger, Leo 
Van Raalte, Arthur 
Veit, Howard 
Waldman, Herbert 
Weil, Herbert 
Weinberg, S. J. 
Wile, E. J. 
Williams, A. L. 
Williams, R. A. 
Young, L. E. 


Berry, Dr. Gordon 
Bigclow, Dr. Edward 
Bullock, Alexander H. 
Davis, Warren G. 
Dean, Lincoln 
Dewey, F. H., Jr. 
Duff, A. Wilmer 

Worcester, Mass. 

Gage, Homer, Jr. 
B. Haigh, Dr. Gilbert W. 
Hayes, Raymond N. 
Heywood, Chester D. 
Hutchins, Richard K. 
Knowlton, George W., Jr. 

Lincoln, Daniel W. 
Lincoln, Dr. George C. 
Rugg, Charles B. 
Smith, Willard 
Thompson, Louis 
Vaughan, George 


Beyea, Dorrance 
Bixby, Edward W. 
Blackman, John Hughes 
Chrisman, Neil 
Dick, Alexander 
Doran, John H. 
Farr, James 
Fell, Alexander 
Fell, Harold 
Flanigan, Edwin Brenton 
Haddock, J. C, Jr. 
Huber, Paul D. 
Jones, Carleton C. 
Jones, Henry L. 
Kirby, Allen P. 

Wilkes Barre, Pa. 

Kirby, Sumner M. 
Lawall, Miss Claire 
Laycock, C. H. 
Lee, John Morgan 
Lenehan,. John T., Jr. 
McLean, George R. 
McLean, William S., Jr. 
Mason, Walter S. 
Miles, Charles T. 
Miner, Asher 
Miner, Robert Charles 
Mulligan, Eugene W., Jr. 
Mulligan, James 
Newell, D. E. 

Norris, Miss Jane A. 
Payne, Bruce 
Phelps, William D. 
Rhoads, Samuel W. 
Smith, Ernest G. 
Sterling, Walter C. 
Stegmaier, Christian 
Stull, Arthur A. 
Uhl, Miss Margaret 
Waller, Charles B. 
Welles, Henry H., 3rd. 
Welles, John W. 
Young, C. R. 
Zerbey, Arthur L. 

Bagg, Egbert, Jr. * 
Bagg, W. Clark 
Brown, Randolph 
Calder, John W. 
Cookinham, Henry J., 
Clark, Bryan W. 
Cleveland, Grover S. 
Clogher, Ralph E. 
Crouse, Nellis M. 
Doolittle, W. P. S. 
Dunmore, Russell G. 
Freer, Allen O. 


Utica, N. Y. 

Garlock, Morgan B. 
Getman, Dr. A. A. 
Grant, Dr. Arthur R. 
Hart, Merwin K. 
Jr. Howard, David S. H. 
Howarth, Robert D. 
Johnston, Dorothy H. 
Kellogg, Frederick S. 
Lamb, Charles J. 
Lowery, James L. 
Munro, Dr. Daniel C. 
Murray, James B. 

Noyes, Pierre B. 
Qgden, George B. 
Ogden, H. Bradley 
Robinson, Theodore D. 
Seaton, John William 
Sherman, Thomas M. 
Thurlow, Lewis K. 
Tower, Geoffrey 
Westcott, Addison H. 
Wetzel, Daniel H. 
Wicks, Glenn 
Williams, Aras J. 

Ball, Peter 
Banks, L. M. 
Garland, C. S. 
Hammett, B. DeF. 
Hamill, R. L. 


New Haven, Conn. 

Hopkins, F. W. 
Kelley, S. G. 
Morse, J. B. 
Secligson, A. 
Simmons, K. R. L. 


Stevenson, Harvey 
Stoddart, R. S. 
Weber, Jerry 
Wile>', L. M. 


(For names omitted because information was unobtainable.) 









By George W. Grupp 

Because a scandalously misgoverned monarchy sought self-aggrandize- 
menty the chariot of human progress met with a terrible accident in 
August, 1914. Before this accident some optimistic prophets traveling 
on haranguing tours proclaimed that there would never be another war 
because no country could long stand up under the financial strain of 
modern warfare. These prophets, so-called, failed to realize that people 
do not consider cost when affronted by a self -imagined Jabben\-ock who 
conspires to place the world in his thraldom. Once they begin warfare, 
nations that are fighting for a cause they deem just never stop or 
look backward until one or the other is defeated. A country once in 
warfare means to continue as long as its industrial and agricultural 
forces are able to feed, clothe, and supply the wants of those in the battle- 
field and those at home. And if their own resources are not suffici^it, 
and their fighting objective is a justifiable one, then they will continue 
as long as their supply of gold lasts and their credit is good with 

And now that the Great War is over, it is interesting to pause for a 
few moments to note the direct cost of the war to the various belliger- 
ents. Moments of reflection on this subject are not to be scoffed at in 
the spirit of indifference. War costs affect each and every one the 
world around. A study of war costs serves many purposes. Firstly, 
every citizen of this world should know what it costs to go to war. Sec- 
ondly, it informs those who have waged war as to how much of a burden 
they have created for themselves. Thirdly, it gives them an idea of the 
burden they have created for future generations. And fourthly, it gives 
to the various legislative bodies, in the different countries, an idea of 
the amount to be raised by taxation and loans. 

To compare the direct cost to the various belligerents of the Great 
War, by examining cold figures themselves, requires extraordinary 
ocular powers — ^powers beyond the reach of most of us. For this reason 
a graphic chart has been resorted to, in addition to the table. 

The graphic chart is so self-explanatory that it would be a waste of 
words to discuss the comparison between the different belligerents. 
However, in passing, it may be well to make clear that the figures pre- 
sented were obtained from Professor Ernest L. Bogart's very valuable 
work on the "Direct and Indirect Cost of the Great World War." 

The direct cost of the Great War is only one side of the total cost 
of the war. The indirect cost is another very important item as one 






will gather after taking into account that by indirect cost is meant 
every sort of material loss which is fairly traceable to the war, such as : 

Loss of income to the community whose pursuits were disturbed. 

The displacement of capital. 

The destruction of valuable lives. 

The loss of capital to the world because of the war. 

The destruction of property by fires and other causes. 

The loss of securities. 

The loss of articles of furniture and other objects carried off with requisition. 

The damage done to roads, factories, etc 

The annual loss to revenue by transfer of territory to the victor. 

The loss of revenue due to the interruption of business. 

The loss of crops, etc. 

The loss of export trade. 

The individual's loss of income. 

The depreciation of property. 

The depreciated earning power of wrecked lives. 

Pensions ior veterans, widows, etc. 

Physical suffering. 

Increased illness. 

Inflation of currency^ and increased prices. 

Increased death rate. 

Checking of business developments. 

Lowered race vitality. 

Production diverted from productive to destructive purposes. 

Decreased birth rate. 

Industr}"^ crippled by division of men. 

Curtailed education. 

Property damage due to idleness. 

Moral degradation. 

Cargoes sunk. 

Shipping tonnage losses. 

All of the above is sufficient to show that no human could possibly 
fipnire all of the indirect losses caused by the Great War with any degree 
of accuracy. Therefore the writer, in this article confined himself ex- 
clusively to direct cost. 

The direct cost of the Great War may be compared with the previous 
wars, other than graphically. For example, the Great War cost ten 
times as much as all the wars in which Great Britain, United States, 
France, Italy, Russia, Belgium, Roumania, Germany, Austria -Hungary, 
Turkey and Bulgaria combined have been engaged in between the years 
1688 and 1914. In fact, in a single year the expenditures made were 



equal to nearly two and one-half times the cost of all wars from 1688 
to 1914. 

Another comparative illustration of the direct cost of the (Ireat War 
may be made this way. Distribute money to the cost of the Great War 
amongst all the people on the face of the earth, and each would receive 

Distribute the money spent for the Great War amongst the people of 
New York City and each would receive |32,000.00 ; or amongst the people 
of the United States and each would receive |1,826.00. 

Deposit the money spent for the Great War in savings banks, at the 
rate of 3%, and it will yield an annual revenue of f5,589,990,000.00. 

The City of New York could be run for 751 years on the cost of the 
Great War, on the 1919 budget basis, |248,000,000.00, exclusive of 
accumulative interest which would accrue from the investment of the 
total direct cost of the war. In fact, the annual yield, at the rate of 
3%, would be sufficient to run nearly 23 cities the size of New York. 

Suppose a railroad can be built for, say, |90,000.00 per mile, rolling 
stock included, then 2,070,000 miles of railway lines could be built for 
the direct total cost of the Great War. This mileage is nearly four times 
the present world railway mileage. 

The direct cost of the Great War was 2.4 times the annual national 
pre-war income of the British Empire, United States, France, Russia, 
Italy, Belgium,* Serbia and Roumania combined, (f 75,000,000,000.00) ; 
and twice the pre-war national income when one includes Germany, 
Austria-Hungary, Turkey and Bulgaria. 

The direct cost of the Great War is 1.3 times the pre-war national 
wealth of Germany, Austria- Hungary, Turkey and Bulgaria combined, 
(1142,500,000,000.00) ; and it is about one- third the pre-war national 
wealth when one includes Great Britain, United States, France, Italy, 
Russia, Belgium and Roumania. 

Divide the direct cost of the Great War by 4.2 and 19 and you have 
the pre-w^ar national debt of the world, and the pre-war world's annual 

Make a chain of one dollar bills, to the amount of the direct cost of 
the Great War, and you will find that the earth can be circled over 85 





United States 
Great Britain 
Rest of British Empire 
France , 

Russia . 

Other Entente Allies 

Turkey and Bulgaria 

Grand Total 









$ 60,643,160,600.00 

(l)These figures were taken from Prof. Ernest L. Bogart's work on **Direct 
and Indirect Costs of the Great World War." 




June 28 Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdi- 
nand assassinated at Sarajevo, 
28 Austria-Hungary declares war on 

1 Germany declares war on Russia. 

2 German troops invade France. 

3 German troops invade Belgium. 
Germany declares war on France. 

4 Great Britain declares war on 

Germany declares war on Bel- 

6 British forces capture Togoland. 

7 Germans troops enter Liege. . 
French troops enter Alsace. 

12 Great Britain declares 

20 Russians defeat Germans 
German troops enter Brussels. 
22 Germans defeat French at Char- 
French troops evacuate Alsace. 

war on 


Aug. 23 Battle of Le Cateau. 
Germans enter Namur. 
Russians victorious in East Prussia. 
Japan declares war on Germany. 
24 Austrians invade Serbia. 
26 Louvain largely destroyed by the 
Germans defeat Russians at Tan- 

28 Victorious British naval battle of 

Heligoland Bight. 

29 Russians defeated at Allenstein. 
Amiens occupied by Germans. 

Sept. 1 Germans cross the Mame in 

2 Russians capture Lemberg. 

3 French Government moves from 

Paris to Bordeaux. 

5 A compact signed by France, Eng- 

land and Russia not to sue for 
peace separately. 

6 Allies victorious in battle of 

7-10 German retreat from the Mame 
to the Aisne. 


I ^ 


Sept. 20 Germans bombard Rheims cathe- 

Oct. 9 Germans occupy Antwerp. 

12 Ghent is captured by Germans. 

13 Belgium Government moves to Lc 

Germans enter Lille. 
20 Heavy fighting begun along Yser 

25 German New Guinea captured by 

the Australians, 
29 Turkey declares war on Russia. 
Nov. 1 Great Britain declares war on 
Naval engagement off Coroncl be- 
tween British and Germans. 
5 Cyprus annexed by Great Britain. 
7 Kiao-Chao captured by Japanese. 
9 German raider "Emden" wrecked. 

10 Russians in Poland defeated by 

the Germans. 
Dec. 8 German squadron sunk by British 
off Falkland Islands. 
9 French Government returns to 

14 Serbians recapture Belgrade. 

18 British protectorate assumed over 

25 Avlona, Albania, occupied by Ital- 


Jan. 3 Turks defeated by Russians in the 
9 Soissons Cathedral bombarded by 

12 Gas shells introduced by Germans. 
24 Victorious British naval engage- 
ment off Dogger Bank, North 
27 Suez Canal attack by Turks be- 
Feb. 2 British defeat Turks at Suez 

1 1 Lodz evacuated by Germans. 

15 East Prussia evacuated by Rus- 


16 Air raids on Bruges, Ostend and 

20 Dardanelles forts bombarded by 
Allied fleets. 

Mar. 1 Blockade on all German, Austrian 
and Turkish ports declared by 

10 Neuve Chapelle captured by 


14 "Dresden," the German cruiser, 

18 "Irresistible" and "Ocean," Brit- 
ish battleships, and "Bouvet," 
a French battleship, were sunk 
in Dardanelles Strait. 

21 Paris raided by Zeppelin. 

22 Przemysl captured by Russians. 

27 Hartmannsweilerkopf captured by 


Apr. 1 British air raid on Zeebrugge and 
7 French counter attack on Verdun. 

22 German attack on Ypres with poi- 

son gas. 

23 Germans cross Ypres canal at Hct 

Sas and Steenstraate. 

28 Allies fight Gerni^ans to a stand- 

still at Ypres. 

May 3 Retreat of Russians in West Ga- 

6 Counter-attack of French and 

British at Ypres and St. Mi- 

7 S. S. "Lusitania" sunk. 

12 Russians defeated by the Austrians 
on the San. 
Anti-German riots in British Isles. 

15 Germans are attacked by British 

at Richebourg TAvone-Festu- 

16 Austrians defeated by Russians on 

the Dniester. 
23 Italy declares war on Austria- 

June 1 Souchez captured by French. 

3 Germans and Austrians recapture 

6 Heights of Montfalcone occupied 

by Italians. 

11 German-Austrian forces defeated 

by Russians at Zurawno. 
15 Allied air raid on Karlsruhe, 




June 22 Lemburg recaptured by Austrians. 
Austrians defeated by Russians on 
the Dniester. 

Oct. 27 

July 3 



Aug. 2 









Sept. 2 





Oct. 5 






Tolnino captured by Italians. 

German S. W. Africa surren- 

Germans checked in their attack 
in the Argonne. 

Germans use "flame projectors" 
against British at Hooge. 

Mitau occupied by Germans. 

Battle of Hooge. 

Warsaw evacuated by Russians. 

Germans take Ivangorod. 

British forces land in Suvla Bay, 

German intrigues exposed in New 
York World. 

Kovno captured by Germans. 

Novo-Georgievsk taken by Ger- 

Italy declares war on Turkey. 

2^brugge bombarded by Allied 

Germans occupy B rest-Li tovsk. 

Germans take Grodno. 

Grand Duke Nicholas ordered to 

Germans stopped at Tarnopol by 

Further German intrigues in 

United States revealed. 
Italians are successful in Trentino. 
Germans take Vilna. 
Austro-German drive on Serbia 

Battle of the Champagne. 

Troops of Allies land at Salonika. 
Austro-Germans invade Serbia. 
Austro-Germans take Belgrade. 
Bulgaria declares war on Serbia. 

Germans execute Edith Ca- 

vell, English nurse. 
Great Britain declares war on 

France declares war on Bulgaria. 
Italy declares war on Bulgaria. 
Bulgarians occupy Uskub, Old 


Serbians recapture Uskub. Fierce 
gas attack of the Germans re- 
pulsed in Champagne. 

Bulgarians take Nish. - 

"Ancona" sunk. 

British victory at Ctesiphon, near 

Bulgarians capture Prizrend. 

British retreat to Kut-cl-Amara. 

Bulgarians take Monastir. 

General Jofire made commander- 
in-chief of French Army. 

Allied forces defeated in Mace- 

Arabs defeated in Western Egypt. 

General Sir John Douglas Haig 
made commander-in-chief of 
British Army. 

British withdraw from Anzac. 

French successful in attack at 

Turks repulsed at Kut-el-Amara. 
Arabs attacked and dispersed in 
Western Egypt. 

Russian heavy offensive in Gali- 
cia and Bessarabia. 


Jan. 1 British take capital of German 
2 Russian offensive in Bukovina a 
Russians take Czartorysk. 
9 British withdraw from Gallipoli. 
10 Austrians take Mount Lovcem, 

13 Austrians take Cettinje, capital of 

19 Turks defeated by Russians in 

21 Kut relief force attacks Turks at 

Es Sinn. 
23 Austrians take Scutari, capital of 

25 Albania declares war on Austria. 

Fierce German attack at Neuville. 
28 German attack repulsed at Loos. 
Feb. 5 Turks check Kut relief force. 

9 German attack in Vimy Ridge re- 
pelled by French. 

Nov. 4 




Dec. 1 











Feb. 9 General Smuts appointed com- 
mander of British forces in 
East Africa. 
10 Serbians withdraw to Corfu. 

12 German attacks on Vimy and 

Yser Canal. 
16 Russians take Erzeroum. 

18 Conquest of Cameroons completed. 

19 Germans fail in attacks at Arras 

and Ypres. 

21 Germans begin "decisive attack" 
on Verdun defenses under com- 
mand of German Crown 

24 German ships at Tagus seized by 

26 Fort Douaumont taken by Ger- 

Senussi Arabs defeated at Agagia. 

Mar. 2 Counter attack near Ypres by 
Russians take Bitlis. 
9 Kut relief force checked at Es 
Crown Prince's "decisive attack" 

blocked at Fort Vaux. 
Germany declares war on Portu- 

13 General Smuts takes Moshi, East 


15 Austria-Hungary declares war on 


16 Germans again repulsed at Fort 

Admiral Von Tirpitz resigns. 
24 "Sussex" sunk by Germans. 

27 First Allied War Conference at 


28 Italian success at Gorizia. 

29 Counter attack by French at Ver- 


Apr. 4 



Germans repulsed in attack on 

Turks defeated by Kut relief force 
at Umm-el-Hanneh. 

Battle of St. Eloi. 

Counter attack of French at Dou- 

Fierce German attack at Verdun 

Apr. 9 Germans again fail in attack on 
1 1 Germans fail in renewed attack on 

17 Germans attack Verdun with five 

Russians take Trebizond. 

18 Final note sent to Germany by 


19 German renewed assault on Ver- 

dun repulsed. 
Wilson explains to joint session of 
Congress the diplomatic situa* 
tion of U. S. 

20 Disembarking of Russian troops at 

24 German arms land in Ireland. 
Casement captured. 
Rebellion in Dublin. 
26 Martial law proclaimed in Ire- 

29 British surrender to Turks at 


May 1 Irish rebels surrender. 

3 Execution of several Irish rebel 
Counter attack on Verdun by 

7 German attack at Douaumont. 

8 Counter attack by French at 


11 Germans attack Verdun and Vcr- 

13 Fierce attack by Germans at 
Ploegsteert Wood. 

15 Offensive against Italians in Tren- 
tino begun by Austrians. 
British Vimy Ridge attack. 

18 German Vimy Ridge counter at- 

20 British Vimy Ridge counter at- 


21 French progress before Verdun. 
23 British take capital of Darfur. 

30 Italian Asiago plateau retreat. 

31 British fleet defeats German fleet 

off Jutland. 
June 1 Fierce attack on Verdun by Ger- 
2 Germans attack British in Ypres 





June 3 









Counter attack near Hooge by 

Lord iKitchener drowned in sink- 
ing of H. M. S. "Hampshire," 

Counter attack of Italians on Asi- 
ago plateau. 

Fort Vaux fiercely bombarded by 

Dubno taken by Russians. 

Canadian assault at Zillebeke. 

Wilhelmsthal taken by General 

Economic conference of Allies at 

Germans renew assaults on Ver- 

Russians take Czernowitz. 

Mecca declared independent of 

Greece invaded by Bulgarian 

German mine attack at Givenchy. 

General Brussiloff takes Buko- 

Austrians retreat in the Trentino. 

July 1 Allied offensive on the Somme be- 
6 Lloyd George appointed War Sec- 
12 British advance continues at Man- 

etz Wood. 
14 British offensive against enemy's 
second line. 

20 French offensive on the Meuse. 

21 Italians successful in Trentino. 

25 Erzingan taken by Russians. 

26 Armenia completely taken by Rus- 

British take Pozieres. 

27 British capture Delville Wood. 
Serbians begin assault in Mace- 
donia on Bulgarians. 

28 Russians take Brody. 

Aug. 2 Fleury taken by French. 

3 Execution of Sir Roger Casement. 

4 Turks defeated at Romani, Sinai. 

5 British victory north of Pozieres. 
9 Italians take Gorizia. 

10 Russians victorious in East Galicia. 

Aug. 12 French and British advance on the 

15 Russians take Jablonitza. 

16 Allies advance further on the 

18 Serbians take Fiorina. 

British victory at Thicpval. 
French counter attack on Verdun. 
22 Additional British victories at 
Thiepval and Pozieres. 

24 French capture Maurepas. 

25 British advance at Delville Wood. 

26 German counter attack at Guille- 

mont and Thiepval fails. 

27 Rumania declares war on Aus- 


28 Italy declares war on Germany. 
Germany declares war on Ru- 

30 Turkey declares war op Rumania. 
Rumanians capture Kronstadt. 
Drama taken by Bulgarians. 

31 Fierce German assault on British 

at Ginchy. 


1 Bulgaria declares war on Ru- 

Russian advance in Bukowina. 

2 Rumanians capture Orsova and 

British advance at Guillemont and 

3 Anglo-French capture Guillemont 

and Clery. 
Advance of French on Somme and 
at Verdun. 

4 Surrender of Dar-es-Salaam to 


5 Advance around Moquet Farm by 

7 Germans take Tutraken. 
9 French retake Fort Douaumont. 
10 Enemy forces capture Silistria. 
15 Flers, Martinpuich and Courcc- 
lette taken by British. 
Outskirts of Rancourt reached by 

Tanks first used. 
17 Vermandovillers and Bemy taken 
by the French. 



Sept. 18 Russo-Rumanians retire in Do- 

25 British take Morval and Les 


26 Anglo-French capture Comblis. 
British capture Thiepval and 


27 Defeat of German counter at- 

tack at Verdun. 

28 British take Schwaben Redoubt. 
Provisional government in Greece 

proclaimed by Venizelos, 
30 Rumanians defeated at Hermann- 
stadt by Germans. 

Oct. 1 British advance south of the Ancre. 

7 Advance on Albert-Bapaume road 

by British. 

8 Germans retake Kronstadt. 

11 Rumanians defeated by Germans 
in Alt Valley. 
German invasion of Rumania. 

13 Italians victorious on Carso pla- 


14 Advance at Belloy-en-Santerre by 

18 French take Sailly-Saillesel. 
20 Bulgar-Gcrman offensive in Do- 


23 Germans take Constanza. 

24 Germans capture Predeal. 
French successful in counter at- 
tack at Verdun. 

25 Germans take Vulcan Pass. 
Russo-Rumanians retreat across 

Nov. 2 Fort Vaux, Verdun, evacuated by 

3 Fort Vaux reoccupied by French. 
5 Poland declared independent at 

7 Advance of French at Chaulnes 

10 British take Regina trench. 

12 Saillisel taken by French. 

13 Advance of British around Beau- 

mont Hamel. 

18 British retake Sailly-Saillesel. 
Advance of British on the Ancre. 

19 Allies take Monastir. 

21 Death of Franz Joseph, Emperor 
of Austria. 

Nov. 24 Germans take Orsova and Tumu- 
25 Greek Provisional Government de- 
clares war on Germany. 
28 Rumanian Government seat moved 
from Bukharest to Jassy. 
Dec 3 Germans defeat Rumanians at 

5 Premier Asquith and Cabinet re- 


6 Germans take Bukharest. 

7 Lloyd George made Premier and 

forms new cabinet. 

11 Italian battleship ''Regina Mar- 

gherita" sunk. 

12 Peace negotiations proposed by 


13 General Joffre is succeeded by 

General Nivelle on Western 

15 French retake Vacherauville, 
Louvemont, and Fort Hardau- 
mont, Verdun. 

18 Note sent to belligerents by Presi- 
dent Wilson asking for peace 
terms and that neutrals support 
America's action. 

23 British victory at Magdhaba, 

26 General Joffre made a marshal of 


27 Germans take Rimnik Sarat. 

28 Germany replies to President Wil- 

son's note. She gives no terms. 
Suggests direct exchange of 

29 Murder of Rasputin in Petrograd. 

30 Allies jointly reject Germany's 

Peace proposal. 


Jan. 1 Sir Douglas Haig made a Field 
5 Germans take Braila. 

7 Russian offensive along Sereth 


8 Germans take Forsain Fortress. 

9 British take Rafa. 

British battleship "Cornwallis" 




Jan. 10 President Wilson receives joint 
reply of Allies .giving peace 

11 British assault on the Ancre. 
German Government comments on 
Allies* rejection of Germany's 
peace proposal. 

17 Advance of British on Ancre 

22 North Sea British-German Naval 
President Wilson addresses U. S. 
Senate on World Peace and 
League of Nations. 

31 Germany's note announcing the 
inauguration of unrestricted 
submarine warfare and boun- 
daries of blockade zone deliv- 
ered to Secretary Lansing. 

Feb. 1 Unrestricted submarine warfare 
begun by Germany. 

3 U. S. breaks diplomatic relations 

with Germany. 
"Housatonic," an American steam- 
er, torpedoed and sunk. 

4 Senussi defeated by British at 


7 President Wilson's break with 

Germany indorsed by U. S. 

British take Grandcourt. 

German crew cripples ships in- 
terned in American ports. 

8 Ambassador Gerard detained in 

- Berlin by Germans. 

Forty-one lives lost in the torpedo- 
ing and sinking of the liner 

9 Neutrals of Europe decline to 

break with Germany. 
British capture Sailly-Saillisel. 

10 British attack iKut-el-Amara. 

13 Ambassador Count von Bemstorff 
sails for Germany. 

15 British advance on Tigris. 

One and a half miles of French 
trenches between Rheims and 
Verdun taken bv Germans un- 
der the Crown Prince. 

Feb. 17 British take two miles of enemy's 
position on both sides of the 

24 British take Kut-el-Amara. 

25 Germans retreat on the Ancre. 
British capture Serre and Butte de 


26 President Wilson asks Congress 

for authority to arm merchant 
ships and other methods to pro- 
tect American ships and citi- 

27 British capture Gommccourt. 

28 German plot to league Mexico and 

Japan against the U. S. re- 
Mar. 1 German plot confirmed by Presi- 
dent Wilson. 
House of Representatives gives the 
President power to arm mer- 

3 Germans retire cast of Gomme- 

German foreign secretary admits 
plot against the U. S. 

4 Senator La Follette and others fili- 

buster against Senate's bill to 
give the President power to arm 
Senate rebuked by President Wil- 
son for its procrastination to 

5 Inauguration of President Wilson 

for second term in oiBce. 

6 Palestine invaded by British. 
"Appam" case decided in favor of 

owners by U. S. Supreme 
9 Special session of Congress for 
April 16, called by President 
President Wilson issues orders to 
arm American merchantmen. 

10 British advance on the Ancre. 
"Storstad," a Belgian relief steam- 
er, torpedoed. 

1 1 British take Bagdad. 
Russian revolution a success. 
Ambassador Gerard reaches Ha- 





Mar. 12 French take Hill 185 in Cham- 
Formal notice given by State De- 
partment to arm American 

12 German submarine sinks Ameri- 

can steamer "Algonquin" with- 
out warning. 
China severs diplomatic relations 
with Germany. 

13 German retreat on Bapaumc 

15 Czar Nicholas II. of Russia abdi- 

16 General advance of Franco-Brit- 

ish line. 
Germans retreat to Hindenburg 

German submarine torpedoed Am- 

can steamer "Vigilancia" with 

loss of 15 lives. 

17 British capture Bapaume. 
French capture Roye. 

"City of Memphis," an American 
ship; sunk. 

18 Franco-British capture Peronne, 

Ncsle, Chaulnes and Noyon — 
a ten-mile advance on a 70-mile 

Germans destroy everything as 
they retreat. 

Submarine sinks American steam- 
er "Illinois." 

19 Germans continue retreat. 
Twenty lives lost in sinking of 

American steamer "Healdton." 

20 Franco-British advance toward 


21 President Wilson changes date of 

extra session of Congress from 
April 16 to April 2. 

22 New government in Russia rec- 

ognized by United States. 

23 Germans defeated at St. Quen- 

tin-La Fere. 

24 New government in Russia recog- 

nized by Allies. 
Withdrawal of Minister Brand 
Whitlock and American Relief 
workers from Belgium an- 
nounced by State Dep*t. 

Mar. 26 British defeat Turks at Gaza, 
Twenty thousand national guards- 
men from eighteen central 
states called into Federal ser- 
vice by President Wilson. 

30 Franco-British defeat Germans 

near Cambrai and Soissons. 

German Foreign Secretary Zim- 
mermann explains in Reichstag 
his endeavors to pit JVlexico 
and Japan against the United 

President Wilson and cabinet de- 
cide to declare war on Ger- 

31 British defeat Germans northeast 

of St. Quentin. 

Apr. 1 Germans sink the "Aztec," an 
armed American ship. 
Russians invade Turkey. 
2 British defeated near St. Quentin 
and Arras. 
President Wilson asks special 
session of Congress to declare 
war on Germany. 
4 The "Missourian," an American 
merchantman, sunk. 
Senate passes war resolutions. 
6 House passes war resolutions. 
President Wilson signs war reso- 
Wilson issues war proclamation. 
Mobilization of U. S. Naval 

Seizure of German ships in Amer- 
ican ports. 

8 Austria-Hungary severs diplomatic 

relations with United States. 

9 Vimy Ridge taken by Canadians. 
11 British capture Monchy-le-Preux. 

British defeat Turks near Delta- 



13 British advance from Haas 


14 British defeat Germans at Lens. 

15 Great French advance on Aisne. 

between Soissons and Rheims. 
Germans sink British transports 
"Cameronia" and "Arcadian," 
many troops lost. 




Apr. 18 





May 3 

British defeat Turks at Istabulat.. 

''America Day" in British Isles. 
In St. Paul's Cathedral special 
services were held. 

Berlin admits retreat of Germans 
to Hindenberg line. 

Raid on Dover by German des- 
troyers. Germans lose two des- 
troyers in the engagement. 

Turkey severs diplomatic rela- 
tions with U. S. 

Arrival of British mission in 

Washington, D, C. 
Celebration of ''United States 

Day" in Paris. 

New British attack on Arras 

British take Samara. 

Joffre-Viviani French mission 
reaches United States. 

Jpffre-Viviani French mission is 
received at Washington. 

Elihu Root appointed by Presi- 
dent Wilson to head mission 
to Russia. 

Thirty lives lost in torpedoing of 
American steamer "Vacuum." 

Army draft bill passed by Senate 

and House. 
Canadian successes near Vimy 


British defeat Turks on Shatt-el- 

Canadians capture Fresnoy. 
The lending of large sums to the 

Allies is begun by the United 

Arrival of American destroyers 

in British waters for patrol 

Russian soldiers and council of 

workmen declare for peace. 
British transport "Transylvania" 

sunk with 413 lives lost. 
French advance north of the 

Balfour addresses Congress. 
Marshal Joffre speaks in Chicago. 

May United States asked by France 
and Great Britain to send 
troops to France at once. 
7 Germans repulsed at Lens. 

Nine regiments of engineers are 
ordered to be organized and 
sent to France by War De- 
partment in Washington. 
10 Naval engagement off Harwich, 

15 General Petain commissioned 

commander on Western front. 

16 Torpedo squadron of U. S. Navy 

reported by Admiral Sims in 
European Waters. 

17 British defeat Germans in Sieg- 

fried line. 
First American Red Cross hospi- 
tal Unit for service with the 
British in France arrives in 

18 A division of regulars are or- 

dered to France under Major 
General John J. Pershing by 
President Wilson. 
Theodore Roosevelt's offer to 
raise a volunteer army for ser- 
vice in France declined by 
President Wilson. 

19 Herbert C. Hoover 4S asked by 

Wilson to head food adminis- 
tration in America during the 
21 Further British victories on Sieg- 
fried line. 

24 Rear Admiral W. S. Sims com- 

missioned Vice Admiral. 
Henry P. Davison announces 
plan to raise $100,000,000.00 
JFor Red Cross work. 

25 German air-raid on Folkestone. 

26 Italians attack second Austrian 

line on Carso plateau. 
29 Balfour addresses Canadian parlia- 
June 1 British naval air raid on Zee- 
3 Albania declared independent. 
5 Naval engagement in North 



June 5 Approximately 10,000,000 men 
registered under the military 
selective draft law in the 
United States. 

7 British take Messines-Wytschaetc 


8 General Pershing and staff reach 


One hundred American aviators 
arrive in France. 

Germans repulsed in counter at- 
tack at Messines. 

10 British advance east of Messines 

in Ypres region. 

11 King Constantine of Greece de- 

British take one mile of German 
trenches east of Messines 
"Petrolite," an American tanker, 
13 General Pershipg reaches France. 
15 British defeat Germans near 
Lord Rhondda made food con- 
troller for Great Britain. 
Close of First Liberty Loan, sub- 
scriptions total over $3,000,- 
17 Italians advance on Carso pla- 
German assault on Chemin des 
20 Trenches before Lens captured 

by Canadians. 
24 Franco-British advance, Lens and 

27 U. S. troops disembark in France. 

29 Greece declares war on Germany. 

30 New Russian offensive in Galicia. 
Eighty-seven seized German ships 

turned over to shipping board 
for operation. 

July 8 Russians defeat Austrians at Stan- 

9 Mobilization of national guard 

ordered by President Wilson. 
10 Nieuport area heavily attacked by 

12 Von Bethmann-Hollweg resigns 

German Chancellorship. 

July 14 







Aug. 1 






Chemin-des-Dmes violently at- 
tacked by Germans. 

George Michaelis appointed Ger- 
man Chancellor. 

Royal family of England becomes 
"House of Windsor." 

French defeat Germans in Ver- 
dun area. 

Armies of Russia break up in 

Censorship placed on letters and 

U. S. draft day. 

Germans take Tamopol. 
French defeat Germans on Che- 

French defeat Germans in Lens ' 

$640,000,000 appropriated for 
aviation by enactment. 

British tank corps formed by Roy- 
al Warrant. 

Anglo-French drive in Ypres area. 

German counter attack in Ypres 

Advance of Germans in Buko- 

British recover^ lost ground in 
Ypres area. 

Czernowitz captured by Austri- 

Kimpolung evacuated by Rus- 

Germans driven back between 
Frezenberg and Ypres-Menin 
road by British. 

British capture Westhoek Ridge. 

China declares war on Germany 
and Austria-Hungary. 

U. S. troops march through Lon- 

British capture Langemarck. 
Franco-British defeat Germans on 

9-milc front in Ypres area. 
Naval engagement in the Grcrman 

German attack at Lens fails. 
Italians victorious on the Isonzo. 




Aug. 20 French capture Avocourt Wood, 
Corbcaux Wood, Lc Mort 
Homme, Hills 240 and 244, 
Cumieres, Mormont Farm and 
Talou Ridge in Verdun region. 

21 Canadians capture 2,000 yards of 
German trenches near Lens. 

24 Italians capture Monte Santo and 
Hill 304, near Verdun, cap- 
tured by French. 
Fierce German attack on Ypres- 
Menin road. 

28 Russians routed in Foscani region. 
Rejection of Pope's peace plea an- 
nounced by President Wilson, 

29 Italians control Bainsizza plateau. 

Sept. 3 Germans take Riga. 

4-5 German air raids on an American 
hospital camp in France. 
Italians capture Monte San 

7 American liner "Minnehaha" sunk. 

8 Disclosure of German plot in Ar- 


13 Swedish charge d'affaires in Mex- 
ico secret aid to Germany dis- 
closed by State Department. 

15 Russia proclaimed a Republic. 

20 British attack Athwart-Ypres- 

Menin road. 

21 British repulse German counter 

26 British advance east of Ypres. 
28 British defeat Turks at Ramadie. 

Oct. 1 British cross the Struma. 
4 British take Brooseinde. 
6 Extra session of Congress ends. 
Congress appropriates $21,000,- 
000,000 for war. 

9 Public announcement of mutiny 

on German fleet. 
Anglo-French assault Passchen- 
daele to Houthulst. 
17 U. S. transport "Antilles" sunk. 

23 French take Malmaison and four 


24 Austro-Germans take part of 

Bainsizza plateau. 

Oct. 26 Bainsizza plateau evacuated by 

27 French advance on Ypres-Dix- 

mude road. 
First American shot fired against 

Germans from French trench. 
Second Italian army is defeated. 
Austro-Germans advance through 

Julian Alps. 

28 Austro-Germans capture Cividale, 

Monte Santo and Gorizia. 

U. S. transport "Finland" torpe- 
doed. Returns to port. Nine 

Close of Second Liberty Loan — 
$4,617,532,000 subscribed. 

29 Italians retreat to Tagliamento 


30 Germans defeated on Passchen- 

daele Ridge. 
Austro-Germans capture Udine. 
Nov. 1 British capture Beersheba. 

Austro-German advance from 

2 Germans evacuate Chemin-des- 


Naval engagement in KattQ;at. 

Submarine sinks American steam- 
ship "Rochester." 

Italians evacuate east bank of 
Tagliamento River. 

3 First' American troops killed in 

French retake Fort Vaux. 

6 British take Passchendaele. 
Tagliamento line abandoned by 


7 Bolsheviks seize government in 

Austro-Germans advance to Liv- 
enza River. 


British capture Gaza. 
9 General Cadoma replaced by 
General Armando Diaz as 
commander in chief of Italian 

Italians make stand on the Piave 

Inter-allied military council or- 



Nov. 11 Austro-Germans capture Belluno 
and Vidor bridgehead. 
Italian positions assaulted by Ger- 
mans in the Sette Comumi 
13 Bolshevik victory at Tsarkoc 

16 M. Clemenceau made French 


17 British capture Joppa. 

Naval engagement in Heligoland 

21 British surprise attack in Cam- 

brai regions, advancing five 

22 Third Liberty Loan closed; 12,- 

000,000 people subscribe $4,- 

23 German mission sent to Russia to 

negotiate peace. 
28 Bolshevik negotiates an armistice 

with Germany. 
30 German counter attack at Cam- 


Dec. 1 British regain one mile of front 
near Gouzeaucourt. 
Germans kill several American 

3 "East Africa has been completely 

cleared of enemy" was official- 
ly announced in London. 
Germany and Russia arrange an 

4 Congress is asked to declare war 

on Austria-Hungary by Presi- 
dent Wilson. 

6 Explosion of munition ships at 

U. S. destroyer "Jacob Jones" is 

7 Congress declares war on Austria- 


10 British take Jerusalem. 

15 Armistice agreement signed at 
Brest-Litovsk by Russia and 

19 General Sarrail recalled from Sa- 

21 Counter attack of Italians at Aso- 

Dec. 28 U. S. Government takes over all 
railroad lines. Secretary of 
Treasury McAdoo is made di- 
rector general. 


Jan. 4 President asks Congress for rail- 
road legislation. 

Power to contract $2,000,000,000 
for ships is asked by shipping 

"Reeva," a hospital ship, sunk. 

7 Earl Reading is made ambassador 

and British high commissioner 
to U. S. 

8 Wilson addresses Congress on "14 


14 Great Britain calls additional 
500,000 men to the colors. 

16 Manufacturing establishments or- 
dered by Fuel Administrator 
Garfield to close down for 5 
days and every Monday there- 
after till the end of March to 
save coal. 

18 Fuel Administrator Garfield's or- 
der goes into effect. 

20 In naval engagement at Dardan- 

elles entrance the Turkish crui- 
ser "Breslau" is sunk and the 
battle cruiser "Goben" runs 

21 A sector of French front is infor- 

mally taken charge of by 
23 All Russian Baltic provinces de- 
manded by Germany. 
Russian Soviets begin convention 
session in Petrograd. 
27 President Wilson asks people to 
save on foodstuffs. 
Major Gen. Wood wounded by ex- 
plosion in France. 
"Andania," a Cunard liner, sunk. 
29 German air raids on England. 
31 French front sector held by Amer- 
Counter attack of Italians at Val 
Feb. 3 American troops take over sector 
of Lorraine. 




Feb. 3 Unified campaign agreed upon by 

U. S. and allied troops. 
5 Transport "Tuscania" sunk off 

north Ireland with a large loss 

of American troops. 
A sector of front in France is 

placed in command of an 

American general. 
9 Central powers and Ukraine sign 

peace agreement. 

10 Peace declared by Russian dele- 

gates at Brest-Litovsk. 
Demobilization of Russian armies. 

11 Pres. Wilson replies to German 

and Austrian speeches. 
German-Ukraine peace treaty 
made public. 
13 Franco- Americans victorious at 
Dr. Garfield suspends fuel-less 
Monday order. 
15 Capt. Vernon Castle killed in avi- 
ation accident at Ft. Worth, 
American export and import trade 
put under license. 

18 Resumption of German operations 

on Russia on the Dvina. 

19 Dvinsk and Lutsk taken by Ger- 

Lcnine and Trotsky surrender 

22 British take Jericho. 

Defense order against Germans 

issued by Russian soviet. 

26 Germans kill 5 and gas 100 

Foundering of U. S. N. tug 

27 Thirt>'-six bombing raids into 


Mar. 1 Heavy German raid repulsed by 
Americans in Toul sector. 
2 Germans take Kiev in Ukraine. 
Germans take Aland Island. 
Bolshevik-German peace treaty 
4 German-Roumanian armistice 


Mar. 6 Americans take over 8 miles of 
front in France. 

7 German-Finland peace treaty 

11 German trenches in Lorraine suc- 
cessfully raided by Americans. 

14 German trenches in Luneville 

sector near Badenvillers taken 
by Americans. 
Soviets ratify peace treaty with 

15 Big offensive threatened by Hin- 

denburg and Ludendor£E on 
west front. 

16 Americans defeat strong German 

attack north of Tout 
18 Germans defeated on Belgian 
All American owned property 
within German boundaries 
seized by German Government. 

20 Dutch ships in American and 

British ports with total ton- 
nage of 1,000,000 tons requisi- 
tioned by Great Britain and 
United States. 

21 Heavy German attack from Oisc 

to Scarpe. 

Ostend bombarded by British 
naval forces. 

Four German men o'war sunk 
by Franco-British fleet near 
* Dunkerque. 

First and second line German de- 
fenses at Luneville smashed 
by Americans. 

22 British cross Jordan. 
British line bent by Germans. 

23 British driven back to a point 4}4 

miles west of Cambrai. 
Paris is bombarded by 74Hnile 
range gun. 

24 Germans take Ham, Chauny, the 

height of Monchy, Peronnc 
and cross the river Somme. 
British line holds after a 15-mile 

25 Germans take Guiscard, Bapaume 

and Nesle. 



Mar. 25 French capture southern Somme 

26 Germans capture Lihons and 

Roye and cross the Bapaume- 

Albert road near Pozieres and 

Franco-British-American troops 

slow up German advance at 

British defeat Turks at Baghdadie. 

27 Morlancourt and Chipilly retaken 

by British. 
Germans take Albert and Mont- 

Germans attack on Lassigny and 

Noyon repulsed. 
America asked to hasten troops to 

28 General Foch appointed allied 

armies conunander in chief. 

29 American forces placed at the dis- 

posal of General Foch by Gen- 
eral Pershing. 

30 Second bombardment of Paris by 

Germany's long range gun. 

Germans make slight gain be- 
tween Moreuil and Lassigny. 

American troops proceed to great 
battle front. 

Apr. 1 Germans repulsed at Grivcsnes. 

4 Germans capture Mailly, Raine- 

val and Morisel. 
Americans repulse German attack 

in Meuse heights. 
Strong German attack against 

British front in Amiens. 

5 Two regiments of American 

troops and allied troops arrive 
at Vladivostok. 

7 Americans repulse two German 

raids near Toul. 
British reoccupy position north of 
Albert on Ancre River. 

8 German attack on whole British 


9 Germans forced way in vicinity 

of Fauquissant, Ncuve Cha- 
pelle and Cardonnerie Farm. 
10 British retreat to Wytschaete, 
Ploegstcert and Messines 

Apr. 10 Heavy German attack on Ameri- 
can sector in Toul fails. 

11 British evacuate Armentieres. 
British north front line stifEens. 

12 "Fight it out" to the end are or- 

ders given to British by Field 
Marshal Haig. 
Germans defeated by Americans 
on Toul front. 

13 British recapture Neuve Eglise. 
Franco-British retake Hangard. 

14 General Foch made generalissimo. 
Germans capture Vieux Berquin 

and Merris. 
Americans repulse Germans in at- 
tack north of St. Mihiel. 

15 Germans recapture Neuve Eglise. 
British repulse severe attacks 

against Merville trenches. 

16 Germans take Wulverghem, 

greater part of Messines Ridge, 
Wytschaete and Bailleul. 

17 Germans take Passchendaele» 

Poelcapelle and Langemarck. 

18 Germans fail in attack against 

British between St. Venant and 

Germans fail to cross La Bassee 

French gain two miles in Avrc 

Valley thrust. 

19 British counter attack at Given- 


20 Americans near Renners Forest 

attacked by 1,200 German 
shock troops. 

Germans take Seicheprey. 

Americans retake Seicheprey. 

Americans defeat German raid 
near St. Mihiel. 
23 Franco-British naval forces sink 5 
old cruisers in channel to block 
"U" boat bases at 2^ebrugge 
and Ostend. 
24 German thrust at Amiens re- 

Germans take Villers-Breton- 
25 Germans take Hangard and part 
of Mont Kemmel. 

British retake Villers-Bretonneux. 




Apr. 26 

May 6 






Germans take Dranoutre, St. 
Eloi and all of Mont tKemmel. 

British retreat east of Ypres. 

Germans capture Hill 60. 

British repulse attack from Met- 
erem to Zillebeke. 

Germans repulsed at Scherpen- 
berg and Mount Rouge and 
on Belgian front. 

Americans occupy lines defending 
Paris and Amiens. 

French retake Locre. 

Australians defeat Germans near 

Americans in Picardy under mus- 
tard shell fire. 

Canadian front extended in Mes- 
catel, Neuville-Vitasse and 
Boisleux St. Marie regions. 

"Peace of Bucharest" signed by 

Americans in large numbers ar- 
rive on French front. 

Germans take front trenches in 
Voormezeele-La Clytte sector, 
near Ypres. 

Allies regain trenches. 

German attack on Flanders front. 

Toul sector American patrol 
wiped out. 

Allied naval victory at Ostend 
and Zeebrugge. 

Americans join British troops in 

Major Raoul Lufbery, an Ameri- 
can ace, killed. 

Australians capture Ville-sur- 
Ancre, also 380 Germans and 
20 machine guns. 

Fierce attack on north side of the 
Lys salient in Flanders. 

Americans take German prison- 
ers in Lorraine. 

Transport "Moldavia" sunk. Fif- 
ty-three American soldiers lost. 

Italians take Monticello Pass. 

Second great German thrust on 
the Aisne. 

Germans repulsed on the Lys 

May 28 Americans capture Cantigny with 
200 prisoners. 

29 Germans take Soissons. 
Americans repel several counter 

attacks at Cantigny. 

30 Germans take Fere-en-Tardenois 

at Cantigny. 

31 Franco-Americans halt Germans 

as they reach Chateau Thier- 
ry and several other points on 
the Marne. 

Americans break enemy's position 
in Woevre region. 

Transport "President Lincoln" 
June 1 Germans take Neuilly-St. Front 
and Chouy. 
2 French retake Longpont, Troes- 
nes and Corey. 

German advance halted at Cha- 
teau Thierry. 

Several American ships sunk off 
U. S. coast by submarine. 

4 Germans capture Pernant. 

5 German attack on Vingre, Chav- 

igny Farm and Montatagache 
repulsed by French. 
American patrols penetrate enemy 
positions in Lorraine and Pic- 

6 American marines advance 2 miles 

near Veuilly northwest of Cha- 
teau Thierry and take 100 

American marines capture Hill 
142 and Torcy. 

Germans defeated by Americans 
in attempt to cross the Oise 
near Noyon. 

7 Franco-Americans take Veuilly-la- 

Poterie, Vilny, Torcy, Bus- 
saires, Belleau and heights 
near Haute Vesnes. 

Americans advance about 2j^ 

miles and take 300 prisoners 

northwest of Chateau Thierry. 

9 Germans attack Montdidier to 


American defeat Germans in at- 
tack on Hill No. 204. 



June 9 "Pinar del Rio," an American 
steamer, sunk. 

10 Germans take St. Maury, Mery 

and Belloy. 
Italians sink Austrian battleship 
"Szent Istvan." 

11 French defeat Germans between 

St. Maur and Rubescourt and 
take 1,000 prisoners. 
Americans take Belleau Wood, 
300 prisoners and several mor- 
tars and machine guns. 

12 Germans take Melicocq and 

heights of Croix Ricard. 

15 Austrian offensive against Italians 

on 100-mile front begins. 

16 Italians defeat Austrians and take 

3,000 prisoners. 

23 Americans clear remainder of Bel- 

leau Wood. 

24 Italians take 40,000 Austrian pri- 

soners on Piave front. 

26 Brilliant success of Americans on 
ridge north of the Bois de Bel- 

28 Arrival of first American troops 
in Italy. 

30 Italians capture Val Bella, Rosso 
and Echele mountains and 2,- 
000 prisoners. 

July 1 Americans capture Vaux and 300 

An American unit of 220,000 

guard road to Paris. 
U. S. Transport "G)vington" 


2 Americans defeat Germans near 

Vaux and Hill No. 204. 
Italians defeat Austrians on Piave. 

3 Americans again defeat Germans 

at Vaux. 

4 Celebration of Independence Day 

in Italy, England, France and 
the United States. 

6 Major John Purroy Mitchel, for- 
mer Mayor of New York City, 
killed in aviation accident. 

9 Dr. Richard von Kuehlmann re- 
signs as German foreign secre- 

July 10 


Admiral von Hintze made Ger- 

man foreign secretary. 
Austrian retreat in Albania. 
French advance against Bulgar- 
ians in Serbian Macedonia. 
Arrival of allied forces on Mur- 

man coast. 
Three American army corps 

formed in France. 
Government takes over telegraph 

Lt. Quentin Roosevelt killed in 

aerial battle. 
German offensive from Chateau 

Thierry to Main de Massiges 

Germans reach Festigny. 
Fierce fighting in German thrust 

at Rheims. 
Foch's counter thrust. 
Germans surprised by Americans. 
Franco-Americans take ' 17,000 

prisoners and 360 guns. 
Germans retreat across the 

Franco-Americans take Chateau 

Allies capture Buzancy, Jaul- 

gonne, Marfaux, Oulchy-le- 

Chateau and Mailly-Raineval. 
Americans advance toward Fere- 

en-Tardenois and take Epieds. 
Franco-Americans take Oulchy-le- 

Americans take Le Channel and 

cross the Ourcq. 
Allies reach Ville-en-Tardenois 

and take Fere-en-Tardenois. 
Allies capture Grand Rozy and 

Americans capture Roncheres, Ser- 

inges-et-Nesle and Sergy. 

Aug. 2 Allies take Soissons, Goussain- 
court, Ville - en - Tardenois 
Guex, Villers-Agron, and Thil- 
Full retreat of Crown Prince's 
3 Americans take Cohan and Fis- 












Aug. 3 Allied troops land at Archangel 
and Vladivostok. 

4 Germans evacuate Albert, 

6 General Foch made a marshal of 


7 Americans cross the Vesle River. 
Maj. Gen. Graves appointed 

commander of American forces 
to Siberia. 

8 Franco-British advance east of 


10 French retake Montdidier. 
American-British take Morlan- 


11 First field army organized in 


13 Czecho-Slovaks recognized by 

Great Britain. 

14 Germans retreat on Ancre. 

15 Arrival of Americans at Vladivos- 


15-23 Franco-British advance. 

24 Americans advance to Soissons- 

Rheims road. 

25 British reach BuUecourt. 

26 Canadians and other British forces 

take M onchy-le-Preux. 

27 British take section of Hindenburg 

Americans attack Bazoches. 

28 Germans retreat on the Scarpe. 

29 Franco-British-American successes. 

Sept. 1 Americans take Voormezeele, Bel- 

Australians take Pcronne and 2,- 
000 prisoners. 

German retreat becomes general. 

2 British penetrate through Dro- 

court-Queant line. 

3 Hindenburg line penetrated by 

7 Germans retreat on St. Quentin. 
Americans advance to Aisne near 
Vieil Arcy. 

12 Americans defeat Germans at St. 


Sept. 14 Americans take 15,000 prisoners 
and 1 50 square miles of St. Mi- 
hiel territory. 

15 Retreat from Meuse to Moselle 
by Germans. 

17 British invade Bulgaria. 

18 Franco-British pierce Hindenburg 


19 Franco-British advance further. 

23 British reach Acre and Haifa. 
German-Bulgarian retreat in Ser- 

25 Bulgaria proposes armistice. 

26 Franco-Americans victorious on 


28 Franco-American further victories. 
Anglo-Belgian victory. 

29 Bulgaria signs armistice agree- 

American victories in Chemin des 
Dames, Montfaucon, etc 

30 British take Cambrai. 

Oct. 1 Allied victory at St. Quentin. 

2 German retreat on Aisne and 


3 King Ferdinand of Bulgaria abdi- 


4 Germany proposes armistice. 
Americans advance on Meuse. 

5 Germans retreat in France and 


6 Germans ask for peace. 
Americans' bloodiest battle fought 

on Meuse. 

7 Americans victorious in Argonne 


8 Germany's peace proposal re- 

American, British and French vic- 

9 American, British and French vic- 

tories further at Meuse, St 
Quentin and Cambrai. 

11 Germans cleared from Argonne 

forest by Americans. 

12 German retreat to Champagne 




Oct. 12 Washington finds flaws in Ger- 
many's proposal to accept Presi- 
dent Wilson's terms of Janu- 
uary 8, 1918. 

13 Germans retreat on 100-mile front. 

Americans advance on Meuse. 

14 Americans advance further on the 

Allies advance in Belgium. 

15 Americans capture St. Juvin and 

Hill 299. 
British advance to Lille and Cour- 

16 Americans take Grandpre. 

17 Ostend evacuated by Germans. 
French and British re-enter Lille 

and Douai. 
Americans capture Cote Chatel- 

18 Americans capture Bantheville. 

19 Belgians re-enter 2^ebrugge and 


23 Americans capture Brieulles, 

Tamla Farm. 

24 Allied forces defeat Austrians in 

American attack on east bank of 
the Meuse. 

25 Franco-British in general advance. 
Italian and English defeat Austri- 
ans on Piave front. 

26 British capture Aleppo. 

27 General Ludendorif resigns as 

Quartermaster General. 

29 Austria seeks peace. 
Further advances by Italians. 

30 German note shows solicitude for 

armistice terms. 

Czecho-Slovak State proclaimed 
at Prague. 

Turkey surrenders uncondition- 

31 Austria seeks armistice in Italy. 
Hungary becomes a republic. 

Nov. 3 Austria accepts peace conditions. 
Serbians re-enter Belgrade. 
5 Germans retreat rapidly from 

Aisne to Meuse. 
7 Passage of German peace envoys 
to French headquarters ar- 

Nov. 8 Bavaria is declared a republic. 
Germans given armistice terms. 
British, French and Americans ad- 
vance all along line. 

9 Kaiser Wilhclm II. abdicates. 

10 First and second American armies 

advance on Moselle and 

11 Armistice granted to Germany. 

• Bolshevik attack repulsed on 
North Dwina. 

12 Allied battleships pass through the 


13 Emperor Karl of Austria abdi- 


14 Surrender of Germans in East 


19 French troops enter Metz. 
King Albert and Queen Elizabeth 

of Belgium enter Antwerp. 

20 French in Constantinople. 

21 Germany's fleet is surrendered to 

Great Britain. 

22 King and Queen of Belgians en- 

ter Brussels. 
24 British and American troops cross 
into Germany. 

27 Marshal Foch enters Strassbourg. 

Dec. 1 U. S. Army of Occupation enters 
Germany through Luxemburg 
and oper\^ headquarters at 
"Mauretania" arrives at New 
York with first returning 
4 President Wilson and party leave 
New York for Peace Confer- 

12 Troops of Great Britain cross 


13 American troops in Coblenz. 

14 Time of armistice extended on 

Germany's request. 
American fleet sails from British 

President Wilson and party arrive 

in Paris. 

28 President Wilson speaks at Guild- 

hall, London. 




Dec. 29 President and Mrs. Wilson visit 
Carlisle, England — the home of 
the President's mother. 

Jan. 2 



Feb. 1 



Mar. 28 

May 7 

June 2 



July 9 


Aug. 10 

Sept. 10 

Oct. 10 



Wilson and party visit Rome. 

Peace Conference convenes in 

Turks evacuate Caucasus. 

Adoption of principle of League 
of Nations by Peace Confer- 

Skentursk is. occupied by Bolshe- 

International Labor Commission 
convenes in Paris. 

Meeting of German National As- 
sembly at Weimar. 

Herr Friedrich Ebert chosen presi- 
dent of Germany. 

Time of armistice again extended. 

Adoption of covenant of League 
of Nations. 

Germany receives terms of peace. 

Peace terms sent to Austria. 

German sailors sink their fleet in 
Scapa Flow. 

Peace Treaty is signed by Germans 
at Versailles. 

Bauer and Ebert sign Peace Treaty 
for Germany. 

Pershing is given freedom of Lon- 
don and presented with sword 
of honor at Guildhall. 

Bolshevists defeated by English 
and Russians at North Dwina 

Austria signs Peace Treaty at St. 
Germain-cn-Laye, France. 

Italians under D'Annunzio occupy 

Peace Treaty signed by King 
George of England. 

President Poincarc declares that 
the war between Germany and 
France is ended. 

Poincare and Pichon sign Peace 
Treaty for France. 

Austrian National Assembly rati- 
fies treaty. 

Nov. 13 Prince of Wales calls on Presi- 
dent Wilson. 
22 Carl Huszar is made the Hungar- 
ian minister president. 
27 The Bulgarian peace treaty signed 

at Neuilly, France. 
30 Armistice between Germany and 
Lithuania is signed. 
Dec. 1 Germany refuses to sign protocol. 

8 Supreme Council notifies Germany 

to sign the protocol. 

9 Rumanian treaty signed. 

13 Germany yields to the demands of 
the Supreme Council. 

16 Supreme Council undertakes to 
help Austria get foodstuffs. 

Jan. 5 Supreme Council agrees to an in- 
demnity of 270,000 tons of 
maritime material in lieu of 
scuttled German fleet. 

10 Peace Treaty of Versailles becomes 
effective with all belligerents. 
U. S., China, Greece and Ru- 
mania not represented. Baron 
Kurt von Lersner signs for 
Germany. Germany also signs 

13 President Wilson calls the first 
meeting of the Council of the 
League of Nations in Paris to 
be held Jan. 16. 
Rioting in Berlin. 

16 League of Nations comes into be- 
ing by first meeting. The coun- 
tries represented at this meet- 
ing were Belgium, Brazil,, 
England, France, Greece, Italy, 
Japan and Spain. 
Feb. 14 Allies Supreme Council grants 
that Holland has the right to 
keep the Kaiser but that he 
must be interned. 

16 German proposal that war crim- 

inals be tried at Leipsic, Ger- 
many, accepted by Allies. 

17 The trial of Joseph Caillaux, for- 

mer French Premier, for high 
treason begun by the French 



Feb. 18 Paul Deschanel takes office as 
President of the French Repub- 

24 Mathias Erzbcrger resigns as Ger- 
many's Finance Minister. 

28 The Greek Parliament ratifies 
Austrian, Bulgarian and Ger- 
man peace treaties. 

Mar. 1 Railroads in the United States 
are returned to private owner- 
ship. - 

Mar. 2 Germany is permitted to float a 
loan free from reparation 
claims by Allied diplomats. 
8 Bessarabia is assigned to Rumania 
by the Supreme CounciL 

11 The Sims and Daniels controver- 
sy begins over U. S. Naval op- 
erations during the Great War. 

13 Wolfgang Kapp starts counter 
revolution in Germany against 
President Ebcrt. 

18 Ebert government defeats Kapp 
and returns to Berlin. 




.LLhhL kl 

ii I! !! i§ i! i! i% II 

I'l' I'i' !'!' ii a it ii ii 

II It 

I I 






Loss of Life Per Day in Warfar« 







. ^^H 




























^B Simnle 





Avers Ke 







Line for 







Wars Shown 



















































•— > 









• aN 






















$144,000,000 Bleaching, dyeing and ironing plants. 

$1,043,000,000 Chemical industry. 

$1,065,000,000 Coal mining industry. 

$78,000,000 Flour and other grain mills. 

$350,000,000 Forests and lumber. 

$451,500,000 Foundries and small iron working shops. 

$101,750,000 Glass industry. 

$2,652,000,000 Iron and steel mills. 

$156,750,000 Iron mining industry. 

$973,500,000 Mechanical and electrical industry. 

$19,250,000 Mines and quarries, other than coal and iron. 

$430,000,000 Oil industry. 

$175,000,000 Paper mills and printing plants. 

$141 ,500,000 Power plants. 

$1,000,000,000 Secondary industries, various. 

$313,000,000 Spinning machinery. 

$253,750,000 Sugar industry. 

$38,000,000 Tanning and leather industry. 

$5,076,000,000 Textile industry, entire industry, all branches. 

$3,446,750,000 Textile spinning industry. 

$1,435,250,000 Weaving industry. 

$812,500,000 Wool combing industry. 






Cattle, head of, all others. 










Farm animals lost. 


Value of livestock lost. 




Per Cent 


New Jersey 










North Carolina 




West VirginU 


South Carolina 









South Dakota 

North Dakota 




Rhode Island 

Porto Rico 

Dist. of Columbia 

New Hampshire 

New Mexico 








A. E. F. 

Not Allocated 



Total 375762^ 


Compiled by Col. Leonard P. Ayres, Statistical Branch, General Staff, U. S. Army. 





Beet Extractors. 








Mowing machines. 


Plows, side hill. 


Plows, all other types. 


Rakes, horse. 


Reapers and binders. 


Root cutters. 


Seed drills. 


Wagons, fann. 


Winnowing machines. 









Bridges and viaducts. 








Water tanks. 


Miles of trackage destroyed. 


Miles of telephone and telegraph lines destroyed 


Tons of metal appliances. 


Total losses. 


65,600 Miles of roads (laq;iaged. 
2,050 Bridges, viaducts and tunnels destroyed. 
$304,500,000 Total replace the 65,600 miles of roads and 2,050 bridges, etc. 
$12,500,000 Cost to patch up the forest roads. 































































670 Miles of canals and canalized rivers damaged. 

450 Bridges destroyed. 

115 Locks destroyed. 

200 Buildings destroyed. 

$121,250,000 Cost to replace the above losses. 

$18,000,000 Cost to repair seaports. 


$1,459,750,000 Value of crops lost. 

$743,000,000 Loss of land revenue and exploitation capital. 

$796,500,000 Cost to replace implements destroyed. 

80% Farm implements destroyed. 

250,000 Acres of arable land will have to be abandoned or reforested. 

$808,500,000 Total loss on rural property exclusive of buildings. 

50% Farm buildings entirely destroyed. 

25% Farm buildings partly destroyed. 

$931,500j000 Cost to replace farm buildings destroyed or damaged. 



3,400 Towns destroyed to a greater or lesser degree, 

240,000 Buildings, completely destroyed. 

$3,400,000,000 Cost to replace the 240,000 buildings. 

170,000 Buildings, badly damaged. 

$l,25i),000,000 Cost to repair damaged buildings. 

$8,861,500,000 Losses in buildings, public works and other fixed structures. 

$8,880,000,000 Losses in furniture, machinery, tools, implements, etc. 

$7,187,750,000 Losses in raw materials, manufactured materials and supplies. 

$5,810,500,000 Losses in revenue and exploitation. 

$30,746,750,000 Total losses due to the war. 

312,000 Men five years to replace buildings destroyed. 

$552,250,000 Cost to clear up ruins of buildings. 

$575,000,000 Cost to repair and replace historical monuments, museums, etc. 

$5,000,000 Direct loss on 9,000 acres of hunting land. 

$4,500,000 Loss as revenue on 9,000 acres of hunting land. 

$17,000,000 Direct loss on fishing and fishing preserves, ponds and lakes. 

75% Woods and forests destroyed. 





War Declared 


War Declared 

Dnratloii of War 


Central Powers 

Central Powers 





July 28, 1914 

Aug. 9, 1914 




Russia (a) 

Aug. 1, 1914 

Nov. 3, 1914 





Aug. 3, 1914 

Aug. 3, 1914 




Belgium . 

Aug. 4, 1914 

Apr. 7, 1917 




Great Britain . 

Nov. 23, 1914 

Aug. 4, 1914 




Montenegro . 

Aug. 9, 1914 

Aug. 6, 1914 





Aug. 27, 1914 

Aug. 23, 1914 




Portugal . 

Mar. 9, 1916 

Nov. 23, 1914 




Italy . . . 

• • • • 

May 23, 1915 




San Marino 

• • • • 

June 6, 1915 


• 5 


Roumania (b) , 

Aug. 29, 1916 

Aug. 27, 1916 




• • • • 

Nov. 23, 1916 



United States . 

• • ■ • 

Apr. 6, 1917 




• • • • 

Apr. 7, 1917 



Cuba . 

■ • • ■ 

Apr. 7, 1917 



Siam . 

• • • • 

July 22, 1917 




• • • • 

Aug. 4, 1917 



China . 

■ • • • 

Aug. 14, 1917 




• • ■ • 

Oct. 26, 1917 



• • • • 

Apr. 21, 1918 




• * • • 

May 6, 1918 



Haiti . . 

• • • ■ 

July 12, 1918 




• • • • • • 

July 19, 1918 



(a)Treaty March 3. 1918. 
(fc)Treaty March 6, 1918. 
(DCompiled by Col. Leonard P. Ayres, General Staff, U. S. Army. 






In Millions of Dollars 

Loans to 

United Kingdom 


Italy . . . 



Serbia & Jugo-Slavia 

Other Allies . 


By u. s. 



By U. K. 

2840 (a) 
490 (*) 
100 (c) 


By Prmnce 







(D'The Economic Consequences of the Peace" by J. M. Keynes. 

(a)*Thi8 allows nothing for interest on debt since the Bolshevik Revolution.*' 

(6) "No interest has been charfced on the advance made to these countries." 

(c)*'The actual total of loans bv the United States up to date is nearly $10,000,000,000.00. 
but I have not grot the latest details." 


July 1, 1917, to 

» July 1, 1918: 

Number of men 

qualified as: 

Marksmen . 

• • 



• ■ 


Expert riflemen 

» • 


April 7, 1917 

Ships Commissioned 

1 • 


Nov. 11, 1918 

Ships Commissioned 

» • 


April 7, 1917 

Naval Reserves 

1 ■ 


Nov. 11, 1918 

Naval Reserves 



July 1, 1917 





April 1, 1918 


. 18,585 



Nov. 9, 1918 







Complleci by Col. Leonard P. Ayrea, Statiatlca) Branch, Gfnerftl Stafl. U. 8. Army. 



Naval Vessels 

From Apr. 6, 1917 to Nov. 11, 1918. 






of Ships 

• • 

• • 

• • 

• • 

Total Tonnace 


By submarine 
By mines . 
By collision . 







• ■ • 

• • • 

• • ■ 

• • • 

• • 

• • 

• • 

• • 



• • • 





Merchant Vessels 

From August, 1914 to Apr. 6, 1917. 


• • 

• • 

• • 

• • 

• • • 

• • • 


• • • 

By submarines 

By mines . 

By German cruis- 
er "Prinz Eitel 
Frederick" . 





• • 

• • 

• • 


• • « 





From Apr. 6, 1917 to Nov. 11, 1918. 


• • 



By submarines . 
By raiders 




Grand Total 










Apr. 6, 1917, to Nov. 15, 1918. 

Officers killed in actual combat with enemy: 
United States Navy 
United States Naval Reserve Force 

Officers died as result of accident, collision, etc.: 
United States Navy 
United States Naval Reserve Force . 

Officers dying from natural causes: 
United States Navy 
United States Naval Reserve Force 

. 28 

— 36 

. 21 
. 60 

— 81 

. 108 
. 126 


NAVAii Accident and Casualty List 

Enlisted Personnel: 

Dead . . . . 

Injured . . . , 

Interned . . . . 

Missing . . . . 


Unaccounted for 

In hospital, condition unknown 

QiAND Total 











United States Navy 

United States Naval Reserve Force 

. 194 
. 99 

Officers commended for acts of personal bravery : 

United States Navy ....... 

United States Naval Reserve Force ..... 

Enlisted men who received commendatory letters from April 7, 1918, to 
November 15, 1918 


Grand Total 






Total 116,660 

Total 116,660 

Final disposition of cases of men reported 
missing in action 

Compiled by CoL Leonard P. Ayres, Statistical Branch, General Staff, U. S. Army. 





Total armed forces, including Army, Navy, Marine Corps, etc. 

Total men in the army 

Men who went overseas ... 

Men who fought in France . 

Greatest number sent in one month 

Greatest number returning in one month . 

Tons of supplies shipped from America to France 

Total registered in draft 

Total draft inductions 

Greatest number inducted in one month . 

Graduates of Line Officers' Training Schools 

Cost of war to April 30, 1919 

Cost of army to April 30, 1919 

Battles fought by American troops . 

Months of American participation in the war 

Days of battles ..... 

Days of duration of Meuse-Argonne battle 

Americans in Meuse-Argonne battle 

American casualties in Meuse-Argonne battle 

American battle deaths in war 

American wounded in w^ar 

American deaths from disease 

Total deaths in the army 

(l)Compiled by Col. Leonard P. Ayres, General Staff, U. S. Army. 
















Compiled from data published by the Committee of Public Information, and other sources. 

Adjutant General — ^An officer, who under the direction of the Secretary of 
War and the Chief of Staff, is held responsible for the keeping of the records, corre9- 
pondence and orders of the Army. Acting as secretary to the Secretary of War he is 
also obliged to keep the archives of that department. 

AiSNE — ^A river of France which flows to the Oisc. The only town of importance 
situated upon it is Soissons. In September, 1914, the German army took upi a position 
on its north bank after their retreat from the Marne. Again in August, 1918, the 
Germans under the command of the Crown' Prince in flight before the French and 
Americans again occupied the territory on the north bank. 

Albania — Proclaimed an independent country under Italy's protection June 3, 
1917. Formerly a province of Turkey and also declared a free state after Balkan Wars- 
Overrun as far south as Avlona in January, 1916, by German, Austrian and Bulgar- 
ian troops. Southern part occupied by Italians. 

Allies — ^A pact made in London, September 5, 1917, which bound Great Britain, 
France and Russia against making separate peace with the enemy. The alliance was 
later joined by Japan and Italy. 

Alsace-Lorraine — A territory formerly within the power of the Holy Roman Em- 
pire. Alsace joined to France during reign of Louis XIV and Lorraine acquired dur- 
ing Louis XV*s time. The population of both in 1910 was 1,874,014 and covers an 
area of 5,604 square miles. It is bounded on the north by Luxemburg, on the east by 
the Rhine, on the south by Switzerland and on the west by Vosgcs Mountains. They 
were made provinces of Germany after the Franco-Prussian war and an attempt was 
made by that country to Germanize the population. This was done by bringing in 
settlers and discouraging the use of French as a language. They were granted a con- 
stitution by Germany in 1911. 

Ambulance Companies — A company consisting of five officers, eighty-six men 
and such others as may be designated by Secretary of War, all of whom are enrolled 
in the service of the Red Cross Ambulance Company but agreeing to serve in the Med- 
ical Department of the Army. They were used as supplementary branches of the 
army in the transportation of wounded and sick to hospitals from the field of battle 
or from hospital to hospital as the case may have demanded. They could be attached 
to ambulance trains, hospital trains, ships or any mode of conveyance for the sick and 

American Ambulance Corps — Originated with a volunteer motor corps at the 
American Hospital at Neuilly, near Paris. It continued to grow until given a definite 
place in the French Army. The personnel for the most part was comprised of 
American college men who agreed to serve not less than six months. They aided in 
the transportation of wounded soldiers from the battle fronts. 



American Ambulance Hospital — Originated with a band of residents, of the 
American colony in Paris at the beginning of the war. They established headquarters 
in Neuilly, near Paris. Became Military Hospital No. 1, July, 1917, when it was 
turned over to the Medical Corps of the U. S. A. 

Anglo- Japanese Aluance — It was because of a treaty concluded with Great 
Britain in 1902 that Japan entered the war. The Russo-Japanese war followed the 
original coalition. The alliance was extended in 1905, and in return for the free 
hand given to Japan in Korea, provision was made for the protection of English in- 
terests in India and Afghanistan. 

Anti-Aircraft Guns — They are of different type and sizes and range from light 
machine guns to the heavier three and six inch ones. They were used mostly for de- 
fense of towns and bases against aircraft. Both the Allies and Germans used guns 
that were able to bring down planes from heights of 10,000 to 12,000 feet. 

Antwerp" — Located on the Scheldt River, it is one of the principal cities of Belgium. 
It became the defense center for the Belgian Army after the fall of Brussels. The 
Germans first fired upon it September 28, 1914. The Belgians held out until Octo- 
ber 5 and then began to withdraw. The Germans entered October 9, 1914. 

Army Corps — ^An army unit is composed of two or more corps. It is the largest 
army unit, both tactical and administrative — appropriately commanded by a lieuten- 
ant general. An army corps in the United States Army is formed by uniting two or 
more divisions. This is done when the President deems such action necessary. 
An army corps consists of the following: corps headquarters, six complete 
divisions, and special corps troops, including one pioneer regiment of infantry, two 
regiments of cavalry, one anti-aircraft machine gun battalion, signal corps, one tele- 
graph battalion, one anti-aircraft artillery battalion, one trench mortar battalion, one 
field battalion, one sero wing, one regiment of engineers, one pontoon train, one corps 
artillery park, one remount depot, one veterinary hospital, one bakery company, one sup- 
ply train, and one troop transport train. There may also be one artillery brigade, one 
sanitary train, and one corps engineer park may be formed from detachments from 
the divisional organizations. The average strength of an army corps is about 185,000 
officers and men. 

ArmV Organization — The United States Army organization consists of a regu- 
lar army and National Guard. In both the principal branches of service are: — artil- 
lery, aviation, cavalry, engineers, infantry, medical, ordnance, quartermaster and signal 

Artillery — ^This branch of the service under the National Defense Act of 1916 
included a personnel of 30,000 officers and men. The importance of artillery greatly 
increased during the World War. This was due to the added manufacturing re- 
sources of the countries at war. They were all better able to produce larger amounts 
of ammunition and of a heavier type. The introduction of aeroplanes into the late 
war also played an important part in the development of the artillery. Heretofore it 
was impossible to aim a big gun accurately at an enemy point, but with the aid of 
the airmen it was comparatively easy. This branch of the service is divided into 
field artillery and coast artillery. The former is subdivided into light, heavy, horse 
and mountain artillery. 




Aviation — ^A branch of military service which was largely developed during the 
World War. At the outbreak of the war it was said that the combined air squadrons 
of the British and the French totaled 1,700 machines. This was increased to 20,000 
machines with a personnel of over 200,000 before the end of the war. The U. S. 
Army at the beginning of the war had but 75 officers in the Air service with no train- 
ing planes to speak of and very few service planes. On Armistice day there were 11,- 
425 officers, 5,300 training planes and 7,889 service planes. 

• Barbed- Wire Entanglements — Network of wire with sharp protruding points 
arranged along the ground in almost impassable manner. Of times the wire was elec- 
trically charged. 

Barrage — ^A curtain of projectiles fired by the artillery at a given point in front of 
the enemy to protect the advance of the infantry. 

Battalion — A military organization generally consisting of four companies in the 
engineers, signal corps, and infantry, and two or more batteries in the field artillery. 
A complete infantry battalion in the United States Army includes 26 officers and 1,- 
000 men ; a machine gun battalion of four companies, twenty-six officers and 728 men ; 
of a battalion of light artillery, 17 officers and 579 men; of heavy field artillery, 12 
officers and 456 men; of an engineer battalion, 20 officers and 753 men; and of a field 
signal battalion, 14 officers and 248 men; and a trench mortar battalion includes 17 
officers and 747 men. 

Battery — ^The smallest unit of a field artillery battalion. A battery of light ar- 
tillery (one using three-inch guns) has five officers and 193 men; a battery of the heavy 
artillery (using six-inch guns) has 5 officers and 228 men. 

Belgrade — ^The capital city of Serbia overlooking the Danube River at the Austro- 
Serbian border. Bombarded by the Austrians July 29, 1914, which the Serbians held 
until December of that year when they evacuated the city. The Austrians entered the 
next day. The city was retaken by the Serbians December 13, 1914. On October 9, 
1915, it again fell into the hands of the Austrians. 

Bessarabia — ^A former province of Russia and at one time known as Wallachia. 
Joined Rumania in 1918 following the Peace of Bucharest. On the south it is bounded 
by the Danube River, on the west by the River Pruth and it faces the Black Sea. It 
is a fertile grain country with an area of 17,143 miles and a population of 1,500,000. 
It was separated from Moldavia in 1812 by Turkey and given to Russia. Moldavia 
and Bessarabia were again united at the close of the Crimean war and then in 1859 
the modem Wallachia united with Moldavia, forming the Kingdom of Rumania. Rus- 
sia again acquired Bessarabia in 1878 following her war with Turkey. The inhabi- 
tants are mostly Rumanians. 

"Boche'^ — A name used generally by the Allies to designate the German. Though 
it was first used by the French soldiers its real origin is somewhat obscure and largely 
disputed. It was used in pre-war days by Parisian printers in refering to their Ger- 
man assistants. It is said that before the Franco-Prussian war the term "ce boche" 
was used in the sense of meaning "that chump" and there are dictionaries of French 
slang that give the term "tete de boche" with the English meaning of "blockhead" or 
"wooden-pate." There are some too, who claim the present use is derived from the 
word "caboche" meaning head. 

Bohemia — A part of Austria populated mostly by Czechs. It covers an area of 20,- 
065 square miles and the population in 1910 was given as 6,769,548. It was at one 
time an independent kingdom but w^s taken by the Hapsburgs in 1526 and a move- 
ment to form an independent political organization in 1620 was suppressed. 





















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BoLSiiEViKi — A political party of Russia that was formerly the radical side of the 
Russian Socialist Democrat. The name "Bolsheviki" means "belonging to the major- 
ity." When the Socialist Democratic party was rent asunder in 1905 the majority 
under the leadership of Nikolai Lenine called themselves the Maximalists or Bolshe- 
viki. The moderates, similarly were called the Minimalists or Mensheviki. 

Bosxia-Herzegovina — ^They were originally a part of the Turkish Empire. These 
provinces were put under Austrian jurisdiction by the Congress of Berlin and contrary 
to the provisions of that congress they were definitely annexed by Austria in 1908. The 
population of the two provinces total about 2,000,000 and they cover approximately 19,- 
700 square miles. Slavs and pro-Serbians are the dominating classes of the people. It 
was following the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand, at Sarajevo, the capi- 
tal of Bosnia that Serbia received from Austria-Hungary the ultimatum which resulted 
in the World War. 

Brest-Litovsk Peace Conference — The opening session of this conference was 
held December 22, 1917. The delegates were: Germany — Dr. Richard von Kuhlmann, 
Foreign Minister; Herr von Rosenberg, Baron von Hock, General Hoffman and Major 
Brinckmann. Austria-Hungary — Count Czernin, Foreign Minister, Herr von Merey, 
Freiherr von Wisser, Count Collerda, Count Osaky, Field Marshal von Chisceries, 
Lieutenant Polarny and Major von Gluise. Bulgaria — Minister Popoff, Former Sec- 
retary Cosseff, Postmaster General Stoyanovich, Col. Gantjiff and Dr. Anastasoff. 
Turkey — Former Minister of Foreign Affairs Nesimy Bey, Ambassador Hakki, Under 
Foreign Secretary Hekmit Bey and General Zekki Pasha. Russia — ^Joffe Kamineff, 
Bisenko Pokrosky, iKaraghan, Lubinski, Weltman Pawlowich, Admiral Altvater, Gen- 
eral Tumorrl, Col. Rokki, Col. Zeplett and Capt. Lipsky. Prince Leopold of Bavaria 
greeted the delegates 

Fifteen peace requests were put in by Russia. They included the evacuation of her 
land by enemy troops; no indemnities; and the restoration of Belgium and indemnity 
through an international fund for damages. After three days' adjournment the confer- 
ence reopened on Christmas Day, 1917. The Germans put in counter proposals, which 
included independence for Poland, Courland, Lithuania, and parts of Esthonia and Li- 
vonia and with a European commission to administer the mouth of the Danube. 

A rejection of the Gennan counter proposals was announced on January 2, 1918, by 
the Executive Committee of the Russian Council of Workmen's and Soldiers'* Dele- 
gates. They also demanded that the conference be transfered from Brest-Litovsk to 
Stockholm. Germany and Austria refused to grant the Russian demands both as to 
the change of the seat of the conference and the evacuation of troops from Russian ter- 
ritory. Czernin argued that in moving the conference to Stockholm, it would be on 
neutral land and would give a chance to the Allies to interfere. The Teutons held 
forth a complaint against the Bolshevists for using the Russian wireless to spread Social- 
ist propaganda among German troops. The second session of the conference was 
opened Januar\' 10, 1918, and was attended by Minister Trotsky, one woman, Mme. 
Bithenko ; formerly an exile, M. Joffe ; M. Kameneff, AL Pokrovsky, and three Coun- 
cillors. Representing the Central Powers were Dr. Kuhlmann, Count Czernin, Tal- 
aat Bey. the Turkish Grand Vizier, and the Bulgarian Foreign Minister. A repre- 
sentation from Ukrainia demanded, according to instructions from the Rada or Parlia- 
ment of that country, that Ukrainia be granted independent peace commissions which 
had been agreed to by the Bolshevists and the Central Powers. 



The conference agreed January 11, 1918, to extend the armistice of December 14, 
1917, which had expired January 12, 1918, to February 12, 1918. On that day an 
informal recognition of Ukrainian independence was announced to the other delegates 
by the Central Powers. The conference was broken off January 14, 1918. Between 
December 25, 1917, and January 14, 1918, economic conferences between commissions 
from both sides had been held at Petrograd. Before the resumption of the formal 
conference on January 25, 1918, the Petrograd Government was warned by the Ukrain- 
ian Government that unless a peace was made between Russia and Germany w^ithin 
24 hours Ukrainia would make a separate peace with Germany. Petrograd did not 
agree to this. The conference was resumed and finally a peace was signed February 
9 on the one side by the Ukrainian Rada and on the other by Germany, Austria-Hun- 
gary, Bulgaria and Turkey. Peace between the Russian Bolsheviki and the Central 
Powers was signed March .3, 1918, at Brest-Litovsk and four days later a peace was 
signed between Germany and Finland. Negotiations were then under way for peace 
with Rumania. This concluded the conference of Brest-Litovsk. The Rumanian 
treaty with the Central Powers was concluded at Bucharest May 6^ 1918. 

Brigade — A brigade is an unit of military organization which may be composed of 
infantry, cavalry or artillery. A brigade of infantry includes brigade headquarters, 
two infantry regiments and a machine gun battalion all totaling 232 officers and 8,210 
men. Included in this number are 17 officers and 202 men who arc noncombatants 
that comprise the Medical Corps and the chaplain. A brigade of cavalr}' includes 
headquarters and three regiments of cavalrymen with an approximate strength of 181 
officers and 4,575 men. A brigade of field artillery consists of brigade headquarters, 
two regiments of artillery, one regiment of heavy artillery and a trench mortar bat- 
tery with 72 guns, 12 trench mortars and the necessary supplies for active service and 
transportation. The strength of an artillery brigade is usually 185 officers and 4,781 

Brussels — ^The capital city of Belgium whose population in 1912 was 663,000. 
Before their precipitated retreat, the Germans had used this city as the center of their 
administration for Belgium. The city was evacuated by the Belgian Government Au- 
gust 19, 1914, and the Germans occupied it the next day. The enemy had only occu- 
pied the city one day when they levied a heavy war tax upon the inhabitants. 

Bucharest — The capital of Rumania. Occupied by the Germans December 6, 

Buffer States — The Central Powers began the work of setting up BuflEer States 
along their eastern borders during the early days of the war. The Poles were prom- 
ised independence. An Austrian fund was formed in the Ukraine region for the mere 
purpose of active propagandizing. Movements of the same nature were started in 
Finland, Courland, Esthonia, and in Lithuania. Russia competed with the Germans 
in giving promises of independence to Finland, and Poland. Kerensky made an ef- 
fort to keep the Ukraine region intact. He realized the importance of holding 
Ukraine because of its bordering on the Black Sea. The Bolshevists, successors to Ker- 
ensky, competed with the Central Powers in granting promises of independence to 
Ukraine. Finally the influence of Austria in Ukraine prevailed over that of the Bol- 
shevists and Ukraine as a result was the first to sign a peace treaty with the Germans. 

Foreign Secretary von Kuhlmann admitted that it was Germany's aim to set up 
Buffer States on her east when addressing the Reichstag in February, 1918, on the 




Russian treaty. He said : ''It contains no conditions whatever which dishonor Russia, 
no mention of oppressive war indemnities, no forcible appropriations of Russian terri- 
tory. A number of the border states have severed their connection with the Russian 
State in accordance with their own will, which was recognized by Russia. In regard 
to these states we adopt the standpoint formerly expressed by me, that, under the 
mighty protection of the German Empire they can give themselves political lorm cor- 
responding with their situation and the tendency of their kultur, while at the same 
time, of course, we are safeguarding our own interests." 

Bulgaria — One of the Balkan constitutional monarchies whose borders have been 
altered many times by wars. In 1913 it was said to cover an area of about 45,000 
square miles with a population, at that time, of 4,711,917. Bulgaria became an m- 
dependent monarchy, when, in 1908, she repudiated some restrictions imposed by the 
Congress of Berlin. Prince Ferdinand was declared Czar. Bulgaria became an ally 
of the Central Powers and declared war on Serbia October 14, 1914. 

"Cadets'^ — ^The name given to the Constitutional Democratic party of Russia and 
derived from the initials of the party name. 

Cambrai — ^An old town of Northern France, 37 miles south and a little to the east 
of Lille with a population of about 22,000. The ancient breastworks and fortifica- 
tions of the city had been torn down before the outbreak of the World War but the 
city itself retained vast military importance because of its location. Four different 
railways and very many important highways converged there. After the Germans had 
taken it they made it a distributing point for the Hindenburg line and also for the line 
along the Aisne. It was a valuable link in the chain of such supply stations as Laon, 
St. Quentin, Douai, Lille — before which the German Army took up a stand after the 
retreat from the Mame. General Byng made it the objective of the drive which he 
began November 20, 1917, and renewed latCyin the summer of 1918. 

Camouflage — ^A French word developed during the war to designate a new and 
important military art, — that of painting or skilfully covering fortifications, etc., from 
the view of the enemy. 

Cavalry — A branch of military service with mounted troops armed with rifles, 
pistols and broad swords. They are trained to fight on both horseback and foot. 
Four troops form a squadron, and three squadrons with headquarters, supply and ma- 
chine gun troops, form a regiment. Troops are commanded by captains; squadrons 
by majors and regiments by colonels. 

Caucasus — An area of 180,703 square miles bounded by the Don region and 
Ukrainia, Caspian Sea, the Turkish-Persian borders, and the Black Sea. Its popula- 
tion is estimated at about 14,000,000. It is made up of two geographical divisions, 
known as Ciscaucasia and Transcaucasia. Ciscaucasia covers 96,672 square miles and 
has a population of 7,000,000 of which 90 per cent, are Turko-Tartars, Circassians 
and other Moslem tribes. Transcaucasia's area is 84,131 square miles and the popu- 
lation is about 7,000,000. Of these about 3,000,000 are Georgians, 2,000,000 are 
Armenians, 350,000 refugees from Turkish Armenia and the balance are Turko-Tar- 
tars, Russians, Jews, etc. 

Cavell, Edith, Execution of — ^An English war nurse who was charged by the 
Germans with having aided English and Belgian young men to make their escape into 
Holland. She was found guilty by the German Military Court, and executed at 
Brussels at 2 A. M., October 13, 1915. 

Cettinje — ^The capital citv of Montenegro, taken by the Austrians November 13, 




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Company — ^The smallest unit in artillery, engineers, infantry and signal corps. 
There are special units designated as companies in the quartermaster corps and the 
medical corps. A captain is the commander of a company. Its strength is detennined 
according to the different arms of the service. 

Congress of Berlin — Was held in Berlin in 1878, with Bismarck presiding, to de- 
cide questions which arose from the Russian defeat of the Turks in 1877-78. Russia 
aimed to huild a strong Slav State, Bulgaria, out of land taken from Turkey and 
leave that country with little holding in Europe except for Constantinople. Both 
England and Austria opposed the idea. England feared Russian control at Constan- 
tinople, while Austria desired Balkan land and feared a strong Russia. The plans of 
Russia for Bulgaria were checkmated. Austria won the control of Bosnia and Her- 
zegovina. A large portion of the land intended for Bulgaria was returned to Tur- 
key. This aided in the breaking up of the friendship between Russia and Germany, 
and to the Franco-Russian alliance. 

Contraband — Goods which are of warlike character. There are two classes of 
contraband goods, namely, absolute and conditional. Absolute contrabands are goods 
only used for warlike purposes. Conditional contrabands are goods which may be 
used for peace and war purposes. 

Courland, Livonia, and Esthonia — Three provinces of European Russia, 
which through a treaty with the Central Powers with Russia were declared independ- 
ent states by the Central Powers early in 1918, They adjoin each other in the north- 
western corner of Russia. Courland faces the Baltic Sea ; Vivonia, the Gulf of Riga ; 
and Esthonia, the Gulf of Finland. 

Destroyers — ^Torpedo craft whose displacement varies from 350 to 1,100 tons. 
As the name implies they are designed for the destruction of torpedo boats. Their 
freeboard and speed is greater than torpedo boats. 

Division — In the infantry the division is a complete unit in itself as it has infantry, 
cavalr>% engineers, signal and quartermaster corps troops, medical and sanitary' troops 
and all necessary supplies, material, and transportation, with the headquarters person- 
nel, all of which provides it to act independent of any other unit or organization. A 
major general is commander. In the United States Army a division of infantry^ is 
composed of division headquarters, two infantry brigades, each of two regiments of 
infantry- and one machine gun battalion, one field artillery brigade (two regiments of 
light, one heavy artillery, and one trench mortar battery), one divisional machine gun 
battalion, one regiment of engineers, one field signal battalion, headquarters train, 
and military police, and engineer, ammunition, supply and sanitary trains. The total 
strength is 887 officers and 26,265 men. 

Finland — One of the first acts of the Russian revolution was the restoration of 
autonomy to Finland which once more put into force the old Grand Duchy Constitu- 
tion that had been granted to the Finns by Czar Alexander II of Russia in 1863. Fin- 
land's population in 1916 was 3,000,000 and it covered an area at that time of 144,- 
000 square miles. Helsingfors, the capital, is a seaport on the Gulf .of Finland and 
has a population of 93,000. 

Finnish Republic — On March 21, 1917, the Revolutionary Russian Provisional 
Government declared the Russian Grand Duchy of Finland a free and independent 
state in a Russian federation. Under the proclamation the laws contrary to the old 



Finnish constitution were revoked, all Finns who had been exiled or imprisoned for 
religious or political offenses were freed and there was promised the establishment of 
a Diet or local legislature and independent government. 

After a reluctant submission to the authority of the Provisional Government the 
Diet finally passed a bill giving Finland a government independent of that of Russia, 
July 19, 1917. An order was issued August 3, 1917, by the Russian Provisional Gov- 
ernment which provided for the dissolution of the Diet and summoned a new one for 
November 1, 1917. This had been in session but a few days when the Kerensky Gov- 
ernment in Russia was overthrown by the Bolshevists under Lenine. This body 
through the Government of the Soviets, declared the right of the Russian peoples to 
secede, without awaiting the decision of the Constituent Assembly. Various nationali- 
ties of Russia received the right to freedom and self-determination in a manifesto that 
was issued by the People's Commissaries, the Bolshevist Ministers, November 23, 1917. 
The manifesto stated that "this right of the Russian peoples to their self-determination 
is to be extended even as far as separation and the forming of independent states." 

Accordingly Finland declared its independence, December 5, 1917. The independ- 
ence was formally recognized by Sweden, France, Norway, Denmark and Germany. 
The Central Executive Committee of the Soviets, in behalf of the Russian Provisional 
Government on Jahuary 9, 1918, recognized Finland as free and independent. The 
Socialist strike riots and civil war followed closely. The "Red Guards" who were 
the Bolsheviki set up a government headquarters at Vibofg and the "White Guards," 
the pro-German element, set up a rival government at Vasa. Having invaded the 
country and occupied the Aland Islands Germany signed a peace treaty with Finland 
on March 7, 1918. Later the Germans participated in the civil war. They occupied 
Helsingfors, April 13, 1918, and Viborg April 30, 1918. 

France — The first Republic of France was established in 1792 but because of the 
counteracting forces of the age it was unable to continue and reverted to an empire 
under Napoleon. Through the revolution brought on during the establishment of the 
first republic, France gave to Europe the Declaration of the Rights of Man. The pre- 
sent republic was set up September 4, 1870. The present government consists of a 
senate and chamber of deputies, all elective offices; and the president,who is chosen for 
seven years by a sitting of the joint houses. President Poincare who was elected in 
1913, served his term of office during the entire period of the war. In the spring of 
1920 M. Paul Deschanel was elected to the presidenc>'. 

Fryatt, Capt., Execution of — While in command of the British steamship "Brus- 
sels," Captain Fryatt is said to have attempted to ram German submarine U-33 March 
20, 1915. He was captured with his ship June 23, 1916. On July 27, 1916, he was 
court-martialed and shot. 

Freedom of the Seas — ^The idea of "Freedom of the Seas" is said to have origin- 
ated with Grotius in his Mare Liberum, "The Air, Running Water, the Sea — are 
common to all" — Selden in his Mare Clausum denied such freedom. The Grotius-Sel- 
den discussion ended in the commonly accepted opinion that the jurisdiction of a coun- 
try extends within three miles of its shore line. The doctrine that "free ships make 
free goods" was developed in the 18th century as j result of the continental antagonism 
to the sea power of the British. The armed neutralities of 1780 and 1800 backed this 
doctrine. The Declaration of Paris, 1856, largely incorporated this doctrine into in- 
ternational law ; it also abolished privateering. The United States has championed 
the meaning of the "freedom of the seas" to the effect that private property should be 




immune from capture on the high seas in time of war unless it was contraband goods 
intended for a blockaded port. 

Gallipoli — ^The strategic key of the Dardanelles. The Allied forces were landed 
tliere with heavy losses in April, 1915, after the failure of a naval effort, in an attempt 
to force the straits. In January, 1916, the campaign to force the straits was aban- 

Gas Warfare — Poisonous gases were introduced by the Germans at Ypres on April 
22, 1915. These deadly gases are released in the opponents' lines by means of bombs, 
grenades and other apparatus. 

German Colonies — Before the war Germany's colonies total an area of over 1,- 
000,000 square miles. Included among them were German East Africa with a popu- 
lation of 6,850,000 and 400,000 square miles; German South West Africa with a 
population of 200,000 and 320,000 square miles and Kamerun in West Africa, with a 
population of 4,500,000 and 191,000 square miles. Germany's expenditures on hei 
colonies in 1904 totaled $31,000,000 while her trade with them totaled about $10,- 

German Empire — ^With the capital at Berlin, the empire comprises twenty-five 
states and the Reichsland. The population in 1914 was 67,810,000 and the total area 
was 208,825.2 miles. William II ascended the throne June 15, 1888, and abdicated 
November 10, 1918. Hcrr Ebert was elected the first president. 

"Hindenburg Line'' — A term used to designate the German line on the western 
front. It was named after the Central Powers' Supreme Commander. 

Infantry — It is the most important arm of a military organization. It consists of 
soldiers who are trained and organized to fight on foot. An infantry regiment in- 
cludes 103 officers and 3,652 men. 

Italy — It is a parliamentary and constitutional monarchy. The present king is 
V^ictor Emmanuel III. Rome is the capital. The population of the country in 1915 
was 36,120,118 and the area 110,688 square miles. Italy declared war on Austria, 
May 23, 1915; on Turkey, August 20, 1915; on Germany, August 27, 1916; and on 
Bulgaria October, 1915. Before the war with Austria and Germany, Italy formed 
what was known as the Triple Alliance as a counter to the Triple Entente (England, 
France and Russia). Italy broke her agreement when she declared war on Germany. 

Japanese- American Agreement — ^An agreement made between the United States 
and Japan, November 2, 1917. The main points of which are "The Governments 
of the United States and Japan recognized that territorial propinquity creates special 
relations, between countries, and consequently the Govemmnt of the United States 
recognizes that Japan has special interests in China, particularly in the part to which 
her possessions are contiguous. The territorial sovereignty of China, nevertheless re- 
mains unimpaired, and the Government of the United States has every confidence in 
the repeated assurances of the Japanese Government that while geographical position 
gives Japan such special interests, they have no desire to discriminate against the trade 
of other nations. . . . Moreover, they mutually declare that they are opposed to 
the acquisition by any government of any special rights or privileges that would af- 
fect the independence or territorial integrity of China, or that would deny to the sub- 
jects or citizens of any country the full enjojrment of equal opportunities in the com- 
merce and industries of China." 




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jjl |l|SliSB|sS|S"" 


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' llliiiJillilll 




Junker — A Prussian landed aristocratic nobleman who follows the army as a 

KiAOCHOW — ^A province of China on the Bay of Kiaochow. The port, Tsingtau, 
was fortified by the Germans. It was besieged and taken by the Japanese November 10, 
1914. The German fleet seized Kiaochow in 1897 as a reparatory act for the mur- 
der of two German missionaries. The leasing of the bay and the adjacent land to 
Germany for 99 years was afterward arranged. 

**Kultur'' — A term used to indicate the difference of customs, language, laws, 
conventions and institutions of the Prussians from other peoples'. 

Lafayette Escadrille — ^American aviators who volunteered their services to 
France in memory of the heroic Lafayette who aided the United States during the 
War for Independence. They are credited with bringing down thirty enemy planes 
before the United States entered the war. When news was received in Europe of 
this country's entry into the war, the Lafayette Escadrille raised the first American 
flag on the western front. 

'*LusitaxlV — One of the largest Cunard Line passenger steamships sunk without 
warning by German submarine U-39 about 10 miles off Old Head of Kinsale, about 
2 P. M. May 7, 1915. She was headed for England from New York with 1,918 
persons. Within 20 minutes after the attack the vessel sunk and 1,154 lives were 
lost including 114 Americans. 

LuXEMBERG — A State which in 1814 was formed into a grand duchy under the 
King of the Netherlands. It lies between France, Belgium and Germany. In 1867 
it was made independent and neutralized similar to Belgium. In 1914 Germany made 
the same demands for free passage through Luxemberg as she did to Belgium. The 
protests offered were in vain. 

Machine Gun Company — In the United States Army a machine gun company 
consists of 6 officers and 172 men who are split up in a headquarters, three platoons, 
and a train. It is equipped with 12 heavy t>'pe machine guns and four spare guns. 

Marine Corps — A branch of the military service of the United States which is 
independent-Xlf the army. It generally serves under the direction of the Secretary of 
the Navy, but may be detached at any time for service with the army by order of the 
President. Their chief function is that of policemen for navy yards and stations, to 
insure protection of American interests in foreign lands, and guard American embas- 
sies and legations. 

Marne — A river of France, near Paris, that flows into the Seine. The German 
Army crossed the Marne in their attempt to reach Paris, September 3, 1914. Three 
days later the combined forces of the French and British under Generals Joffre and 
French drove back the invaders after a four-day battle. The Germans again crossed 
the Marne, but were finally driven back in the fall of 1918. 

Medical Department — In the army of the United States it consists of the Medi- 
cal, Veterinary, Dental and the Nurse Corps. 

Metz — ^The most important city in the district of Lorraine; at the junction of the 
Seille and Moselle Rivers, and the first city of Grermany against which the First Am- 
erican Army, under General Pershing, directed its aim in September, 1918. The pop- 
ulation of the city in 1910 was 58,424; It was considered an important military posi- 
tion even during the time of the Romans. During the Prankish rule* it was the capital 
of Austrasla. With the fall of the Franks the city fell into the hands of the Germans. 



It was later taken by Henry the Second of France. It continued as a French posses- 
sion until it was surrendered to Germany, October 27, 1870. At that time it was the 
capital of the Department of the Moselle. In 1356 Eniperor Charles IV issued his 
Golden Bull at Metz. Circled as it was, with a dozen forts, it was considered one of 
the strongest fortified cities of Germany. 

MiNES^ Marine — A highly explosive device placed under water to destroy ships 
at sea. They are of two types, the automatic and the controlled. The former are 
placed under water and explode immediately upon contact. The explosion of the latter 
is only accomplished by a key at a control station. 

Mine Sweepers — Naval craft detailed to detect and remove mines that have been 
laid by the enemy. 

Mustard Gas — ^A gas technically known as dichlorethyl sulfide and commonly 
known as "mustard" because of the strong pungent odor which it gives off. It was 
called Yellow Cross gas by the Germans because of the yellow marks or crosses by 
which the gas shells were labeled. 

National Army — It was composed of young men who were selected for United 
States national military service under the Selective Service Acts of 1917 and 1918. 

National Guard — An organized militia which in peace times is maintained by the 
States for local protection. Under the National Defense Act (Section 76) June 3, 
1916, the entire National Guard throughout the United States was "federalized" and 
through it 450,000 national guardsmen in all sections of the country were drafted into 
Federal service and sent to sixteen cantonments. 

Naval Militia — ^Through the National Defense Act of 1916 this arm of the State 
Militia was recognized ; and with the outbreak of war it was taken into national ser- 
vice. From then on it was known as the National Naval Volunteers. 

National Reserve — Composed of men eligible and fitted for special duties in time 
of war. They were divided into four classes, namely the fleet naval reserve, naval aux- 
iliary reserve, the naval coast defense reserve, and the naval reserve flying corps. 

Naval War College — ^A Post-graduate naval officers* school, located at Newport, 
R. I., for the training of officers in advanced problems of naval warfare operations. 

Navy — At the outbreak of the war, in the summer of 1914, the relative tonnage of 
the navies of the important nations of the world jvere as follows: 

Austria-Hungary . . . 221,520 Italy 285,460 

France 665,748 Japan 519,640 

Germany 951,713 Russia 270,861 

Great Britain .... 2,158,250 United States .... 774,353 

Officers^ Reserve Corps — This corps was established in the Regular Army 
through the National Defense Act of 1916. Its function is to secure a number of re- 
serve officers who can be called upon to serve with the Regular Army as temporary 
officers in the various branches during a period of war. 

Officers' Training Camp — Sixteen camps were opened throughout the United 
States on May 15, 1917 with an enrollment of about 40,000 men. 

Ordnance Department — This department furnishes the army with ammuni- 
tion, guns and all the military equipment other than that supplied by the Quartermaster 
Department, necessary in carrying on the business of war. All the arsenals, armories 
and munition factories are taken over by the government in time of war, are placed 




under the administration of the Ordnance Department. All contracts for the provid- 
ing or manufacturing of munitions; arms, gun mounts, motor trucks and horses are 
made by this department. 

Palestine— A small province on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea with- 
in the Turkish Empire. It was invaded by the British during the Spring of 1917. 
In 1916, the fall of Erzerum ended the invasion of Egypt through this region Ijy the 
Turks. Syria was the scene ofi the first activities of the British forces coming from 
Egypt. By March, 1917, they were within fifty miles of Jerusalem. Ascalon and 
Jaffa fell into British hands in November, 1917; and on December 9, of that year, 
they captured Jerusalem. 

Pan-Germanism — In 1890 the Pan-German League was organized with the 
object of gathering under one flag all European people of Germanic stock. 

"Place in the Sun'^ — ^This was part of a statement made by Kaiser William II 
at Hamburg, Germany, when in June, 1901, the German fleet took Kiaochow, China. 
The statement in part was : 

"In spite of the fact that we have no such fleet as we should have, we have con- 
quered for ourselves a place in the sun. It will now be my place to see to it that this 
place in the sun shall remain our undisputed possession, in order that the Sun's rays 
may fall fruitfully upon our activity and trade in foreign parts." 

"PoiLu'^ — ^A term used by the French in designating their soldiers during the 
World War. 

Poland — Poland became a kingdom about 992 and before that while still a section 
of Sarmatia it was a duchy. The Kingdom of Poland at the height of its power cov- 
ered an area of 700 square miles. By a general "diet" of the "republic" the kings 
were elected for life. On three different occasions from 1772 to 1795 the internal 
troubles of the country aided Russia, Prussia and Austria in dividing the country up 
among themselves. In 1795 King Stanislaus II, the last Polish king resigned his 
crown. In 1806, France received the Prussian part of Poland, which in turn was 
given to Saxony, through the treaty of Tilsit and thereafter to be held as the Duchy 
of Warsaw. 

After the Battle of Waterloo in 1815 the G>ngress of Vienna rejoined the Duchy 
of Warsaw to Russia and the Emperor of Russia became King of Poland. Kosciusko, 
the Polish patriot who aided America throughout the entire Revolutionary War, at- 
tempted a revolt on his return to Poland in 1794. He was captured by Russia and 
later freed, by Emperor Paul in 1796. (Kosciusko died in Switzerland in 1817 at the 
age of 81. In 1831 another rebellion in Poland was quelled; and in 1832 the King- 
dom of Poland became part of the Russian Empire through a ukase. The World War 
resulted in Poland's becoming a republic. 

Quartermaster Corps — ^That department of the United States Army which pro- 
vides all such supplies as food, clothing, horses, vehicles, transport, camp equipment, 
etc., which is not supplied by the Ordnance Department. 

Regiment — ^A military unit under the command of a colonel. An infantry regi- 
ment includes 103 officers and 3,652 men ; a light artillery regiment includes 55 offi- 
cers and 1,424 men; a heavy field artillery regiment, 63 officers and 1,703 men; an 
engineer regiment, 40 officers and 1,617 men; and a cavalry regiment, 52 officers and 
1,539 men. 








Regular Army Reserves — This is a reserve force of men that was organized 
with the view of avoiding the past difficulty of increasing the regular army to war 
strength with the enlistment of untrained men. 

Rheims — ^A famous Gothic cathedral and the memory of the historic Joan of Arc 
have long kept this town of Northern France in the eyes of the world as a n\ecca for 
travellers. During the World War it was first bombarded by the Germans in Sep- 
tember, 1914, and repeatedly' thereafter. 

Roumaxia — A constitutional monarchy, north of Bulgaria on the Black Sea. The 
total area is 137,907 square miles and in 1913 the population was 7,509,009. The 
capital is Bucharest. Roumania declared war on the Central Powers, August 27, 
1916. A peace treaty with Germany was signed May 6, 1918. 

Russia — The origin of the name **Russia'* is said to come from the Roxolani, a 
Slavic tribe who came from ancient Asia. Novgorod, a cit>^ on the River Volkov, 103 
miles south of St. Petersburg was the first capital of Russia. With the establishment 
of a provisional government, March 15, 1917, Czar Nicholas was forced to abdicate 
and the reins of power were placed in the hands of the new government by the Duma. 
Six months later a Russian republic was proclaimed. Since then many revolutions 
have taken place. 

Russians Debts^ Decree Repudiating — The repudiation of Russia's debts with 
the approval of the central committee was announced in a proclamation officially pub- 
lished P'ebruary 8, 1918, follows: "(1) All loans contracted by former Russian Gov- 
ernments which are specified in a special list are cancelled as from December 1, 1917. 
The December coupons of these loans will not be paid. (2) All the guarantees for 
these loans are cancelled. (3) All loans made from abroad are cancelled without ex- 
ception and unconditionally. (4) The short term series of state treasury' bonds creat- 
ing their validity. The interest on them will not be payable, but they will circulate 
on a par with paper money. (5) Indigent persons who hold stock not exceeding 10,- 
000 rubles in internal loans will receive in exchange, according to the nominal value 
of their holdings, certificates in their own name for a new loan of the Russian Socialist 
Federal Republic of Soviet for an amount not exceeding that of their previous holding. 
The conditions of this loan are specially defined. (6) Deposits in the state savings 
banks and the interest upon them are not to be touched. All holdings in the cancelled 
loans belonging to these banks will be replaced by debt entered to their credit in the 
(j-reat Book of the Russian Socialist Republic. (7) Co-operative and other institu- 
tions of general or democratic utility, and possessing holdings in the cancelled loans, 
will be indemnified in accordance with the special regulations laid down by the Su- 
preme Council of Political Economy, in agreement with their representatives, if it is 
proved that the holdings were acquired before the publication of the present decree. 
(8) The state bank is charged with the complete liquidation of loans and the imme- 
diate registration of all holders of bonds in the state loans and other funds, whether 
annulled or not. (9) The Soviet of the Workmen's, Soldiers' and Peasants' Depu- 
ties, in accord with the local economic councils, will form committees for the purpose 
of deciding whether a citizen is to be classed as 'indigent.' These committees will 
be competent to cancel entirely all savings acquired without working for them, even in 
the case of sums below 5,000 rubles." 

The Bolshevist Government issued a decree February 7, 1918, which ordered the 
adoption of the Gregorian or "new style" calendar, as from Thursday, February 14, 
1918, "the first dav aftef January 31, 1918 (Russian style), being reckoned as Febru- 
ary 14." 



"Scrap of Paper^' — A phrase used by the German Chancellor Bethmann Hollweg, 
in a discussion with Sir Edward Goschen, the British Ambassador in Berlin, August 
4, 1914, over Germany^s violation of Belgium's neutrality. The German Chancellor 
said: "The step taken by His AIajest>''s Government was terrible to a degree; just for 
a word — ^neutrality, a word which in war time had so often been disregarded — just 
for a scrap of paper Great Britain was going to make wa^ on a kindred nation who 
desired nothing better than to be friends with her.*' 

Selective Service — A law enacted by Congress which compelled all men of mili- 
tary age to register their names and addresses and certain other data concerning them- 
selves with the government. 

The first selective service law was passed May 18, 1917. This law only applied to 
men between the ages of 21 and 30, inclusive. An amendment to the law called for 
the registration of all men between the ages of 18 and 45 inclusive. The first registra- 
tion, June 5, 1917, brought out 10,000,000 men ; while the second, September 12, 1918, 
brought out an additional 13,000,000 men. The working oi the entire system was 
in the hands of the War Department under the supervision of the President. The 
first men to be drafted into the service was on September 5, 1917. 

Service Reserve — ^The United States Public* Service Reserve was a government 
organization of men who wanted to find the place for which they were best fitted for 
service to the country during the war should the government need their services. 

Shells — Explosive projectiles. Some shells are loaded with destructive chemicals 
or gas. During the World War shells weighing as much as 2,000 pounds were used. 

Signal Corps — More commonly called the "eyes and ears of the army." It is that 
branch of the military' that attends to the construction of cables, telegraphs and tele- 
phones, etc., and keeps in communication with the fighting units. 

Si XX Feix — A revolutionary class of Ireland whose ambition is the freedom and 
cultural development of the Irish race. After an outbreak in Dublin, Easter, 1916, Ger- 
many endeavored to lend cooperation. Following this outbreak Sir Roger Casement 
was arrested, tried, convicted and executed. A number of other outbreaks have oc- 
curred since then. 

Staff — The administrative branch, as distinguished from the fighting arm of the 
army. It includes the general staff, military men with the inspector general's, the 
(luarter-master general's, the judge advocate general's, the adjutant general's, the ord- 
nance, the engineering, the signal corps, the medical and other departments of the 

Submarine — Commonly called U boat by the Germans and the name became gen- 
eral among the Allies. It is a vessel of war that is so constructed that it will travel 
either upon or beneath the surface of the water. The submarine is the result of t^vo 
American inventors' genius, John P. Holland and Simon Lake. 

SupERDREADXOUGHT — A dreadnought whose displacement is 25,000 tons or more: 
whose speed is 25 knots and whose main battery includes guns of 13.5 inches or more. 

Taxks — A class of motor cars heavily constructed and anned and propelled by a 
"caterpillar drive." They are used mainly in breaking down enemy defenses. The 
British were the first to use the Tanks. 

Terraix — A French word meaning ground on which the military operations are 





**Tommy" — ^Thc British name for a private. 

Torpedo Boats — Small naval boats whose displacement varies from SO to 300 tons 
and built so that they can develop high speed. They are seldom anned with more 
than light guns and the torpedo tube through which the torpedo is shot. Their speed 
is usually from 19 to 20 knots an hour. 

Treason — ^Article III, Section 3 of the Constitution of the U. S. reads: "Treason 
against the United States shall consist only in levying war against them, or in adher- 
ing to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of 
treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or on confes- 
sion in open court." "Giving comfort and aid to the enemies of the United States" 
has been thus defined : "In general, any act clearly indicating a want of loyalty to the 
government and sympathy with its enemies, and which, by fair construction is directly 
in furtherance of their hostile designs." The punishment for treason is death, or im- 
prisonment for five or more years and a fine of $10,000 or more. 

Trench Warfare — ^Trench digging and the building of breastworks as protec- 
tion against the enemy's fire have been practiced by armies before the World War. 
The battles of the World War were fought mainly across trendies and hence the 
term "Trench warfare." The soldier of today found that the spade had become one 
of his best possible weapons of defense. 

Triple Alliance — A treaty signed in 1882 by Germany, Austria and Italy, the 
full text of which has never been revealed but which is thought to have been intended 
for their mutual defense. Germany claimed in 1914 that she was bound by the treaty 
to defend Austria from the Russian attack. On the other hand Italy claimed that 
Austria was the one who attacked and that Italy's own safety was endangered by Aus- 
tria's designs in the Balkans. Italy refused to fight with the Triple Alliance and later 
entered the war against her two former allies. 

Triple Entente — ^A diplomatic union of France, Great Britain and Russia as op- 
posed to the Triple Alliance. The first link of the Entente was formed when in 1893 
an agreement was reached between Russia and France; the second came in 1903 when 
there was an understanding between England and France; and in 1907 the chain was 
completed when England formed an entente with Russia. 

Verdun — Since 1871 this was the most important defense of France along the 
eastern border from the Argonne to the Vosges. Because of the heavy losses sus- 
tained by the German armies in their attempts to take Verdun during the World War 
it became known to the German soldiers as "the grave." Though the Germans were 
able to penetrate and make a deep salient to the south of the city at St. Mihiel the dty 
held out during the advance of 1914. Later in February, 1916, the German Army un- 
der the direction of the Crown Prince directed a terrific assault upon the city, which 
lasted six months. They captured Forts Douaumont and Vaux. In October, 1916, 
and August, 1917, the French under General Nivelle reclaimed the ground they had 
lost in 1916. 

Zeppelin — This was the heavier type sausage shaped dirigible balloon used by the 
Germans for observation purposes at sea and for bombing raids in enemy country. It 
is named after its inventor, Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin. 



{poo "■ 

MffLE POP 1/1/17 /ON R£G/ST£II£P 
flND NOT /f£GIST£/l£D. 

Coinptled by Col. Leonard P. Ayres, StatlHtica.1 Branch. General Staft. U. a. Army. 




Name of Camp 



Troops from 

Beauregard . 

Beauregard . 




Devens . 

Devens . 

Dix . . . . 


























Alexandria, La. 


34 , Deming, New Mexico 

Ft. Worth, Texas 

Battle Creek, Mich. 
Ayer, Mass. 

Wrightstown, N. J. 

Des Moines, la. 

Fort Sill, Olda. 

Palo Alto, Cal. 

Ft. Riley, Kan. 

Atlanta, Ga. 

Rockford, 111. 
Charlotte, N. C. 

Alabama, Louisiana, Mis- 
sissippi and Arkansas 


Texas and Oklahoma 

Minnesota, Iowa, Nebras- 
ka, North Dakota and 
South Dakota 

Michigan and Wisconsin 


Maine, New Hampshire, 
Vermont, Massachu- 
setts, Rhode Island, 
Connecticut and New 

Maine, New Hampshire, 
Vermont, Massachu- 
setts, Rhode Island, 
and Connecticut 


Northern Pennsylvania, 
New Jersey, Delaware 
and New York 

Iowa, Minnesota, Nebras- 
ka, North Dakota, 
South Dakota and 
Northern Illinois. 


Kansas and Missouri 



Idaho, Montana, Oregon, 

Washington and Wyoming 


Colorado, 'Kansas, Nebras- 
ka, Missouri and South 


Colored troops — ^various 

Georgia, Alabama and 






Name of Caiiip 




Troops from 



Augusta, Ga. 




Columbia, S. C. 

Florida, North Carolina, 
South Carolina, Tennes- 
see and Porto Rico 



Linda Vista, Cal. 

California, Colorado, Ari- 
zona, Nevada, Utah and 
New Mexico 




Lee .... 


Petersburg, Va. 

Delaware, District of Co- 
lumbia, Maryland, Vir- 
ginia, Pennsylvania, 
West Virginia and New 



American Lake, Wash. 

California, Idaho, Mon- 
tana, Nebraska, Oregon, 
Washington, Wyoming 
and Alaska 






Houston, Texas 








MacArthur . 


Waco, Texas 

Michigan and Wisconsin 

MacArthur . 



McClellan . . 


Anniston, Ala. 

Delaware, District of Co- 
lumbia, Maryland, New 
Jersey and Virginia 

McClellan . . 





Annapolis Junction, Md. 

Pennsylvania, Maryland 
and District of Colum- 

Meade . 



Mills . . . 


Garden City, L. L, N. Y. 

Middle and Western 

Pike . . . 


Little Rock, Ark. 

Arkansas, Louisiana, Mis- 
sissippi and Alabama 

Shelby . . . 


Hattiesburg, Miss. 

Indiana, Kentucky and 
West Virginia 



Montgomery, Ala. 

Ohio and West Virginia 




Sherman . 


Chillicothe, O. 

Ohio and Pennsylvania 



Greenville, S. C. 

North Carolina, South 
Carolina and Tennessee 






Stuart, Va. 

Colored troops — various 



Louisville, Ky. 

Indiana, Kentucky and 




Name of Camp Division 1 Location 

Troops from 

Travis . 

Travis . . • 

Wadsworth . 
Wheeler . 





Ft. Sam Houston, Tex. 

Yaphank, L. I., N. Y. 

Spartansburg, S. C. 
Macon, Gra. 

Arizona, New Mexico, 
Oklahoma and Texas 


Metropolitan, New York 

New York 

Alabama, Florida and 






Principal Wars Since 1800. 








France and Italy 


Intervention in Italy 




France and Sardinia 








Insurrection against the con- 

scription of Dalmatia 


Occupation of Bosnia and 



Insurrection of Herzegovina 


Great War 




W/f/f YERRS 






Principal Wars Since 1800. 







Denmark and Russia 






Intervention in Portugal 


Intervention in Portugal 




Zulu War 


Boer War 


Great War 




V/RR VifiPS 








Principal Wars Since 1800. 








Austria, Russia and Sweden 


Prussia, Russia and Sweden 




Insurrection in Spain 


Peninsular Wars 






Prussia, Russia and Austria 


England, Prussia, Austria, 

Russia and Sardinia 


Intervention in Spain 




Intervention in Portugal 











Seizure of Tunis 


Great War 




yNRR y£ffRS 

P£ffC£ UftRS 






[Prussia and all other parts of Gennany] 
Principal Wars Since 1800. 






France, Russia 




Russia, Austria, France 














Great War 


















































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ww^ yafiRs 


AT^Cf K6VW5 





Prindpal Wars Since 1800. 










Austrian insurrection 


Various insurrections 








Revolution in Sicily, etc. 


Garibaldi's march to Calabria 




Garibaldi's downfall in Rome 


Occupation of Rome by Ital- 

ian troops 






Great War 





P£/fC£ rSMS 





Principal Wars Since 1800. 
















War against the insurrection 

in Poland 


Intervention in Hungary 


Turkey, France and Sardinia 


Insurrection in Poland 




Tekke' Turkomans 


Tekke' Turkomans 


Surrender of Mcrvo to Russia 






Great War 




W/fR Ysms 

P£fKB y£M5 





Principal Wars Since 1800. 




Black Hawk War 


Florida War 




Civil War 


Spanish American War and 


Philippine Insurrection 


Great War 



UN IT El? 


















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